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Heraldry-Coats of Arms in Coinage

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1 Heraldry-Coats of Arms in Coinage
By Xavier Pique

2 Introduction What is Heraldry- Background
Where and when did Heraldry arise? Blazoning- Design The Coat of Arms Coats of arms in coinage 1200-Present

3 Heraldry- A system for controlling the markings applied to armory and shields
Provide easy, unique identification Useful in battle Assigned to Noble (King, Duke, Count)

4 From the ninth to the early eleventh centuries
(AD ), Western Europe suffered invasions Magyars from the east, Muslims from the south, and Vikings from the north Unrest ultimately spurred greater unity in England, Germany and Europe Lots of Warfare- Crusades (Starting 1095)

5 Heraldry arose, almost spontaneously throughout Europe
In a short space of time between Coinciding with the development of more sophisticated armor

6 Many “Titled” landowner types existed:
Landowners hired Knights to defend territory or make war in exchange for estates Heraldic markings adopted when the face became invisible behind closed helmets Many “Titled” landowner types existed: Kingdom, County, Barony, Principality, Duchy, Bishopric, Imperial Free City, Papal State, Territory, Commonwealth, Crown Colony, Palatinate, Landgrave, Margrave Each entity had a coat of Arms- Many issued Coinage

7

8 12 CENTURY SETTING No Electricity No Running Water Black Plague (1340) No Firearms (1420) No Printed Books (1436) Battles Waged on foot or on horse Swords Bow and Arrow Spears Hedingham Castle- England Built 1140 AD

9 ORIGINS OF HERALDRY- THE BAYEUX TAPESTRY 1066
Chronicles the Norman conquest of England by William the Conqueror in No Formal Coat of Arms

10 Origins of Heraldry The Enamel Plaque of Geoffroy Plantagenêt Compte d'Anjou and du Maine ( ) and father of Henry II, king of England Markings on Shield Not Formal Coat of Arms

11 Tomar, Portugal –Convento de Cristo
Tomb of Knight Templar circa 1160

12 Codex Manesse Late 13th Century- Knights in Joust

13 The Full Coat of Arms- Elements
Charge

14 Blazoning- Designing and Describing a Shield
Per Fess Or and Sable, a Lion Rampant Gules

15 History in Coat of Arms- Spain
Castile Leon Aragon Navarre Granada Bourbon SupportersPillars& Motto Royal Crown

16 Partitions and Colors of Shield
                                   

17 Heralds- Officials in charge of controlling Coats of Arms-
Royal College of Arms- England- Est by King Richard III

18 The Earliest Coin displaying Coat of Arms
France- Louis IX The Saint Gold (Ecu D’Or) 1260’s- Rare Source: Barrie Cook, Numis. Curator, British Museum

19 Earliest Coins displaying Coats of Arms: 1250-1300
Sicily- Federico II Son of Peter III Coat of Arms of House of Aragon (Peter III “The Great”)- Ruled Sicily ( )

20 T-17 Austria, Frederick the Handsome, 1308-1330, AR Pfennig Arms of Austria

21 Schönvorst-Sichem 1391 Turnose groschen
Argent, Nine Roundels Gules Arms of Reinier van Schoonvorst II - Belgium

22 King Juan II of Castile, 1406-1454 AD,
Dobla de la Banda, Seville Mint

23 Aachen (Germany) Turnose-groschen 1411

24 Jean sans Peur (John the Fearless- Duke of Burgundy) (1404-1419)

25 Bingen 1437 Goldgulden Bingen am Rhein- Tower and City Arms

26 Bacharach 1443 Groschen The arms of the Palatinate (Province of HRE)

27 Mainz Trier Cologne GERMANY, Palatinate, Philipp, , dated Goldgulden The arms of the Palatinate, Mayence (Mainz), Trier and Cologne in a border

28 Shield and Full Arms of Saxony
Saxony Homgroschen

29 Prince electors of the Holy Roman Empire- 13th Century
Archbishop of Cologne, Archbishop of Mainz, Archbishop of Trier, Count Palatine, Duke of Saxony, Margrave of Brandenburg and King of Bohemia)

30 Duchy of Brabant 1476 (Belgium) Double Briquet

31 Prince Bishopric of Liege ( Belgium) 1478
Double Patard- Fleur de Lis with Bend

32 Brabant 1488 Double Patard Belgium.

33 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1467-77)

34 Guldiner- Sigismund Archduke of Austria/Tyrol (Shields of his domains) 1486

35 Holy Roman Empire (minted at Dordrecht, Holland
Gold Real (Grand Real d'Or) 1487

36 Pomerania, Garz (Poland on the Baltic Sea) Schilling 1489
Argent, a griffin rampant or

37 Wesel , Germany (Julich-Cleve-Berg) 1490 
Groschen Coats of Arms- Duchy of Cleves; 1600 Map detail- Julich

38 SPAIN Castille & Leon Ferdinand & Isabella
Sponsors of Christopher Columbus

39 Henry Vlll Groat ( ) England Order of the Garter

40 ALTDEUTSCHLAND Augsburg Germany. Batzen 1522.
Town arms- Swiss Pine Cone and column Pillar

41 Edward VI of England (1547-53)
House of Tudor Fine Silver- Shilling

42 Phillip II Cob 4 Reales Granada Mint

43 1599    France   1/4 Ecu    Henry IV       28 mm   silver   

44 Shilling, third coinage 1603
James 1 (House of Stuart England )

45 Salsburg, Austria Silver 1/6 Thaler – Archbishop Max Gandolph von Kuenburg, Ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire. St Rupert/Arms

46 William and Mary England ( )

47 Spain PhilipV 8 Escudos Gold

48 Spain- 1760 Charles III Pillar 8 Reales

49 Switzerland-Bern, 1796, AR 1/2 Thaler

50 1816  Danish West Indies   (now US Virgin Islands )   X Skilling    Denmark Coat of Arms

51 Aargau, Switzerland- 1831 2-1/2 rappen

52 United States- 1865 Double Eagle – Resembles coat of arms

53 Chile 1872 One peso

54 Australia- 1912 Threepence (1908 Coat of Arms)

55 German Notgeld (Emergency Money) -Lugde 2 Marks 1921
Notgeldgng761_f.jpg

56 Coat of Arms- Croatia/ 2 Kune 1941
Checquy argent and gules

57 Denmark- 1967 1 Krone error coin

58 Dollars St. Lucia

59 Recap- Coats of Arms Developed for Identification of Knights in th Century Evolved into Identification and Symbol of Nobility Adopted by Nations, States and Cities Still in use- powerful symbols full of meaning Over 8,000 Coins with Coats or Arms issued Most Common Symbol Aldermaston, Berkshire England

60 THE END Bisham Abbey, Berkshire, England

61 REFERENCES Heraldic Coats of Arms on Coins of the World, 1700–1998:Charler R. Hosch


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