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Learning About Hindu Beliefs

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1 Learning About Hindu Beliefs
Chapter 15 Learning About Hindu Beliefs Text: pages 158 – 167 ISN: pages

2 Objectives: To discover the origins of Hinduism in ancient traditions and how these beliefs affected life in ancient India and today.

3 I can: • Explain the relationship among Vedic religion, Brahmanism, and Hinduism • Outline the social structure of the caste system • Describe important beliefs in Hinduism and discuss their influence on daily life • Assess the impact of ancient beliefs and practices on life in modern India


5 Vocabulary: Hinduism Vedas Sanskrit Brahmanism caste dharma Karma
reincarnation pilgrimage

6 Academic Vocabulary affect specific interpret divine cycle

7 What would your dharma be?
Law, obligation, duty To follow one’s dharma: to perform one’s duties and so to live as one should What would your dharma be?

8 Dharma usually means “right conduct or behavior”
Dharma usually means “right conduct or behavior”. But remember that what is right conduct for a king may well be quite different from what is right conduct for a farmer.

9 Hinduism is a religion that developed over time from ancient Indian traditions.
Its followers have many beliefs, deities, and practices that differ from place to place. There was no founder

10 Write a “tweet” that talks about something you learned today in class about Hinduism.

11 Sacred text: Vedas & Upanishads Ramayana (famous story) Tells about life in ancient India Offers examples in dharma Central Figure: Rama Lives by the rules of dharma Young boy = loyal son Adult= loving husband, responsible ruler

12 Key Hindu Beliefs: Brahman Deities Karma Samsara Dharma

13 15.2 Aryans brought the first parts/elements of Hinduism to India All Hindus follow the basic beliefs of Hinduism that are laid out in the Vedas.

14 15.2 the Origins of Hinduism (Key Terms)
Vedas – Early Hindu religion which included sacred texts, hymns, and prayers Sanskrit – An ancient language of India… The Vedas were written in Sanskrit. Brahman – A class of priests or religious scholars that interpret the Vedas. Brahmanism – Vedas develop into Brahmanism after the Brahman priest bring a standard way of worshipping the Vedas.

15 The way society was organized A way of life
15.3 The Caste System The way society was organized A way of life Four main social classes are known as varna

16 (servants, farmers, laborers)
Shudras (servants, farmers, laborers) Brahmins (priests) Kshatriyas (Rulers, warriors) Vaishyas (Herders, merchants) Untouchables (out of caste/outcast)


18 Born into a certain caste
Could never be changed Could only marry in their own caste

19 Turn & Talk Can you identify each caste correctly?
What is each caste’s dharma? What does the middle picture represent?

20 Circle = cycle of life, death, rebirth NOT resurrection
Beliefs about Brahman Atman = soul Circle = cycle of life, death, rebirth NOT resurrection Work of Brahman

21 Samsara: The cycle of birth, death and rebirth Law of Karma: the good and evil done in a person’s past life determines what happens to one’s soul in the next life Determines a person’s caste


23 As long as people are a part of samsara, = people will know pain, suffering and death
Reincarnation: when a person’s soul is reborn into a new body after death Samsara ends when the soul escapes from the cycle of rebirth. then your soul is reunited with Brahma, the supreme force of the universe

24 Pilgrimages: a journey to a holy place
People travel to sacred places like the Ganges River Believe the difficulty of the journey would cleanse them of their sins

25 Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver), Shiva (the Destroyer) Together known as the Trimurti (3 forms)

26 Brahma - the Creator Vishnu - the Preserver Shiva - the Destroyer Three aspects/powers of the same divine being (Avatars)

27 http://www. iskcondesiretree

28 Shiva (destroyer)

29 Vishnu preserver

30 Swastika
The swastika is an ancient symbol that has been found worldwide, but it is especially common in India. Its name comes the Sanskrit word svasti (sv = well; asti = is), meaning good fortune, luck and well-being. The swastika is most commonly used as a charm to bring good fortune (in which case the arms are bent clockwise), but it has a variety of religious meanings as well.

31 What connections can you make from what we have studied previously?

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