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1 U.S. Agency For International Development Financing Water Using Partial Loan Guarantees Jacqueline E. Schafer Deputy Assistant Administrator Bureau for.

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Presentation on theme: "1 U.S. Agency For International Development Financing Water Using Partial Loan Guarantees Jacqueline E. Schafer Deputy Assistant Administrator Bureau for."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 U.S. Agency For International Development Financing Water Using Partial Loan Guarantees Jacqueline E. Schafer Deputy Assistant Administrator Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture & Trade John Wasielewski, Director, Office of Development Credit

2 2 USAIDs Approach to Water Finance Adapted from US experience with Clean Water Act of 1972 Grant funding: limited and unsustainable Pressing need to mobilize private funding for public services New approach provides for increased security over direct investment in emerging economies New approach uses a combination of grant funds/technical assistance, and loan guarantees as security to attract private investors

3 3 Water Revolving Funds (WRF) WRFs offer pooled-financing mechanisms that can mobilize private sector investment on commercial terms Each WRF will raise capital from local markets for on-lending to municipal & private entities for water infrastructure

4 4 Supporting Activities: Technical assistance in local financial market development Partial loan or bond guarantees Intercept agreements on inter-governmental transfers Initial capital funds from donors & reserve fund support Water Revolving Funds (WRFs)

5 5 USAID Approach: Using Loan Guarantees Over the past 4 years USAID has used partial loan guarantees to mobilize local capital for investment in a variety of sectors We believe that this approach can work for the provision of potable water and for waste water treatment

6 6 A financial tool used by USAID to achieve its development objectives Loan Guaranty Authority allowing USAID to issue partial guarantees to private sector lenders Available for all sectors: SME, Microfinance, Infrastructure, Water, Health, Energy, Environment, etc Projects are financially sound and economically viable Financial risk is shared with local financial institutions; lenders typically carry 50% of the risk What is DCA?

7 7 DCA Projects by Sector As of December 1, 2003

8 8 Financing Clean Water in India Through DCA Municipal Bond Guarantees: Tamil Nadu Water & Sanitation Pooled Fund, Karnataka Water & Sanitation Pooled Fund Trust

9 9 Activity Description Tamil Nadu The pooled financing mechanism supported by guarantee will provide investment funds to small and medium Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in Tamil Nadu, India, to implement water and sanitation projects, which will benefit low-income populations in these localities 50% bond guarantee of equivalent of US$6,400,000 for TNUDF Individual bonds will carry a face value equivalent to US$2,000 with 9.5% interest rate and 15 year maturities Guarantee is embedded in the project structure behind two payment mechanisms: 1) an escrow account and 2) debt service reserve fund backed by intercepted state transfers Supports USAID/Indias Strategic Objective (SO) 4.3, Improved urban environmental infrastructure built and services delivered in selected cities

10 10 Project Diagram, Tamil Nadu Country: India Type: Bond Guarantee Amount: $6,400,000 Guarantee Ceiling: $3,200,000 Leverage Ratio: 16 to 1. The estimated cost to the US Government for issuing the Guarantee on the $6,400,000 bond amount is approximately $392,960.

11 11 Activity Description Karnataka The guarantee facility will provide credit enhancement to the issuance of a bond to raise capital for a water supply and sewerage infrastructure development project in 8 municipalities within the Bangalore Metropolitan Area 50% bond guarantee of equivalent of $21,700,000 for Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development & Finance Corp. Guarantee is embedded in the project structure behind two payment mechanisms: 1) an escrow account and 2) debt service reserve fund backed by intercepted state transfers

12 12 Project Diagram, Karnataka Total Loans Available for coverage: $21,700,000 Term: 15 years Portion Guaranteed: $10,850,000 Bond Guarantee Type: Double- barreled Coupon: 7.5% - 8.0% Trustee: WSPF (KUIDFC) Investors: Private placement

13 13 Expanding Access to Sustainable Utility Services in Egypt Through DCA Loan Portfolio Guarantees: Commercial International Bank (CIB)

14 14 Activity Description Equivalent of US$40,000,000 loan portfolio guarantee for CIB Guarantee has a 12 year term and covers 50% principal on the portfolio of loans Estimated number of sub-loans to be extended is twenty at approximately $2,000,000 per borrower for a term of 5-7 years All borrowers must be Private Sector Provision (PSP) enterprises, offering goods or services pursuant to an agreement with a public water or wastewater utility

15 15 Project Diagram Country: Egypt Type: Loan Portfolio Guarantee Amount: $40,000,000 Guarantee Ceiling: $20,000,000 Leverage Ratio: Mission funding of approximately $1 million will leverage the Egyptian pound equivalent of approximately $56 million in loans from local private banks to PSPs. Commercial International Bank (CIB) Private Sector Provision (PSP) Enterprises 50% DCA Guarantee Loan

16 16 Latin America & Caribbean (17) Ecuador Guatemala (2) Honduras (3) Jamaica Mexico (2) Nicaragua Peru (5) Regional (2) Asia & Near East (20) Bangladesh (2) Egypt (2) India (2) Morocco (9) Philippines (2) Vietnam (3) Europe & Eurasia (22) Armenia (4) Kazakhstan Bosnia (4) Romania Bulgaria (5) Russia Croatia Ukraine Moldova (4) Africa (17) Ghana (2) Kenya (3) Mali (2) South Africa (3) Uganda (7) Note: Number in parentheses represents the number of deals per country/region DCA Global Reach As of December 1, 2003

17 17 U.S. Agency For International Development US Agency for International Development Ronald Reagan Building 1300 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC Phone: Fax: development_credit/index. html


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