Presentation on theme: "Water supply and water use statistics in Jordan Prepared b y Khamis Raddad Dep. Of Statistics Jordan International work session on water statistics Vienna."— Presentation transcript:
Water supply and water use statistics in Jordan Prepared b y Khamis Raddad Dep. Of Statistics Jordan International work session on water statistics Vienna 20 – 22 June 2005
introduction Water supply water use Difficulties and Problems
Introduction Jordan receives rainfall of about 6,000 million cubic meters (MCM). The Syrian catchments of the Yarmouk river Basin receives an additional 2,065 MCM annual stream flow, amounting to only about 878 MCM proposed Al Wehdeh Dam will provide an annual safe yield of about 105 MCM, 55 MCM for manufacturing and the remaining 50 MCM will be used to intensify agricultural production in the Jordan Valley.
Therefore, Jordan is consider among the poorest countries in the world in terms of water resources more than 90% of Jordan's total area receiving less than 200 millimeters rainfall per year more than 70% of the country receiving less than 100 millimeters of precipitation on a year.
Only around 2% of the land area has an annual precipitation exceeding 300 millimeters renewable fresh water resources, average is about 680 MCM per year, or approximately 135 m 3 per capita for all uses.
Water supply 1- Surface water supply Public supply The annual supply of surface water is 214.69 MCM, the Jordan Rift Valley contribute on 108 MCM, ( 73.5%) is allocated for agriculture activity. all treated waste water is allocated for irrigation purpose 75.4 MCM Supply water for municipal use 54.4 CM, and industrial activity use about 2.5 MCM
Table 1 *Quantity of surface water use by water resource 2004 totalMunicipalIndustrialIrrigationLivestockSource 214.6954.372.48151.856.001. Surface Water 108.0938.612.1467.350.00- Jordan Rift Valley 57.2015.760.3441.100.00Springs 49.400.00 43.406.00Base & Flood 75.400.00 75.40.002. Treated Waste Water 67.400.00 67.400.00- Registered 8.000.00 8.000.00- Not Registered 289.0954.372.48226.256.00Total *Source: M.O.W.I-Water Authority
2- Ground water supply The total quantity of ground water is 520 MCM. The agriculture sector use about 54% of ground water. The municipal use about 40% of ground water, and the remain (6%) used for industrial activity.
Table 2 *Quantity of ground water use by water resource 2004 Source LivestockIrrigationIndustrialMunicipaltotal 2. Ground Water 0.64278.7033.27207.45520.05 - Renewable 0.64210.2529.20192.74432.83 - Non- Renewable 0.0068.454.0714.7187.22 *Source: M.O.W.I-Water Authority
The depletion of water is vary from one ground water basin to another, in some basin the over pumping of ground water exceed 3 times of the safe yield, on the other hand the abstraction of water from other basins less than the safe yield.
% Abstracted from SafeYield BalanceTotal water abstracted (M.C.M) Safe Yield (M.C.M) Ground Water Basin 108.0-3.343.340.0Yarmouk 172.0-10.925.915.0Side Valleys 133.0-6.927.921.0Jordan Valley 247.0-35.359.324.0Azraq 158.0-51.2138.787.5Amman- Zarqa Table 3
76.01.23.85.0Serhan 11.07.10.98.0Hammad 157.0-32.389.357.0Dead Sea 66.042.982.1 (1) 125Desi and Mudawrah 193.0-184.108.40.206North Araba Valley 316.0-11.917.45.5Red Sea\ South Araba Valley 276.0-15.824.89.0Jafer (1) 18 - 170.805520.1275.5Total
Water use The total water use in Jordan increased by more than 27%,from 639 MCM in 1985 to 810 MCM in 2004 Water for municipal uses showed the highest increase in average annual water consumption (153 -262 MCM) and contribute on above 32% of total water use, and contribute on about 36% of fresh water use, it also register the highest increase in share of total water use by the time.
