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ASTM International Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Anthony Quinn Director, Public Policy Sarah Petre Manager, Federal and Industry Affairs 1.

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Presentation on theme: "ASTM International Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Anthony Quinn Director, Public Policy Sarah Petre Manager, Federal and Industry Affairs 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASTM International Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Anthony Quinn Director, Public Policy Sarah Petre Manager, Federal and Industry Affairs 1

2 ASTM International About ASTM International Non-governmental, not-for-profit organization Develops voluntary, consensus standards Provides certification programs on limited basis Does not provide accreditation services ASTMs objectives Promote public health and safety, and the overall quality of life Contribute to the reliability of materials, products, systems and services Facilitate national, regional, and international commerce 2

3 Role of Standards Standards in the Public and Private Sector Impact global trade, innovation and competition Guide product design, development, market access Used by companies, research labs, government agencies ASTM International Standards Voluntary consensus standards Regularly reviewed Meet World Trade Organization (WTO) principles for international standards 3

4 I. Government Interface 4

5 ASTM in Washington, DC Government Affairs Congress Federal government agencies Stakeholder Outreach Companies Embassy officials based in Washington Industry associations International Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) 5

6 ASTM in Washington, DC Connects ASTMs work and builds awareness among policymakers. Represents ASTM before Congress, federal agencies, ANSI, other SDOs, and trade associations. Engages in legislative, regulatory, and trade matters. Strengthens relationships with ASTM stakeholders 6

7 Advancing ASTMs Mission Remove barriers to the worldwide acceptance and use of ASTM standards. Ensure proper recognition of ASTM standards in laws and regulations. Address government policies that duplicate or conflict with the interests of ASTM. Identify opportunities for new ASTM activities Government legislation, regulation, and research initiatives create the need for new standards. 7

8 U.S. Standards System Voluntary and led by the private sector Requires cooperation among stakeholders Standards organizations Industry, consumers, and users Government representatives Academia Meets stakeholders needs Protect safety, health, and environment Improve industry competitiveness Facilitate global trade and market access 8

9 U.S. Legal and Policy Framework National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) Requires federal government agencies to use standards developed by voluntary consensus standards organization when possible Encourages federal government agencies to participate in standards development organizations OMB Circular No. A-119 Reinforces goals of National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Discourages federal agencies from using government-unique standards 9

10 National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) …all Federal agencies and departments shall use technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as a means to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the agencies and departments…. and shall, when such participation is in the public interest…participate with such bodies in the development of technical standards. 10

11 Other U.S. Laws of Interest Consumer Product Safety Act 15,000 different types of consumer products Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Modernization Act of 1997 Food safety, drugs, and cosmetic products Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 Workplace safety and health 11

12 U.S. Government Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards Procurement and Contracts with the Federal Government Standards are furnished to ensure that materials and services are obtained in an effective manner and in compliance with the provisions of applicable Federal statutes and executive orders Regulation that incorporates standard by reference An agency may adopt a voluntary standard (without changes) by incorporating the standard in a regulation by listing (or referencing) the standard by title. This approach eliminates the cost to the agency of creating a new standard Regulation based on existing standard An agency reviews an existing standard and makes changes to match its goal or need. Agency conducts rulemaking process to solicit public opinion and stakeholder input Public Notification and Comments An agency must publish a notice in the Federal Register when making a new rule or incorporating a standard by reference When creating a new rule based on an existing standard, an agency may change the proposed rule in response to public comments 12

13 Federal Agencies & ASTM Standards U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 6,500 voluntary consensus standards incorporated by reference in federal law About 3,000 ASTM standards listed in CFR for regulations and procurement U.S. Federal Register Public notification of standards adoptions Instructions for public comments 13

14 Congress & ASTM Standards in Law 14 Congress may adopt consensus standards by reference into regulation If law is approved, the standard then becomes a mandatory requirement

15 Top 10 Regulatory SDOs in US 15 Standards Developing Organization Standards in US CFR 1 ASTM InternationalASTM2227 2American Society of Mechanical EngineersASME599 3American National Standards InstituteANSI576 4Society of Automotive EngineersSAE418 5National Fire Protection AssociationNFPA380 6American Petroleum InstituteAPI270 7U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyEPA242 8State of IllinoisIL206 9Association of Official Analytical ChemistsAOAC199 10Insulated Cable Engineers AssociationICEA192 Source:

