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Presentation on theme: "NAMIBIAS VOLUNTARY PRESENTATION ON NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOCUSING ON HEALTH, EDUCATION AND POVERTY, in tandem with GENDER EQUALITY and women empowerment."— Presentation transcript:

1 NAMIBIAS VOLUNTARY PRESENTATION ON NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOCUSING ON HEALTH, EDUCATION AND POVERTY, in tandem with GENDER EQUALITY and women empowerment By Hon. Doreen Sioka Minister of Gender Equality and Child Welfare Government of the Republic of Namibia Prepared for The Annual Ministerial Review of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) meeting in New York, U.S.A 2010 - 06-30 1 REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA

2 The Presentation: Focus INTRODUCTION Political Framework: General Overview Economic & Development Planning - Focus IADGs, MDGs Vision 2030 Objectives The Planning Process The Key Elements MAIN FOCUS: GENDER and HEALTH, EDUCATION, and P0VERTY 2

3 Background This presentation is a response to the UN General Assembly Resolution 61/16 on the strengthening of the Economic and Social Council of November 26 th, 2006, focusing on sister nations shared and exclusive experiences in the implementation of IADGs, MDGs, and OWN NATIONAL developmental goals, in particular strategies used in the processes. The presentation summarises the main Report which focuses on gender and health; gender and education; and gender and poverty in relation to achieving the IADGs, MDGs, and Namibias Vision 2030 objectives. 3

4 Political Framework Borders: North:Angola and Zambia East:Zimbabwe and Botswana West:Atlantic Ocean South:South Africa Regions: 13, Each headed by a Governor National Parliament : 72 Members National Council:26 Members H.E. the President, Executive, and Judiciary 4

5 Political Framework Continues Attained independence in 1990 Based on: -multi-party democracy -separation of powers -unitary state with an - Independent Electoral Commission 5

6 6 Key Features: Population

7 Additional Statistics: + 2 million people 65+ % rural mostly in the northern part. Rural: Male 47% Female 53% Urban: Male53% Female 47% 7

8 Economic & Developmental Planning These factors generally guide national and developmental planning 8

9 Economic Features: A thriving mixed economy. Heavily dependent on mineral extraction and processing of minerals for export. Rich alluvial diamond deposits makes Namibia a primary source of quality-germs. Worlds 5 th largest exporter of uranium, and 4 th largest African exporter of non-fuel minerals. GDP is estimated at N$78 Billion (U$ 10.3 Billion) as per 2009 preliminary figures 9

10 Other Economic Features Presents a modern market supported by a traditional subsistence sector. These combine to generate most of the country's wealth. The majority population is rural, and depends on subsistence agriculture and animal herding. Boasts +200,000 skilled workers, and a small but well-trained professional and managerial cadre. 10

11 Synergies and Strategies The given information provides the background to Namibias strategies to achieve the IADGs, MDGs, and Vision 2030 objectives in the selected areas, Namely:i).Health and Gender. ii).Education and Gender. iii).Poverty and Gender 11 Vision 2030 and IAGs (Including MDGs)

12 Health and Gender MGDs 4-6 12

13 Strategies 1.Prioritisation of Primary Health Care as the key to achieving objectives on: -Child Health -Maternal health -Reproductive health, and - Measures to prevent other infectious diseases. 13

14 Strategies continue.. 2.Adoption of an Integrated Management of Adolescents and Adults Illness to achieve increased, effective & comprehensive Anti- Retro-Viral treatment results by Rapid rolling-out the Anti-retro-viral treatment programme. Implications: budgetary; staff training, and effective information dissemination. 14

15 Strategies continue.. 3.Research into national health issues and experiences through workshops and conferences. 4.Undertaking Preventive immunisation campaigns 5.Upgrading existing infra-structure and constructing new facilities to keep pace with population growth. 15

16 Strategies continue.. 6.Cultivating and maintaining Cordial Donor- Host Relationship. 7.Constant training of new and old personnel. 16

17 Outcomes 1.Increased accessibility of public health services to women and girl-children. 2.Increased dissemination of information on diseases/illnesses and on what preventive action to take. 3.Sustained donor contribution towards governments effort to achieve the MDGs. 17

