4 External Context Building on the Monterrey/Doha/Johannesburg (MDJ) mandates : focus on country outcomes, emphasis on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)… June - International Roundtable on Better Measuring, Monitoring and Managing for Development Results July - IDA13 Agreement and focus on country results, including MDGs and related goals September - Development Committee endorsed Banks overall approach to increasing its results orientation and urged implementation.
5 Internal Context Country Business Model: Discussed by Development Committee in Prague; identified four step processvision (PRSP); diagnosis (CPIA); programming (CAS); and results. Much work hitherto on first three. Results-Based Management: Bank has been managing for deliveries and quality. Much work and progress on system development (for tracking lending and knowledge services) and on quality. Development Effectiveness: OED and QAG analyses provide basis for accountability and learning; need to strengthen links to strategy formulation and and day-to-day management. Bottom line: All point to timeliness of enhanced results focus …
7 Managing for Results: Implementation December 18 : CODE Discussion of Implementation Plan Support for national strategy development (PRSP…) and capacity building Knowledge accumulation and dissemination Bank strategy and instruments Staff learning and incentives Corporate reporting
8 PRSP and Capacity Building Strengthen support for results-focused PRSPs, with clear linkages. Publish PRSP Sourcebook with relevant guidance on measurement and monitoring; and publish guidelines for JSAs on Annual Progress Reports. Focus staff assessments of PRSPs and Annual Progress Reports focused on targets and monitoring of results. FY03 Q1-4 Help countries build statistical systems and analytic capacity to measure and track outcomes and other results. In consultation with partners, design and pilot instrument for enhanced sector-wide support for statistical capacity building. (STATCAP template has already been developed, as simplified financing instrument.) FY03 Q1-4 Help countries build results-based public expenditure management systems, and monitoring and evaluation capacity. Develop/agree Bank approach across units, as basis for reflecting diagnostic tools and possible follow-up support to countries via CAS process. FY03
9 Client-Focused Knowledge Accumulation and Dissemination Support countries achievement of MDGs and other development outcomes through advice and research. Undertake research and prepare policy notes on actions that lead to the achievement of the MDGs, as input into country teams preparing outcome-oriented ESW. (The first deliverables to be based on six country studiesAlbania, Argentina, Bangladesh, Uganda, Vietnam, and Yemencurrently underway.) WDR 2004 to present lessons learned on how countries can accelerate progress toward the MDGs by making services work for poor people. FY03 Provide clients with a clear and consistent window for accessing knowledge and best-practice examples across sectors and themes. Review existing knowledge dissemination mechanisms. Adopt harmonized approach to dissemination and knowledge management, making use of Development Gateway. FY03 Q3
10 Bank Strategy and Instruments Establish results-based CAS to show clear results-chain linking country outcomes to Bank products and services. Launch results- based CASs in five countries. Five pilots : Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine. FY03 Develop results-based CAS monitoring and evaluation framework. Pilot CAS completion report and associated peer-review mechanism. FY03 Increase feedback from clients on Bank contribution to results. Revise client survey instrument and align timing with CAS cycle. FY03 Q3-4 Enhance results focus of products and services, and linkages to CAS outcomes. As part of the ongoing review of the design of, and guidelines for, Bank lending and nonlending products, strengthen respective monitoring and evaluation frameworks to enhance results focus and alignment with results-based CAS. FY03-04
11 New CAS Results Framework Objective is to improve Bank performance by using intended results to define Bank program design ex ante and to assess program success ex post. Starts from country objectives (outcome and outputs) to set Banks country program (inputs), taking into account what other partners are doing. Framework includes CAS matrix and M&E Framework, follow-up in the CAS Progress Report, CAS Completion Report, QAG peer review CAS exit assessment, and OED Country Assistance Evaluation (CAE). This is akin to project cycle M&E framework.
12 CASResults Tracking Next CAS CAS CAS Progress Report CAS Completion Report CAS Exit Assessment (QAG) Country Assistance Evaluation (OED) Lessons Learned CAS Results Matrix provides links across various reports
13 CAS Results Matrix CAS matrix to capture three main areas: CAS Country Outcomesselected country goals from the PRSP (or national strategy), such as the MDGs and sector-specific issues that contribute to these goals. CAS Intermediate Outcomesexpected country outcomes achievable in the CAS period, which Banks interventions support in partnership with other donors. Bank Inputs and Outputsplanned Bank interventions supporting these CAS intermediate outcomes (taking account of partners activities) with associated targets to monitor Bank performance management.
