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ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 The Science Legacy of IPY – Antarctic and Arctic Research Partnership Opportunities Colin Summerhayes (Scientific Committee.

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Presentation on theme: "ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 The Science Legacy of IPY – Antarctic and Arctic Research Partnership Opportunities Colin Summerhayes (Scientific Committee."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 The Science Legacy of IPY – Antarctic and Arctic Research Partnership Opportunities Colin Summerhayes (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research) and Volker Rachold (International Arctic Science Committee)

2 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Physiogeography Arctic Antarctic Maps by Swedish Polar Reserach Secretariat

3 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Ownership and Governance Arctic Owned by rim nations Governance by rim nations Coordination via Arctic Council 4 Million people Antarctic Owned by no country (some claimant states, but claims in abeyance) Governance by Antarctic Treaty Coordination via Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting Uninhabited

4 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Scientific Key Reasons for Reseach ArcticBipolar Antarctic Southern Ocean carbon sink; Ocean acidification; Stability of West Antarctic ice sheet and impact on sea- level; West Antarctic hotspot; Largest unexploited marine protein resource (krill); Ecosystem responses to climate change; Cradle of deep sea biodiversity; Platform for observing stars Role of poles in global ocean circulation; Role of poles in worlds climate and weather; Plates and gates; Greenhouse to icehouse transitions; Observing rapid change; Unique natural laboratories; Platforms for observing Sun-Earth interactions; Basic understanding of Planet Earth Consequences of shrinking sea ice, melting permafrost, reduced snow cover, changing hydrological cycle; Greenland ice sheet effect on sea-level; Shifting vegetation zones and animal species diversity, ranges and distribution; Socio-economic impacts

5 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Intern. Polar Science Organizations IASCSCAR Arctic Council Antarctic Treaty ICSUUNEP UNESCO WMOWWF FARO COMNAP CliC IPA EPB AOSB IASSA NRF UArctic etc. Arctic Antarctic Bipolar Global CCAMLRACAP

6 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Membership SCAR and IASC IASC SCAR Norway Poland Republic of Korea Russia Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States of America Canada China Denmark Finland France Germany Italy Japan Netherlands Iceland Argentina Australia Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Chile Ecuador India Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Peru Portugal South Africa Spain Ukraine Uruguay

7 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Mission (1) IASC is a non-governmental organisation whose aim is to encourage and facilitate cooperation in all aspects of Arctic research, in all countries engaged in Arctic research and in all areas of the Arctic region. SCAR aims to be the leading independent organisation for facilitating and coordinating Antarctic research, and for identifying issues emerging from greater scientific understanding of the region that should be brought to the attention of policy makers.

8 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Mission (2) SCAR/IASC Common Objectives Scientific coordination Pan-regional approaches Linkage to the global system Education and training (capacity building) Data access Policy advice Outreach

9 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Connections IASC is an international associate of the International Council for Science (ICSU) and observer to the Arctic Council. IASC has connections to numerous international Arctic organisations. SCAR is an interdisciplinary body of the International Council for Science (ICSU) and observer to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, and to the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources. SCAR has numerous international partners. IASC and SCAR are ex-officio members of the IPY Joint Committee.

10 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Outputs IASC Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) 2 nd International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP II) International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC) Observing Systems (SAON) Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) SCAR State of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate System (SASOCS) 1 st and 2 nd SCAR Open Science Conferences 10 th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Science (ISAES)(2007) 10 th International Antarctic Biology Symposia (2009) Observing Systems (IGOS Cryo; SOOS) Databases (Antarctic Master Directory)

11 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Key Meetings IASC Annual Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) Annual Council Meeting Biennial Executive Committee Meeting International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP) SCAR Biennial SCAR Open Science Conference Biennial Delegates Meeting Annual Executive Committee Meeting 4 yearly Symposia in Earth Sciences and Biological Sciences

12 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 SCAR and IASC´s Role in the IPY (1) IPY Assessments: ACIA, AHDR Scientific Cooperation Data Access Ongoing research IPY Planning PlanningSnapshot Long-term Implementation Observing Systems Next Generation Major IPY Conference

13 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 SCAR and IASC´s Role in the IPY (2)

14 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 IPY Legacy – Observing Systems Arctic Sustained Arctic Observing Network (SAON) Arctic Ocean Observing System (iAOOS) Antarctic Pan-Antarctic Observing System (PANTOS) Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) Bipolar IGOS-Cryosphere Observing System

15 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 IPY Legacy – Scientific Cooperation 2008: Mid-Term IPY Conference - How is it going? SCAR/IASC Open Science Meeting, St.Petersburg, July : IPY Early Science Conference - What did we get? 2010: SCAR Open Science Conference, Buenos Aires 2012: IPY Science and Policy Conference - What did we learn? Combined SCAR/IASC plus Arctic Council/ATS?

16 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 SCAR/IASC Open Science Conference St. Petersburg (Russia), 8-11 July st Circular, late July 2007 Polar Research - Arctic and Antarctic Perspectives in the International Polar Year Mid-Term IPY Conference

17 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 Mid-Term IPY Conference Conference Themes Status Change Global Linkages New Frontiers Vantage Point Human Dimension c.50 sessions; 300 papers; 300 posters

18 ASSW Project Day, 16 March 2007 ??? …working together for the IPY and its legacy… Take Home Message


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