Presentation on theme: "History of Chinese Calligraphy As the art of writing Chinese characters,Chinese calligraphy, or shufa, is closely related to the latter in its formation."— Presentation transcript:
History of Chinese Calligraphy As the art of writing Chinese characters,Chinese calligraphy, or shufa, is closely related to the latter in its formation and development, boasting as long a history as that of China itself. It is one of the highest forms of Chinese art, serving the purpose of conveying thoughts while also showcasing abstract beauty of lines. Calligraphy is one of the four basic skills and disciplines of the Chinese literati, together with painting (hua), stringed musical instruments (qin) and board games (qi). However, rhythm, lines, and structure are more perfectly embodied in calligraphy than in the other three skills.Chinese calligraphyCalligraphymusical instruments
According to historical records, it was during about the later half of the 2nd and 4th centuries that Chinese calligraphy came into being in the real sense. However, this does not mean ignoring, weakening or denying the artistic value of previously existing calligraphic forms. Chinese calligraphy of each period in Chinese history had its particular forms and styles.
The course of Chinese civilization is one influenced by a periodical and linear process, and it is against such a background that Chinese calligraphy has been staging its development. During its burgeoning period, namely, from the Shang Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms Period, Chinese characters evolved from Jiaguwen Jinwen to Kaishu regular hand and Xingshu running hand. Shang DynastyThree Kingdoms PeriodKaishuXingshu running hand
In the next period, namely from the Jin Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, the art entered a phase, with Caoshu (cursive hand), Xingshu (running hand) and Kaishu (regular script) taking the place of Zhuanshu (seal script) and Lishu (official script) to become the mainstream.Tang DynastyCaoshucursive handregular scriptseal Lishuofficial script
The appearance of Wang Xizhi, the greatest calligrapher of all time, was a phenomenon of that period, whose artistic achievements were highly appreciated even until the Tang Dynasty. Meanwhile, a great many calligraphers were rising at that time, such as Ouyang Xun, Yan Zhenqing, Liu Gongquan, each with different a style.
Writing Brush Ink Stick Paper Ink Slab Four Treasures of the Study
Calligraphy Technique and Training Learn how to handle the brush and to grid the ink Practice strokes and lines by write over in black ink the trace lines of characters. Copy from the good calligraphy models, using graph paper. Learn to raise the wrist and elbow in making a stroke. This is the method for writing medium sized or larger characters. Practice, practice and practice.