Presentation on theme: "Overview MARPOL Annex VI Non- MARPOL Actions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Overview MARPOL Annex VI Non- MARPOL Actions New StandardsEmission Control AreasNon- MARPOL ActionsEUCaliforniaWhat technical standards are needed in light of the new regulations?
2 MARPOL Annex VI MARPOL Annex VI 6 Annexes to Treaty International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships6 Annexes to TreatyAnnex VI: Air Emissions from ShipsRegulates NOx, SOx, PM, and other pollutantsAdopted in 1997Entered into force 2005New standards adopted last monthStandards effective in July 2010 and later
3 New International Standards New Standards will result in large reductionsNew enginesTier 2: 20% reduction from Tier 1 in 2012Tier 3: 80% reduction from Tier 1 in 2016Geographic standard – applies in Emission Control Areas (ECAs)Fuel Sulfur Limits (to address SOx and PM)July 2010: 1% in ECAs2012: Global cap falls to 3.5%2015: ECA cap falls to .1%2020: Global cap falls to .5%- subject to review in 2018
4 Effects of the New Standards Different engine technologies likely to be used by the major engine manufacturers to meet Tier III NOx standards (e.g., SCR vs EGR / HAM).New sulfur limits further raise question of whether existing ISO standards are fully adequate?Need for further technical guidance related to fuel switching?
5 Where Can We Expect New Emission Limits? EU At-Berth Requirement: 1000 ppm - 1 Jan 2010North America: West, Gulf, and East Coasts as well as the St. Lawrence / Great Lakes.How soon? , if adopted at MEPC 60California requirements: / 2012Other Candidates:- Mediterranean, Black Sea, Eastern Atlantic- Tokyo Bay, Hong Kong, Shanghai