Presentation on theme: "Twin Peaks of Assessment: Institutional Effectiveness and Student Learning Dr. Jo Allen, Senior Vice President & Provost Widener University."— Presentation transcript:
Twin Peaks of Assessment: Institutional Effectiveness and Student Learning Dr. Jo Allen, Senior Vice President & Provost Widener University
Overview of Presentation Operational Terms Drivers of assessment Assessment of institutional effectiveness: What Accreditors want to know & what the institution wants to know Assessment of student learning outcomes: What Accreditors want to know and what the institution wants to know Questions and concerns
Assessment: An Operational Definition Assessment is the process of asking and answering questions that seek to align our stated intentions with documentable realities. As such, in higher education, it deals with courses, programs, policies, procedures, and operations.
Evaluation: An Operational Definition Evaluation focuses on individual performance in the sense of task performance or job completion and quality, typically resulting in merit raises, plans for future improvement, orin less satisfying casesprobation and possibly firing.
Assessment vs. Evaluation Assessment focuses on the work to be done, the outcomes, and the impact on otherstypically, the aggregate situation, not just the individuals. Evaluation focuses on the work of the individualstheir contributions, effectiveness, creativity, responsibility, engagement, or whatever factors the organization deems most desirable.
Assessment vs. Evaluation Assessment focuses on the work to be done, the outcomes, and the impact on othersnot on the individuals doing the work. Evaluation focuses on the work of the individualstheir contributions, effectiveness, creativity, responsibility, engagement, or whatever factors the organization deems most desirable.
Assessment of Institutional Effectiveness vs. Student Learning Institutional effectiveness = the results of operational processes, policies, duties and sitesand their success in working togetherto support the management of the academy [Standard 7] Student learning = the results of curricular and co-curricular experiences designed to provide students with knowledge and skills [Standard 14]
What or who is driving assessment? Accreditors… who determine the reputable from non- reputable institutions and programs who ensure that institutional practices support the viability and sustainability of the institution and its offerings who represent disciplinary and institutional interests
Assessment drivers (contd.) The public: Ivory Tower, liberal bias, ratings/rankings? Legislators: responsive to citizens concerns about quality, costs, biases….or? Prospective faculty: Quality and meaningful contributions to students lives? Prospective parents: real learning and preparation for careersworth the money? Prospective students: How will I measure up? And what kind of job can I get when I graduate? Funding agencies/foundations: evidence of an institutions or facultys commitment to learning and knowledge and evidence of [prior] success?
Make no mistake….
Institutional Effectiveness What Accreditors Want to Know
Institutional Effectiveness : What Accreditors Want to Know Can you verify the effectiveness of operational contributors to a sustainable educational experience? Do you use data and other findings to improve the quality of your educational and operational offerings? Do you use those findings to align resources (financial, staff, curricular, co-curricular) to enhance desired outcomes?
What sensibilities point to institutional effectiveness?
A well-articulated set of processes for critical functions A clear line of responsibility and accountability for critical functions An alignment of the importance of the function and sufficient resources (staff, budget, training, etc.) to support the function Evidence of institution-wide knowledge of those critical functions, processes, and lines of responsibility
What kinds of evidence point to institutional effectiveness?
Well-managed budgets Accreditation and governmental compliance Clearly defined and supported shared governance (board, president, administration, faculty, staff, and students) Articulated communication pathways and strategies [transparency] Consensus on mission, strategic plan, goals, priorities, etc. Student (and other constituencies) satisfaction
Sites of Institutional Effectiveness
Processes [existence and transparency] –Enrollment: Admissions, financial aid, registration –Curricular: Advising, progress toward degree completion –Budgeting: operations/salaries; capital; bond ratings and ratios; endowment management; benefits; etc. –Planning: strategic planning, compact planning, curricular planning, etc. –Judicial: education/training, communication, sanctions, etc. –Residence Life: housing selection, training for RAs, conflict resolution/mediation –Advancement: fund-raising, alumni relations, public relations, government/corporate relations, community relations, etc.
