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Military Performance Division Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSM Chief, Military Performance.

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Presentation on theme: "Military Performance Division Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSM Chief, Military Performance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Military Performance Division Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSM Chief, Military Performance Division US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Natick, MA (508)

2 Military Performance Division Background – E. Zambraski 1976 Ph.D., University of Iowa Exercise Physiology Research Renal, cardiovascular, exercise physiology 1976 – 2003 Rutgers University Depts: Physiology Biology Physiology Cell Biology / Neuroscience Teaching: Physiology/Exercise Physiology Research: Maintained an externally funded lab for 27 years Renal nerves, Hypertension / cirrhosis, PG Renal Function, RAS 2003 – Present: Chief (Chair), Military Performance Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA

3 Military Performance Division Three Perspectives University Researcher/Teacher/Dept. Chair Time demands of teaching and research Competing for funds: NIH, private sector APS: Career Opportunity Committee Member and Chair for several years US Government / Army: Civilian Scientist

4 Military Performance Division My Career Transition Quite a bit beyond mid-career !! The kind of environment I currently work in

5 Military Performance Division Mid-Career Transitions Fundamental Issues – Government Scientist Are there jobs/positions? Types of positions or skill sets required? Similarities/contrasts to Academic positions

6 Military Performance Division US Army Medical Department Organization Chart Medical Command (MEDCOM) Office of the Army Surgeon General Medical Research & Materiel Command AMEDD Center & School Regional Medical Commands Dental Command Veterinary Command Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine.

7 Military Performance Division US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) Natick Ideal location for collaboration: MIT, Harvard, BU, etc. 20 miles west of Boston Co-located with the Natick Soldier Center

8 Military Performance Division Medical Biological Defense Vaccines/therapies Field-portable diagnostic systems Medical readiness Biotechnology Military Infectious Diseases Medical readiness Vaccines Biotechnology Prophylaxis/treatment drugs Diagnostics/prognostics Vector control Medical C4ISR HIV countermeasures Combat Casualty Care Lightweight medical equipment Medical C4ISR Trauma care Health monitoring & diagnostic technology Military Operational Medicine Soldier selection & sustainment Soldier performance Warrior system modeling Health hazards protection Diagnostics/prognostics Health monitoring Medical Chemical Defense Medical management of CW casualties Medical readiness Drug prophylaxes/ pretreatments Diagnostics/therapeutics Combat Casualty Care 10% Military Infectious Diseases 27% Military Operational Medicine 17% Med Bio Defense 31% Med Chem Defense 15% US Army MRMC Research

9 Military Performance Division Military Operational Medicine Labs USAARL Fort Rucker, AL - Collocated with Army aviation - Platform-specific research (rotary-wing aircraft and ground combat vehicles) - Injury biodynamics research - Lead DoD biomedical lab for sensory research (visual and auditory performance) Tri-Service Directed Energy Brooks City-Base, TX - Laser eye protection and visual performance WRAIR- Detachment - NHRC EMR Detachment USARIEM Natick, MA - Collocation with NSC Fort Detrick, MD - Deployment toxicology WRAIR Washington, DC - Basic sciences research - Neuropsychiatry, NAMRL Pensacola, FL - Collocation with Navy aviation - Aviation medicine Tactile sensory input and spatial disorientation research Air Force and Navy Toxicology Wright-Patterson AFB, OH - Occupational toxicology research - Deployment toxicology - AFRL - NHRC Toxicology Detachment NHRC San Diego, CA - Collocation with Navy, Marines, special warfare, and trainees - Navy MOM lead lab - Epidemiology of injury and illness - Environmental and occupational medicine Altitude Laboratory Pikes Peak, CO USAMRU-E Heidelberg, Germany - Psychosocial stress studies in USAREUR and deployed forces NSMRL Groton, CT - Collocation with attack sub fleet - Auditory and visual performance enhancement (visual and auditory displays of sonar signals NMRC Washington, DC - Diving and environmental physiology - Hyperbaric medicine

10 Military Performance Division March 25, 2008: > 40% of the Armys science workforce are eligible for retirement within the next 10 years. MG Weightman Commander, MRMC Army science workforce ~ 8,000+ Other DoD branches (Navy, Air Force) real numbers but much smaller

