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Breastfeeding MICS3 Data Analysis and Report Writing.

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Presentation on theme: "Breastfeeding MICS3 Data Analysis and Report Writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Breastfeeding MICS3 Data Analysis and Report Writing

2 Background Breastmilk alone contains all the nutrients, antibodies, hormones and antioxidants an infant needs to thrive. Breastmilk protects babies from diarrhea and acute respiratory infections, stimulates their immune systems and response to vaccination, and, according to some studies, confers cognitive benefits as well. Continued breastfeeding to two years, accompanied by appropriate complementary feeding, maintains good nutritional status and continues to help prevent diarrhea.

3 International Goals & Targets To protect, promote and support exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and continued breastfeeding with safe, appropriate and adequate complementary feeding up to 2 years of age and beyond

4 Background WHO/UNICEF Feeding Recommendations Exclusive breastfeeding for first six months Continued breastfeeding for two years or more Safe, appropriate and adequate complementary foods beginning at 6 months Frequency of complementary feeding: 2 times per day for 6-8 month olds; 3 times per day for 9-11 month olds

5 Background Recommended Breastfeeding Patterns

6 List of Indicators Exclusive breastfeeding rate (< 6 mos. & < 4 mos.) Timely complementary feeding rate (6-9 mos.) Continued breastfeeding rate (12-15 & 20-23 mos.) Timely initiation of breastfeeding (within 1 hour of birth) Frequency of complementary feeding (6-11 mos.) Adequately fed infants (0-11 mos.)

7 Definition of Indicator Exclusive Breastfeeding (< 6 months) Percentage of infants exclusively breastfed for the first six (or four) months of life Numerator: Number of infants aged 0-5 (or 0-3) months exclusively breastfed Denominator: Number of infants aged 0-5 (or 0-3) months surveyed

8 Methodological Issues Current status approach is used to calculate indicators – asks about feeding status within 24 hours of the survey. Caretakers asked the following for each child under five: - Whether child was ever and is currently breastfed - What liquids or foods child was fed in preceding 24 hours - How many times child was given non-liquid foods in 24 hours prior to interview Precision of indicators poor - Numbers of children in age ranges of interest (< 4 mos., < 6 mos., 6-9 mos., 12-15 mos., 20-23 mos.) are likely to be small; precision of indicators lower than others

9 Methodological Issues Exclusive breastfeeding refers to infants who receive only breastmilk, or breastmilk and vitamins, mineral supplements or medicine

10 Tabulation Plan Table NU.3: Breastfeeding

11 Regional Exclusive BF

12 Exclusive BF (ROSA)

13 Exclusive BF (WCARO) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

14 Exclusive BF (TACRO) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

15 Exclusive BF (EAPRO) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

16 Exclusive BF (ESARO) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

17 Exclusive BF (CEE/CIS) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

18 Exclusive BF (MENA) % infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life

19 Definition of Indicator Timely Complementary Feeding (6-9 mos.) Percentage of infants aged 6-9 months that are receiving breastmilk and complementary food Numerator: Number of infants aged 6-9 months that are receiving breastmilk and complementary food Denominator: Number of infants aged 6-9 months surveyed

20 Methodological Issues Complementary feeding refers to children who receive breastmilk and solid or semi-solid food

21 Regional Complementary Feeding Coverage

22 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (CEE/CIS) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

23 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (EAPRO) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

24 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (WCARO) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

25 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (ESARO) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

26 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (TACRO) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

27 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (MENA) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

28 Complementary Feeding 6-9 months (ROSA) % infants aged 6-9 months who are breastfed with complementary food

29 Definition of Indicator Continued Breastfeeding (12-15 & 20-23 mos.) Percentage of infants aged 12-15 and 20-23 months who are currently breastfeeding Numerator: Number of infants aged 12-15 or 20-23 months who are currently breastfeeding Denominator: Number of infants aged 12-15 or 20-23 months surveyed

30 Regional Continued BF Coverage

31 Continued breastfeeding (CEE/CIS) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

32 Continued breastfeeding (ESARO) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

33 Continued breastfeeding (WCARO) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

34 Continued breastfeeding (EAPRO) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

35 Continued breastfeeding (ROSA) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

36 Continued breastfeeding (MENA) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

37 Continued breastfeeding (TACRO) % infants still breastfeeding (20-23 months)

38 Definition of Indicator Timely Initiation of Breastfeeding (within 1 hour of birth) Percentage of women that initiated breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth Numerator: Number of women with a live birth in the 2 years prior to the survey that put the newborn infant to the breast within one hour of birth Denominator: Number of women surveyed with a live birth in the 2 years prior to the survey

39 Methodological Issues Initial breastfeeding (within 1 hour of birth) has a denominator of women surveyed having a live birth within the 2 years prior to the survey

40 Tabulation Plan Table NU.2: Initial Breastfeeding

41 Definition of Indicator Frequency of Complementary Feeding (6-11 mos) Percentage of infants aged 6-11 months receiving breastmilk and complementary feeding at least the recommended number of times per day Numerator: Number of infants aged 6-11 months receiving breastmilk and complementary feeding at least the recommended number of times per day (2 times per day for infants aged 6-8 mos.; 3 times for those 9-11 mos.) Denominator: Number of infants aged 6-11 months surveyed

42 Definition of Indicator Adequately Fed Infants (0-11 mos.) Percentage of infants aged 0-11 months that are appropriately fed Numerator: Number of infants aged 0-11 months that are appropriately fed: infants aged 0-5 months that are exclusively breastfed and infants aged 6-11 months that are breastfed and ate solid or semi-solid foods the appropriate number of times yesterday Denominator: Number of infants aged 0-11 months surveyed

43 Tabulation Plan Table NU.4: Adequately Fed Infants

44 Infant Feeding Patterns

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48 Tabulation Plan Table NU.3W: Infant Feeding Patterns by Age


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