Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

OCCAM OCCAM is the Observatory for Cultural and Audiovisual Communication created by UNESCO and formally affiliated to the United Nations through the.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "OCCAM OCCAM is the Observatory for Cultural and Audiovisual Communication created by UNESCO and formally affiliated to the United Nations through the."— Presentation transcript:

1 OCCAM OCCAM is the Observatory for Cultural and Audiovisual Communication created by UNESCO and formally affiliated to the United Nations through the UN Department of Public Information (since 2003) and the Economic and Social Council (with Special Consultative Status since 2005). Since 1999 it is the Acting Agency of the Infopoverty Programme, aimed at fighting poverty through the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and new technologies in general. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) can be regarded as a key element for development, though they are a key that can open only some doors: those that are pre-set and with specific modalities. In particular, in the social field and that of e-governance, different approaches are contrasting with each other, and pre-determined solutions cannot be integrated according to the different contexts where they are applied. If we consider that Fordism that was at the basis of the Industrial Revolution (one product fits all) is quite opposite to the spirit of the Digital Revolution (each user has its tailor-suited product), we must reflect on the consequences this has on the industrial philosophy nowadays: each community and State should and has to have solutions that are fit to its needs. Thus it is not sufficient to buy products: it is crucial to design them. And this is the first gap a Public-Private Partnership has the capacity to overcome. Secondly, we have to consider that the inclusion of digital practices in the field of public administration and e-governance has sometimes given a sense of omnipotence to certain Administrations: the power to control citizens behavior in real time has been a perfect result, though citizens have not appreciated it, as they felt to have been regarded as social objects only, and left them outside any democratic participation. Thus, any Public-Private Partnership has to be three sided, including not only Public (Government and Public Administration) and Private (Companies) but also citizens. Besides, ICTs are not a solution in themselves, as they need to be matched with a generalized lack of digital alphabetization both in developed and developing countries, thus requiring the individuation of shared solutions. Finally, it is important that best practices as well as solutions individuated through Public-Private Partnerships need to be certified to be shared among stakeholders, both public and private, otherwise the pilot project syndrome will continue forever. Based on the above mentioned aspects, OCCAM, as Acting Agency has developed a series of activities trying to bring ICTs and innovation in general in main development policies at all levels, This has been possible through a wide consultation process culminating in the Infopoverty World Conference, which gathers on a yearly basis the main results, achievements and best practices put forward by all stakeholders, convening at the United Nations Headquarters in New York and in multiple seats connected by videoconference. occam®2009 1

2 TO PROVIDE ICT SERVICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Mission of OCCAM TO PROVIDE ICT SERVICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

3 Platform of e-services for development
OCCAM, as per the mandate given by the UN Global Alliance for ICT and Development, will lead the Community of Expertise “e-services for development” for the creation and delivery of ad hoc e-services for the communities involved in collaboration with the local Government.

4 The matrix of communities’ good governance
school hospital The model is not new: in the 14° century Ambrogio Lorenzetti painted this fresco in Siena, representing the effects of good governance: we can individuate in this wonderful painting the school, the hospital and the community. We have just updated the allegory to the new Millennium. community A.Lorenzetti, Allegory of the Effects of Good Governance, Siena, 4

5 SATELLITE CONNECTION CENTRE
ICT Village: General picture Internet User Nomadic User SATELLITE CONNECTION CENTRE Knowledge & Services Repository Broad Band Backbone 3G User The Advisory Board, created in Hammamet, includes representatives of the main international organizations (ESA, FAO, IFRC, ITU, UNDP, UNESCO, World Bank), companies, universities, research and development centres and the civil society. The Advisory Board activity was based on the principle that only sustainable development can guarantee poverty eradication. This is the reason why it is essential to move from humanitarian aids to investments for development. Wireless infrastructure for “Telematic Meeting Place” & Internet Cafe Health Centre Education Centre occam®2009 5

