Presentation on theme: "A learning theory for today’s learner"— Presentation transcript:
1A learning theory for today’s learner ConnectivismA learning theory for today’s learner
2General info Session is being recorded Type questions into chat box (just above participants names)Presentation will last 30 minutesDiscussion will be held afterUsing the microphone
3Metaphors of learning What is learning like? Filling an empty container?Creating a jigsaw puzzle?An ecology?Creating a network of interconnected information points?
4How does learning happen? Is knowledge external and knowable? Of is it internal and subjective?Is knowledge gained through experiences and emotions? Or is it acquired through cognition?Is knowledge constructed in the mind of the learner?Does knowledge reside is social institutions?Epistemology (what is true and how do we come to know something as true) is the base.
5What’s going on? Multiple careers ½ life of knowledge (time span from knowledge gained to obsolescence)Informal learningLearning as a life-processAlterations in our thinking – our tools shape our thinking (http://www.educause.edu/content.asp?page_id=5989&bhcp=1)
6What’s happening to learners? Change: scarcity to abundance. Our tools are geared to scarcityRising education – more educated workforceInterplay of learner and organization (due to increased sociability of each)Global, culturalKnow-where is more important than know-howWhen competence and knowledge rest on a continuum, being relevant happens as soon as one is plugged into a network (degrees of competence, not stages)
7Failure of learning and education "America's high schools are obsolete. By obsolete, I don't just mean that they're broken, flawed or underfunded, though a case could be made for every one of those points. By obsolete, I mean our high schools - even when they're working as designed - cannot teach all our students what they need to know today." Bill Gates
8What are existing learning theories missing? Rapidly evolving knowledgeToday’s knowledge and learning will be obsolete tomorrow. Knowing is not as important as being able to continue to learnCore foundations shifting (society, media, and knowledge itselfInterplay of organization and individualTheories state: learning occurs inside a person, fail to account for “external” learningFail to account for organizational learningLearning perceived as an event – not as the actual process of becoming competent through completing task require of learning (i.e. the task is the learning tool).
9Behavriourism Black box – don’t care what goes on inside Desired outcomes are created through response/stimuli
10CognitivismComputer model: inputs, managed in short term memory, encoded for long term retrieval
11ConstructivismLearners create knowledge in process of understanding experiences.Learners are not empty vessels, but active “meaning-makers”
12Backdrop of connectivism ChaosSelf-organizationSocial networksNetworks, small worlds, weak ties, decentralizedLearning is a process that occurs within the nebulous environments of shifting core elements (many beyond learner control).The capacity to know more is more important than what is now knownLearner controlled and driven
13What is connectivism?A learning theory for today’s learner and organizationWhat does that mean?Information changes quicklyConnections to stay current is what’s really importantLearning is actuated knowledge
14What is connectivism?Learning can reside in non-human appliances (i.e. the network itself)The pipe is more important than what’s in the pipeLearners have to develop a new series of meta-skills in evaluating usefulness of information and means of managing information. Pattern recognition and connection creation also importantInterplay of organization and learner
15What is connectivism?Learning is process of plugging into new knowledge sourcesEmotions, cognition play role in actuationFunctioning often requires “acting blindly” as information is only revealed as action is takenCore assumptions shift. Continual reflection and evaluation needed to ensure currency of decisions and actions
16Theory implementation Which theory should be used when?Criteria:How rapidly does information change?How is information linked to the organization?Soft skills? Technical?Nature of learning – formal? Informal? Communities?Reason for learning: skill development, belief formation, personal competence
17Cognition and emotions Fractured logicDuality of logic and emotionMotivation to use knowledge
18Connectivism and learning organizations Learner to organization to learnerOrganization possesses a certain zeitgeistLearning, change initiatives, knowledge management, social networks all contribute to success of learner and organization
19What’s next? http://www.connectivism.ca Includes: Wiki Blog Discussion forum