Presentation on theme: "Achieving the MDGs: RBA Training Workshop Module 6: Urban Development Investment Cluster May 9-12, 2005."— Presentation transcript:
Achieving the MDGs: RBA Training Workshop Module 6: Urban Development Investment Cluster May 9-12, 2005
2 Introduction The urban development investment cluster includes interventions that are crucial for: slum upgrading and providing alternatives to the formation of new slums urban infrastructure urban services creating a productive urban environment and fostering private sector development
3 Key Actors local authorities organizations of the urban poor private sector (formal and informal) central government district/state/provincial authorities line ministries
4 Slum Upgrading and Alternatives to Slum Formation Interventions: Provision of land where necessary & land management systems. New housing. Development of new settlement areas. Global Targets: Improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 Provide alternatives to the formation of new slums and stop the growth of slums by 2006
5 Urban Infrastructure Water Supply and Sanitation Interventions: Infrastructure for water supply, including trunk infrastructure and water treatment as necessary. Private sanitation facilities and public sewers, including emptying of pits and safe disposal of sullage. Public education around issues of water, waste, sanitation and hygiene Storm drainage infrastructure Targets: Halve proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water by Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation by 2015, aiming for all urban areas to completely end the practice of open defecation. Ensure that by 2015 all urban settlements are provided with adequate storm water drainage.
6 Urban Infrastructure Energy Interventions: Modern cooking fuels and modern cooking devices Electrification with a priority on schools and health facilities Bill collection and monitoring Targets: By 2008, ensure reliable access to electricity to all schools and health centers connected by By 2015 ensure reliable access to modern energy services (including electricity services and improved fuels and devices) to all households,
7 Urban Infrastructure Transport Interventions: Infrastructure for mass transport Roads and footpaths, including curbing, streetlights, and other interventions to improve both road and pedestrian safety Transport services for emergency health care and other critical social services. Possible Targets: By 2015 connect all settlements by paved roads and footpaths. By 2015 reach all settlements with reliable means of mass transit. Adequate transport services to access emergency health care during for childbirth complications
8 Urban Infrastructure Resource Needs Key Points In comparison to rural areas: –Higher emphasis on networked infrastructure (e.g. electricity and sewers) –Higher ability to pay among users requiring – among other – improved financial services Include costs of trunk infrastructure Include resources needed to facilitate cost-recovery where appropriate (staff, financing mechanisms, infrastructure) Scope for cost-recovery and co-financing should be defined in light of TOTAL household needs Needs assessment tools available for domestic water supply, sanitation, energy, and slum upgrading.
9 Urban Services Strengthen urban planning and management through investments in human resources, management systems, and equipment Provision of basic services: refuse collection and solid waste disposal policing and security fire protection microcredit
10 Urban Private Sector Development Physical infrastructure to support the development of the formal and informal manufacturing and service industries (e.g. export processing zones, industrial parks) Financial services for micro, small and medium sized enterprises