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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Questionnaire for Children Under Five: Early Childhood Development MICS4 Survey Design Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Questionnaire for Children Under Five: Early Childhood Development MICS4 Survey Design Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Questionnaire for Children Under Five: Early Childhood Development MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

2 Measuring Early Childhood Development: The Global Challenge MICS4 Survey Design Workshop Nearly 9 million under-five children died in the past year Over 220 million under-five children are not developing to their full potential An estimated 20% loss in adult productivity The issue of poor child development will remain as challenge unless substantial efforts are made to put the child development high on agenda

3 To learn Thank you for giving me a good start in life! The right to a name and nationality To play To be protected from illnesses Cameroun I have the rights! To be properly fed To be vaccinated To drink safe water

4 STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK MICS4 Survey Design Workshop CRC: Right to survival and development WFFC Declaration: Children protection, growth and development, good health and proper nutrition essential foundation for human development MTSP: Young child survival and development Poverty alleviation & reduction of disparities

5 Why Measure Early Childhood Development? Death -– to late? SchoolingBirth Indicators We have: Reliable info on child health/nutrition/mortality A lot of data related to education and… Huge data gap on ECD

6 Improved Early Childhood Development Module Children 0-4 years old Additional focus on 3 and 4 year-olds Questions to assess: Supportive learning environment (Inadequate) Care Caregivers support for early learning Access to early education Early childhood development

7 Supportive Learning Environment: Questions MICS4 Survey Design Workshop EC2. EC1.

8 Supportive Learning Environment: Indicators # 6.3 Learning materials: childrens books Numerator: Number of children under age 5 who have three or more childrens books Denominator: Total number of children under age 5 # 6.4 Learning materials: playthings Numerator: Number of children under age 5 with two or more playthings Denominator: Total number of children under age 5 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

9 (Inadequate) care: questions MICS4 Survey Design Workshop EC3.

10 (Inadequate) care: Indicator # 6.5 Inadequate care Numerator: Number of children under age 5 left alone or in the care of another child younger than 10 years of age for more than one hour at least once in the past week Denominator: Total number of children under age 5 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

11 Attendance to early childhood education: questions MICS4 Survey Design Workshop EC5. EC6.

12 Attendance to early childhood education: Indicators # 6.7 Attendance to early childhood education Numerator: Number of children age months who are attending an early childhood education programme Denominator: Total number of children age months MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

13 Support for early learning: questions

14 Support for early learning: Indicators # 6.1 Support for learning Numerator: Number of children age months with whom an adult has engaged in four or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the past 3 days Denominator: Total number of children under age months # 6.2 Fathers support for learning Numerator: Number of children age months whose father has engaged in one or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the past 3 days Denominator: Total number of children age months MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

15 The Early Child Development Index MICS4 Survey Design Workshop Preparatory work – compilation of relevant items Validity testing in Philippines and Jordan Part of MICS4 Pilot in Mombasa, Kenya

16 A tool to assess: Literacy/numeracy Social/emotional Learning

17 Literacy & Numeracy Domain Recognising letters Recognising numbers from 1 to 10 Reading simple, popular words

18 ECDI Questions EC8-10 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

19 Physical Domain Motor skills; being able to manipulate objects Freedom of frequent illness

20 ECDI Questions EC11-12 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

21 Learning Domain Ability to follow simple directions Being able to occupy himself/herself independently

22 ECDI Questions EC13-14 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

23 2-3) Maturity Social & Emotional Domain Ability to get along with other children Not being physically aggressive with other children Ability to focus and concentrate without getting easily distracted

24 ECDI Questions EC15-17 MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

25 ECDI Indicator # 6.6 Early Childhood Development Index Numerator: Number of children age months who are developmentally on track in literacy-numeracy, physical, socio-emotional, and learning domains Denominator: Total number of children age months ECDI = percentage of children who are developmentally on track in at least three of the four component domains MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

26 Methodological issues All questions contributing to the indicator need to stay Careful translation needed Details in the Manual Technical assistance available (free of charge)

27 Programmatic & Policy Implications Understanding of child development Put the child development high on political agenda Indicators will improve countries abilities to (1) set the targets; (2) allocate resources; (3) monitor progress and ensure accountability Investment with long lasting effects: improved family care practices, stimulating environment, improved child wellbeing

28 Vision of ECD MICS4 Survey Design Workshop All children should be physically healthy, mentally alert, socially competent, emotionally sound and ready to learn (World Fit For Children) Now we can measure it!

29 Prepared by: MICS4 Survey Design Workshop Magdalena Janus Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada Oliver Petrovic Early Childhood Development Unit, PDO UNICEF New York


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