Presentation on theme: "‘Matter’ Matters What is Matter? Matter is anything that has mass and"— Presentation transcript:
1 ‘Matter’ Matters What is Matter? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space – volume
2 How do we measure matter? Mass is a measure of the quantity of matter (stuff) within an object.When you measure the mass on an object, you compare it to a standard unit. The unit for mass is ‘gram’.Is there a difference between mass and weight ?
3 So is it Mass or Weight ?Weight is the force that gravity exerts on an objects’ mass.What is gravity?Gravity is the force that objects exert on each other because of their masses.Mass and weight are closely related, but they are not the same. Weight is dependent on gravity, mass is not.We use a spring scale to measure weight and the unit is called the newton.
4 How do we measure matter? Volume is the amount of space that an object occupies.For a liquid, you use a graduated cylinder to measure volume. The units are ‘mL’. This is also the unit of volume for a gas. For a liquid and a gas, volume is the ‘capacity’ that its’ container can hold.You can determine the volume of regular shaped solid by formula. (V = H x W x L) The units are cm3.For measuring irregular shaped objects you can’t use a formula.So…………what do you do?
5 8th Grade ScienceThis is called the displacement method. (two things cannot occupy the same space at the same time)
6 8th Grade Science The ‘meniscus’ “A characteristic of liquids in glass containers is that they curve at the edges. This curvature is called the meniscus. With water in glass, the meniscus will curve up at the edges and down in the center so we say you read the bottom of the meniscus."
7 mL vs. cm3 And it has a mass of 1 gram. 1 mL of a liquid occupies 1 cm3Therefore, 1 mL = 1 cm3And it has a mass of 1 gram.
8 Properties of MATTER Density We’ve learned so far that matter has these properties:MassVolumeWeightDensity
9 Density Density is how compact the particles are in an object. More tightly packed particles make a denser substance.
11 DensityDensity is a measure of the amount of matter (mass) present in a given volume of a substance.Density is a measure of how far apart or how close particles (atoms) are from one another in a substance; density is the mass per unit of space (volume).Density is normally expressed in units of grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3) for a solid or (g/ml) for a liquid or gas. Therefore……Density is the mass in grams divided by the volume in cm3 or mlD = M ÷ VThe density of a substance remains the same no matter how much or how little of the substance you have.Let’s do some examples and explain this……