16 Benefits to the U.S. Government Eliminate/reduce costs of developing standards Decrease costs of good purchased Commercial off the shelf procurement Promotes efficiency and economic competition Relies on the private sector to meet needs Access to industry experts and technology Process is faster and more dynamic 16

17 U.S. Government Participation in ASTM U.S. Government is a partner and key stakeholder Active U.S. Government participation in 93% of ASTM committees Broad range of federal agencies represented on ASTM committees 1400 units of U.S. Government participation in ASTM Government participants serve in leadership roles on ASTM Board of Directors 17

18 U.S. Government Participation in ASTM 18 U.S. Federal Agency ASTM Members Agriculture17 Commerce (incl. NIST)190 CPSC39 Defense308 Energy135 EPA108 FAA12 HHS (incl. FDA)136 HUD4 U.S. Federal Agency ASTM Members Interior27 Justice21 NASA52 NRC16 OSHA13 Transportation90 Treasury13 VA12

19 ASTM Initiatives with U.S. Government Ensure reference to current standards Regular review of the Code of Federal Regulations and Congressional Record Coordinate technical committee communications to policymakers Understand procurement and regulatory standards needs Review of Regulatory Plan and Agenda Encourage government liaison with and participation in committee activities 19

20 Facts and Challenges Standards are not always a top priority Constant educational process Agencies must use lengthy rulemaking process to update or revise references Roles and attitudes vary across federal agencies At the U.S. state-level, no NTTAA-like policy exists

21 ASTM Strategy Understand agency needs, concerns and goals, and how ASTM fits into their agenda. Communicate Seek advice from agency reps and other committees No one size-fits-all approach Be flexible to meet the needs of agencies 21

22 22 II. Corporate Outreach

23 ASTM Objective Promote a greater corporate awareness regarding the importance of standards and the value of ASTM. ASTM 2006 objectives approved by the Board. 23

24 ASTM Engages Decision-makers Raise awareness of standards and ASTM Identify opportunities for collaboration on policy (regulatory and trade) issues of mutual interest Seek industry feedback on activities and challenges including the removal of global barriers to the acceptance and use of ASTM standards Ensure ASTM is meeting stakeholder needs 24

25 Challenges Executives lack standards knowledge Casual knowledge of international standardization View it as technical issue instead of trade barrier Preconceived notions and misinformation Confusion about what makes an international standard Often make quick standards decisions Easiest or cheapest rather than strategic 25

26 Benefits to Industry Minimize safety hazards Manage liability while reducing risk Satisfy regulations and laws Facilitate global trade Cost savings by procuring readily available equipment at lower costs Reduce internal company specifications 26

27 ASTM Standards Impact the Global Economy Standards facilitate trade and boost GDP The U.S. Commerce Department estimates that standards-related issues impacted 80% of world commodity trade. In 2000, a German study found the direct economic benefit of standardization was 1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). ASTM standards impact the global economy 84 countries from every region of the world reference ASTM standards in laws or codes Over 400 ASTM standards references in European legislation since

28 Helping Industry Meet Global Challenges ASTMs MOUs with 76 developing countries MOUs facilitate the use of ASTM standards directly into the national portfolios and technical regulations ASTM standards open doors and open markets Easier to export products made and tested to ASTM standards Technology transfer improves infrastructure for sourcing 28


30 ASTM Message to Industry ASTM standards meet World Trade Organization (WTO) criteria for international standards No WTO list of international bodies WTO recognizes multiple approaches to international standardization ASTM supports industry needs to choose the best standard, regardless of the source ASTM makes it easy to participate in international standards development Technology drives efficiency 30

31 WTO Principles for Standards ASTM International principles: Transparency Openness Impartiality and consensus Effectiveness and relevance Coherence Consideration of developing nations views and concerns WTO principles: Transparency Openness Impartiality and consensus Effectiveness and relevance Coherence Consideration of developing nations views and concerns 31

32 ASTM Corporate Outreach ASTM is connecting to the business and manufacturing community ASTM Board and Staff completed meetings with industry, trade associations, consumer groups, and other stakeholders around the world Washington, Stockholm, New York City, Moscow, Mexico City, Brussels, Beijing 32

33 III. Questions and Discussion 33

34 Contact Information Anthony Quinn, Director, International Trade and Public Policy Sarah Petre, Manager, Federal and Industry Affairs M Street, NW, Suite 1030 Washington, DC USA 34

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