Presentation on theme: "Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG Regulatory Best Practice and Regulation Impact Statements."— Presentation transcript:
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG Regulatory Best Practice and Regulation Impact Statements
Office of Best Practice Regulation Objectives To improve your understanding of: n the rationale underlying regulatory impact analysis (RIA) n COAGs RIA requirements and n OBPRs role
Office of Best Practice Regulation Outline n 10 am Part 1 – Regulatory best practice/ COAG requirements n 11-11:15am – morning tea n 11:15am Part 2 – RIS n 12pm – Questions /Finish
Office of Best Practice Regulation Rationale underlying regulatory impact analysis
Office of Best Practice Regulation Culture of risk avoidance n Over-reaction to perceived risks n Lack of appreciation of costs imposed n Lack of balance between risks and costs … has resulted in …
Office of Best Practice Regulation Increasing regulatory burden n Unnecessarily complex regulations n Excessive costs of compliance n Adverse and unintended effects n Use of substantial taxpayer resources
Office of Best Practice Regulation Productivity agenda n Best practice regulation process helps protect and implement the micro-economic reform process This link is sometimes lost with an officer focusing on requirements rather than on what the process is delivering n The RIA process is a means to an important end rather than a road block
Office of Best Practice Regulation The need for best practice regulation nRegulation is an essential part of running a well functioning economy, but it must be carefully designed to avoid: unintended and/or distortionary effects overlap and inconsistency excessive compliance costs A question of balance (costs & risks).
Office of Best Practice Regulation Changing regulatory environment n COAG n Australian Government n States and Territories n International – Netherlands, UK, Europe
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG initiatives on regulatory reform n Principles and guidelines for national standard setting and regulatory actions by MCs & NSSBs (1995) n COAG communiqués (2006 and 2007) n PM wrote to State Premiers in August 2006 n New COAG Best Practice Regulation Guide released (October 2007) –
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG RIA Requirements
Office of Best Practice Regulation Enhanced RIA requirements nIncrease in the quality of RIA Cost Benefit Analysis where appropriate Compliance costs –encourage use of Business Cost Calculator n Increase scope – cumulative burdens n Gatekeeping mechanisms n Transparency
Office of Best Practice Regulation Principles of best practice regulation 1. Establish a case for action 2. Examine alternatives to regulation 3. Adopt the option with the greatest net benefits 4. Not restrict competition, unless… 5. Provide effective guidance to regulators 6. Review regulation regularly 7. Consult effectively with stakeholders 8. Effective action proportionate to the issue
Office of Best Practice Regulation Definition of regulation n Broad range of legally enforceable instruments which impose mandatory requirements upon businesses or individuals n Government voluntary codes and advisory instruments for which there is a reasonable expectation of compliance
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG RIA requirements apply to nThe decisions of COAG, MCs and inter-governmental standard setting bodies, however they are constituted. INCLUDES bodies established statutorily or administratively by government to deal with national regulatory problems.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Multi-staged decision making n Multi-staged decision making points RIS required at point at which a regulatory decision is made even though regulatory model is still to be determined One or several RISs may be required n Multiple decision makers RIS should be provided for each body that makes a decision When COAG is the decision maker, the responsibility of preparing the RIS sits with the Ministerial Council.
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG RIA framework n Regulatory proposals: Minor / Machinery Emergency exception Not included: government purchasing policy or industry assistance schemes
Office of Best Practice Regulation Regulation Impact Statements n Are a key element of best-practice RIA n Structured cost-benefit approach to policy development n Assist transparency n Both a process and a document
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG RISs are prepared at two stages n consultation n decision-making n The OBPR must assess the adequacy of the RIS at each of these stages.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Consultation RISs – requirements nExpected to have strong problem, objective and options section, but Impact analysis may not be as robust as the final RIS – as evidence is still being collected nAssessed by OBPR before public release nNZ-RIAU should be consulted if relevant
Office of Best Practice Regulation COAG Consultation requirements n What is adequate consultation? n Who needs to be consulted? n OBPR unable to post-assess consultation processes.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Decision RIS nFinal RIS has higher bar nAssessed by OBPR prior to decision being made nAssessment focuses on whether: RIS Guidelines have been followed Type and level of analysis commensurate with impacts RIS demonstrates preferred option results in a clear net benefit to the community
Office of Best Practice Regulation Guidelines on length of RISs n Quality versus quantity n Commensurate with impacts n Simple proposal – around pages n Complex proposal – pages
Office of Best Practice Regulation Compliance reporting n Report annually in the Best Practice Regulation Report Send out compliance request letters 6 monthly Send out assessment letters advising of compliance by MC/NSSBs
Office of Best Practice Regulation Summary of steps in undertaking RIA 1. Consult early with the OBPR 2. Prepare a consultation RIS 3. OBPR assesses consultation RIS 4. Once adequate, publish the consultation RIS – consult effectively 5. Develop the RIS in light of information obtained 6. Submit the decision RIS to OBPR who will assess it against the COAG requirements 7. RIS provided to the decision maker 8. Proceed with regulatory action consistent with the RIS 9. Publish the final RIS 10. OBPR reports on compliance
Office of Best Practice Regulation Role of the OBPR One-stop shop for regulators, providing information, advice and training on: n Need for RISs n Formulation & adequacy of RISs n Compliance with the RIA requirements …..Consult the OBPR early in the policy development process.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Any questions on Part 1- COAG RIA?