18 Outcomes continue… 4. At Independence (in 1990) there was only one major hospital, now Namibia has: 1 National Hospital; 3 Intermediate Hospitals; 34 District Hospitals; 44 Health Centre; and 267 Primary Care Clinics. 18

19 Outcomes continue.. Goals and indicators 1990/1993 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Children under five, malnourished, stunted, in % of all children under five 28.424.2-18Possible Share of women employed in non- agriculture (percent) 3947-50Likely. Reduce child mortality Infant mortality rate deaths per 1,000 live births 56.6493638Unlikely Under-five mortality rate deaths per 1,000 live births 83.2695445Unlikely Share of one-year old children immunized against measles (percent) 75.783.88085Likely Improve maternal health Maternal mortality rate, deaths per 100,000 live births 225449268337Unlikely 19

20 20 Goals and indicators 1990/1993 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Birth attendance by trained health personnel (percent) 68818895Likely Use of contraceptives (percent)23475056.6Likely Adolescent birth rate (percent)2215-13Likely Ante-natal care coverage (percent)5670-80Likely Unmet need for family planning (percent)247-6*Likely HIV/AIDS HIV prevalence, 15 – 19 years (percent)65.198Achieved HIV prevalence, 20 – 24 years (percent)1114.015%12Possible People living with HIV, 15 – 49 years (percent) -15.3-- Lack of data Condom use at the last higher-risk sex, women 15 – 24 years (percent) -6445- Lack of data Condom use at the last higher-risk sex, men 15 – 24 years (percent) -81--Lack of data Outcomes continue..

21 21 Goals and indicators 1990/1993 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to ARV drugs (per cent) -66-75Likely Outcomes continue.. Tuberculosis, Malaria TB cases detected per 100,000 population 656765-<300 Possible - Likely TB cases treated successfully (percent) 64767585Likely Incidence of malaria per 1000 population 20748-Halt and begin to reverse Achieved

22 22 Goals and indicators 1990/199 3 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Protected areas14181520Likely Communal conservancies0141115Likely Freehold land conservancies56910Unlikely Community forestry (ha)0.04600003000002.5 mioPossible Percent households with access to safe drinking water Urban999795100Possible Rural7480 87Likely Percent households with access to basic sanitation Urban8658-98Unlikely Rural14 5065Unlikely Official development assistance to (per capita $) 8088 (2006)-90Likely * NDP3, **1993/1994 Outcomes continue..

23 23 Outcomes continue.. Internet users, per 100 population-4.8--Lack of data Cell phone subscribers, per 100 population, 16 years and older -49--Lack of data Telephone lines, per 100 households-34.6--Lack of data

24 Challenges 24 Financially and materially sustain the effectiveness of the programmes on: - primary health care - Child mortality - Maternal Mortality - Reproductive health, and - Measures to prevent other infectious diseases. -immunization - HIV/AIDS -nutrition - poverty, and others

25 Education and Gender MDG 2 25

26 The Strategies The strategies are based on government's commitment to achieve comprehensive capacity building objectives in line with the objectives of Vision 2030 which seek to see Namibia become A prosperous and industrialized society developed by own human resources enjoying peace, harmony and political stability. 26

27 Rationale Strategies on Education: NMDG2 Historically women have been the most disadvantaged educationally. Government sought to rectify that through strategies that can have long term developmental empowerment of women and make them economically independent. 27

28 Strategy One 1.Education and Training Sector Improvement Programme (ETSIP). Objective: To strategically guide the provision of public education and training in order to ensure achievement of Vision 2030 objectives with an intentional bias to empower women. 28

29 Accompanying Policy Instruments Education for All Policy – with focus on Primary & Secondary Schools: -Net enrollment -Youth literacy (15-24 years) - Survival rate at Grade 8 - Access to tertiary Institutions, particularly by women. 29

30 Accompanying Instruments Education Sector Policy for the Prevention and Management of Learner Pregnancy Goal: To promote the continued education of pregnant learners and to ensure equal treatment of female and male learners. 30

31 Strategy Two 2.Establishment of Namibia College of Open Learning (NAMCOL). Goal: Provision of additional opportunities in the event of failure the first, or being deprived the freedom to rejoin the mainstream after dropping out for various reasons, which often happened to girls who became pregnant, or forced out of school by cultural practices. 31

