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Copyright SOCANPM Serious Organised Crime Agency United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre Liam Vernon 6 th June 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright SOCANPM Serious Organised Crime Agency United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre Liam Vernon 6 th June 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright SOCANPM Serious Organised Crime Agency United Kingdom Human Trafficking Centre Liam Vernon 6 th June 2013

2 What does the UKHTC do? Victims A competent Authority for NRM; partnership engagement on protection and safeguarding. Administers the UK National Referral Mechanism for victims. Provides analysis on victims (SOCA web-site). Tactical/Operational Advisors Provide advice in pre-planned operations or live advice in retrospective investigations to aid the disruption/prosecution of identified offenders and victim centred approach. Develops and shares best practice; advice available 24/7/365 Intelligence collection & analysis Acts as the central repository for intelligence relating to trafficking; develops assessments for partners (SOCA web-site). Develops intelligence for law enforcement to disrupt/ prosecute offenders. Partnership working A co-ordinated multi-agency approach to tackle the problem within the UK and Internationally, across law enforcement, government, third sector, civil society, private sector and media. Copyright SOCANPM

3 Current Victim Trends - UK Nigeria – mostly females for sex exploitation and girls for domestic servitude Vietnam – boys for labour exploitation and females for sex exploitation China – Adult labour exploitation and adult female sex exploitation Albania – females for sexual exploitation Romania –men for labour, children for labour and women for sex exploitation Poland - men for labour, children for criminal exploitation Lithuania – men for labour Czech Rep - men for labour, women for sex Slovakia – men for labour, children for criminal exploitation Hungary - men for labour UK – girls for sexual exploitation and men for labour Copyright SOCANPM

4 National Referral Mechanism Council of Europe Convention obligation from April 2009 EU directive in April 2013 The UK has adopted a National Referral Mechanism to help identify potential victims and provide a recovery and reflection period. UK has two Competent Authorities, with trained case owners who make decisions on whether someone is a victim of trafficking. UKHTC - for UK / EU Nationals and persons legally in the UK Home Office - for any person with immigration or asylum case 710 referrals in 2010 946 in 2011, a 35% increase 1186 in 2012, a 25% increase 650 so far in 2013, a 48% year to date increase Copyright SOCANPM

5 UK response to Human Trafficking UK strategy in 2011 *upstream, borders, victims and UK coordination UK OC strategy in 2011 *HT is a significant organised crime threat to UK and a multi-agency board exists to coordinate activities to tackle it New victim care arrangements in England & Wales in 2011 Inter-departmental Ministerial Group established for oversight and governance; 2012 IDMG report published Strategic groups and focussed work groups support IDMG EU Directive in UK legislation from April 2013 UK chair a EU operational action plan group on Human Trafficking SOCA oversee UK organised crime group mapping NCA will establish strategic governance group for OC from October Copyright SOCAPROTECTIVE MARKING © Copyright SOCA Copyright SOCANPM

6 EMPACT operational action plans (1) In November 2010, Justice and Home Affairs Council established an EU model to coordinate strategic and operational planning against priority crime threats over a 7 year cycle EU have set 8 crime priorities, each currently in a pilot phase with full action plans to be implemented for 2013-2017 Referred to as EMPACT (European Multidisciplinary Platform against Criminal Threats) THB is one threat, with UK as the driver and Netherlands as co- driver Copyright SOCANPM

7 EMPACT operational action plans (2) Its key features are: Intelligence-led and targeted approach to crime control Focus on the identification, analysis and management of persisting and developing problems or risks Partnership approach across MS, EU agencies, 3 rd countries and public/ private Proactive and reactive measures Influencing by using measures of a preventative and a repressive nature 4 year Multi-Annual Strategic Plan (MASP) adopted by COSI MS and EU agencies convert this into a Operational Action Plan for each priority EU Serious Organised Crime Threat assessment (SOCTA) to be developed annually by Europol to identify the threats Copyright SOCANPM

8 Europol SOCTA 2013 Nine key SOC threats proposed THB is a recommended priority OCGs involved in the trafficking of EU and non-EU victims within the EU THB for labour exploitation a recognised increased threat SOCTA will inform COSI EU Policy Cycle 2013-2017 COSI will develop strategic objectives and MASP This will inform the 2014 operational action plan Europol Focal Point Phoenix and analysis of intelligence is key Joint investigation through Eurojust is key Copyright SOCAPROTECTIVE MARKING © Copyright SOCA Copyright SOCANPM

9 THB operational action plan (1) Targeting OCGs in particular at Southern, SW and SE hubs in EU 20 MS, Europol, Eurojust, EEAS, CEPOL, Interpol, EU Commission Pilot OAP in 2012, developed OAP for 2013 and agreed by COSI with 8 strategic goals 1.MS proactively contribute to/ benefit from Europol strategic and tactical intelligence picture 2.Establish a tasking & coordinating mechanism to prioritise joint investigations, particularly in the hubs 3.Increase the number of joint investigations and prosecutions 4.Each MS to have a Prevention strategy on THB Copyright SOCANPM

10 EMPACT THB operational action plan (2) 5.Improve early detection, including ICT; support and protect victims, especially children; ensure effective NRM 6.Use innovative, proactive approaches of investigation, including financial and use of ICT 7.Increase cooperation with key non-EU source and transit countries, those identified by OCTA and other assessments 8.Identify and target OCGs involved in child trafficking in all its forms Copyright SOCANPM

11 EMPACT THB 2012 were received and accepted by FP Phoenix (to November). -279 new cases and 2240 data contributions were received and accepted by FP Phoenix (to November). - - Out of these, 185 cases and 853 contributions were provided by the MS under the EMPACT project - Suspects arrested: 54 - Victims identified: 160 -292 contributions were received under one single case during the Common Day of Action which took place on 25/10/12 in the framework of the sub- project ETUTU - In total, the number of contributions received and accepted by the work file during the period reported increased with 100% compared to the figures (1129 data contributions) of the same period last year Copyright SOCAPROTECTIVE MARKING © Copyright SOCA Copyright SOCANPM

12 EMPACT THB 2013 1.147 new cases reported to FP Phoenix. 2.58 attributed to EMPACT. 3.14 high profile investigations supported by FPP. 4.706 intelligence reports to FPP. 5.379 attributed to EMPACT. 6.Increased MS membership. 7.Project ETUTU meeting – Nigerian OCGs 8.Project Big wall proposal – Chinese OCGs 9.Improved strategic products to inform EMPACT group 10.CEPOL training and common curriculum update 11.Strong links to Eurojust action plan and EU Strategy Copyright SOCAPROTECTIVE MARKING © Copyright SOCA Copyright SOCANPM

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