Presentation on theme: "“Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military” Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSMChief, Military Performance DivisionUS Army Research Institute of Environmental MedicineNatick, MA(508)
2 Background – E. Zambraski Ph.D., University of Iowa “Exercise Physiology”ResearchRenal, cardiovascular, exercise physiology1976 – Rutgers UniversityDepts: Physiology →Biology → Physiology → Cell Biology / NeuroscienceTeaching: Physiology/Exercise PhysiologyResearch: Maintained an externally funded lab for 27 yearsRenal nerves, Hypertension / cirrhosis, PG Renal Function, RAS2003 – Present: Chief (Chair), Military Performance Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA
3 Three Perspectives University Researcher/Teacher/Dept. Chair Time demands of teaching and researchCompeting for funds: NIH, private sectorAPS: “Career Opportunity Committee”Member and Chair for several yearsUS Government / Army: Civilian Scientist
4 My “Career Transition” Quite a bit beyond “mid-career” !!The kind of environment I currently work in
5 Mid-Career Transitions Fundamental Issues – Government ScientistAre there jobs/positions?Types of positions or skill sets required?Similarities/contrasts to Academic positions
6 US Army Medical Department Organization Chart Medical Command (MEDCOM)Office of the Army Surgeon GeneralMedical Research & Materiel CommandAMEDD Center & SchoolRegional Medical CommandsDental CommandVeterinary CommandCenter for Health Promotion and Preventive MedicineUS Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine.
7 US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) 20 miles west of BostonCo-located with the Natick Soldier CenterNatickIdeal location for collaboration: MIT, Harvard, BU, etc.
8 US Army MRMC Research Military Infectious Diseases 27%Med Chem Defense15%Military Infectious DiseasesMedical readinessVaccinesBiotechnologyProphylaxis/treatment drugsDiagnostics/prognosticsVector controlMedical C4ISRHIV countermeasuresCombat Casualty Care10%Med Bio Defense31%MilitaryOperational Medicine17%Medical Chemical DefenseMedical management of CW casualtiesMedical readinessDrug prophylaxes/ pretreatmentsDiagnostics/therapeuticsCombat Casualty CareLightweight medical equipmentMedical C4ISRTrauma careHealth monitoring & diagnostic technologyAll of this must be performed within the framework of an ethical, legal and scientifically and programmatically defensible system. It’s important to keep in mind that we are ultimately accountable to current and future soldiers and patients who are to benefit from these efforts, to the subjects who participate in our research, to our fellow investigators who compete for limited resources to conduct their own work, and to the Nation whose citizens invest their treasure with the intent of deriving added security from that investment.Having outlined the broad goals of biomedical research in the Army and DoD, allow me to discuss how this is achieved. In the Army, medical research for the soldier is largely conducted through one of two methods: under the auspices of the USAMRMC or through Clinical Investigation programs at our Military Treatment Facilities. In the larger DoD, biomedical research is also conducted through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or DARPA—this is particularly aimed at very futuristic, high-risk basic research—by which I mean that each initiative possesses a higher than usual risk of failure to yield measurable results; through the Office of Naval Research, especially in the areas of infectious disease, diving and combat casualty care; through the Air Force Research Office addressing largely aerospace human performance challenges; and at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. USUHS research includes basic and applied research on radiologic threats conducted at the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute or AFRRI, an agency now under the direction of USUHS. It is hard to measure the relative magnitude of these efforts, but I would estimate that 60-75% of intramural biomedical research in the military is conducted through the USAMRMC and the balance in these other agencies. If measured by the overall flow of dollars into areas of investigation—conducted at both intramural and extramural sites—the balance is probably shifted toward DARPA with USAMRMC second and the ONR, USUHS and AF following behind.I n the USAMRMC, major research efforts are divided in six principal areas:Military Infectious Disease Research Programs (MIDRP);Combat Casualty Care Research Program;Military Operational Medicine Research Program—dealing with enhancing human performance under environmental and psychological stressors;Medical Chemical and Biological Defense Research Program;Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program (CDMRP) which is organized around research on Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Neurofibromatosis, and the Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program (PRMRP) which includes a wide variety of Congressional interests in militarily relevant research;Telemedicine and Advanced Technologies research under the Telemedicine and Advanced Technologies Research Center or TATRC.The first four areas of work which span the full range of operational threats to the health of soldiers are directed by senior military officers—generally Colonel equivalents—called Research Area Directors or RADs; these are numbered RAD 1 through RAD 4. Each RAD is charged with understanding the operational requirements of the Army and Army Medical Department and with balancing the portfolio of research conducted under the auspices of the USAMRMC to ensure that these needs are optimally addressed with the resources at hand. These scientific leaders—who are overseen by our Principal Assistant for Research and Technology (PA[R&T]), a flag-level MRMC deputy—also serve at the higher DoD level as Subject Matter Experts ensuring that the biomedical research conducted throughout the entire DoD meets the force health protection and casualty management needs of the joint force.Military Operational MedicineSoldier selection & sustainmentSoldier performanceWarrior system modelingHealth hazards protectionDiagnostics/prognosticsHealth monitoringMedical Biological DefenseVaccines/therapiesField-portable diagnostic systemsMedical readinessBiotechnology
