Presentation on theme: "1 Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Anthony Quinn Director, Public Policy ASTM International."— Presentation transcript:
1 Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Government Interface & Corporate Outreach Anthony Quinn Director, Public Policy ASTM International
2 ASTM International About ASTM International Non-governmental, not-for-profit organization Develops voluntary, consensus standards Does not provide certification or accreditation services ASTMs objectives Promote public health and safety, and the overall quality of life Contribute to the reliability of materials, products, systems and services Facilitate national, regional, and international commerce
3 Role of Standards Standards in the Public and Private Sector Impact global trade, innovation and competition Guide product design, development, market access Used by companies, research labs, government agencies ASTM International Standards Voluntary consensus standards Regularly reviewed Meet World Trade Organization (WTO) principles for international standards
5 ASTM in Washington, DC Government Affairs Congress Federal government agencies Stakeholder Outreach Companies Embassy officials based in Washington Industry associations International Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
6 ASTM Washington Office Role Connects ASTMs work and builds awareness among policymakers. Represents ASTM before Congress, federal agencies, ANSI, other SDOs, and trade associations. Engages in legislative, regulatory, and trade matters. Strengthens relationships with ASTM stakeholders
7 Advancing ASTM s Mission & Business Strategies Remove barriers to the worldwide acceptance and use of ASTM standards. Ensure proper recognition of ASTM standards in laws and regulations. Address government policies that duplicate or conflict with the interests of ASTM. Identify opportunities for new ASTM activities Government legislative, regulatory, and research initiatives create the need for new private sector standards.
8 U.S. Standards System Voluntary and led by the private sector Requires cooperation among stakeholders Standards organizations Industry, consumers, and users Government representatives Academia Meets stakeholders needs Protect safety, health, and environment Improve industry competitiveness Facilitate global trade and market access
9 U.S. Legal and Policy Framework National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) Requires federal government agencies to use standards developed by voluntary consensus standards organization when possible Encourages federal government agencies to participate in standards development organizations OMB Circular No. A-119 Reinforces goals of National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act Discourages federal agencies from using government-unique standards
10 National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) …all Federal agencies and departments shall use technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as a means to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the agencies and departments…. and shall, when such participation is in the public interest…participate with such bodies in the development of technical standards.
11 Other U.S. Laws of Interest Consumer Product Safety Act 15,000 different types of consumer products Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Modernization Act of 1997 Food safety, drugs, and cosmetic products Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 Workplace safety and health
12 Benefits to the U.S. Government Eliminate/reduce costs of developing standards Decrease costs of good purchased Commercial off the shelf procurement Promotes efficiency and economic competition Relies on the private sector to meet needs Access to industry experts and technology Process is faster and more dynamic
13 U.S. Government use of Voluntary Consensus Standards Regulation that incorporates standard by reference An agency may adopt a voluntary standard (without changes) by incorporating the standard in a regulation by listing (or referencing) the standard by title. This approach eliminates the cost to the agency of creating a new standard Regulation based on existing standard An agency reviews an existing standard and makes changes to match its goal or need. Agency conducts rulemaking process to solicit public opinion and stakeholder input Public Notification and Comments An agency must publish a notice in the Federal Register when making a new rule or incorporating a standard by reference When creating a new rule based on an existing standard, an agency may change the proposed rule in response to public comments
14 Federal Agencies & ASTM Standards U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 6,500 voluntary consensus standards incorporated by reference in federal law About 3,000 ASTM standards listed in CFR for regulations and procurement U.S. Federal Register Public notification of standards adoptions Instructions for public comments
15 Congress & ASTM Standards in Law Congress may adopt consensus standards by reference into regulation If law is approved, the standard then becomes a mandatory requirement
16 Top 10 Regulatory SDOs in US Standards Developing Organization Standards in US CFR 1 ASTM InternationalASTM2366 2American Society of Mechanical EngineersASME599 3American National Standards InstituteANSI576 4Society of Automotive EngineersSAE418 5National Fire Protection AssociationNFPA380 6American Petroleum InstituteAPI270 7U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyEPA242 8State of IllinoisIL206 9Association of Official Analytical ChemistsAOAC199 10Insulated Cable Engineers AssociationICEA192 Source: http://standards.gov
17 U.S. Government Participation in ASTM U.S. Government is a partner and key stakeholder Active U.S. Government participation in 93% of ASTM committees Broad range of federal agencies represented on ASTM committees 1000 units of U.S. Government participation in ASTM Government participants serve in leadership roles on ASTM Board of Directors
18 U.S. Government Participation in ASTM U.S. Federal Agency ASTM Members Agriculture59 Commerce (incl. NIST)194 CPSC33 Defense47 Energy57 EPA68 FAA12 HHS (incl. FDA)90 HUD7 U.S. Federal Agency ASTM Members Interior49 Justice11 NASA47 NRC10 OSHA13 Transportation58 Treasury45 VA4
19 ASTM Initiatives with U.S. Government Ensure reference to current standards Regular review of the Code of Federal Regulations and Congressional Record Communicate technical committee concerns to policymakers Understand procurement and regulatory standards needs Review of Regulatory Plan and Agenda New Work Item Registration questions Encourage government liaison with and participation in committee activities
Facts and Challenges Standards are not always a top priority Constant educational process Agencies must use lengthy rulemaking process to update or revise references Roles and attitudes vary across federal agencies At the U.S. state-level, no NTTAA-like policy exists
21 ASTM Strategy Understand agency needs, concerns and goals, and how ASTM fits into their agenda. Communicate Seek advice from agency reps and other committees No one size-fits-all approach Be flexible to meet the needs of agencies
23 ASTM Organizational Objective Promote a greater corporate awareness regarding the importance of standards and the value of ASTM.Promote a greater corporate awareness regarding the importance of standards and the value of ASTM. ASTM 2006 objectives approved by the Board.
