Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Human Development Approach and People with Disabilities.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Human Development Approach and People with Disabilities."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Human Development Approach and People with Disabilities

2 1.Human Development Conceptual and measurement framework 2.Human Development Contribution to the development debate 3.Entry Points for Disability in the Human Development Approach

3 1.Conceptual and measurement framework

4 The contrast between what great things human beings can achieve and what limited lives most women and men end up living is truly remarkable. - Amartya Sen People are the real wealth of nations. The objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. - Mahbub ul Haq

5 2010: Human development "Human development is the expansion of peoples freedoms to live long, healthy and creative lives; to advance other goals they have reason to value; and to engage actively in shaping development equitably and sustainably on a shared planet. People are both the beneficiaries and drivers of human development, as individuals and in groups.

6 Human Development Index (HDI)

7 Measuring Human Development The origins: GDP vs HDI The HDI is an index just as vulgar as GDP but it stands for better things (Amartya Sen) HDI aggregates health education and income GDP/HDI: commodity-centred vs human-centred Indicators need to be: relevant, internationally comparable, available for many countries Neglected dimensions: gender, equity, sustainability...

8 Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)

9 Gender Inequality Index (GII)

10 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

11 HD Indices Sources HDI Life expectancy: UNDESA World Population Prospects Years of Schooling: UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Barro and Lee (2010) [NBER working paper 15902] GNI PPP per capita: World Banks World Development Indicators IHDI Life expectancy: UNDESA World Population Prospects Years of Schooling: household survey data in international databases (EUSILC, UNICEF-MICS, USAID- DHS, WHO-WHS) Household income or consumption: household survey data in international databases (Luxemburg Income Study, EUSILC, UNICEF-MICS, USAID-DHS, World Banks International Income Distribution Database, United Nations Universitys Income Inequality Database)

12 HD Indices Sources GII Maternal Mortality: UNICEFs The State of Worlds Children Adolescent Fertility: UNDESA World Population Prospects Educational Attainments: UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Barro and Lee (2010) [NBER working paper 15902] Labour Market Participation: ILO LABORISTA database MPI: household surveys Demographic and Health Survey – USAID The Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey – UNICEF The World Health Survey - WHO

13 2. Contribution to the development debate

14 Global Reports HDR 90 - Concept and Measurement HDR 91 - Financing HDR 92 - Global Dimensions HDR 93 - Peoples Participation HDR 94 - Human Security HDR 95 - Gender HDR 96 - Economic Growth HDR 97 - Eradicate Poverty HDR 98 - Consumption HDR 99 - Globalization HDR 00 - Human Rights HDR 01 - New technologies HDR 02 - Democracy HDR 03 - MDGs HDR 04 - Cultural Liberty HDR 05 - Aid, trade and security HDR 06 - Water HDR 07/08 - Climate Change HDR 09 - Migration HDR 10 - Pathways to HD HDR 11 - Sustaining equitable progress

15 HDR Impact : News and academic citations HDR continues to outperform its closest competitor (the World Banks annual World Development Report) by almost 2:1 –The HDI is a key contributor to that success. In academic citations, the HDR recently overtook the WDR. –In 2010, HDRs academic citations = 4,090, compared to the WDRs 2,790 Widespread endorsement from policy and academic circles –One of the worlds most significant documents. Gregg Easterbrook, The New Republic –Substantially enriches our understanding of the development landscape. Dani Rodrik, Harvard

16 Regional, National and Sub-national Reports: More than just Reports Since 1992, more than 600 National and Sub-national HDRs, as well as 30 Regional Reports, have been produced in more then 130 countries. Inspired by the global HDR Tool to tailor development strategies to local realities Seeing people as the nations wealth, end and means of advancing the development agenda Provide new research and disaggregated data Offer innovation in concept, measurement, and policy Focus on equity, efficiency, empowerment, and sustainability in policies and the HDR process itself

17 NHDR influence Turkey HDR2008: Youth in Turkey Inclusive: youth involvement in each stage of the HDR preparation process Thorough analysis: focus on 5 million youth out of education and employment Relevance: more than 1,000 news reports, articles and interviews Influence: youth policy and youth NGOs coalition

18 The importance of an inclusive process 216 events to gauge opinions and gather voices, proposals and commitments 4,369 people throughout the different territories: community members, local leaders, civil servants, government representatives, academics, businessmen and women, workers, country workers and farmers, displaced people, the disabled, those reinserted into society, women and the elderly, young people, homosexuals, indigenous people and people of African descent. : Colombia – Valle del Cauca sub-national HDR 2008 On the path to an inclusive and peaceful Valle del Cauca

19 Measurement Innovation Disaggregation (e.g. Roma MDGs) Comparing subjective and objective data (e.g. human security perceptions in Latvia) Qualitative analysis of quantitative data (e.g. Cambodia - the financial returns to education are higher for women) Measuring deprivations in the country- context (e.g. social inclusion indices in BiH) New indices covering more dimensions (e.g. Dominican Republic on individual and collective empowerment)

20 3. Entry Points for Disability

21 Data Availability WHO-World Bank World Report on Disability – best source of internationally comparable data, but:World Report on Disability Considerable efforts made to improve disability data. But need more robust, comparable, and complete data collection especially in developing countries. Data on disability are scarce (only for 60 countries the disability prevalence rate was estimated) and outdated (data from the 1970s – Congo - and 1980s). Better with the national health surveys: data from 1996 to Only years of health lost due to disability (YLD) is computed for almost all member states. WHO modeling exercise based on a not completely settled and criticized methodology.

22 More can be done at National Level People with disabilities, as confirmed by the experience of many countries, are more vulnerable to poverty and social exclusion. The analysis made by for Bosnia and Herzegovina, based on the 2001 LSMS results, showed that having a disability or special needs increases the likelihood of becoming poor by 18%. Bosnia and Herzegovina HDR 2007

23 More can be done at National Level All problems relating to the social exclusion of people with physical disability in Croatia stem from insufficient and inadequate representation in the political process. However, there is a substantial segment of this population that does not feel excluded from society, because of the support afforded to them by their family and friends. Family that acts as the main support for the disabled person also requires support from the community, and from the state. Regardless of the amount of support given to the disabled, their quality of life will not improve without self-acceptance. This is why it is necessary to empower disabled people, to challenge the culture of complacency, thus enabling their full integration into all spheres of social relations Croatia HDR 2006

24 More can be done at National Level … the co-ordination of common human development problems and issues, which are related to the realisation of the rights of citizens who have limited abilities due to physical, psychological, intellectual or sensory deficits, is one of the most important indicators. It defines the degree of the governments obligation for the citizens at present, the focus on the fair future, and also of how effective the system of state management is in order to achieve objectives of the stable development of the country in general Kazakhstan HDR 2009

25 Resources The HDR website: The HDR Database: Take the Human Development Journey: Join HDR-net: Join the HD space in Teamworks:

26 Thank you!

Download ppt "The Human Development Approach and People with Disabilities."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google