Surgery was the first modality used successfully in the treatment of cancer. It is the only curative therapy for many common solid tumors. successful surgical therapy is often dependent on if the cancer has spread beyond the tumor
Surgery may be used to slow down the cancer spread in patients for whom cure is not possible. Has significant role in cancer prevention
Patients with conditions that predispose them to certain cancers or with genetic traits- family history
Success depend in the difference in the radio sensitivity b/w the tumor and normal tissue. It involves the administration of x-ray or gamma rays to the tumor site.
Planned and performed by a team of nurses, physicians and a radiation oncologist. Delivered in small doses- 5 times a week for a total course of 5-8 weeks. main treatment in Hodgkin’s disease, gynecologic tumors & CNS tumors
Radiation can be toxic to your healthy cells! Short term symptoms- Fatigue, local skin reactions, GI toxicity Can cause other tumors and cancers to develop
Chemotherapy is the main treatment available for cancers which have spread beyond main tumor site. Chemotherapy advances have resulted in cures for several tumors. Chemotherapy usually require multiple cycles.
These CHEMICALS have side effects on normal, healthy tissue. E.G;, nausea & vomiting and the loss of red blood cells are the most frequently observed side effects.
Complete response (complete remission) the disappearance of all detectable malignant disease. Partial response: decrease by more than 50% Stable disease: no increase in size of any lesion nor the appearance of any new lesions. Progressive disease: means an increase by at least 25% or the appearance of new lesions.