How Do You Distinguish Yourself? Topic Poster Appearance Personal Appearance Personality
Versions of Poster Talk You need to have prepared & practiced 0.5-, 2-, and 5-minute poster talks for different types of viewers Tell viewers –Your question and why it is important –Your hypothesis and what you did –What you found –What the answer means in terms of the context
Types of Viewers Walk-by Brief methods question only Big picture only Main finding, bottom line Read only Very interested Multiple listeners Aggressive or critical questioners or commenters
Walk-by Reads title Scans pictures and graphs Not interested in talking If gets interested, may look at conclusions There will be many of these people –Not a reflection on the quality of your poster –However, thats why visual presentation is important!
Brief Methods Question Only Reads title Looks at pictures, tables, and graphs Looks at methods Asks question on methods If gets interested, may look at results and conclusions Very few of these people
Main Finding, Bottom Line Reads title Looks at pictures, tables, and graphs Asks for the main conclusion May ask question to clarify something If gets interested, may look at results and conclusions Quite a few of these people too
Read Only Has an intrinsic interest in your topic or discipline Reads most or all of the text Doesnt want to be walked through poster Probably comes by when no one is there Hopefully a lot of these people!
Very Interested Has an intrinsic interest in your topic or discipline Wants to be walked through it Will ask questions Wants to understand what you did, why you did it, and what you found Dont want detailed methods unless novel Hopefully a lot of these people!
Multiple Listeners If several people approach, offer to walk them all through the poster If more viewers arrive partway into your walk- through –Look at them and nod OR –Explain you need to finish with the current group and then will be happy to walk them through When answering one question, include the others by looking at them too when you answer Accept questions from anyone listening
Aggressive or Critical Questioners/Commenter's Listen carefully to what they say Try to answer their question without getting defensive Dont be afraid to say you dont know something –Agree its a good question –Admit you dont know the answer Offer to check and get back with the person after the meeting –Write down their question and contact information When in doubt, just be courteous – dont argue Dont talk about them after they leave!
How Do You Defend Your Conclusions/Opinions? Make sure you know the project completely Understand that questioning and constructive criticism are normal and essential parts of the process Practice giving your poster to learn what questions might come up Practice taking another point of view to prepare to defend your work and are not surprised by it Think about what questions you might ask if you were reading the poster Be open to the possibility that the criticism is valid and may open the door for revision and further work
Dealing With Co-authors and Major Professor Your role vs. their role –You must be there and ready to present and defend your work or they will –You must have practiced with them so they know you are ready and capable Dealing with people who come to see them –When they are present Talking and blocking poster –When they are not present Trying to locate them Wanting to contact them
Dealing With Friends Come to support you Come to see you Come to make plans for getting together Bring others by to meet you Make sure they understand your first responsibility is to talk to people who come by to see your poster
Tips Talk to the viewer, not the poster Remember to speak slowly and clearly –Especially if English is not your first language or that of the person with whom you are talking Remember to speak loudly enough to be heard if there is much noise in the room Point to specific parts on the poster to help lead viewers through it Carefully walk your viewer through your figures
Tips - continued Remember to thank your viewers for stopping to see your poster Be careful and keep to science –You dont know who is on the other side of the poster boards and listening! –You dont know who is friends with whom –Dont tell jokes or get sidetracked on politics or religion
Looking Professional Dress professionally but comfortably –Remember, you want to impress them with your mind –Low heels, no new shoes –No or minimal perfume/cologne No chewing gum or tobacco Think about what youre eating that day –No garlic, etc. Remember to smile Keep your hands out of your pockets Dont sit down when people are coming by
Things to Bring Extra pins for hanging poster Business cards –Make your own if necessary on the computer Small envelope for business cards when youre not there –Tape card on outside with a note to take one Black marking pen (Sharpie) and correction tape or other covering –For embarrassing typos or omissions
Things to Bring – contd Notebook or cards and pen(s) –Ideas, information, or peoples contact info Small copies of poster/abstract (optional) If you need to leave your poster, put a note up telling people a time when you will return Have breath mints and water in reach
After the Meeting Follow through on questions Contact people –Who wanted additional information or reprints –For additional information you wanted Congratulate yourself on a job well done!
Resources Creating Effective Poster Presentations: Present Your Poster George Hess :: Kathryn Tosney :: Leon Liegel http://www.ncsu.edu/project/posters/NewSite/PresentPoster.html http://www.ncsu.edu/project/posters/NewSite/PresentPoster.html Do's and Don'ts of Poster Presentation Steven Block, Princeton University http://www.biophysics.org/education/block.pdf http://www.biophysics.org/education/block.pdf Effect of Colour Coordination of Attire with Poster Presentation on Poster Popularity David A. Keegan, Susan L. Bannister Canadian Medical Association Journal 169(12): 1291-1292, 2003 http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/reprint/169/12/1291.pdf http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/reprint/169/12/1291.pdf How to Present, Summarize, and Defend Your Poster at the Meeting Robert S Campbell Respir Care 2004;49(10):1217–1221, 2004 http://www.rcjournal.com/contents/10.04/10.04.1217.pdf http://www.rcjournal.com/contents/10.04/10.04.1217.pdf
Resources Poster Presentation Skills Joan Lakoski http://www.the- aps.org/careers/careers1/mentor/workshop/2 003/Lakoski.ppt http://www.the- aps.org/careers/careers1/mentor/workshop/2 003/Lakoski.ppt The Poster Production Show Women in Science Project, Dartmouth Medical School http://www.dartmouth.edu/~wisp/PosterShow/po ster_pg2.html http://www.dartmouth.edu/~wisp/PosterShow/po ster_pg2.html Scientist's Guide to Poster Presentations Peter J. Gosling, 1999, New York: Springer