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SCAR Standing Scientific Group on Physical Sciences Report to the Delegates John Turner, Maurizio Candidi and Jo Jacka Bremerhaven, Germany, October 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "SCAR Standing Scientific Group on Physical Sciences Report to the Delegates John Turner, Maurizio Candidi and Jo Jacka Bremerhaven, Germany, October 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCAR Standing Scientific Group on Physical Sciences Report to the Delegates John Turner, Maurizio Candidi and Jo Jacka Bremerhaven, Germany, October 2004

2 Outline Overview of major activitiesOverview of major activities Some science highlightsSome science highlights Outcomes of recommendations from ShanghaiOutcomes of recommendations from Shanghai Re-organisation of our groupsRe-organisation of our groups Plans for the next two yearsPlans for the next two years Budget proposalsBudget proposals New recommendationsNew recommendations

3 Major Activities A period of transitionA period of transition Continuation of successful projects from the old Working Groups and new short term projects through 7 Action Groups and 6 Expert GroupsContinuation of successful projects from the old Working Groups and new short term projects through 7 Action Groups and 6 Expert Groups Planning of programmesPlanning of programmes –Antarctica & the Global Climate System (AGCS) –Interhemispheric Conjugacy Effects in Solar- Terrestrial and Aeronomy Research (ICESTAR) Establishing links with other organisationsEstablishing links with other organisations

4 Image: Karim Agabi Astronomy from Antarctica An exciting new field of research being opened up from AntarcticaAn exciting new field of research being opened up from Antarctica Significant results being obtained from South Pole Station, including measurements of cosmic microwave background radiationSignificant results being obtained from South Pole Station, including measurements of cosmic microwave background radiation More than 50 papers have come from these dataMore than 50 papers have come from these data A successful workshop was held in Capri during 2003 on The Scientific Outlook for Astronomy and Astrophysics Research at Concordia StationA successful workshop was held in Capri during 2003 on The Scientific Outlook for Astronomy and Astrophysics Research at Concordia Station

5 The International Antarctic Weather Forecasting Handbook Grew out of a conference in Hobart in 1998Grew out of a conference in Hobart in 1998 WMO provided funds to get a hardcopy version preparedWMO provided funds to get a hardcopy version prepared Being sent to all operators/nation al programmes etcBeing sent to all operators/nation al programmes etc

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7 Surface temperature trends over the last 50 years Two papers have been published in the refereed literature on Antarctic climate change from the READER data

8 Traverses of the International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (ITASE) 240 firn cores collected 20,000 km of snow radar Numerous publications

9 The Antarctic Wind Field A new, improved Antarctic near- surface wind field has been created using a 55 km resolution model driven by global meteorological analyses covering a 15 year period.

10 Winds Around Terra Nova Bay Of value to those concerned with polynyas, sea ice, blowing snow, oceanography of the coastal zone. The results have been published in the International Journal of Climatology

11 The ASPeCT Project ASPeCT project has created one of the most valuable data sets of sea ice information, including ice thickness Data from 81 voyages added over the last 2 years

12 Communications SSG/PS web site created which provided information on all our activities and links to our Action and Expert GroupsSSG/PS web site created which provided information on all our activities and links to our Action and Expert Groups Mailing list createdMailing list created We still have problems with some National Committees not telling us know their representatives are to the SSGWe still have problems with some National Committees not telling us know their representatives are to the SSG

13 Oceanography Action Group on Oceanography created in ShanghaiAction Group on Oceanography created in Shanghai Meeting held on SCAR and Oceanography held in Rome in October 2003Meeting held on SCAR and Oceanography held in Rome in October 2003 SCAR is now co-sponsoring the SCAR-CLIVAR- CliC Southern Ocean PanelSCAR is now co-sponsoring the SCAR-CLIVAR- CliC Southern Ocean Panel Established a new SCAR/SCOR Coordinating Group on Interdisciplinary Southern Ocean Science (ISOS)Established a new SCAR/SCOR Coordinating Group on Interdisciplinary Southern Ocean Science (ISOS) SCAR is also co-sponsoring the International Programme for Antarctic BuoysSCAR is also co-sponsoring the International Programme for Antarctic Buoys SCAR Expert Group on OceanographySCAR Expert Group on Oceanography

