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Leadership … the process of influencing people so that they will perform a variety of tasks in an effective manner… who can inspire and motivate the employees.

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Presentation on theme: "Leadership … the process of influencing people so that they will perform a variety of tasks in an effective manner… who can inspire and motivate the employees."— Presentation transcript:

1 Leadership … the process of influencing people so that they will perform a variety of tasks in an effective manner… who can inspire and motivate the employees.

2 Leadership Qualities A vision and sense of direction as to where the business should be going Innovation and the creation of new ways of doing things Dedication and commitment to the business Ability, self-belief and qualities that promote support from others.

3 Factors that affect leadership styles
The leader's personality - a dominant individual will tend to be more autocratic than someone who listens carefully to others. The leader's skills and abilities – Respect and loyalty normally have to be earned. Circumstances - some rise during a crisis, whilst others are better in less chaotic circumstances. Culture - the ways in which a business is run can also affect what style of leader it works best under. The workforce - if it is prone to laziness or poor standards then a more dictatorial style of leadership will be needed.

4 LEADER What is a leader? What qualities would someone who is a good leader possess?

5 Leadership/management styles
The way that managers/leaders deal with their staff is known as their Management Style Sometimes Management Styles are categorised: Autocratic Democratic Laissez - Faire Looking at the words can you Tell anything about what these management styles involve?

6 Autocratic Autocratic managers are Authoritarian
They tell employees what to do and want it done their way They tend to use top down communication

7 Democratic Democratic managers like to involve employees in decisions (Consultative) They listen to ideas and encourage staff to contribute Communication tends to be 2 way Delegation occurs

8 Paternalistic A paternalistic manager acts like a ‘father’
They try to do what is best for their staff There will be consultation to find out the views of the employees, but decisions are made by the manager  Paternalistic managers are interested in the security and social needs of their staff but it is still an autocratic approach.

9 Laissez - Faire A relaxed approach to management
Laissez – Faire managers trust staff and give direction with minimal supervision

10 Factors affecting Leadership style
Nature of the task Level of risk Rate of change Leadership Style Personality Skills of manager and the workforce Time constraints

11 Conclusion Each management style can work well in different situations
Managers need to be adaptable and change their management style depending on the situation Trend towards democratic management style (due to motivation and production techniques)

12 Task Watch the video What type of management style do you think each of the managers has? Which one of the managers would you prefer to work for? Why?

13 Types of Leadership Style
Autocratic: Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else High degree of dependency on the leader Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively

14 Types of Leadership Style
Democratic: Encourages decision making from different perspectives Workers feel ownership of the firm and its ideas Improves the sharing of ideas and experiences within the business Can delay decision making

15 Types of Leadership Style
Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken Persuasive: Leader takes decisions and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct

16 Types of Leadership Style
Laissez-Faire: ‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important Can be highly motivational as people have control over their working life Can make coordination and decision making time consuming and lacking in overall direction Relies on good team work

17 Types of Leadership Style
Paternalistic: Leader acts as a ‘father figure’ Paternalistic leader makes decisions but may consult with others Believes in the need to support staff

18 Leadership Theories

19 Blake Mouton Managerial Grid People or Task focused
9 X X X 1 X X Task 1 9

20 1:9 maximum concern for people, minimal concern for product, ‘friendly’ manager, lower productivity, conflict ignored 1:1 mimimal concern for people and product, laissez faire, little effort or involvement 9:1 minimum concern for people, purely task focused, people ‘a number’, autocratic, maximum control 9:9 ‘ideal’ style, maximum concern for people and product, leader gets involved with the people 5:5 a balance of people/product focus, some control but not too much, can fail when high productivity is important

21 Blake’s Grid Categorise some teachers in terms of Blake’s grid

22 Likert's Leadership Styles
Democratic Autocratic Exploitive authoritative Benevolent authoritative Consultative Participative

23 Likert's Leadership Styles
1. Exploitive authoritative - the leader has a low concern for people - uses fear-based methods such as threats to achieve conformance -Communication is almost entirely one-way 2. Benevolent authoritative - the leader has some concern for people - the leader now uses rewards to encourage appropriate performance - listens more to concerns of subordinates - most major decisions are still made by the leader.

24 Likert's Leadership Styles
3. Consultative - the leader is making genuine efforts to listen to the ideas of subordinates. - major decisions are still largely made by the leader. 4. Participative the leader makes maximum use of including subordinates in decision-making.

25 Tannenbaum Schmidt Continuum of Leadership

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