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Gender mainstreaming in government policies and statistics 2009 Global Forum on Gender Statistics Ghana 26-28/01/2009 Dr. Lina Gálvez Muñoz Universidad.

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Presentation on theme: "Gender mainstreaming in government policies and statistics 2009 Global Forum on Gender Statistics Ghana 26-28/01/2009 Dr. Lina Gálvez Muñoz Universidad."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gender mainstreaming in government policies and statistics 2009 Global Forum on Gender Statistics Ghana 26-28/01/2009 Dr. Lina Gálvez Muñoz Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Seville, Spain) Andalusian Statistical Council

2 Gender mainstreaming in statistics, legislation and public policy in Andalusia 1. Political priority: Recent legislation 2. Producing and using gender statistics Triple preassure (Users demands): 1. Andalusian Economic and Finance Regional Ministry -Gender budgets 2. Andalusian Statistical Institute -Gender mainstreaming in statistical production /Pablo de Olavide university 3. Andalusian Women Institute -Gender mainstreaming in all regional ministries.

3 1.-A FIRST STEP: LEGISLATION Recent legal developments Ley 18/2003 de 29 de diciembre de Medidas Fiscales y Administrativas modificada por la Ley 3/2004 de 28 de diciembre ( ANDALUSIAN FISCAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW –GENDER BUDGETS). ANDALUSIAN STATISTICAL LAW –april 2007 and the approval of the Statiscal plan where gender mainstreaming is included for the first time Ley andaluza para la promoción de la igualdad entre mujeres y hombres –november 2007 – THE ANDALUSIAN EQUALITY LAW SPECIFIES THE NECCESSITY OF INCLUDING GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN STATISTICAL PRODUCTION

4 How important is statistical legislation in promoting gender statistics? It is essential for improving gender mainstreaming in statistical production ALTHOUGH, it is really useful when other legislation creates the actions or institutions in need for or demanding such statistics as Gender budgets Gender units Public policies gender impact evaluation…

5 2.-Triple preassure 1. Andalusian Economic and Finance Regional Ministry Gender budgets 2. Andalusian Statistical Institute Gender mainstreaming in statistical production /Pablo de Olavide University 3. Andalusian Woman Institute Gender units in all regional ministries and public institutions.

6 2.1.- Andalusian Economic and Finance Regional Ministry Gender budgets based on the FISCAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW –GENDER BUDGETS (2003) A gender sensitive budget is the consequence of the direct political assumption of taking the equality principle as an axe of a specific socio-economic model. Public budgets are not only economic and financial tools. They are the basic framework to elaborate the socioeconomic development model of each society where redistribution mechanisms are included and policy priorities highlighted. The Andalusian government follows that goal, both for the aim of equality, as well as for achieving economic efficiency…

7 Recent developments -2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 Andalusian gender budgets - G+ program G0, G1, G and G+

8 Basic criteria por G+ program Transformation power Depending on the degree of responsability to act Impact capacity Volume of population that could be affected Functional relevance Experts opinion on the relevance of each action for disminishing gender inequality Public human resources impact Three groups of actors involved : Central planning (gender budget comission) Each centres own perception on the relevance of gender budget on their own programs Academia consensus on what needs to be done

9 Relevance YesNo Low g1 Programs affecting people on an internal –public sector-, or instrumental way g0 Programs without or very low direct and indirect incidence on people Medium G Low impact programs and reduced tranformation capacity High G+ Programs of great interest for its transformation capacity, possible impact for ameliorating gender equality and recognised functional capacity

10 What is asked to each program? g0: Statistical des-aggregation by sex if there is data production related to people g1: Statistical des-aggregation by sex if there is data production related to people Actions which affect directly to women and men within the different regional ministries Analysis of actions directed to people: access to resources and information (Grant schemes, public attention services, information policies…) Analysis and information tool adaptation to include sex variable (especially to review and change data collection, on line applications …) G Statistical des-aggregation by sex if there is data production related to people To build up gender relevant indicators Actions which affect directly to women and men within the different regional ministries Analysis of actions directed to people: access to ressources and information (Grant schemes, public attention services, information policies…) Analysis and information tool adaptation to include sex variable (especially to review and change data collection, on line applications …) G+ Statistical des-aggregation by sex if there is data production related to people To build up gender relevant indicators Actions which affect directly to women and men within the different regional ministries Analysis of actions directed to people: access to ressources and information (Grant schemes, public attention services, information policies…) Analysis and information tool adaptation to include sex variable (especially to review and change data collection, on line applications …) Defining strategic goals, operations and actions to achieve gender equality within the area of influence of each program (they are considered engines of change and they need to make explicit long-term goals to fight gender inequality and define short-term objetives to achieve the long-term goals

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12 2.2. Gender maintreaming in the Andalusian statistical plan

13 Andalusian statistical plan based on 2007 Andalusian Statistical law GENDER MAINSTREAMING General goal To include gender perspective in a systemic way in all statistical production and explotaition including a sex variable with a maximun des-aggregation level and developing new statistics to fully incorporate gender mainstreaming. A Commission and a working group of experts have been created to review all existing statistics in each regional ministry and to design new indicators and statistics.

14 Specific objectives of gender mainstreaming 1. To design specific scales that will allow us to advance in the measurement of gender relations and gender roles, from differentiated social behaviors as well as differentiated perceptions and opinions. 2. To elaborate indicators oriented to facilitate the erradication of gender discrimination and to re-define existing indicators in order to highlight gender inequalities. 3. To improve the methods used in statistical activities in order to guarantee that all questionnaires and information collection proceedings properly show a gender perspective.

15 2.3.- Gender mainstreaming by the Andalusian Women Institute Andalusian Women Institute created in 1999 In charge of promoting gender mainstreaming in all regional public policies + gender specific actions Since 2007 Law for the promotion of equality, there are 3 key elements for gender mainstreaming: 1. Gendered Strategic Plan 2. Gender units 3. Public policy gender impact evaluation

16 Andalusian Woman Institute Gendered Strategic Plan Commission for equality between women and men is in charge of introducing and monitoring gender mainstraming in all regional policies and departments This Commission is composed by high representatives of all regional departments Ellaborating the gender strategic plan for Gender units Creation of gender units in every regional governmental department Promotion of gender equality and control of it Composed by technicians with gender training

17 Andalusian Women Institute Gender impact evaluation of public policies Annual reports Done by gender units and reviewed by the Commission Gender indicators in all programs and policies Two other bodies help the Andalusian Women Institute in this policy: - Council of Women (representatives of all women associations and institutions such as universities) -Observatory for gender equality

18 Gender mainstreaming in government policies and statistics 2009 Global Forum on Gender Statistics Ghana 26-28/01/2009 Dr. Lina Gálvez Muñoz Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Seville, Spain) Andalusian Statistical Council


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