Presentation on theme: "Speech Class Delivering Your Speech. Many speakers are so concerned with what they will say (i.e., the content), that they are unaware of how they will."— Presentation transcript:
Eye-Contact This is really important! Eye-Contact helps in 2 important ways: Engage 1 the audience. Get feedback from the audience. 1 Attract and hold (the attention of someone). To draw into / involve.
Eye-Contact Engage the Audience A speaker engages audience members – through eye-contact – by convincing them that the message is just for them.
Eye-Contact Engage the Audience First, look at the audience in general, but don’t focus on particular individuals. Focus directly on specific individuals, just for a few seconds at a time. Rotate your eye-contact to different people in the audience. Make sure you circulate throughout the room, not ignoring any areas of the room.
Eye-Contact Get Feedback from the Audience Although people rarely give verbal feedback during a speech, they will give you important feedback from their eyes, facial expressions, and posture. This will enable you to gauge how you are doing, and allow you to modify your delivery – if necessary.
Posture and Stance Stand up straight, but not so stiffly that you look like a statue!
Posture and Stance Don’t stand in the same place all the time. Move around a bit. Don’t speak with your hands in your pockets. Don’t keep your hands in the same position all the time.
Gestures and Movements You can keep the audience attentive and make your speech more interesting by using natural gestures.
Gestures and Movements Use appropriate hand gestures that: Indicate emphasis, surprise, agreement Demonstrate the size of something Outline a shape Remember not to fidget!!!
Facial Expressions Be natural! Match the mood of your speech. Smiling is usually a good idea. But be more serious, if appropriate.
Dress Dress according to the setting. (e.g., Classroom – casual) In a formal setting, dress at least as formally as the audience members, perhaps a bit more so.
Verbal Delivery 1.Tone of Voice – pitch and volume 2.Rate of speaking 3.Fillers (non-fluencies) 4.Pronunciation
Verbal Delivery Tone of Voice (How you sound) Be sincere. Talk to your audience, not at them. Use inclusive language – we, us, our instead of I, me, you.
Verbal Delivery Tone of Voice – Volume (loudness) Vary your volume, which can help to emphasize important points. Project your voice – “Throw” it far enough so people in the back of the room can hear you.
Verbal Delivery Tone of Voice – Pitch (how high / low the voice is) Use your natural pitch. Vary your pitch occasionally to make a point.
Verbal Delivery Rate of Speaking Speed up, slow down – as appropriate. When speaking in your second language, it’s better to speak more slowly than normal. “Chunk” sentences (break them into groups of words), and use pauses in the right places.
Verbal Delivery Example of Chunking and Pausing “Ideally, for any speech or presentation that you’re going to give in English, you would work with a native speaker. Check the pronunciation, pausing and emphasis of each section of your speech.” Make sure your sentences aren’t too long!
Verbal Delivery Fillers (non-fluencies) Try to minimize the use of fillers such as Um, er, a, ah, etc. The best way to do this is to practice your speech and know your material well !!!
Verbal Delivery Pronunciation Make sure you know how to pronounce every word that you use in your speech. If you are not sure how to pronounce a word, ask someone for help ahead of time, or choose a different, easier-to-pronounce word.
Final Recommendations Practice, practice, practice !!! Practice in front of a mirror. Practice out loud. Practice in front of a friend or roommate. Practice makes perfect! 熟能生巧！ (And gives you confidence)