14 CAS Implementation: Assessing Progress During CAS implementation, CAS results matrix used to: Track priority CAS outcomes Assess annual progress towards goals Review strategies and actions under way Review key indicators CAS Progress Reports to become more systematic, assessing progress against results frameworkand determining need for mid-course correction in CAS strategy and/or programs.
15 CAS Completion and Evaluation of Results Self Assessment: At end of CAS cycle, the team prepares the CAS Completion Report (CCR) using results framework to assess extent to which results were achieved. For key areas of Bank involvement, CCR would compare baseline values, expected outputs and outcomes as laid out in CAS, and actuals at time of CAS completion. CCR would be an input into CAS design, annexed to the CAS provided to Executive Directors. Peer Assessment: QAG would assess quality/results at exit, drawing on CCR and other information. Independent Assessment: As at present, OED would periodically carry out Country Assistance Evaluation, typically spanning more than one CAS period.
16 PRSP M&E Framework CAS Results Framework Other Donors Portfolios M&E Investment Lending M&E Adjustment Lending M&E Linking M&E Frameworks ESW Other Analytic & advisory work
17 M&E Framework for Results-focused Lending Operations Existing framework for projects consists of logical framework based on development objectives that are monitored through self-assessment, peer- assessment and independent assessment throughout project cycle. Framework is broadly appropriate, but results-focus needs to be sharpened through: Development objectives that are more outcome-oriented and quantified More logical links between expected outputs and development objectives Monitorable indicators of both outputs and outcome-oriented development objectives. New priority is coherence with PRSP and CAS M&E frameworks. This is not just good architecture; it also provides a motivational key to systematic implementation.
18 Staff Learning and Incentives Ensure that staff learning activities, in terms of strategic priorities, timeliness and specific learning content, are aligned with focus on sustained development results. Learning Board to proactively manage staff learning, including in allocation of FY04 resources. FY03-04 Make best practice into standard Bank practice in managing for results. Good Practice Handbook on Managing for Results, with framework and best-practice examples FY03 Q3-4 Provide staff with consistent training on results-based approaches. Assess training needs. Review and rationalize supply of results-based M&E training. FY03 Q2-4 Ensure that internal staff incentives are aligned with focus on sustained development results. Review staff incentives and revise as necessary to reflect enhanced results focus. FY03
19 Corporate Reporting Report on Results in corporate strategy and budget documents. Review of corporate planning and budget cycle to assess methods for integrating results. Pilot test in FY03 for further integration in corporate reporting in FY04. FY03-FY04 Enhanced results focus of quality assessments of products and services. Increase results focus of quality at entry, supervision, and ESW assessments carried out by Quality Assurance Group. Develop Annual Report on Portfolio Performance and Results. FY03 Q2-4 FY04 Design system to report IDA Deputies on IDA-eligible country results. Develop and refine results measurement system for IDA- eligible countries based on country-specific results defined in PRSPs and supported through CASs and operations. FY03 Q1-4
20 Calendar of Events November 4:IDA13 Technical Meeting November 12: Informal Board Meeting - Building Statistical Capacity to Monitor Development Progress December 11-12: DAC Development Partnership Forum December 18: CODE Discussion of Implementation Plan February 23-25: Joint High-Level Forum on Harmonization April 11, 2003: IDA Donors Meeting on Results System (tentative date) April 13, 2003: Development Committee
21 III. Results : Terminology, Abbreviations and Acronyms
22 Definitions: Results Terminology Input Financial, human and material resources used for a development intervention Output Products, goods and services which result from a development intervention Outcome Likely or achieved effects or behavior changes resulting from a development intervention Performance Degree to which a development intervention or partner operates according to specific standards or criteria Result The output, outcome or impact of a development intervention Results Chain The causal sequence for a development intervention, moving from inputs and activities to outputs, outcomes and impacts.
23 Abbreviations and Acronyms CASCountry Assistance Strategy CODECommittee of Development Effectiveness CPIACountry Policy and Institutional Assessment DACDevelopment Assistance Committee ESWEconomic and Sector Work IDAInternational Development Agency JSAJoint Staff Assessment M&EMonitoring and Evaluation OECDOrganization for Economic Co-operation and Development OEDOperations Evaluation Department PRSPPoverty Reduction Strategy Paper QAGQuality Assurance Group WDRWorld Development Report