Sites of Institutional Effectiveness Units/Offices of operations (samples) –Advancement –Admissions –Bursar –Registrar –Athletics –Deans (school/college) –Center for Advising, Academic Support, etc. –Campus Safety –Institutional Research –IT –Maintenance
Measures of Institutional Effectiveness
How do we measure institutional effectiveness? Tangible data: Audited budget statements, handbooks, enrollment data, institutional data Records/reports of activities and/or compliance Self-studies pointing to documented evidence Surveys of satisfaction, usage, attitudes, confidence, etc. Disciplinary accreditation reports
The Assessment Cycle: Key Questions for Institutional Effectiveness the Institution Should be Asking/Answering What services, programs, or benefits should our offices provide? For what purposes or with what intended results? What evidence do we have that they provide these outcomes? How can we use information to improve or celebrate successes? Do the improvements we make work?
Where do we seek improvement [and what evidence will help us]? Set Measurable Goals: We will raise the number of students who choose our institution as their first choice to 95% by Demonstrate Transparency: All faculty committees will be invited to participate in the next planning meeting. Respond to Unacceptable Findings: Students (39%) still report feeling unsafe in the mezzanine of the University Gallery. We will hire 4 new security staff, add 10 Saf-Tee lights…
The Iterative Assessment Cycle for Institutional Effectiveness Mission/Purposes Objectives/Goals Outcomes Implement Methods to Gather Evidence Gather Evidence Interpret Evidence Make decisions to improve programs, services, or benefits; contribute to institutional experience; inform institutional decision- making, planning, budgeting, policy, public accountability
Student Learning Outcomes Assessment
What Accreditors Want to Know
Student Learning Outcomes: What accreditors want to know… Have you articulated your institutional, general education, and disciplinary/course-based learning objectives? –Are the objectives documented? Where? –Are the objectives measurable? Have you actually conducted the assessment to see if students have learned what you expect them to learn? Did you use your results to maintain or improve your educational offerings?
Learning Outcomes? Civic engagement Diversity appreciation Communication skills Professional responsibility Ethics Critical thinking Collaborative learning Leadership Mathematical or Quantitative competence Technological competence Scientific competence Research skills Cultural competence Interdisciplinary competence Civic responsibility Global competence Economic/financial competence Social justice
Measurable Objectives/Outcomes? Yes or No Evidence of… The degree to which… Alignment evidence…
Analyze, Interpret, Reflect? What does it all mean?
Do! Alter the curriculum content Alter the teaching methodology Alter the assignments Alter the schedule Alter the course rotation Alter the students
Reassess: Did the alterations help? Better? Smarter? Faster? Safer? More involvement? More effective? More efficient? More sustainable? More replicable?
Student Learning Assessment: Key Questions for the Institution What should our students know or be able to do by the time they graduate? What evidence do we have that they know and can do these things? How can we use information to improve or celebrate successes? Do the improvements we make work?
The Iterative Assessment Cycle Mission/Purposes Objectives/Goals Outcomes Implement Methods to Gather Evidence Gather Evidence Interpret Evidence Make decisions to improve programs; enhance student learning and development; inform institutional decision- making, planning, budgeting, policy, public accountability
What are educators seeking? Evidence of students skill level (basic competency to mastery) –based on faculty-articulated standards of quality and judgments –applied to all students work evenly –indicative of aggregate evaluations of performance or knowledge –informative for course or program improvements
Middle States… No prescription for your learning objectives and outcomes No prescription for how you measure No prescription for what you do as a result
Middle States Evidence of learning outcomes Evidence of measures Evidence of analysis and action
Assessment Standard 7: How is the institution doing? Standard 14: What and how much are the students learning?
Assessment of Institutional Effectiveness & Student Learning Outcomes: What is similar? A commitment to doing the very best job possible under whatever conditions exist A commitment to recognizing ways that altering those conditions can affect the outcomes (e.g., labs, field placements, time of meeting, style of teaching) A commitment to recognizing that altering the outcomes can affect the conditions (e.g., student success in particular studies attracts more students of certain kinds)
Ultimately…. We hold ourselves and our colleagues accountable for articulating the intentions of our work and then measuring the realities, resulting in designing and implementing strategies for improvement over time. How are we doing? How can we do better?