Presentation on theme: "Mainstreaming Disability in Development for Poverty Eradication: JICAs Experiences Keiichiro Nakazawa Chief Representative, U.S.A. Office Japan International."— Presentation transcript:
Mainstreaming Disability in Development for Poverty Eradication: JICAs Experiences Keiichiro Nakazawa Chief Representative, U.S.A. Office Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Outline 1.JICA and Disabilities 2.Organizational Arrangement 3.Guidelines on Disability 4.Various Technical Cooperation Schemes 5.Project Examples
1. JICA and Disabilities Vision: Inclusive and Dynamic Development Approach to assistance for persons with disabilities: To assist developing countries to achieve Full Participation and Equality for persons with disabilities Assistance Tools Technical Cooperation/Concessional Loans/Grant Aid
2. Organizational Arrangement Social Security Div., Human Development Dept. (since 2004) Advisory Committee on Support for People with Disabilities (since 1999) -11 members from DPOs, NGOs, Universities and Institutes (JICA at glance) Headquarters in Tokyo, about 90 overseas bureaus Projects in around 150 countries 1,664 staff members (as of March 2010) and thousands of experts and volunteers on both short-term and long-term contracts Operational budget: US$12 billion (FY 2010)
EmpowermentMainstreaming Full Participation and Equality for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) Leadership training Independent living training Vocational rehabilitation Active involvement in CBR Consultation for persons with disabilities and their families Advice for DPOs, etc. CBR and development of CBR workers Capacity development of professionals Advice for policy development Awareness raising, etc. Involvement of persons with disabilities as beneficiaries of projects in various sectors Participation of persons with disabilities as implementers of projects targeting at persons with disabilities, etc. Awareness raising and capacity development of staff members Development of a barrier-free environment in JICA Support for staff members with disabilities, etc. Direct support for PWD PWDs participation in JICAs projects Develop empowering environment Develop the environment for mainstreaming in JICA Interaction 3. Guidelines on Disability (2003)
4. Various T/ C schemes – (1) Technical Cooperation Projects Long-term and short-term experts, training, necessary equipment Currently 11 projects in 10 countries Partnership Projects with Japanese NGOs Special needs education, audio support system for persons with visual impairments, sports promotion, wheelchair support, HIV/AIDS education for persons with hearing impairments, etc. 11 projects in 9 countries (as of March, 2010) Sports promotion in LaosEmpowerment of PWDs in Pakistan
4. Various T/C schemes – (2) Training Programs Group, region-focused, country-focused Leadership, CBR, economic empowerment, employment promotion, etc. 20 courses, 141 participants in 2009 Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (young volunteers) Social work, OT, PT, special support education, handicrafts, youth activities, etc. Leadership training for PWDs Young volunteers supporting women with disabilities in Syria
5. Examples – (1)Technical Cooperation CBR Myanmar Medical rehabilitation Thailand Asia-Pacific Development Center on Disability (APCD) Malaysia Supported employment Philippines Non-handicapping environment Vietnam Medical rehabilitation Pakistan Promotion of DPOs China Medical rehabilitation Colombia Rehabilitation for landmine victims Costa Rica Integral rehabilitation system Bolivia PWD registration Syria JordanCBR Sign language
Technical Cooperation Project: Creation of a Non-Handicapping Environment for Filipinos with Disabilities in Rural Areas Create a mechanism among local DPOs, municipal officials, key persons, architects and engineers to develop an enabling environment. With National Council on Disability Affairs (NCDA), develop a monitoring mechanism on physical and social accessibility. In 2 model areas, develop the capacity of persons with disabilities to identify social and physical barriers and empower them for social change. Raise the awareness of local people.
Technical Cooperation Project: Asia-Pacific Development Center on Disability Project (Phase 1 & 2) In fact, over 70 international seminars, trainings, and workshops on a basis of South- South Cooperation have been organized by APCD since Objective Objective: Not Only Rehabilitation, but Empowerment Approach: Human Resource Development and Building Networks
5 Examples – (2)ODA Loan Projects with special consideration on accessibility India (Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai) Transport system, subway Bangladesh Railway system Indonesia Railway system University building Subway Thailand (Bangkok) Vietnam (Hanoi)Railway, Airport Romania Railway to airport Mongolia Airport
ODA Loan Project: Mainstreaming of Disability in Developing Mass Rapid Public Transport System in Delhi Metropolitan Area, India Special facilities were installed. –ramps –lifts –tactile flooring –audio-visual announcement system –special public lavatories All the front line staff were trained. Consultations with local DPOs were conducted from the designing stage.