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The Bill of Rights

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2 The Bill of Rights


4 2 Authorities each having a complete government system, exist in the same territory. Power is equally distributed between both.

5 Opposed ratification of the Constitution. Anti- federalist believe that a central government is a colossus determined to swallow defenseless states.

6 Bill of Rights Individual Freedoms Protections against government abuse and power Rights of individuals accused of crimes

7 Constitution is a framework Bill of Rights?? Jefferson vs. Hamilton

8 9 th Amendment “The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people”"

9 “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”


11 “All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of laws.”

12 What does all this mean?????

13 No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

14 Warren: Father of the Due Process Revolution Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-1969): During Warren’s tenure, SC incorporated most of the Bill of Right’s protections to the States.

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