11 Military Performance Division US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine World-Class Laboratory for Environmental Medicine, Physiology, Performance and Nutrition Research Integrated Cellular, Tissue, Animal & Human Research Programs Four research Divisions n = 200 scientists/support personnel Under a military Command 40 % scientists are military ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE & PERFORMANCE Environmental Extremes (Heat, Cold & High Terrestrial Altitude) Physiological Monitoring & Predictive Modeling Occupational Task Performance & Injury Prevention Bioenergetics & Metabolism (Nutrition) Cognitive Performance Assessment

12 Military Performance Division World Class Facilities Doriot Climatic Chambers (minus 70 F to 160 F) Water Immersion Laboratory Altitude (Hypobaric) Chamber Sea-level to 9,150 m (30,000 ft ) Biochemical labs, Testing labs, off-site centers Pikes Peak Lab 4300 m (highest in NA)

13 Military Performance Division USARIEM Organization USARIEM Personnel: N % Military 50% Civilian 15% Contractor Military Nutrition Division (MND) Thermal & Mountain Medicine Division (TMMD) Military Performance Division (MPD) Biophysics & Biomedical Modeling Division (BBMD) Research Support Division

14 Military Performance Division Military Performance Division Research Teams Epidemiology Injury Epidemiology Performance Physiology Assessment of individual capacities/training programs Endocrine control: exercise and/or environmental stress Muscle / bone function: stress fractures/bone health Mechanisms of muscle growth and injury Energy Metabolism Biomechanics Load carriage/equipment interactions Injury potential Cognitive Performance Cognitive performance: assessment Altered Cognitive Function: military operations (blast, deployment..)

15 Military Performance Division Types of Scientists: USARIEM/MPD Physiologists Systems Environmental Cellular Biochemists Endocrinologists Molecular biologists Cell Signaling Epidemiologists Pharmacologists Statisticians Biomedical engineers Biophysicists (modelers) Nutritionists Immunologists MDs (clinical research)

16 Military Performance Division Academia Teaching Administrative Grants/ Funding Research 30% 10% 30% Scientist: Comparison of Responsibilities 1% 10% 9% 80% US Govt/Army

17 Military Performance Division Skills Needed: Civilian Scientist in the US Army Research Expertise Basic scientist Applied: real world Function in disciplined/structured environment Ability to Communicate: oral and written Contracting/Budgeting Acquisition training, CORs, CRADA, MOU Perform under pressure: suspense taskers, briefings, reviews DWA (deal with acronyms !!)

18 Military Performance Division General Schedule (GS) System Civilian Scientists Pay ranges stipulated (GS-1 – GS-15) Competitive with University salaries Full benefits More structured Annual appointments Leave calculations (recently revised) Time monitored Term appointments vs permanent positions

19 Military Performance Division Government Scientist Coming in green (active duty) Health Professions Scholarship Program: MDs, Vet, Psych (PhD) Professional Allied/Health programs: Physical therapy (Doctoral) Occupational therapy (Doctoral) Dieticians (Masters) Physician assistants Payback 2:1

20 Military Performance Division Armys Scientific Workforce GS Civilian Scientists Military Scientists / Health Professionals Contracted Scientists in house Collaborations IPA – Intergovernmental Personnel Agreement

21 Military Performance Division Comparison: attributes of each.. AcademiaUS Army Salaries ++ Appointments Tenure Contract/Term/Perm. Choice Res. Topics +- * Work Requirements + - (Hours Monitored) * Resources -++ Bureaucracy +- Publishing ++ Meetings/ Travel -+ Pressure / Demands (+)(+)(-)(-) * Job Satisfaction * -+

22 Military Performance Division Finding Jobs within US Govt/Army (MRMC-Military Operational Medicine) Direct Inquiries and Contact with Army Research Investigators. Interactions as Professionals Meetings/conferences Societies/Editorial Boards Interaction as Collaborators Formal Government Job Announcements Websites: [general government] [Army civilians]

23 Military Performance Division Mid-Career Transitions Very positive work environment (my perspective) There are positions (this number will be increasing) Wide variety of disciplines / skill sets Clear differences academia government environment Individual qualities / choice / time point in your career Research Positions: US Army / Government Military Health Professional Civilian Scientist Contractor

24 Military Performance Division Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSM Chief, Military Performance Division US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Natick, MA (508) The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the author and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Army or the Department of Defense.


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