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الاجتماع الوزاري لغربي آسيا بمشاركة المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التابع للأمم المتحدة، ولجنة الأمم المتحدة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لغربي آسيا، ومنظمة الصحة

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Presentation on theme: "الاجتماع الوزاري لغربي آسيا بمشاركة المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التابع للأمم المتحدة، ولجنة الأمم المتحدة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لغربي آسيا، ومنظمة الصحة"— Presentation transcript:

1 الاجتماع الوزاري لغربي آسيا بمشاركة المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التابع للأمم المتحدة، ولجنة الأمم المتحدة الاقتصادية والاجتماعية لغربي آسيا، ومنظمة الصحة العالمية " التصدِّي للأمراض غير السارية وللإصابات : تحدِّيات كبرى تواجه التنمية المستدامة في القرن الحادي والعشرين " تستضيفه دولة قطر في الدوحة، 10 – 11 أيار / مايو 2009 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries: major challenges to sustainable development in the 21st century (Hosted by the Government of Qatar in Doha, May 2009) Dr Douglas Bettcher, Director, TFI, WHO

2 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) The Tobacco Epidemic Worsening... Unless We Act Now Smoking killed 0.1 billion for 20 th Century, but for the 21 st century, SMOKING WILL KILL A TOTAL OF 1 BILLION (half the deaths in middle age). Tobacco currently kills: 5 million/yr Will increase to: 8.3 million/yr by 2030.

3 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) The Leading Preventable Cause of Death in the World Source: WHO 2008

4 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) Foundation stone in the global fight against the tobacco epidemic. First global health treaty negotiated under auspices of WHO – adopted in Entry into force -27 Feb parties as of 2009.

5 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Status of the WHO FCTC in the region EGYPT LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRYA ISL. REP. OF IRAN SAUDI ARABIA OMAN YEMEN SOMALIA SUDAN MOROCCO TUNISIA PAKISTAN AFGHANISTAN IRAQ SYRIAN ARAB REP. JORDAN LEBANON UAE BAHRAIN QUATAR KUWAIT oPt CONTRACTING PARTIES to THE WHO FCTC COUNTRIES NON PARTIES THAT HAVE SIGNED THE WHO FCTC COUNTRIES THAT HAVE NOT SIGNED THE WHO FCTC AND ARE NOT CONTRACTING PARTIES

6 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) mpower: Six policies for tobacco control as part of WHO FCTC comprehensive implementation. –Key entry point for scaling up tobacco control. –Help countries build on WHO FCTC commitments. –Integral part of the WHO Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. –Matches WHO public health competency. Global Level Implementation of WHO FCTC – Country-level

7 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) TFI : Bringing in Change monitor tobacco use and prevention policiesm protect people from tobacco smokep offer help to quit tobacco useo warn about the dangers of tobaccow enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorshipe raise taxes on tobaccor

8 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) WHO FCTC and MPOWER An evidence-based tool for tobacco control (demand and supply side measures) Article 13 eo Article 14 m Article 20, 21 Article 11, 12Article 8 pw Article 6, 15 r

9 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Tobacco use prevalence is higher among the poor Source: World Health Survey 2006 Note: Q1-Q5: Lowest-Highest income groups Smoking prevalence in selected EMRO countries

10 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) A recent study looking at systematic reviews to assess the impact of population-level tobacco control policies on social inequalities in smoking showed that: there was preliminary evidence that increases in the price of tobacco may have the potential to reduce smoking related health inequalities. Tobacco control is good for development and for addressing social determinants of health

11 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Tobacco control is good for development and for addressing social determinants of health With regards to taxation, poor groups respond more to price increases and reduce tobacco consumption to a greater extent than other groups do.

12 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Tobacco control is good for development and for addressing social determinants of health Earmarking tobacco taxes – a pro-poor policy: Dedicating part (or all) of the revenues from tobacco taxes to develop NCD/health measures aiming at reaching vulnerable and poor populations is feasible and can render those measures more effective in reducing the burden of NCDs while at the same being pro-poor. At the time of financial crisis, tobacco tax increase is a good way to generate revenue.

