2 Human Environment and Interaction St Lawrence Seaway - North America’s most important deep water ship route; joint project between USA and Canada.A system of locks, canals, and channels that allow large ship to travel from central North America, through the Great Lakes, and out to the Atlantic Ocean.
4 Human Environment and Interaction The diagram below shows the sequence ships would travel from west to east. Notice the depth of the lakes, and the elevation change from Lake Erie to Montreal. Without the locks boats would not have been able to travel over this area because of waterfalls.
5 RailroadsTrains were instrumental in settling the western part of the United States of America.To encourage development of rail lines westward, the government offered railroad companies massive land grants and bonds. Railroads received millions of acres of public lands and sold that land to generate money for the construction of the railroads. The federal government gave 134 million acres of land as incentives to the railroads.
8 Human Environment and Interaction Hoover DamWhy was it builtTo help control floodingTo provide water for irrigationTo produce hydroelectric power
9 Population and Migration Beringia-Land bridge that once connected Siberia and Alaska
10 Population and Migration Columbian Exchange - The exchange of plants, animals, disease, and people (slaves) between the old and new worlds.
11 Population and Migration Melting Pot (USA) vs Mosaic (Canada)Melting pot is much closer to assimilationMosaic is much closer to multiculturalismPlano, TX –no “towns”Los Angeles- Chinatown, Korea town, Little Italy,
12 Population Geography of Canada About 90% of Canada’s population lives within 100 miles of the US-Canadian border.One-third of Canada’s population lives in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
13 Population Geography of USA East Coast-first settled, then West Coast, Middle America.
14 Culture/GovernmentCanada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic parliament.USA-Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition
15 Culture-People Metis- People of French and Native heritage. Immigrant-someone who comes to a new country. (Push or Pull) Railways (Pull)Refugee- someone forced to flee their country due to war, persecution or violence. (Push)
17 Culture LanguageCanada - 2 official languagesFrench and EnglishUSA - O official languages. The federal government has never mandated an official languageEnglish spoken by 80% of AmericaSpanish spoken by 30% of America
18 Regions Maritime or Atlantic Provinces #5 Easternmost provinces Cod fishingThe Grand Banks
19 Regions Core #4 Home to ⅔ of the population Settled along Great Lakes and St. Lawrence RiverDivided between British and French origins
20 Regions Western Provinces #2 Borders Pacific Ocean Centered on VancouverHome to the second largest Chinatown in North America
21 Regions Northern Frontier #1 Nickel, copper, and uranium mines Home to forestry, pulp manufacture, and hydroelectricity industries
22 Regions Pacific West Population boom during 1840s Gold Rush Home to mining, ranching, high tech, and entertainment industriesRapidly increasing urban population due to high birth rate and immigration
23 Regions Northeast Longest history of European settlement, Gateway to immigrantsUrban areas are major economic centersDiverse population, usually votes Democrat
24 Regions Midwest Once the “Western Frontier” Breadbasket of the US Manufacturing blue-collar hubDeclining urban population
25 Regions South Formerly based on slavery and cash crops Moving from primary to secondary and tertiary sectorsLarge African-American populationStrongly Christian, usually votes Republican
26 RegionsGreat PlainsStaging point of war between Native Americans and American settlersCities founded as railroad hubs for cattleHome to farming and cattle industriesMany small towns with fewer cities
27 Regions Acquired by the US in late 19th century Alaska and HawaiiAcquired by the US in late 19th centuryHome to tourism, fishing, oil, mining, and forestry industriesLarge Native American and Asian populations