Presentation on theme: "Learning About Hindu Beliefs"— Presentation transcript:
1 Learning About Hindu Beliefs Chapter 15Learning About Hindu BeliefsText: pages 158 – 167ISN: pages
2 Objectives:To discover the origins of Hinduism in ancient traditions and how these beliefs affected life in ancient India and today.
3 I can:• Explain the relationship among Vedic religion, Brahmanism, and Hinduism• Outline the social structure of the caste system• Describe important beliefs in Hinduism and discuss their influence on daily life• Assess the impact of ancient beliefs and practices on life in modern India
7 What would your dharma be? Law, obligation, dutyTo follow one’s dharma:to perform one’s duties and so to live as one shouldWhat would your dharma be?
8 Dharma usually means “right conduct or behavior” Dharma usually means “right conduct or behavior”. But remember that what is right conduct for a king may well be quite different from what is right conduct for a farmer.
9 Hinduism is a religion that developed over time from ancient Indian traditions. Its followers have many beliefs, deities, and practices that differ from place to place.There was no founder
10 Write a “tweet” that talks about something you learned today in class about Hinduism.
11 Sacred text:Vedas & UpanishadsRamayana (famous story)Tells about life in ancient IndiaOffers examples in dharmaCentral Figure:RamaLives by the rules of dharmaYoung boy = loyal sonAdult= loving husband, responsible ruler
12 Key Hindu Beliefs:BrahmanDeitiesKarmaSamsaraDharma
13 15.2Aryans brought the first parts/elements of Hinduism to IndiaAll Hindus follow the basic beliefs of Hinduism that are laid out in the Vedas.
14 15.2 the Origins of Hinduism (Key Terms) Vedas – Early Hindu religion which included sacred texts, hymns, and prayersSanskrit – An ancient language of India… The Vedas were written in Sanskrit.Brahman – A class of priests or religious scholars that interpret the Vedas.Brahmanism – Vedas develop into Brahmanism after the Brahman priest bring a standard way of worshipping the Vedas.
15 The way society was organized A way of life 15.3 The Caste SystemThe way society was organizedA way of lifeFour main social classes are known as varna
23 As long as people are a part of samsara, = people will know pain, suffering and death Reincarnation: when a person’s soul is reborn into a new body after deathSamsara ends when the soul escapes from the cycle of rebirth.then your soul is reunited with Brahma, the supreme force of the universe
24 Pilgrimages: a journey to a holy place People travel to sacred places like the Ganges RiverBelieve the difficulty of the journey would cleanse them of their sins
25 Brahma (the Creator),Vishnu (the Preserver),Shiva (the Destroyer)Together known as the Trimurti (3 forms)
26 Brahma - the CreatorVishnu - the PreserverShiva - the DestroyerThree aspects/powers of the same divine being (Avatars)
30 Swastika http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/symbols/swastika.htm The swastika is an ancient symbol that has been found worldwide, but it is especially common in India. Its name comes the Sanskrit word svasti (sv = well; asti = is), meaning good fortune, luck and well-being.The swastika is most commonly used as a charm to bring good fortune (in which case the arms are bent clockwise), but it has a variety of religious meanings as well.
31 What connections can you make from what we have studied previously? Hinduism