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Xīn nián hǎo. Happy New Year Dates of Chinese New Year The Zodiac Legend of Chinese New Year Customs Before Chinese New Year Customs on New Years Eve.

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Presentation on theme: "Xīn nián hǎo. Happy New Year Dates of Chinese New Year The Zodiac Legend of Chinese New Year Customs Before Chinese New Year Customs on New Years Eve."— Presentation transcript:

1 xīn nián hǎo

2 Happy New Year

3 Dates of Chinese New Year The Zodiac Legend of Chinese New Year Customs Before Chinese New Year Customs on New Years Eve Customs on New Years Days Chinese Lion and Dragon Dance Chinese New Year Foods Lantern Festival The Traditions of the Lantern Festival

4 The first day of the first lunar month is regarded as Chinese New Year / Chinese Spring Festival. It usually falls in the late Jun. or early Feb. The Spring Festival 2011 falls on February 3. Chinese New Year is the most important and ceremonious traditional festival in China. It is celebrated as a family affair, a time of reunion and blessingsgiving just as Christmas Day to the westerners. Dates of Chinese Spring Festival

5 It is a 15 day long celebration starting from 1 st of the Lunar Calendar, ending on the 15th day, known as the Lantern Festival ( )

6 The Zodiac Similar to the Western Zodiac of the 12 astrological signs. 12 Zodiac animals: Mouse, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, pig. Coming year Rabbit ( )

7 of To celebrate the New Year is pronounced GuòNián( ). There are many versions of legends about GuòNián( ), one of them is that in ancient China, the Nián ( ) was a man-eating beast from the mountains (in other versions from under the sea), which came out every 12 months somewhere close to winter to prey on humans. The people later believed that the Nian was sensitive to loud noises and the colour red, so they scared it away with explosions, fireworks and the liberal use of the colour red. These customs led to the first New Year celebrations. Guò nián ( ), which means to celebrate the new year, literally means the passover of the Nian. Legend of Chinese New Year

8 Sweeping the Dust( ) Dust is homophonic withchen in Chinese, which means old and past. In this way, sweeping the dust before the Spring Festival means a thorough cleaning of houses to sweep away bad luck in the past year. This custom shows a good wish of putting away old things to welcome a new life. Customs Before Chinese New Year

9 People paste door-gods, which are regarded to protect the family members a safe and healthy New year. These door-gods are the heroes in Chinese ancient legends. Customs Before Chinese New Year

10 Pasting Spring Couplets( ) The Spring Couplet is a special form of literature in China. The Spring Couplet is composed of two antithetical( ) sentences on both sides of the door and an inscription( ), usually an auspicious phrase, above the gate. On the eve of the Spring Festival, every household will paste on doors spring couplets written on red paper to give a happy and prosperousatmosphere of the Festival. Customs Before Chinese New Year

11 Pasting Spring Couplets Spring couplets on markets

12 People paste the reversed Chinese character " " (means blessing),and hang festive ornaments (Chinese knots, lanterns, paper cutting…) in the hope of praying for auspiciousness in the new Year. Customs Before Chinese New Year

13 Chinese Lunar New Year is a time when evil spirits, ill fortune and bad luck are swept out and various observances and activities are taken to welcome the new year. Grudges are forgotten; arguments are settled; old things are thrown out. People buy new clothes, preferably red ones, and get hair cuts to symbolize a fresh start for the new year. About two decades ago, people prepared New Years food 10 days before the New Year, most of them were homemade. However now, people purchase some food in stores. Customs Before Chinese New Year

14 Spring Festival products in stores

15 Before midnight families traditionally have made offerings to their ancestors, which is the way Chinese people show respect to their ancestors Incense is burned at the graves of ancestors as part of the offering and prayer ritual New Year at a temple Customs on New Years Eve

16 On the New Year's Eve, people work far away from home will manage to come back, regardless of long- distance travel, which causes great transportation burden every year, so the "Grand Dinner on New Year's Eve" is also called "Family Reunion Dinner". Whatever the financial condition is, every family will make the dinner the most sumptuous and ceremonious one in the year. Hostesses will fetch out foodstuffs prepared in early time and all family members will sit together and make dumplings in jollification. Family Reunion Dinner Customs on New Years Eve

17 People are purchasing tickets for going home in crowded railway stations

18 Family Reunion Dinner Making Dumplings

19 Customs on New Years Eve In these years, more and more people have the family union dinners in restaurants, ratherthan at home, regardless the expensive cost.

