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THE NETWORK ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND CARE IN ECEC.

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Presentation on theme: "THE NETWORK ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND CARE IN ECEC."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE NETWORK ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND CARE INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND CARE IN ECEC

2 Mexicos early childhood education and care system Mexico has a split system in ECEC services at national level, directed to children from 0 to 4 years For children of 5-6 years the national Education System has nearly 100% enrolment in Preschool. The main providers of ECEC services are Federal and state governments. Municipal governments have no legal obligation and therefore there are very few municipal ECEC services. The private sector offers ECEC services at high cost. Additionally, there are few services organized by the community in urban marginalized areas, leaded by social organizations and religious groups.

3 Evolution of the current system

4 Governance ECEC structure: Split System (0-3 years old) Social Healthcare Institute (IMSS) Social Development Ministry (SEDESOL) Public Education Sub ministry Indigenous Education National Council for Educational Promotion (CONAFE) Social and Security Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) National Family Development System (DIF) Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education Social Development Ministry Health Ministry Education Ministry FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

5 Governance ECEC structure: Preschool(4-6 years old) The Federal Government is responsible for the legal framework of the National Education System Compulsory Preschool services are directed to children of 4-6 years old and are operated (mostly) by the local Ministries of Education Preschool services are only offered by public or private institutions

6 Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Legislation Political Constitution of the United Mexican States Development National Plan (2007-2012) General Education Law Social Development General Law Educational Program (2007-2012) Federal Work Law Social Security Law Welfare Law Civil Protection Law Discrimination prevention & elimination Federal Law Protection of children & teenagers rights Law Indigenous Rights Law Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

7 Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Objectives Early childhood education: Improve childrens whole development Parent-lead early childhood: Promote education, equitable service, committed participation IMSS: Provide elements to benefit their whole development ISSSTE: Provide care services for child welfare and development DIF: Provide support to working mothers and offer care services for their children in vulnerable conditions Contribute to reduce job access delay and foster its retention for working mothers and single fathers Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

8 Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Focus of each programme CONAFE: Development of competencies in 4 areas Regular System: Development of children in 3 areas IMSS: Based on children needs and characteristics ISSSTE: Based on the Preschool Education Program (SEP) DIF: Pedagogic activities based on the Early Childhood National Program (PIE) None explicit educational program Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

9 Staff Children per class Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Staff and Ratio Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education Person in charge of the centre CONAFE: Educational Developer DIF: Community Counselor Early Childhood educator Educational assistant, Childcare specialist, Pediatrician, Social worker, Pedagogue, Psychologist, Nurse, Cook, Music teacher 1:13CONAFE: 1:15 ISSSTE: 1:12Regular System: 1:10 IMSS: 1:7 DIF: 1:14

10 Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Enrolment (Selective) Children of working or studying single parents with no access to childcare services from public institutions in urban areas CONAFE services are focused in marginal areas DIF: Children of working parents without social assistance working for registered institutions IMSS: Children of parents working for registered private institutions ISSSTE: Children of parents working for any public institution CENDIs services are directed to parents working in public education institutions Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

11 Governmental monthly support per child Opening hours Term period Fees CONAFE: 9 months All year around except for national holidays (open on holidays by consent between the director and parents) Regular System: 200 days 8 hours per day ISSSTE: 40 hours per week IMSS: 9 hours per day DIF: Half day 3 hours Full day 9 hours No fees for enrolment ISSSTE: Service covered by the institution IMSS: 1% of the working mother or father salary DIF: according to a socio- economic study CONAFE: 2 hrs per week Regular: 4 hrs per day Structure of the split system for ECEC 0-4 years old: Term period, Opening hours and Fees Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

12 Plans for integration: Relevant but isolated efforts SEDESOL is promoting a more comprehensive programme which contemplates more educational contents The Public Education Ministry (SEP) is developing the Strengthen of early education and child development model which attempts to unite criteria for all child care institutions Congress recently proposed and is debating on a new Law to regulate all childcare centers Health policy for childcare centers has been updated to improve accidents prevention and to promote a better qualitative service Early Childhood Health and Care Early Childhood Welfare Early Childhood Education

13 A National Educational Program is also needed to provide all centers with minimum educative objectives for child development It should allow different institutions to provide their particular services and set up general common elements that ensure quality An ECEC policy that promotes high quality and whole development for all Mexican children from 0 to 4 years old. Executive and legislative instances must raise their awareness about the need to establish a strong ECEC policy according to a National Plan. Conclusions


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