13 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Earmarking tobacco taxes: examples from EMRO Egypt: 10 piasters per 20 cigarettes are devoted to the students health insurance. Qatar: 2% of revenues from import duties on tobacco products allocated for health awareness activities and tobacco control activities. Jordan: 20 Flus (1/1000 of Jordanian Dinar) National Fund to support youth movement. Tunisia: Rate varying by tobacco product between 10 and 170 millimes (millime=1/1000 Tunisian Dinar) per tobacco product to the activities of the Solidarity National Fund. Iraq: 5% of imported value of cigarettes for reconstruction activities.

14 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Earmarking tobacco taxes, a pro-poor policy Success story: Thailand Health Promotion Foundation (ThaiHealth) set up in 2001 by the Government. Receiving 2% of the total revenues from alcohol and tobacco (about 35 million$ per year). Acts as a catalyst and supports groups and organizations already working on public health. Inspired neighbouring countries: Mongolia adopted the same structure and received technical assistance from ThaiHealth in the process of setting up the policy.

15 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Applying best practices in all countries Global networks and partnerships Advocacy and Communications National tobacco control plans Country-level partnerships Surveillance Economics Legal Capacity building TFI works with countries for building managerial, technical and policy infrastructure.

16 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Applying best practices in all countries Capacity Building - assessment of national capacity and support for policy development. Monitoring and Evaluation – strengthen population based comparable surveillance (e.g. GATS). Economics - technical support for economic research and interventions. Advocacy and Communications - promote effective policies with partners using global and country media.

17 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) POLITICAL WILL Ministry of Health Ministry of Finance Ministry of Justice Ministry of Education Ministry of Agriculture PUBLIC AWARENESS NGOs Media Health Professionals Trade unions INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT WLF Bloomberg Philanthropies CDC Donor countries Gates foundation INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORK WHO Headquarter (TFI) WHO Country offices WHO Regional Office UN task force SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE JHBSPH Researchers IARC WHO Collaborating Centres WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Working together to curb the tobacco epidemic

18 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) Thank you for your attention!

19 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Mpower (supporting Article 20 & 21) Policy impact of country work Egypt : Currently half way through GATS data collection. GATS national level data release is planned for September Turkey : Launch of Turkish-language translation of the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic sparked considerable media attention. In launch of the first GATS set analysed data.

20 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) mPower (supporting Article 8) Policy Impact of country work Egypt : The 2007 tobacco control law declared all public places to be free of tobacco, and was implemented except for restaurants and cafes. Similarly examples in Jordan, Bahrain and UAE. SA: The only two tobacco free cities in the region. Ireland: Adopted and implemented the first comprehensive smoke free law in 2004, changing the face of the smoke free policies in the 21 st century.

21 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) mpOwer (supporting Article 14) Policy Impact of country work Iran - Lots of work on cessation training - national training of trainers workshop on cessation, over 100 cessation centers set up. An area that needs further advancing in the region. Nepal: Incorporation of brief cessation advice into PHC for chronic respiratory diseases and tuberculosis (2007- June 2008).

22 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) Jordan is first country to have pictorial health warnings(30%); Egypt is first country to have 50% of the pack size, followed by Iran, Djibouti. All GCC countries are in process of selecting their pictorial health warnings. Australia: Strong picture health warnings on both covers front (30%) and back (90%). Policy Impact of country work mpoWer (supporting Article 11 & 12)

23 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) mpowEr (supporting Article 13) Policy Impact of country work Total ban on advertising exists and is implemented in 9 MS of EMRO: Djibouti, IRAN, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Sudan, UAE, Yemen, EGY. Thailand: In addition to ban of advertisement, product display at point-of-sale is banned.

24 ECOSOC/UNESCWA/WHO Western Asia Ministerial Meeting Addressing noncommunicable diseases and injuries (Doha, Qatar, May 2009) mpoweR (supporting Article 6) Policy Impact of country work Thailand: A high percentage of the price of a pack of cigarettes goes to taxes in Thailand (64%), and 2% of total revenues from tobacco and alcohol are used for health promotion.


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