Irrigation water for agriculture use 62 % during 2004 Water use for livestock production has constitute only 0.8% of the total water use during 2004. The industrial sector contribute on 4.4% of total water use.
Some details information by using sample survey was acquired Table 5 Quantity of water use by economic activity in industrial sector 2002 Quantity of Used Water CM Economic Activity 1,888.0Extraction of Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas 21,611,863.3Mining and Quarrying 5,247,409.0Manufacturing of Food Products and Beverages Tanning and Dressing of Leather, Manufacturing of Luggage Handbags Saddlery, 26,052.4 Harness and Footwear 216,387.0Manufacturing of Paper, and Paper Products
66,646.6Publishing, Printing and Reproduction of Recorded Media Manufacturing of Coke, Refined Petroleum 17,413.0 Products and Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing of Other Non-Metalic 4,720,370.4 Mineral Products 342,110.3Manufacturing of Basic Metals Manufacturing of Fabricated Metal 179,495.7Products, Except Machinery & Equipments 69,569.5Manufacturing of Machinery and Equipments N.E.C. 63,762.0Manufacturing of Electrical Machinery & Apparatus N.E.C. 13,795.0Manufacturing of Motor Vehicles, Trailers & Semi–Trailers 99,868.5Manufacturing of Furniture, & of Other Products N.E.C. 493,161.0Electricity, Gases, Steam and Hot Water Supply 33,169,791.6Total
The survey on chemical manufacturing provide more details of water use by economic activity ( ISIC 4 Digit). This data indicate the quantity of water use for each activity by supply.
Table 6 Quantity of Used Water in Manufacturing of Chemical Products, Rubber and Plastic Products by Water Source, 2002 (M 3 ) Used Water CMEconomic Activity Public System TankWellDistilled Water Total 1472410013000114854Manufacturing of Vegetable & Animal Oil & Fat 122291464472288 983 802447739Manufacturing of Basic Chemicals 68950106063608 141 03687697Manufacturing of Fertilizers & Nitrogen Compounds 16551200577400044008Manufacturing of Plastics in Primary Forms 6653990004655Manufacturing of Pesticides Manufacturing of Paints, Varnishes, Similar 92645608600665Coating, Printing Link & Mastics Manufacturing of Pharmaceuticals Medicinal 97697551285000 6 30202861Chemicals & Botanical Products 41834.8880579050 0 3220395Manufacturing of Soap & Detergant & Cleaning Polishing Preparations Perfumes & Toilet Preparation Manufacturing of Other Chemical 2317109240013241 Products N.E.C.
895905001800Manufacturing of Rubber Tiers & Tubes 1012234001246Manufacturing of Other Products 46908.283960.3180000148869Manufacturing of Plastic Products Manufacturing of Accumulatores Primary 10667168030300042647Cells & Primary Battaries 323714578204.360933301136995361Total Sources of data
Water supply and water use statistics in Jordan a- administrative records b- survey method Sample design 1-The frame The 1999 economic enterprises census. 2 – stratification All enterprises stratified by total revenue into 3 classes, it classified by paid capital, total employee, and it classified by activity 4 digit at the region level.
3 – sample design All enterprises classified as big enterprises were surveyed by complete coverage All enterprises with small number surveyed by complete coverage. The enterprises remained were divided into middle and small size. After that in each stratum and in each size of enterprises the sampling units were selected.
4-Sample allocation The Nyman allocation was applied The systematic method was applied after ordering all sampling units in each stratum ascending by total revenue, to provide implicit stratification to increase the efficiency of the design.
Difficulties and Problems 1- Availability of data - there are many gaps in the administrative records. no disaggregating between both public and privet sectors. - difficult to access to the available data. 2- The quality of data -the data doesnt comparable among different sources of data
3- The classification of the available data - the ISIC and SNA classifications didnt apply in the data base. 4- the cost of collecting data by survey method is very high. 5- huge requirements for any survey. 6-This work need skills in both statistics and water science which is not available.