Presentation on theme: "The epidemic intelligence meeting Katrine Borgen Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology Norwegian Institute of Public Health EpiTrain V, Vilnius."— Presentation transcript:
The epidemic intelligence meeting Katrine Borgen Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology Norwegian Institute of Public Health EpiTrain V, Vilnius October 2007
Epidemic intelligence Conseptual framework Systematic –collection –verification –communication of information on potential health threats
Objective Detect/identify Verify Rapidly assess …information on potential (inter)national health threats, which may affect populations in your country or your countrys nationals worldwide Recommend public health measures!
Indicator-based surveillance National & International ReportData Capture Filter Verify Assess Investigate Signal Event-based surveillance Control measures Public health alert Collect Analyse Interpret Disseminate Who & how?
How do we practically do this?
Organising epidemic intelligence Regular meetings Quality control systems Outbreak responsible unit Data base for possible threats Bulletin for reporting threats
The epidemic intelligence meeting
Structure Participants Frequency and duration Information sources Reporting Target group Evaluation
Frequency Weekly Monthly When needed Where should the meeting be held?
Information sources National Surveillance systems Early warning system Laboratories Clinicians Participants Networks Media International WHO – IHR ECDC EWRS NGOs Disease networks Eurosurveillance ProMED Literature
How, what and when to report? Written summary All alerts or only assessed alerts? Timely distribution by the same day Confidentiality?
Who receives the report? Participants National authorities Public health professionals –National, regional, local level Other partners? –Depending on the alerts –International counterparts
Evaluation Does the meeting meet its objective? Are alerts assessed appropriately and timely? Changes in structure according to needs?
Dutch example Since 1999 at National Public Health Inst. Weekly early warning committee meetings –Medical microbiologists –Infectious disease epidemiologists –Food authorities national level –National coordination centre infectious disease Participants report possible alerts Assess alerts – recommend action Report
The IHR surveillance system National IHR Focal Point WHO Local level Mass media, GPHIN, MediSYS, Google, NGOs, ProMED etc + other countries assess national events do surveillance notify, inform, consult in confidence verify do surveillance
IHR Obligations to build capacities Article 5+13 and Annex 1A Epidemic intelligence Detect events Report events Assess events Notify events to WHO Respond to events
Communications within IHR National IHR Focal Point WHO EURO IHR Focal Point Surveillance responsible Points of entry Public health services Clinics and hospitals The Epidemic intelligence meeting is one way to structure this communication