20 Burning Firecrackers At twelve o'clock, when a new year drives off the old, every family will shoot off firecrackers to greet new days and send off old ones. The firecracker is a unique product in China. In ancient China, the sound of burning bamboo tubes was used to scare away wild animals and evil spirits. firecracker is also called biānpào and used to create a joyful atmosphere. Customs on New Years Eve

21 Firecrackers fireworks

22 Staying Up Late on New Year's Eve( shǒusuì ) The tradition of staying up late to greet New Year is originated from an interesting folk tale. In ancient China there lived a terrible monster named Year (nian). Year always went out from its burrow( ) on New Years Eve to eat people. Therefore, on every New Years Eve, every household would have supper together. After dinner, no one dared go to sleep and all the family members would sit together, chatting and emboldening each other. Gradually the habit of staying up late on New Years Eve is formed. Thus in China, celebrating the Spring Festival is also called passing over the year (guo nian). Customs on New Years Eve

23 A customs has come being these years in China. On New Years eve, people watch the CCTV New Years Gala when they have the family reunion dinner and stay up late for the new year. New Years Gala is a variety show held by China Central Television (CCTV) since 1983. For every year at the turn of the Lunar New Year, the program begins at 8:00PM and lasts five or six hours. It brings laughter to billions of people and creates many popular words. For over twenty years, its value has gone far beyond a variety show. It is essential entertainment for the Chinese both at home and abroad. Watching CCTV New Year's Gala Customs on New Years Eve


25 New Year's Visit and Gift Money( ) On the first day of the Chinese lunar year, everybody puts on their best clothes and pays formal calls on their relatives and friends, wishing them all the luck in the coming year. Juniors will greet seniors, wishing them health and longevity( ), while seniors will give juniors some gift money as a wish for their safety in the coming year. When friends meet, they will wish each other happiness and prosperity with a big smile.. Customs on New Years Days

26 People say the following auspicious phrases to each other when they pay a New year visit. ( ɡ uò nián hǎo) Happy New Year! ( ɡ ōn ɡ xǐ fā cái)! May you be prosperous With the development of the new technology, there is a change on the way of giving New Years greetings. In recent year, it is common to send New Years greetings by such modern means of communication as telephones, emails and text messages Customs on New Years Days

27 (hón ɡ bāo) red pockets (bàinián) pay New Year vistis

28 It is believed that on the first day of New Year, attention should be paid to ensure not to break up anything, or else one will miss good fortunes in the whole year, not to say dirty / unpropitious words, or one will get bad luck in the new year; and that sweeping the floor is regarded to sweep off wealth and drive away good luck. Customs on New Years Days Taboos

29 The Second Day Traditionally, the second day of Chinese New Year is for married daughter and her husband to visit the house of her parents, taking lots of gifts and red pockets with them. The Third to the Seventh Day From the third day to the seventh day, people go out to visit relatives and friends, having dinner, parties, fun… The Eight Day The eight day is the end of the official New Year Holiday and people will go to work on this day. All of government agencies and business will stop celebrating on the eighth day. The Fifteenth Day The fifteenth Day of the New Year is the Yuanxiao (Lantern Festival), which marks the end of the Spring Festival celebrations. Customs on New Years Days

30 Chinese Lion and Dragon Dance The Chinese New Year celebration always includes a traditional Lion and Dragon dance. Dragons are considered good luck according to Chinese traditions, and the Lion and Dragon dance is done each New Year to chase away evil spirits that can interfere with success and auspiciousness, has been an important part of drawing luck to the community since the Han Dynasty nearly two-thousand years ago. People will gather during the festival to watch the Lion and Dragon dance to help drive out old negativity and bring in great successes for the future.

31 Lion dance Dragon dance

32 Chinese New Year Foods are very important to Chinese people. All family members come together to eat at this time. Chinese New Year foods are not only delicious but it is traditional to eat certain foods over this festival. Chinese Dumplings, Fish, Spring Rolls, Nian Gao are usually seen as delicious and eaten at this time. Chinese New Year Foods

33 Chinese Dumplings look like silver ingots. Legend has it that the more dumplings you eat during New Year celebration, more money you can make in the New Year. Almost all Chinese people can make dumplings, first mix the dough, second make the dough into wrappers by a rolling pin, third fill the wrappers with pork, beef, vegetable, fish or anything else can be used as stuffing Chinese Dumplings

34 In Chinese, Fish sounds like "save more". Chinese People always like save more money at the end of year because they think if they save more, they can make more in the next year. Fish Chinese New Year Foods

35 People like Spring Roll because they are nutritious and delicious. Spring Rolls contain pork and vegetable. They can be easily taken on picnics. They get their name because they are traditionally eaten during Chinese New Year Celebration. Chinese New Year Foods Spring Roll

36 In Chinese, Nian Gao sounds like "getting higher year by year". In Chinese people's mind, the higher you are, the more prosperous your business is. Main ingredients of Nian Gao are sticky rice, sugar, Chestnuts, Chinese date and lotus leaves. Chinese New Year Foods Nian Gao

37 The fifteenth day of the new year is celebrated as the Lantern Festival Yuánxiāo jié ( ). It has been a part of New Years celebrations in China for many centuries. Some people believe that the festival began during the Han Dynasty, while others believe the festival is far older Lantern Festival

38 Rice dumplings tān ɡ yuán ( ), a sweet glutinous rice ball brewed in a soup, is eaten this day. Lanterns are hang, often made from red paper. Candles are lit outside houses as a way to guide wayward spirits home. And families walk the street carrying lighted lanterns. More people attend a community lighting event. Guessing riddles which are put on lanterns is also an very important activity for lighting events. There is the belief that the more rice dumplings that you eat, the more money you will make in the upcoming year, and your life in the upcoming year will be as sweet and satisfactory as the rice dumplings. This day often marks the end of the Chinese New Year festivities The Traditions of the Lantern Festival

39 Lanterns on the Lantern Day Lighting event

40 Thanks for your time!

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