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History and Culture of China. Xi'an is located 34 degrees north latitude, which is the geographical north-south border in China. The north, the Loess.

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Presentation on theme: "History and Culture of China. Xi'an is located 34 degrees north latitude, which is the geographical north-south border in China. The north, the Loess."— Presentation transcript:

1 History and Culture of China

2 Xi'an is located 34 degrees north latitude, which is the geographical north-south border in China. The north, the Loess Plateau, south of the Qinling Mountains, sitting off in the plain, Xian has its strategic location. In Xian, one step north is the Yellow River, one step south further is the Yangtze River Basin, the unique geographical location, is only in the national metropolis.

3 T opographical features North of Xi an, Shaanxi and Gansu Loess Plateau edge Kitayama mountain consisting of Liangshan, Huanglong Mountain, Chakpori, Gansu Hill, with the Qinling Mountains away constitute a natural barrier of the plain. It is the largest tributary of the Yellow River, Weihe River Trans Guanzhong Plain. Guanzhong Plain by the Weihe River and its many tributaries, alluvial formation, which is also called Weihe Plain, west of Baoji, east to the Yellow River, known as Qinchuan. C limate Xi'an has a mild climate, in the semi-humid monsoon climate zone with moderate rainfall, four distinct seasons. January is the coldest and July the hottest. The annual precipitation average of 507.7 mm to 719.8 mm. Mineral Resources Xi'an has complex geologic history, constructed of various types. Qinling mountain tracts of igneous, metamorphic, and thick Cenozoic sedimentary layer of the Weihe River basin, the foundation for a variety of metals, non-metallic, and the gathering of energy resources. A total of 47 kinds of various minerals have been identified, including 21 kinds of metal ores, 22 kinds of non-metallic mineral, energy and minerals of two kinds, two kinds of other minerals.

4 Xi'an, in ancient times known as Chang'an, the first of China's eight ancient capitals, one of the four ancient cities in the world, was founded in the 16th century BC. Xi'an, formerly known as: Daxing City, Jing Zhao, Feng Yuan, Atlantis. Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, one of the 15 sub- provincial cities in China, one of the cities of China's seven regional centers, industrial and commercial center of Northwest China, one of the national health city. It is the world-famous historical and cultural city, an international tourist city. Xi'an is the largest and most important base of scientific research, higher education, defense technology industry and high-tech industry in the central and western regions of China. With a strong industrial base, it is one of the largest central cities of western China which has strongest science and technology, the most complete industry categories.


6 Xi'an dates back to the Western Zhou Dynasty(841BC). "Fenggao, collectively known as built by King Wen of Zhou and King Wu of Zhou Feng Jing and Gao Jing. To the Western Han Dynasty, Liu Bang capital off, take the implications of local Changan Township, Li-Ming "Chang'an" means long-term stability. After the opening of the Silk Road, Chang'an became the center of Eastern civilization. Known as the "West Rome, East Chang'an. During the Tang dynasty, it was renamed Changan. In Yuan Dynasty, it was renamed Feng Yuan City. Hongwu 2002 (1369), the Ming government reform Feng Yuan Road, Xi'an government, justice and stability Northwest. The name of Xi'an came into being. Xi'an, Athens, Rome, Cairo and called the world's four ancient capitals, from the 11th century BC to the 10th century or so, there have been 13 dynasties or regimes in Xi'an, capital and the establishment of the regime, which lasted 1100 years.

7 From the 11th century BC to 9th century, Xi'an was a political, economic and cultural center in ancient China, and the local administrative authorities - state, county, government, roads, provincial and Changan, Xianning counties governance. In 1928, the first time Xi'an, was a provincial city. In 1948, it changed to the National Government city. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Xi'an was once the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region municipality, Northwest Territories municipality, the central municipalities, separately listed cities. Since 1954, it has been the capital of Shanxi Province, now in the case of sub-provincial cities, the jurisdiction of nine area, four counties. In 1981, UNESCO identified Xi'an as the historical city of the world.

8 Ci'en Temple Ci'en Temple was founded in nine years of Kaihuang (AD 589), the beginning of seamless Temple. Tang Zhenguan 22 years (648 AD), Tang Emperor Li Zhi, Prince, whose mother Bonaventure Queen died. For the motherly kindness, the temple was rebuilt, named Ci'en Temple.

9 Mount Huashan Huashan is a complete and huge granite structure. Its history can be traced back to the 2.7 billion years: "Shan Hai Jing" contains: "Taihua the mountain, whittled the Quartet, its height-five thousand peaks, its width- ten miles." Huashan ranking the first of the Five Sacred Mountains, the mountain road twists and turns, up to 12 km, full of cliffs, "

10 From the picture, we can see the slope of nearly 90 degrees.

11 Forest of Steles is the collection of ancient steles, earliest monuments up to a treasure trove of arts and culture. Not only is it one of the focal point of the Chinese Classical Carved Stones, and cultural resources of the ancient masters the art of calligraphy.



14 The Great Mosque in Xi'an Drum Tower Street, Bei Yu of Abbey lane. Learn Lane mosque things distant relative, and large-scale, it is also known as Todai-ji, or mosque. According to the existing monument records, the mosque was built in Emperor Li Longji Tianbao first year (Year 7 in 2042), dating back to over 1,200 years ago. After renovation and expansion, it gradually formed the large-scale of Song, Yuan, Ming, tower, pavilion. The temple layout is compact and harmonious.




18 Xi'an Bell and Drum Tower Located in the center of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China. The beginning of the Bell Tower was in Ming Dynasty (1384). The upstairs of the original suspended a large bell, as the strike bell chime. The Drum Tower is the existence of China's largest Drum Tower in Xi'an city of West Main Street Beiyuanmen the southern tip of the east bell tower across. The Drum Tower was built in the Ming Taizu Hongwu 13 years, the Qing Emperor Kangxi and Qing Emperor Qianlong five years in thirty- eight years, twice rebuilt. Upstairs the original giant drum side, daily drumming timekeeping, it is called the "Drum".



21 Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum Located at the foot of Lishan Mountain, more than 30 kilometers away from Xi'an. According to historical records: Qin Shi Huang Zheng Zhao who came to the throne at the age of 13, began construction cemetery planning and design, chaired by the prime minister Li Si, the general Zhang Han supervision, construction time up to 38 years, engineering vast breadth of the magnificent record of the feudal rulers luxury the precedent of the burial. The first unified Chinese emperor, who died in 210 BC, was buried in the center of the tomb. Around in his tomb surrounded by the famous figurines. Those slightly less than the humanoid figurines of various shapes, along with their horses, chariots and weapons, a perfect masterpiece of realism, while retaining a high historical value.

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25 Ancient buildings





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42 Pomegranate flower

43 Ash

44 , Greater Wild Goose Pagoda

45 Lesser Wild Goose Pagoda


47 Noodles like belts; daguokui like the lid Spice is a dish; steamed bread sold in big bowls Bowls and basins are difficult to tell apart; Towels on heads; Half houses. Do not sit but take the squatting; singing like roar. Ten strange views


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