6 Activities within UNPPA
Old town Education Center Health Center The modelling work was concluded in November 2005 in Tunis during the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society, which certified the validity of the ICT village model and suggested its implementation in other developing countries, in particular, in Madagascar and in Dominican Republic in the framework of the UN Public-Private Alliance for Rural Development. Following the meetings with the Permanent Representatives of Madagascar and the Dominican Republic at the United Nations and the exploratory missions in the 2 Countries, activities have begun at the end of 2005. In particular, in Madagascar, the project aimed at transforming the community of Sambaina into a model ICT Village. The endeavor attracted additional partners in different fields: academia (University of Oklahoma Politecnico di Milano, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Stony Brook University), private companies (Microsoft, Siemens, Telespazio, Pianeta, Water B2B), civil society organizations and the Government of Madagascar. Access Center 6

7 CC - Communitarian Centre
ICT Village Sambaina - Madagascar HP - Health Presidium ES - Elementary School The project is aimed at fighting poverty at the community level through the use of new information and communications technology for achieving alternative clean energy and water and community renewal. The process of implementation and replication of the project was then started in the village of Sambaina, with four main services: (a) e-learning, through digital classrooms overseen by universities with extensive experience in that area; (b) “telemedicine” in the local health-care facilities, providing services for pregnant women and newborn children, and which could eventually provide minor surgery through a network of local and international hospitals and research centres; (c) e-governance facilities housed local government offices, in which the local community can learn to use information and communications technology programmes such as the Internet, and word processing software, and have access to basic services, such as the distribution of identification cards, permits and official documents; and (d) Internet-based consulting for improving agricultural production. The aim of the project is to generate new business enterprises and economic activities in the villages. Moreover, since July 3rd broadband satellite connectivity is provided to the community free of charge, thanks to the collaboration with the satellite provider Skylogic. Broadband connectivity was instrumental for the delivery of enhanced services for development and for the establishment of the digital twinning between Sambaina and the Italian city of Lodi as per the MoU signed on December 4th Thanks to this agreement, innovative services on e- phytopathology and e-veterinary will be provided micro and small enterprises. As for the Dominican Republic, an important agreement for the creation of a new ICT Village was signed with the municipality of Santo Domingo Norte. Subsequently 30 computers were procured by OCCAM and sent to the municipality, giving way to the first executive phase of the project. In an important mission to the Country in March 2008, culminated with the meeting with the President of the Republic, meetings were held for the establishment of the Infopoverty Institute of the Caribbeans. Besides country specific missions and activities, OCCAM, invited high level representatives of the pilot countries of UNPPA to the annual editions of the Infopoverty World Conference, yearly held at the UN Headquarters in New York, giving visibility to all activities carried out by the Countries in regards to rural development though new technologies. CC - Communitarian Centre 7

8 Sambaina : goals achieved
200 adults trained 850 students trained In 2006, Alliance Madagascar and the Observatory entered into a partnership with the Italian satellite provider Eutelsat Communications, which offered to donate a year of free satellite Internet service to the village, which is expected to allow the project to expand its reach and to start programmes requiring Internet connections, such as e-commerce and e-learning. In June 2006, Alliance Madagascar invited the Director of the Millennium Project and the President of the OCCAM to establish projects for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. At a meeting with the Government of Madagascar, the village of Sambaina was designated as Madagascar’s first African Millennium Village project for reducing poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy and environmental degradation, by 2015. In OCCAM continued its activities in the framework of the UNPPA pilot countries to bring the benefits of the digital revolution to disadvantaged communities in Madagascar and the Dominican Republic. In particular, the ICT-Millennium Village of Sambaina was further enhanced: 2 missions (in September 2007 and in January 2008) led by OCCAM were instrumental in bringing to Sambaina important partner organizations as well as business entities interested to invest in Madagascar. During the last mission, OCCAM’s partner WINFOCUS organized a 2 day training course for 72 medical doctors and nurses on the use of ultrasound technology in emergency contexts. In March 2008 OCCAM President, Pierpaolo Saporito, illustrated the plan on how to replicate ICT Villages throughout Madagascar on the occasion of the UN meets the Web 2.0 community” held at the UN Headquarters in New York. 1 doctor + 1 midwife + training of other 85 for national needs 8