32 Strategy Three 3.Re-training and Continued Upgrading of Teachers Qualification Combined with Introduction of Attractive Incentives to entice qualified teachers to take up positions in the Rural Areas, & increasing the quantity & quality of teaching material. Goals: Improve teaching skills. Improve educational equity nationally. Ensure value for the huge budget allocated for national capacity building through education. 32

33 Outcomes 33 Goals and indicators 1990/1993 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Achieve universal primary education Net primary school enrolment (percent)8992.39599.1Unlikely Youth literacy rate (percent)889394100*Unlikely Survival rate grade 5 (percent)70949599.2Possible Survival rate grade 8 (percent)5981-80.2Achieved Females per 100 males in Primary education10298100+100Likely Secondary education124117100+100Achieved Tertiary education17588100+100Possible Literacy106103100 Achieved Share of women employed in non- agriculture (percent) 3947-50Likely. Share of seats held by women in parliament (percent) 6.926.9 50Possible

34 Challenges 34 Stereotypes, specially it terms of education for women. Raising passing percentages particularly at Grade 10 and Grade 12 levels given the 30% of the national budget allocated for education annually. Making available adequate infra-structure and well trained teachers at all levels. Shortage of teaching and learning material.

35 Poverty and Gender MDG 1 35

36 Strategies Rationale for MDG 1 in Namibia: Poor population:28% Severely poor:4 % Rural population: +65% Rural women:53% Vision 2030 seeks to see the country developed. Equal rights & the rights for women in all human activities, in particular, Economic Endeavours. 36

37 Strategy One 1.Creation of an enabling environment in which women can have access to economic opportunities and autonomy across the board. Instruments: i.Policies for financial institutions. ii.Intensification of job creation programmes. iii.Improvement of business climate for women. 37

38 Instruments Continue iv.Affirmative Action, Land Resettlement, and Equal Opportunity policies Implementation: - Arms of government. -Private Institutions voluntary compliance with government policies. -Private individuals. 38

39 Strategy Two 2.Establishment of Koshi Yomuti [Definition: Banking under a tree]. A financial outfit established to assist women, in particular rural women involved with small business enterprises by offering banking and credit services. It was modeled after SUSU of West Africa. 39

40 Koshi Yomuti: Modus Operandi Governed by the Division of Cooperative Development in the Ministry of Water and Forestry. Catered for the rural poor, in particular women (92% women). Products:- Loans -Servings -Training 40

41 Modus Operandi Continues Provided one on one consultation on how to run small businesses. Provided 5 training sessions to new clients. Advise clients to serve through the post office. Used mobile facilities (bicycles/motorbikes). Offered differentiated loans to individuals and groups. 41

42 Outcomes Many women benefited. Helped to create relative success in reducing rural poverty. Its success convinced Government to provide support in: - Credit for working capital or investment - Business planning to get a loan - Provide information on business. 42

43 Outcomes continue.. 43 Goals and indicators 1990/1993 Baseline Current Status (2008) 2006 target 2012 target Target/ goal achievable? Poor HH (including severely poor HH), % of all HH 38**28 19*Possible Severely poor HH, % of all HH9**443.5*Achieved Unemployment rate, broad concept, nationwide in percent 34. 5 (1997) 36.733.833.3Possible Employment growth, % p.a., average in period --2.6 2.6 -- 3.2 Possible GDP growth rate p.a., average percent in period 5.0 - 6.5 Possible Gini-coefficient0.7010.60.58Likely

44 Challenges Economic reclassification of Namibia as an Upper Middle class country while poverty, particularly among women, is still rampart. It is difficult to convince major financial institutions to provide –with minimum if not without collateral- access to rural women intending to undertake microfinance businesses. It is not easy create enough jobs to absorb High School leavers and graduates from tertiary Institutions yearly. 44

45 Challenges under poverty continue How to establish a cross-cutting national budget on gender that can serve to enhance effective articulation of gender issues and requirements at different levels in all arms of government. 45

46 General Challenges 46

47 General Challenges Categorization of Namibia as an upper- middle-income-economy Costly access to international finance capital – creating a serious impediment to her developmental agenda. Dwindling international support 47


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