Presentation on theme: "Children orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS Only asked in countries with high HIV prevalence or high proportion of children orphaned Additional module."— Presentation transcript:
Children orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS Only asked in countries with high HIV prevalence or high proportion of children orphaned Additional module in household questionnaire
Purpose To monitor the impact of AIDS on children Indicators are specific to children vulnerable because of high levels of adult mortality or adult morbidity. Defined as: –Either or both parents have died –Either or both parents are chronically ill –Lives in a household where adult who was chronically ill has died in prior 12 months –Lives in a household where adult is chronically ill See further explanation of terms in interviewers guide
Indicators Prevalence of orphans Prevalence of vulnerable children External support And other indicators comparing the well- being of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) versus non-OVC –Education, Sex before age 15, Malnutrition Further description of indicators and definition: Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS (UNICEF, 2005)
Methodological issues Definition of OVC is a proxy for children affected by AIDS; should not be used to monitor children vulnerable due to other causes Indicator on external support provides information on whether household of child has access to services or support mechanisms (presented by child, not household)
Table HA10: Childrens living arrangements and orphanhood *MICS indicator 78: Children who are not living with at least one biological parent, either because the parents live elsewhere or because the parents are dead (HL9=2 or HL10=00) and (HL11=2 or HL12=00). ** MICS indicator 75: Children for whom one or both biological parents are dead (HL9=2 or HL11=2). The denominator in this table is children age 0-17 years enumerated in the household listing.
Table HA.11 Prevalence of orphanhood and vulnerability * MICS indicator 76 Proportion of children who are vulnerable ** MICS indicator 75 Proportion of children who are orphaned Drop background characteristics if sample sizes are too small.
Table HA.12 School attendance MICS indicator 77, MDG indicator 20 School attendance ratio: Double orphans versus non-orphans living with at least one parent. Also useful to present by OVC status. Provide value for overall groups to show Drop background characteristics if sample sizes are too small.
Table HA.13 External support MICS indicator 81: Support for children orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS 1) Medical support within the past 12 months, 2) Emotional support within the past 3 months, 3) Material or social support, within the past 3 months, 4) School-related assistance within the past 12 months, 5) Any support is based on any of the 4 types of support for children aged 5-17, and on 3 types of support (excluding educational support) for children aged 0-4 years. Denominator for all columns is children aged 0-17 years orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS
Data on orphanhood in TACRO
Orphan school attendance ratio -- TACRO
Orphan school attendance ratio – WCARO, select countries