9 Expected outcomes Local level 2006** 2012 Internet Access
Bridging the digital divide; Decreasing rate of neonatal mortality; Improvement of educational levels; Increasing rate of wages ; 2006** 2012 Internet Access / 1000 habitants 5.4 20 Electric power for habitant 50 Kwh 100kwh Human poverty index 36.3% 26% Illiteracy 29.3% 10% Infant mortality rate / 1000 live births 74 30 Computer 5.5 Creation of certificated networks for E- services involved in educational and health purposes; New markets opportunities; Our work is finalized to obtain concrete benefits for local habitants and to give them the skills for future self-development : with a metaphor we want to act as start engine to begin a new process. This means operate over some basic aspect of human being and see in a short term the outcomes : First of all, we give a basic health assistance not only with a doctor, but also with a midwife and this means that we do something very important for the too high neonatal mortality ratio and to increase the safeguards of women lives; so we can assert that this first step, maybe easy for an industrial country, can really save many peoples (reduction of infant mortality rate from 74‰ to 30‰); Secondly, we use the benefits of point one to obtain local confidence with new technologies (internet access from 5.4‰ to 20‰ – computer from 5.5‰ to 20‰ ) and attract young people inside a better educational process that gives them new potentiality to be the masters of their lives. People with an high rate of instruction, relative to local standards, (Illiteracy from 29.3% to 10% ) can work in secondary and tertiary and push the local economy toward better rate of wages, which is the only way to attract labor force outside the trap of primary (Index of human poverty from 36.3% to 26%). Thirdly, with the delivery of self-standing ICT structures, we act to bridge the digital divide without an invasive approach but with a scale-up process based over the principle: “first train the trainer, that extend the potential of our structure and at the end build new infrastructure with the active partnership between local and global stakeholders”; Local level 9

10 The history so far Infopoverty PrepCom1 in Hammamet – establishment of the Advisory Board Infopoverty WSIS 2005 – Certification Fact finding missions in Madagascar in 2005 Infopoverty World Conference 2006 – the Conference approved the decision to realize the project In June 2006 Sambaina nominated first Millennium Village in Africa September 2006 end refurbishing February 2007 participation of a delegation of Madagascar to the Infopoverty Exhibition and signing of MoU between Skylogic and OCCAM for the free provision of broadband connectivity September 2007 Mission to implement the telemedicine aspect of the project January 2008 Mission for the implementation of the connectivity step and scale up July 2008 provision of broadband connectivity 10

11 Working methodology Inclusion in the UN Public Private Alliance for Rural Development Cooperation among stakeholders rather than competition Involvement of international organizations of the UN System and others, regarded both as partners and end-users of the services Creation of new products and services fit to the needs of disadvantaged communities. The above items will lead to the desired critical mass and to the creation of a broadband platform that will also serve as basic infrastructure for emerging countries 11

12 What we provide: A new generation of e-services:
Satellite Platform (broadband connectivity) E-health (primary ultrasound) E-learning E-governance E-phytopathology & parasitology E-veterinary Other services provided: Water resources Renewable energy In particular, 3 services seem to have a great potential and will be hereby presented in more details: e-governance, h-health and e-phytopathology. 6. E-governance Traditional solutions for the register office such as those provided by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees use a mobile unit to issue identity documents to citizens that are registered through a picture and digital prints. Though, in most cases, data are incomplete as there is no indication of the domicile. This is the case in most developing countries, which have not a digitalized register office. Moreover, the situation is worsened by the lack of a cadastre/land registry indicating the ownership of a community or a citizen of a plot of land, a house or any other estate and property. This is at the roots of many problems, including on the side of the Government the difficulty in taxation, while on the other hand makes it very difficult for farmers or small entrepreneurs that own a plot of land to have access to credit, as they do not have any form of guarantee. 12