24 ASTM Engages Decision-makers Raise awareness of standards and ASTM Identify opportunities for collaboration on policy (regulatory and trade) issues of mutual interest Seek industry feedback on activities and challenges including the removal of global barriers to the acceptance and use of ASTM standards Ensure ASTM is meeting industry needs
25 Challenges Executives lack standards knowledge Casual knowledge of international standardization View it as technical issue instead of trade barrier Preconceived notions and misinformation Confusion about what makes an international standard Often make quick standards decisions Easiest or cheapest rather than strategic
26 Benefits to Industry Are Clear Minimize safety hazards Manage liability while reducing risk Satisfy regulations and laws Facilitate global trade Reap cost savings by procuring readily available equipment at lower costs Reduce internal company specifications
27 ASTM Standards Impact the Global Economy Standards facilitate trade and boost GDP The U.S. Commerce Department estimates that standards-related issues impacted 80% of world commodity trade. In 2000, a German study found the direct economic benefit of standardization was 1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). ASTM standards impact the global economy 84 countries from every region of the world reference ASTM standards in laws or codes Over 400 ASTM standards references in European legislation since 2001
28 Helping Industry Meet Global Challenges ASTMs MOUs with 60 developing countries MOUs embed ASTM standards directly into the national portfolios and technical regulations MOU partners in key emerging markets ASTM standards open doors and open markets Easier to export products made and tested to ASTM standards. Technology transfer improves infrastructure for sourcing
29 MOU Agreements by Region AsiaEurope Latin America & Caribbean Middle East & North AfricaSub-Saharan Africa AFGHANISTANALBANIA*BOLIVIAEGYPTBOTSWANA CHINABOSNIACHILEGCC (Gulf States)CONGO INDONESIABULGARIACOLOMBIAIRAQETHIOPIA KOREACROATIACOSTA RICAISRAELGHANA MALAYSIAROMANIA*DOMINICAJORDANKENYA MONGOLIARUSSIAECUADORMOROCCOMAURITIUS PAKISTANKAZAKHSTANEL SALVADORPALESTINEMOZAMBIQUE PHILLIPINES GRENADATURKEYNIGERIA SINGAPORE GUATEMALAQATARSOUTH AFRICA SRI LANKA HONDURASSAUDI ARABIAUGANDA TAIWAN JAMAICA ZAMBIA VIETNAM PANAMA ZIMBABWE PERU NICARAGUA ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT & GRENADINES TRINIDAD & TOBAGO URUGUAY
30 ASTM Message to Industry ASTM standards meet World Trade Organization (WTO) criteria for international standards No WTO list of international bodies WTO recognizes multiple approaches to international standardization ASTM supports industry needs to choose the best standard, regardless of the source ASTM makes it easy to participate in international standards development Technology drives efficiency
31 WTO Principles for Standards ASTM International principles: Transparency Openness Impartiality and consensus Effectiveness and relevance Coherence Consideration of developing nations views and concerns WTO principles: Transparency Openness Impartiality and consensus Effectiveness and relevance Coherence Consideration of developing nations views and concerns
32 ASTM Corporate Outreach ASTM is connecting to the business and manufacturing community Staff completed meetings with industry trade associations in 2008 Washington, Stockholm, Moscow, Mexico City, Chicago, Brussels, Beijing ASTM Board has commissioned two studies to illustrate standards impact on profitability Enables us to target broader audiences.
34 Contact Information Anthony Quinn Director, International Trade and Public Policy ASTM International 1828 L Street NW, Suite 906 Washington, DC 20036 USA Email: email@example.com Tel.: +1 202 223-8484
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