14 Recommendations from Shanghai XXVVII-6 King George Island Science. Problem still with us. Recommend a new Action Group, plus a 1 day workshop in HobartXXVVII-6 King George Island Science. Problem still with us. Recommend a new Action Group, plus a 1 day workshop in Hobart XXVVII-12 Lack of meteorological data from the plateau – Dome C ascents will start at end of 2004-05 seasonXXVVII-12 Lack of meteorological data from the plateau – Dome C ascents will start at end of 2004-05 season XXVVII-16 Importance of magnetometer data – was important in obtaining funding from national agencies. Most of data available from national programmesXXVVII-16 Importance of magnetometer data – was important in obtaining funding from national agencies. Most of data available from national programmes

15 SSG/PS Groups If approved, AGCS would incorporate READER, ATAC, ITASE, ASPECTIf approved, AGCS would incorporate READER, ATAC, ITASE, ASPECT If approved, ICESTAR would incorporate MADREP, APTIC, STEPSIf approved, ICESTAR would incorporate MADREP, APTIC, STEPS Continue as Action group – PASTA, MOSAK, AAAContinue as Action group – PASTA, MOSAK, AAA Continue as Expert group – Operational Meteorology, ISMASSContinue as Expert group – Operational Meteorology, ISMASS

16 New Groups Expert group on Oceanography – will work with the proposed AGCS programme and external bodiesExpert group on Oceanography – will work with the proposed AGCS programme and external bodies Cross-SSG Action Group on King George Island science. Mostly working by e-mail, but plan a one day workshop in HobartCross-SSG Action Group on King George Island science. Mostly working by e-mail, but plan a one day workshop in Hobart New Expert Group on Ice Drilling Technology – to support the international drilling communityNew Expert Group on Ice Drilling Technology – to support the international drilling community

17 Other New Recommendations SCAR XXVIII – 4 Concerning site testing for astronomical observationsSCAR XXVIII – 4 Concerning site testing for astronomical observations SCAR XXVIII – 5 Concerning drifting buoysSCAR XXVIII – 5 Concerning drifting buoys SCAR XXVIII-6 Concerning continued support of existing geospace observatoriesSCAR XXVIII-6 Concerning continued support of existing geospace observatories SCAR XXVIII - 7 On the transmission of space weather dataSCAR XXVIII - 7 On the transmission of space weather data SCAR XXVIII - 8 Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere / Incoherent Scatter (MST/IS) RadarSCAR XXVIII - 8 Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere / Incoherent Scatter (MST/IS) Radar XXVIII - 9 On upper air meteorological data from the Antarctic PeninsulaXXVIII - 9 On upper air meteorological data from the Antarctic Peninsula XXVIII-10 Concerning drilling above Lake VostokXXVIII-10 Concerning drilling above Lake Vostok

18 Officers and the Budget No changes in the officers of the SSGNo changes in the officers of the SSG Jon Shanklin (UK) elected Chair of Operational Meteorology Expert GroupJon Shanklin (UK) elected Chair of Operational Meteorology Expert Group Budget – a lot depends on the funding of the programmes. But we have tended to allocate $1-2K per activity for funding of workshops and data gathering/coordination activitiesBudget – a lot depends on the funding of the programmes. But we have tended to allocate $1-2K per activity for funding of workshops and data gathering/coordination activities

19 Action Timetable for Next Two Years Again, very dependent on the programmesAgain, very dependent on the programmes Annual meetings of Programme Steering Committees, but hold planning meetings in association with Science ConferenceAnnual meetings of Programme Steering Committees, but hold planning meetings in association with Science Conference More co-sponsorship of conferences with other organisations, e.g. IAMAS, CliC, SCORMore co-sponsorship of conferences with other organisations, e.g. IAMAS, CliC, SCOR Outreach – workshop on the Antarctic wind field in MalaysiaOutreach – workshop on the Antarctic wind field in Malaysia

20 In Summary Have some good scientific outputs despite the period of change were inHave some good scientific outputs despite the period of change were in Have promoted SCAR and engaged in outreach through collaborations and co- sponsorship with other organisationsHave promoted SCAR and engaged in outreach through collaborations and co- sponsorship with other organisations Have moved oceanography forwardHave moved oceanography forward Prepared two programme proposalsPrepared two programme proposals

21 Thank You


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