13 Satellite Platform of E-services
Aware that the real benefits of the digital revolution can only come from the full exploitation of the potentials of ICTs in regards to the delivery of adequate services for the development, the Final Declaration endorsed by the VI Infopoverty World Conference called for the need to create a global platform of e-services able to deliver a new generation of broadband e-services that are reliable, inter-operable and open, with ad hoc protocols granted by the ITU. Following the above mentioned Declaration, OCCAM has presented this initiative on the occasion of the inaugural meeting of the Global Alliance for ICT and Development held in Kuala Lumpur; on December 13th 2006 OCCAM received confirmation from that the proposal to create a Community of Expertise devoted to e-services for development had been accepted and incorporated in the Business Plan of Subsequently, in 2008 the Infopoverty CoE e-services for development was commended for its high level activities and achievements. Our Value propositions are: To individuate innovative e-services for development in fields such as e- learning, telemedicine and e-health, e-governance, e-business and support to micro and small enterprises, that can provide a crucial support to all development agencies and stakeholders in the field of ICT4D. To spur the creation of other e- services that are currently not available, calling on all funding entities and research institutes to promote ICT4D as a research field. To mainstream e-services in all main UN agencies and programmes as well as Government strategies and NGOs common practices. To experiment new solutions and best practices, from entities, in the ICT villages. Our Strategy for the implementation is: Organizing the CoE online articulated in homogeneous subsystems and coordinated by OCCAM as system integrator. Implementing and sharing data of the CoE among all sectors of through GRID methodology. Creating a network of centers of excellence, e-service providers in close partnership with all relevant CoEs. Elaborating the model of Platform of e-services and testing in the ICT Villages Operative synthesis in the annual Infopoverty World Conference, with follow up in the meetings. 13

14 Connectivity The first step for the realisation of the project is connectivity, trough: Teleport completely equipped with bi-directional broadband connectivity Hub DVB-RCS for the internet Hub management Data Centre for housing in order to guarantee business continuity and disaster recovery Ubiquitous web (GSM, GPRS, UMTS, Wlan- BAM/Pan) Operational centre with network management Platform for the WIFI distribution Platform for mobile telephones

15 WIMAX distribution During 2007 the iXem Labs of Politecnico di Torino, developed an extremely low cost method for the realization of long distance (MultiKiloMetric) point to point telecommunication infrastructures by use of wireless technology. The method was based on the use of commercial IEEE a/h radios controlled by means of an open source firmware. To demonstrate the reliability of the solution, a network consisting of several links with relative distance ranging from 10 to 300 kilometres, was released, optimized and tested. Experimental results show excellent performance and stability showing that this solution can be extensively, reliably and efficiently applied, to provide internet connectivity, telemedicine, health assistance and distant learning in poor regions, remote villages. For the purpose of the research the transmitters were designed using commercial low cost or recycled components and assembled using medium-performance PCs or micro-PC motherboards. Motherboards and power supplies were inserted in cases appropriately designed to favour energy dissipation and circuit protection. As a matter of fact these components can be found at very low costs, compared to the investment needed for a standard backhaul radio (down to 1/1000).

16 E-health: Medical Consultation 24h/24h; Telepathology; Cardio-surgery;
Ophthalmology Echography in emergency context and primary healthcare (specially for neo-nathology and puerperal treatments); Medical analysis support Local staff updating Support for HIV/AIDS Information campaigns Primary ultrasound Three sectors of intervention were identified retaining high priority in the fight against poverty through the ICTs: telemedicine: to provide medical services through ICT where distance constitutes a critical factor, for professionals. 16