Office of Best Practice Regulation Regulation Impact Statements (RIS)
Office of Best Practice Regulation Objectives of preparing a RIS n Consultation RIS – canvas regulatory options and their costs and benefits n Decision RIS – provide information to the decision maker Also, provide evidence of the steps taken in good policy development
Office of Best Practice Regulation Key elements of a RIS 1. Problem 2. Objective(s) 3. Options 4. Impact analysis 5. Consultation 6. Conclusion and recommended option 7. Implementation and review You need to adequately address each element to draft an adequate RIS
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 1. Identifying the Problem nWhat is the problem? nWhy should Government intervene? to deal with market failure to correct a regulatory failure to address an unacceptable risk nIs there existing regulation? If there is, why is further action needed?
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 2: Objectives of govt action n Be specific, link it to the problem n But not be too specific, so as to preclude options n Do not confuse ends with means when setting an objective
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 3: Consider a broad range of options nInclude non-regulatory and regulatory options nDistinguish feasible options from infeasible options Explain why some options are not feasible Do not confuse infeasible with not preferred Describe feasible options (but dont analyse them here)
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 3 contd: Examples of options Status Quo or do nothing Non-regulatory options Self regulation Quasi-regulation Explicit government regulation Note there may be sub options within each category
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 4: Impact Analysis For each option nIdentify who is affected? nHow are they affected? nTo what extent are they affected (costs and benefits)? nQuantify where possible level of analysis must be commensurate with level of impacts restrictions on competition require a higher level of analysis
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 4 contd: Impact Analysis Examples of costs and benefits nConsumers prices, variety, availability, quality, convenience, safety and risk, access to information nBusiness compliance costs, uncertainty, complexity, market access, input prices, process modification, restrictions on competition nGovernment administration and enforcement costs nCommunity public health and safety, environmental quality/ESD, economic growth, innovation, employment
Office of Best Practice Regulation Estimating compliance costs nUse of BCC to estimate compliance costs is encouraged (but not mandatory) IT tool available from the OBPR website Checklist: notification, education, permission, purchase cost, record keeping, enforcement, publication/documentation, procedural and other Include compliance costs in RIS
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 4 contd: Restrictions on competition nSome examples include : governing the entry or exit of businesses into markets controlling input or output prices restricting the quality, quantity or location of goods and services restricting advertising and promotional activities nFor such proposals the RIS must demonstrate that restricting competition will: result in a net benefit for the community; and the objective of the intervention can not be achieved in any other way
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 5: Consultation n Who has been consulted? n How was consultation conducted? n What are stakeholders views (highlight dissenting views)? n How did these views affect the outcome? n If stakeholder views were not addressed, explain why.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 6: Conclusion / recommended option n Provides a summary of the options and their impacts. n Identifies which option is preferred and why others options are not preferred. n Reiterates why the benefits of the preferred option outweigh the costs.
Office of Best Practice Regulation Element 7: Implementation and review nHow will the preferred option be implemented? Transitional arrangements? Who will administer the regulation? How will it be enforced? How will compliance costs be minimised?) nWill it be subject to sunset provisions? nWill it be reviewed? (if so, by whom and according to what criteria?)
Office of Best Practice Regulation Analysis is the key n … the goal of evidence-based policy-making is unquestionably important, and it is encouraging that it has received vocal support at the highest political levels. However, measured against the various ingredients for an effective approach, it seems clear that current practice continues to fall short. Addressing this is now largely up to the public service. Not only is there a need to improve the capacity of the public service to deliver evidence-based policy advice, there is a need for it to improve political understanding of what that entails. Gary Banks - Evidence-based policy-making: What is it? How do we get it? 4 February 2009
Office of Best Practice Regulation Like to know more? nVisit our website - nConsult the COAG guide Australian Government Best Practice Regulation Handbook n Contact the OBPR or
Office of Best Practice Regulation RIA or RISs n QUESTIONS?