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Roula Majdalani Director, Sustainable Development and Productivity Division UN-ESCWA Integrating the Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable.

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Presentation on theme: "Roula Majdalani Director, Sustainable Development and Productivity Division UN-ESCWA Integrating the Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roula Majdalani Director, Sustainable Development and Productivity Division UN-ESCWA Integrating the Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable Development: Perspectives from the ESCWA region

2 The Arab Spring Uprisings across the region demand Freedom, Dignity and Social Justice for Inclusive and Sustainable Development 2 Integration of the Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable Development needs Governance to provide a solid foundation Integration of the Economic, Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable Development needs Governance to provide a solid foundation

3 ESCWA Countries regularly outperform Global Growth Rates 3 (real GDP growth, annual percentage change)

4 Unemployment Remains a Challenge in the Current Development Paradigm 4

5 Persisting Challenges & Regional Priorities Water Security – Water scarcity and water stress characteristic of nearly all Arab countries Food Security – reorientation of policy framework from food self-sufficiency to food security Energy Security – implications for energy importing and exporting countries Environmental Security due to Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events – exacerbating other threats to regional security & increasing uncertainty Governance and Weak Institutions – implications for participatory, inclusive and accountable governance Financing for development – skewed financial resource availability between countries, sectors and stakeholders.

6 Need to Reinforce & Integrate the Three Pillars of Sustainable Development & its Foundation

7 Integrated Sustainable Development Planning and Programming at ESCWA 7

8 Inclusive and sustainable growth Social justice, Equity and good governance Regional Integration Knowledge and Innovation Resilience and response to crisis and conflict Trade Transport Energy Shared Water Resources Gender & ESCWA Center for Women Statistics Democracy and Development Youth and Employment Agriculture Industry SMEs ESCWA Technology Center ESCWA Strategic Framework (2012–2015) aims to address the 3 pillars of Sustainable Development + Governance as a continuum Financing for Development

9 ESCWAs Role in Promoting Integrated Sustainable Development ESCWA as UN Regional Commission promotes an integrated approach to sustainable development through its various roles and functions Convening Role Think Tank Role Advocacy Role Knowledge Broker Regional Coordination Role Multi-Sector Platform Inter- Governmental Forum Civil Society/ Stakeholder Platform Inter-Agency Coordination Regional Advisory Services

10 Example: Macro-Economic Modeling The ESCWA Regional Macro-Econometric Model aims to: Simulate impacts of budgetary and monetary policies. Introduce Shock Indicators to project the effects of shocks on the economy and basic development parameters. Model considers the following parameters: –Financial flows, balance of payments (intra-regional/inter-regional) –Trade flows (goods and services) –Labor and unemployment (population, gender) –Energy sector –Water constraints –Agricultural production, etc. Model considers two sub-regional groupings: -Oil Exporters (the GCCs along with Algeria and Libya) & Oil Importers. -Model excludes Comoros, Djibouti, Iraq, Somalia; Iraq will be modeled separately. Outputs will support ESCWAs: –Arab World 2025 Report –Arab Integration Report –Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment & other in-house assessments 10

11 Regional Initiative on Climate Change Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region Objectives Assesses the impact of climate change on water resources in the Arab Region through a science-based consultative and integrated approach (regional climate modeling) Identifies socio-economic & environmental vulnerabilities caused by climate change impacts (trade, employment, migration, health, etc.) Provides a common & informed regional platform to address climate change impacts on the Arab region & support regional dialogue, priority setting and policy formulation on climate change adaptation and the formulation of negotiation positions at the regional level. Inter-Agency initiative led by ESCWA involving LAS, UNEP, UNISDR, UNESCO, UNU, WMO & Arab Governments, SMHI & LAS Organizations

12 Regional Initiative Components Climate Change Impact Assessment Socio-Economic Vulnerability Assessment Awareness Raising and Information Dissemination Water Ministries, Meteorological Organizations, Arab Research Centers Baseline Review and Knowledge Management Capacity Building & Institutional Strengthening Water Ministries, Meteorological Organizations, Arab Research Centers

13 Trade, Transport & Sustainable Development Integrated Transport System in the Arab Mashreq (ITSAM) Agreement on International Roads Agreement on International Railways Inter-linked, cross-sectoral activities on: –Trade facilitation National Trade Facilitation Committees National Trade and Environment Committees Movement of people and goods –Sustainable Transport –Food Security, Food Self-Sufficiency & Food Imports –Financing for Development 13

14 Inter-Governmental Coordination on Regional SD Priorities ESCWA Committees Water Resources Energy Transport Women Social Development Trade Facilitation Statistics ESCWA Technical Committee Ministerial Councils 14 ESCWA Ministerial Session Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC)* –Arab Water Security Strategy Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment (CAMRE)* –Arab Sustainable Development Initiative –Arab Climate Change Action Plan –Arab Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy * Includes support to their LAS Technical Committees

15 15 Inter-Agency Coordination RCM Members: ESCWA (Coordinator), UNAIDS, UNCTAD, UNDP, UNDOCO, UNEP, UNESCO, FAO, UNFPA, UNHABITAT, UNHCR, UNIC, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNIFEM, UNOHCHR, UNODC, UNOPS, UNRWA, UNU, ICAO, IFAD, ITU, ILO, IOM, IMF, LAS, OCHA, UPU, WFP, WHO, World Bank Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM) TWG on Climate Change TWG on MDGs TWG on Food Security TWG on Statistics Civil Society Advisory Board

16 Regional Preparations for Rio+20 Trade & Environment (Beirut) Green Finance (Beirut) Green Industry (Beirut) Civil Society (Dubai, Beirut) Private Sector (Beirut) Water (Zaragoza) Energy & SCP (Cairo) Green Jobs (Syria) Regional Institutions for SD (Jeddah) UN Regional Organizations (RCM-Beirut) National Consultations (KSA, Syria, Jordan) Arab Regional Preparatory Meeting for Rio+20 (Cairo, Oct) 16 ESCWA led & coordinated a Consultative & Multi-Sectoral Process aimed at Integrating Sustainable Development in the Arab Region

17 17 Conclusions The integration of the 3 pillars of Sustainable Development, improved Governance and increased Financing allows for progress towards sustainable development goals. Sustainable Development requires the engagement of a range of multi-sector, public and private stakeholders. Participation, transparency & accountability are essential components of governance for sustainable development. Arab Regional Preparations for Rio+20 have engaged a wide range of stakeholders through a variety of platforms to foster an integrated vision and renewed commitment for sustainable development in the Arab region. ESCWA as a United Nations Regional Commission is uniquely positioned to support Governments & Civil Society achieve Sustainable Development in the region.

18 Copy of this presentation is available at: THANK YOU! 18


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