17 Primary ultrasound WINFOCUS, in partnership with OCCAM is designing and implementing pilot projects to incorporate Primary Ultrasound into Primary Health Care remote access- points, with integration with other technologies, to secure minimal appropriate, sustainable and effective technology packages for striking poverty, disease and isolation. Such pilot projects could become virtuous paradigms to be replied worldwide, with the involvement and the investment of International institutions and agencies, in order to secure health for all. The first initiative is ongoing in Sambaina, Madagascar, where OCCAM is leading the ICT Village initiative, where the community has been provided with satellite connectivity, used to promote distance learning of ultrasound techniques, as well as other telemedicine applications, following the training of more than 80 medical doctors, midwives and nurses carried out in Among the several arising applications of point-of-care ultrasound  in critical scenarios, “Primary ultrasound” promises to be an extraordinary tool in order to impact the huge death toll of mothers and children affecting largest communities, throughout the poorly developed rural and suburban areas. OCCAM, in partnership with is WINFOCUS designing and implementing pilot projects to incorporate Primary Ultrasound into Primary Health Care remote access-points, with integration with other technologies, to secure minimal appropriate, sustainable and effective technology packages for striking poverty, disease and isolation. Such pilot projects could become virtuous paradigms to be replied worldwide, with the involvement and the investment of International institutions and agencies, in order to secure health for all. The first initiative is ongoing in Sambaina, Madagascar, where OCCAM is leading the ICT Village initiative, where the community has been provided with satellite connectivity, used to promote distance learning of ultrasound techniques, as well as other telemedicine applications, following the training of more than 80 medical doctors, midwives and nurses carried out in 2008. WINFOCUS (World Interactive Network Focused on Critical UltraSound) is a six year old no-profit International scientific society with the institutional scope to promote and spread “point-of-care” ultrasound into clinical practice, in order to improve primary, emergency and critical care provided in all in-hospital and extra-hospital scenarios. A worldwide community of health professionals, experts, investigators, institutions, key-decision makers, gathered within WINFOCUS network, is aiming to accomplish such mission by developing and fostering, on a global and multi-disciplinary basis, ultrasound education, technological innovation, evidence-based research, clinical best practice standards, together with strong networking actions. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE, abbreviated as PHC, was a new approach to health care that came into existence following an international conference in Alma Ata in 1978 organized by the World Health Organisation and the UNICEF. Nowadays, PHC is broadly accepted as the key to achieve the goal of Health for all and is founded on essential components, such as: equitable distribution, community participation, sustainability, appropriate technology, intersectorial coordination. PRIMARY ULTRASOUND is intended, in the spirit of the declaration of Alma Ata, as a worldwide “appropriate” technology for PHC development, as acceptable, achievable, sustainable, effective tool in improving the health status of the communities, impacting the morbidity and mortality of highly sensitive targets as mothers and children, particularly in poorly developed and scarce-resource scenarios. As recognized by major International institutions, such as UN and WHO, the mortality and morbidity of mothers and children are sentinel events to assess the quality of health care systems; unfortunately they are still nowadays the most dramatic and emergent challenges for large sectors of the world population. Among the several arising applications of point-of-care ultrasound in critical scenarios, “Primary ultrasound” promises to be an extraordinary tool in order to impact the huge death toll of mothers and children affecting largest communities, throughout the poorly developed rural and suburban areas. 17

18 E-Learning Interactive Teaching in primary, middle and high schools
Interactive teaching for professional starting workers in activities related to agriculture, farming and crafts Computer courses for adults Updating courses for the teaching staff Trainers’ training e-learning: to promote remote teaching, making it interactive not only for the primary and secondary schools, but also for continuing education 18

19 E-Governance Digitalization of the register office
Real estate and land tenure land register with satellite support Basic services for the delivery of online documents Microcredit Incubator for new enterprises e-governance: to enhance services related to the public administration. In order to further advance in this efforts, 4 areas of activities related to the model of the ICT village were identified: broadband platform to be used as support for the poor communities, for appropriate services provision. reliable e-services adapted to the needs of the communities and constantly improved on the basis of the feedback of all the actors engaged in the projects. Research and development of new products, services and procedures, expressly created for new markets. Identification of the needs of communities and end-users in developing countries. 19

20 E-governance Agreement with local government for the satellite mapping of selected areas. Agreement with satellite providers for the mapping of the areas, with a clear indication on the quality and size of maps and security measures. Training of local staff from the Ministry of Interiors, Register Office and Cadastre to use innovative tools and digitalization. Individuation of a pilot area where to start the mapping and then the land detection also using Galileo applications for a specific indication of the borders of the plot of land. Distribution in the pilot area of the land certificate and ID certificates. Feed-back from all stakeholders and scale up, with the possibility to include other services such as land fertility and hydro-geological conditions sat detection. The innovative methodologies put forward by the Infopoverty Programme can bridge this gap, exploiting the combined use of satellite and terrestrial positioning systems, thanks to the collaboration with the partners of the CoE, such as Telespazio and the European Space Agency. In order to set the service, the following steps are needed: Agreement with local government for the satellite mapping of selected areas. Agreement with satellite providers for the mapping of the areas, with a clear indication on the quality and size of maps and security measures. Training of local staff from the Ministry of Interiors, Register Office and Cadastre to use innovative tools and digitalization. Individuation of a pilot area where to start the mapping and then the land detection also using Galileo applications for a specific indication of the borders of the plot of land. Distribution in the pilot area of the land certificate and ID certificates. Feed-back from all stakeholders and scale up, with the possibility to include other services such as land fertility and hydro-geological conditions sat detection. Due to the wide implications of the project, OCCAM has already carried out the preliminary research on the most useful tools to carry it out and is willing to present a feasibility study to interested parties with a clear definition of costs and benefits, the state of the art in current solutions and a first prototype in the shortest delay of time. 20

