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Chinas Economic Development and the Change in Production and Employment in China.

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Presentation on theme: "Chinas Economic Development and the Change in Production and Employment in China."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chinas Economic Development and the Change in Production and Employment in China

2 I would like to speak on the following four topics: 1. Chinas Economic Development 2. Overview of Employment in China 3. Relation between Chinas Economic Development and Employment 4. Several New Trends in Employment in China

3 1. Chinas Economic Development (1) Size of the economy (2) Investment in fixed assets (3) Consumption (4) External trade Changes in Annual GDP Growth

4 2. Overview of Employment in China (1) Population and size of the labor force (2) Total employment volume 55000 60000 65000 70000 75000 80000 19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003 Changes in the Number of Workers (1990-2003) (Unit: 10,000)

5 Diagrams: Ratio of the Population of the Employed in Urban and Rural Areas of the Total Employment Volume Ratio of the population of the employed in urban and rural areas (1990) Ratio of the population of the employed in urban and rural areas (2003) Population of the employed in rural areas 74 % Population of the employed in urban areas 26 % Population of the employed in urban areas 34 % Population of the employed in rural areas 66 %

6 (3) Employment structure 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003 Ratio of Employed Persons by Industry (1990-2003) Primary industry Secondary industry Tertiary industry

7 Diagrams: Employment Structure by Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Industry Employment structure by primary, secondary, and tertiary industry (1990) Employment structure by primary, secondary, and tertiary industry (2003) Primary industry 60% Secondary industry 21% Tertiary industry 19% Primary industry 49% Tertiary industry 29% Secondary industry 22%

8 (4) Unemployment rate 4.3 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003 Changes in the Registered Unemployment Rates in Urban Areas (1990-2003)

9 3. Relation between Economic Development and Employment (1) First phase (1978-1996) A major feature of the relation between economic development and employment during this phase was that economy and employment grew simultaneously. Regular employment and atypical employment existed side by side, and at the same time, supported the growth of employment. Atypical employment is gradually beginning to play the role of increasing employment. (2) Second phase (1996-today) A major feature of the relation between economic development and employment during this phase is that economy and employment are no longer growing simultaneously. While the momentum of economic growth has been maintained, the increase in the number of workers is slowing. The number of regular employees is declining. Atypical employment is absorbing an increasing number of workers.

10 4. Several New Trends in Employment in China (1) The employment conditions remain difficult. (2) Atypical employment, such as employment of part-timers and job- hopping part-timers, continues to increase. (3) The number of workers employed by foreign-affiliated firms continues to increase. (4) The issue of young peoples employment has come to the surface. (5) The issue of surplus labor in rural areas becomes an increasingly difficult issue. In sum, Chinas working-age population will increase by 5.5 million every year on average until 2020. In 2020, China will have a working- age population of 940 million. With this labor force, China must maintain a certain level of economic growth. For the Chinese Government, the employment issue is very important. Employment promotion is one of the Chinese Governments long-term national policies.


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