Presentation on theme: "Leadership … the process of influencing people so that they will perform a variety of tasks in an effective manner… who can inspire and motivate the employees."— Presentation transcript:
1 Leadership… the process of influencing people so that they will perform a variety of tasks in an effective manner… who can inspire and motivate the employees.
2 Leadership QualitiesA vision and sense of direction as to where the business should be goingInnovation and the creation of new ways of doing thingsDedication and commitment to the businessAbility, self-belief and qualities that promote support from others.
3 Factors that affect leadership styles The leader's personality - a dominant individual will tend to be more autocratic than someone who listens carefully to others.The leader's skills and abilities – Respect and loyalty normally have to be earned.Circumstances - some rise during a crisis, whilst others are better in less chaotic circumstances.Culture - the ways in which a business is run can also affect what style of leader it works best under.The workforce - if it is prone to laziness or poor standards then a more dictatorial style of leadership will be needed.
4 LEADERWhat is a leader?What qualities would someone who is a good leader possess?
5 Leadership/management styles The way that managers/leaders deal with their staff is known as their Management StyleSometimes Management Styles are categorised:AutocraticDemocraticLaissez - FaireLooking at the words can youTell anything about what these management styles involve?
6 Autocratic Autocratic managers are Authoritarian They tell employees what to do and want it done their wayThey tend to use top down communication
7 DemocraticDemocratic managers like to involve employees in decisions (Consultative)They listen to ideas and encourage staff to contributeCommunication tends to be 2 wayDelegation occurs
8 Paternalistic A paternalistic manager acts like a ‘father’ They try to do what is best for their staffThere will be consultation to find out the views of the employees, but decisions are made by the manager Paternalistic managers are interested in the security and social needs of their staff but it is still an autocratic approach.
9 Laissez - Faire A relaxed approach to management Laissez – Faire managers trust staff and give direction with minimal supervision
10 Factors affecting Leadership style Nature of the taskLevel of riskRate of changeLeadership StylePersonalitySkills of manager and the workforceTime constraints
11 Conclusion Each management style can work well in different situations Managers need to be adaptable and change their management style depending on the situationTrend towards democratic management style (due to motivation and production techniques)
12 TaskWatch the videoWhat type of management style do you think each of the managers has?Which one of the managers would you prefer to work for? Why?
13 Types of Leadership Style Autocratic:Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone elseHigh degree of dependency on the leaderCan create de-motivation and alienation of staffMay be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively
14 Types of Leadership Style Democratic:Encourages decision making from different perspectivesWorkers feel ownership of the firm and its ideasImproves the sharing of ideas and experiences within the businessCan delay decision making
15 Types of Leadership Style Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are takenPersuasive: Leader takes decisions and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct
16 Types of Leadership Style Laissez-Faire:‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by allCan be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are importantCan be highly motivational as people have control over their working lifeCan make coordination and decision making time consuming and lacking in overall directionRelies on good team work
17 Types of Leadership Style Paternalistic: Leader acts as a ‘father figure’ Paternalistic leader makes decisions but may consult with others Believes in the need to support staff
19 Blake Mouton Managerial Grid People or Task focused 9XXX1XXTask19
20 1:9 maximum concern for people, minimal concern for product, ‘friendly’ manager, lower productivity, conflict ignored1:1 mimimal concern for people and product, laissez faire, little effort or involvement9:1 minimum concern for people, purely task focused, people ‘a number’, autocratic, maximum control9:9 ‘ideal’ style, maximum concern for people and product, leader gets involved with the people5:5 a balance of people/product focus, some control but not too much, can fail when high productivity is important
21 Blake’s GridCategorise some teachers in terms of Blake’s grid
23 Likert's Leadership Styles 1. Exploitive authoritative- the leader has a low concern for people- uses fear-based methods such as threats to achieve conformance-Communication is almost entirely one-way2. Benevolent authoritative- the leader has some concern for people- the leader now uses rewards to encourage appropriate performance- listens more to concerns of subordinates- most major decisions are still made by the leader.
24 Likert's Leadership Styles 3. Consultative- the leader is making genuine efforts to listen to the ideas of subordinates.- major decisions are still largely made by the leader.4. Participativethe leader makes maximum use of including subordinates in decision-making.