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OECD, December 9th 2008 Internationalisation of French universities : towards an integrated management ? Patricia Pol Vice président Université Paris-Est.

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Presentation on theme: "OECD, December 9th 2008 Internationalisation of French universities : towards an integrated management ? Patricia Pol Vice président Université Paris-Est."— Presentation transcript:

1 OECD, December 9th 2008 Internationalisation of French universities : towards an integrated management ? Patricia Pol Vice président Université Paris-Est Bologna expert

2 OECD, December 9th 2008 Outline A strong tradition of cooperation and attractivity at national level these last 20 years Contributing to the implementation of an administration of European and international relations at the institutional level Moving to a more strategic international management for the next decade through coo-petition strategies

3 OECD, December 9th 2008 I.A strong tradition of cooperation and attractivity at a national level

4 OECD, December 9th 2008 I.1 The attractivity of foreign students -A long tradition in 1976, in 1990 (2d country after the US and before the UK and Germany in 1993 : after the US and UK since 2000 : 3rd or 4th range ( in 2006, 12% of the student population) after US, UK, Germany -A definition based on nationality, around 75% being mobile without a French Baccalauréat A large majority coming on an individual basis - The importance of history More than 50% come from Africa

5 OECD, December 9th 2008 Africa 47% ( 157%) Asia 22 % ( 275%) America 7% (10% in 1996) ( 58%) Europe 24% (32% in 1996) ( 51%) International students (2006) (Foreign student without a French Bac) % in 10 years

6 OECD, December 9th 2008 I. 2 A voluntarist national policy The Ministry of Foreign affairs has a specific department for Higher education and scientific cooperation -100 M grants (boursiers du gouvernement français) -Bilateral programmes (exemple with Brasil since 1978: Cofecub extended to many countries and programmes) -Capacity building funds for developping countries (Fonds de solidarité prioritaire)

7 OECD, December 9th 2008 Creation of National agencies : CIES (centre international pour étudiants et stagiaires) Egide : Edufrance to promote HE : Centre détudes pour la France CampusFrance : towards a Mobiliy agency resulting from different mergers

8 OECD, December 9th The regulation of institutional services In the 1984 law for higher education (loi Savary): international cooperation is one the mission of the universities which are supposed to organise a specific department for foreign students -The contractualisation policy : « le volet international »

9 OECD, December 9th 2008 I.3 The determinant role of the European policy 1987 : Eramus France is at the second place for incoming and outgoing students (23 000/year) : the Bologna process and the LMD reform (2002) - New curricula, new recognition tools, new partnerships

10 OECD, December 9th 2008 France Western Europe 78% Asia 4% 15% North America 3% Central Europe Outgoing mobility (2006)

11 OECD, December 9th 2008 II. Contributing to the implementation of an administration of European and international relations at the institutional level

12 OECD, December 9th 2008 Some common trends since the 90s * Nomination of vice president or « politic actors » in most of the universities since 2000 Development of « international relations » departments at a central level and faculty level -dealing mainly with mobility (in and outgoing) at undergraduate and graduate levels within cooperation agreements -with an average of 5 administrative staff Strong differenciation between individual and organised mobile students

13 OECD, December 9th Difficulty to articulate training and research international policies the individual and the laboratory levels being the reference for research Creation of « Europe departments » for European research tenders -However the impact of the Bologna process on the curricula, Europe is not the priority in the interntional policies

14 OECD, December 9th 2008 III. Moving to a more strategic international management for the next decade

15 OECD, December 9th 2008 When the international dimension is not anymore a context but a condition of research and teaching -It becomes part of the whole institutional strategy -And will be integrated in the whole departments and services of the university : academic affairs, student services, research services, finance, professionnal services, human resource management...

16 OECD, December 9th International staff recruitment -International student recruitment at each level (BMD) -International programmes for evevybody at master and doctorate levels whatever the institution Reshaping the international divisions through expertise functions

17 OECD, December 9th 2008 Developing strong strategic cooperation and alliances -At a regional level : * European : beyond 2010 Going on implementing the « Bologna tools » and articulating the EHEA to the ERA Encouraging more intra European and external mobility (horizontal and vertical) (see the target of a 50% mobility for the group age for the UE) * Regional clusters : PRES (pôle de recherche et denseignement supérieur)

18 OECD, December 9th At an international level being active in international and regional associations belonging to scientific networks Developping international paths and joint degrees and with strategic partners (example of HEC with MIT and Fudan) Strenghening international alliances

19 OECD, December 9th 2008 Conclusion In 20 years, internationalisation has shifted from an individual basis to an institutional dynamics through more professionalised international divisions Although the context leads to more competition and fastens the main trends, the experience of strong cooperation strategies could become a competitive advantage for any profile of institutions

20 OECD, December 9th 2008 Main references F.Barthélemy, C.Musselin, P.Pol, « Linternationalisation des universités, analyse comparée des politiques et organisations de linternational », Rapport DEPP, décembre Notes de CampusFrance « lorganisation des relations internationales dans les universités en France », 2006 Rapport du Conseil danalyse stratégique, Encourager la mobilité des jeunes en Europe, orientations stratégiques pour la France et lUnion Européenne, juillet Report of the High level expert forum on mobility, july 2008


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