9 Military Operational Medicine Labs USAARLFort Rucker, AL - Collocated with Army aviation - Platform-specific research(rotary-wing aircraft andground combat vehicles)- Injury biodynamics research- Lead DoD biomedical lab forsensory research (visual andauditory performance)Tri-ServiceDirected EnergyBrooks City-Base, TXLaser eye protection andvisual performanceWRAIR-Detachment- NHRC EMRDetachmentUSARIEMNatick, MA- Collocation with NSCFort Detrick, MD- Deployment toxicologyWRAIRWashington, DC- Basic sciences research- Neuropsychiatry,NAMRLPensacola, FL- Collocation withNavy aviation- Aviation medicineTactile sensoryinput and spatialdisorientationresearchAir Force and NavyToxicologyWright-Patterson AFB, OH- Occupational toxicology research- AFRL- NHRC ToxicologyNHRCSan Diego, CA- Collocation with Navy, Marines,special warfare, and trainees- Navy MOM lead lab- Epidemiology of injury and illness- Environmental andoccupational medicineAltitudeLaboratoryPikes Peak, COUSAMRU-EHeidelberg, Germany- Psychosocial stressstudies in USAREURand deployed forcesNSMRLGroton, CT- Collocation with attacksub fleet- Auditory and visualperformanceenhancement (visual andauditory displays ofsonar signalsNMRC- Diving and environmentalphysiology- Hyperbaric medicine
10 March 25, 2008:“ > 40% of the Army’s science workforce are eligible for retirement within the next 10 years.”MG WeightmanCommander, MRMCArmy science workforce ~ 8,000+Other DoD branches (Navy, Air Force) real numbers but much smaller
11 US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Environmental Extremes (Heat, Cold & High Terrestrial Altitude)Physiological Monitoring & Predictive ModelingOCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE& PERFORMANCE“World-Class” Laboratory for Environmental Medicine, Physiology, Performance and Nutrition ResearchIntegrated Cellular, Tissue, Animal & Human Research ProgramsFour research “Divisions”n = 200 scientists/support personnelUnder a military “Command”40 % scientists are militaryOccupational Task Performance & Injury PreventionBioenergetics & Metabolism (Nutrition)Cognitive Performance Assessment
12 World Class Facilities Doriot Climatic Chambers(minus 70 F to 160 F)Water Immersion LaboratoryAltitude (Hypobaric) ChamberSea-level to 9,150 m (30,000 ft)Biochemical labs,Testing labs, off-site centersPikes Peak Lab4300 m (highest in NA)
13 Research Support Division USARIEM OrganizationResearch Support DivisionThermal & MountainMedicine Division (TMMD)Biophysics &BiomedicalModeling Division (BBMD)Military NutritionDivision (MND)Military PerformanceDivision (MPD)USARIEM Personnel: N ≈ 20035% Military50% Civilian15% Contractor
14 Military Performance Division Research Teams EpidemiologyInjury EpidemiologyPerformance PhysiologyAssessment of individual capacities/training programsEndocrine control: exercise and/or environmental stressMuscle / bone function: stress fractures/bone healthMechanisms of muscle growth and injuryEnergy MetabolismBiomechanicsLoad carriage/equipment interactionsInjury potentialCognitive PerformanceCognitive performance: assessmentAltered Cognitive Function: military operations (blast, deployment..)
16 Academia US Gov’t/Army Scientist: Comparison of ResponsibilitiesAcademia1%10%9%80%US Gov’t/Army30%10%30%30%TeachingAdministrativeGrants/ FundingResearch
17 Skills Needed: Civilian Scientist in the US Army Research ExpertiseBasic scientistApplied: “ real world”Function in disciplined/structured environmentAbility to Communicate: oral and writtenContracting/BudgetingAcquisition training, CORs, CRADA, MOUPerform under pressure: “suspense”“taskers”, briefings, reviews“DWA” (deal with acronyms !!)
18 General Schedule (GS) System Civilian Scientists Pay ranges stipulated (GS-1 – GS-15)Competitive with University salariesFull benefitsMore structuredAnnual appointmentsLeave calculations (recently revised)Time monitored“Term” appointments vs “permanent” positions
19 Government Scientist “Coming in green” (active duty) Health Professions Scholarship Program: MDs, Vet, Psych (PhD)Professional Allied/Health programs:Physical therapy (Doctoral)Occupational therapy (Doctoral)Dieticians (Masters)Physician assistantsPayback ≈ 2:1
21 Comparison: attributes of each.. AcademiaUS ArmySalaries+AppointmentsTenureContract/Term/Perm.Choice Res. Topics-* Work Requirements- -(Hours Monitored)* Resources++BureaucracyPublishingMeetings/ TravelPressure / Demands(+)(-)*Job Satisfaction *+ +
22 Finding Jobs within US Gov’t/Army (MRMC-Military Operational Medicine) Direct Inquiries and Contact with Army Research Investigators.Interactions as ProfessionalsMeetings/conferencesSocieties/Editorial BoardsInteraction as CollaboratorsFormal Government Job AnnouncementsWebsites:[general government][Army civilians]
23 Mid-Career Transitions Civilian ScientistMilitary Health ProfessionalContractorResearch Positions: US Army / GovernmentVery positive work environment (my perspective)There are positions (this number will be increasing)Wide variety of disciplines / skill setsClear differences academia government environmentIndividual qualities / choice / time point in your career
24 “Scientific Career Opportunities in the Government and Military” Edward J. Zambraski, Ph.D., FACSMChief, Military Performance DivisionUS Army Research Institute of Environmental MedicineNatick, MA(508)The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private views of the author and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Army or the Department of Defense.