Presentation on theme: "Overview MARPOL Annex VI Non- MARPOL Actions"— Presentation transcript:
1Overview MARPOL Annex VI Non- MARPOL Actions New StandardsEmission Control AreasNon- MARPOL ActionsEUCaliforniaWhat technical standards are needed in light of the new regulations?
2MARPOL Annex VI MARPOL Annex VI 6 Annexes to Treaty International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships6 Annexes to TreatyAnnex VI: Air Emissions from ShipsRegulates NOx, SOx, PM, and other pollutantsAdopted in 1997Entered into force 2005New standards adopted last monthStandards effective in July 2010 and later
3New International Standards New Standards will result in large reductionsNew enginesTier 2: 20% reduction from Tier 1 in 2012Tier 3: 80% reduction from Tier 1 in 2016Geographic standard – applies in Emission Control Areas (ECAs)Fuel Sulfur Limits (to address SOx and PM)July 2010: 1% in ECAs2012: Global cap falls to 3.5%2015: ECA cap falls to .1%2020: Global cap falls to .5%- subject to review in 2018
4Effects of the New Standards Different engine technologies likely to be used by the major engine manufacturers to meet Tier III NOx standards (e.g., SCR vs EGR / HAM).New sulfur limits further raise question of whether existing ISO standards are fully adequate?Need for further technical guidance related to fuel switching?
5Where Can We Expect New Emission Limits? EU At-Berth Requirement: 1000 ppm - 1 Jan 2010North America: West, Gulf, and East Coasts as well as the St. Lawrence / Great Lakes.How soon? , if adopted at MEPC 60California requirements: / 2012Other Candidates:- Mediterranean, Black Sea, Eastern Atlantic- Tokyo Bay, Hong Kong, Shanghai