21 E-phytopathology Satellite connection through OCCAM and Eutelsat
Centre of action: SAMBAINA, Madagascar, “the millennium village” The Department of Agri-food and Urban Systems Protection (DiPSA) - Milan State University, in partnership with OCCAM is designing and implementing a pilot project for e-Phytopathology and Parasitology for primary diagnosis of plant diseases and parasite causing epidemics and severe crop loss, as a first aid tool to implement Integrated Pest Management in agriculture from remote access-points. A successful integration of knowledge, technologies and communication, through advanced ICT, will secure minimal appropriate, sustainable and effective technology to reduce crop loss due to uncontrolled epidemics of diseases and pests and to enhance food quality for a sustainable agricultural system. In Sambaina, DiPSA and OCCAM will create a remote Phytopathology and Parasitology Laboratory equipped to acquire and transfer digitalized images of diseased plants or pests. Local personnel, selected within respected leaders of the rural community, will be specifically qualified to run the remote laboratory. Digitalized images will be satellite-transferred to the Centre of competence e-Phytopathology and Parasitology based at DiPSA, within the Faculty of Agriculture of the Milan State University. The long term objective of the project is to reduce poverty and isolation, giving isolated rural communities access to a composite network where the needs for a successful crops and produces protection will receive qualified answers. Such pilot projects could become virtuous paradigms to be replied worldwide, with the involvement and the investment of International Institutions and Agencies, in order to secure food and prosperity for all. The expected results of the project are several and we think all relevant to reduce poverty and isolation of the rural community through implementation of ITC in agriculture. The communities connected to the system will receive qualified answer to problems related to crop and food protection against pests and diseases. The communities net will constitute the embrio of a local extension service for agriculture which will contribute to secure sustainable food and prosperity for all. Centre of decision: the e-phytopatology and parasitology Centre at DiPSA – Milan, Italy 21

22 E-phytopathology To reduce poverty and isolation of rural community through ICT To provide qualified answers to problems related to crop and food protection against pests and diseases To constitute the embrio of a local extension service for agriculture To contribute to secure sustainable food and prosperity for all The expected results of the project are several and we think all relevant to reduce poverty and isolation of the rural community through implementation of ITC in agriculture. The communities connected to the system will receive qualified answer to problems related to crop and food protection against pests and diseases. The communities net will constitute the embrio of a local extension service for agriculture which will contribute to secure sustainable food and prosperity for all. The long term objective of the project is to reduce poverty and isolation, giving isolated rural communities access to a composite network where the needs for a successful crops and produces protection will receive qualified answers. Such pilot projects could become virtuous paradigms to be replied worldwide, with the involvement and the investment of International Institutions and Agencies, in order to secure food and prosperity for all. 22

23 E-veterinary Similar to human telemedicine: it send medical data, images, pictures and video Sistem created by the Veterinary Faculty of Milan University Medical standard support

24 The Infopoverty Programme for the MDGs
We have to bear in mind that only sustainable development can grant real eradication of poverty, thus it is crucial to move from humanitarian aids to investments for development, creating new markets and job opportunities in developing countries. In order to do so, 4 main areas of action: Clear individuation of the needs of population in developing countries Broadband platform, to support ongoing initiatives in disadvantaged communities, delivering adequate services Services have to be reliable, fit to the needs of the communities and need the continuous feedback from all stakeholders Research and Development has to focus on new products, bearing in mind the “Fortune at the bottom of the pyramid” approach. 24

25 The Infopoverty Programme for the MDGs
Bearing in mind that Goal N.1 of the Millennium Declaration is to eradicate extreme poverty, the Infopoverty Programme has put at the core of its activity this objective, in an approach that also tries to achieve the self-sustainability of the projects. ICT can also grant adequate services for education and health, and in our multi-faceted approach, the Infopoverty Programme has also led to the creation of 2 more institutions, the Safe Water Institute and the Fish Farming Institute that will further contribute to the achievement of the MDGs. 25

26 The Infopoverty Programme for the MDGs
Benefits: Populations will directly benefit from the current digital revolution, reaping this great opportunity of development as it happened in Europe with the Industrial Revolution: job creation, start-ups of SME, etc will generate a virtuous circle leading to economic growth. International organizations will have more adequate tools to support development in emerging countries. Donors will be able to control the way money is spent and projects are carried out The ICT sector will open new markets and diversify its products 26

27 Community of Expertise
Satellite platform ESA Eutelsat Skylogic Civil Society CICT-UNESCO COPEAM AVSI ASVI Monserrate Center of excellence Parco tech. Lodi Unimpresa E-learning HoloEurope Infopoverty inst. Politecnico Mi. Telemedicine Winfocus ITALTBS TELBIOS E-governance E-content Award Formit Clean Energy Pianeta Safe Water WaterB2B MM EcoMec Ville village Lodi Novara OCCAM The partnership process has been going on in the last 9 years among participants in the Infopoverty World Conference. In particular, for specific projects, some opereative nucleouses have been created that have now merged in the CoE: Advisory Board to the ICT Village, constituted at PRECOM 1 of the Tunis Phase of the WSIS: Giuseppe Viriglio (European Space Agency); Anton Mangstl (FAO); John Steffens (Infopoverty Institute- OU); Hugh Peterken ( International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies); Pierre Gagne( ITU); Najat Rochdi (UNDP); Abdul W. Khan ( UNESCO) Signatories of the Final Declaration of the Infopoverty World Conference giving way to the GRID of Centres of Excellence, launched at ECOSOC High Level Segment in Geneva on July : Italian Association of Telemedicine; Water B2b; Intel; Digital Solidarity Fund; Telespazio; E-content Award; Navajo Nation; Dominican Republic; Madagascar; Siemens; CICT-UNESC; Google Script; COPEAM Adhering entities at the 1°COE meeting at the Infopoverty Exhibition held on February in Milan Skylogic Policlinico S. Donato; Politecnico di Milano; Università Statale Milano Bicocca; Ingegneria senza frontiere, Patologi senza frontiere. New adhering entities for the creation of new e-services BASF; Telecom Italia; Faculty of Agriculture - University of Milan; Generation3; WINFOCUS; Parco Tecnologico Padano; Politecnico di Torino; Metropolitana Milanese; DIEAH. The Infopoverty CoE is willing to cooperate with all relevant institutions that are part of the and with its flagship initiatives as well as with all other institutions dealing with ICT4 Development, sharing with them its most innovative services and the Satellite Platform. 27

28 For further information:
Thank you For further information: OCCAM and the Infopoverty Programme, as well as the activities developed within the UN Public Private Alliance for Rural Development and the UN Global Alliance for ICT and Development demonstrate that Public Private Partnerships can have a very positive role in ICT for development. Still, it is important to signal some crucial elements that hamper their mainstreaming in development policies in general. In my view, the main important is the fact that it is becoming more and more evident that most development strategies of the main institutions – within the UN family as well as among NGOs and governmental aids – tend to use traditional approaches that do not sufficiently integrate PPPs in their strategies, or leave them at the margins. Those approaches do not allow the optimization of resources and time, which would be instrumental to achieve expectations in terms of concrete results and lasting changes in the lives of population. Strategies and actions to improve the situation of disadvantaged communities in regards to food, health, education and economy in general should be defined. This definition is essential, in the mid-term review of the MDGs approved in the Millennium Declaration by some 190 Heads of Government and State in 2000, to a fresh approach to development. Exploiting the use of PPPs and ICTs as development tools on a wide scale to create a critical mass that is essential, so that emerging countries can achieve the MDGs, means strengthening the UN system and making it a centre of innovation and changes, while stabilizing new markets, as well as strategic actor of new global financial structures, following the recent crisis that is menacing not only development in emerging countries but also the wellbeing in industrialized countries. 28


Download ppt "OCCAM OCCAM is the Observatory for Cultural and Audiovisual Communication created by UNESCO and formally affiliated to the United Nations through the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google