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IEEE 802.11-00/181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 1 – IEEE P802.11e A quality transport for IEEE 1394? Peter Johansson.

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Presentation on theme: "IEEE 802.11-00/181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 1 – IEEE P802.11e A quality transport for IEEE 1394? Peter Johansson."— Presentation transcript:

1 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 1 – IEEE P802.11e A quality transport for IEEE 1394? Peter Johansson Congruent Software, Inc. Chair, IEEE P1394.1

2 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 2 – Why should IEEE e care? IEEE 1394 is the transport chosen for consumer electronics equipment –More rapid deployment in these entertainment applications than in computer productivity applications Wide-spread deployment of home networks likely for entertainment, not productivity Initial home networks likely to rely on wireless technology

3 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 3 – Wireless home network topology Wireless domain is home network backbone –Eliminate (or defer) retrofit costs to existing houses Device clusters (hard-wired) within rooms Wireless bandwidth is a severe constraint –Multiple domains may ease the problem KitchenBedroom Wireless Living RoomBedroom Office Wireless

4 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 4 – Alternate home network topology Wireless domain is a leaf connected to the wired home network backbone Mobility support for devices carried from room to room Wireless Living Room Bedroom Office Wiring Closet KitchenBedroom

5 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 5 – What needs to be done? Develop methods to mimic IEEE 1394 behaviors within an services set –Wireless endpoint devices (DTV, DVCR, etc. ) Develop methods to connect an services set to IEEE 1394 –Wireless endpoint devices interoperate with wired endpoint devices –Wired endpoint devices interoperate with each other via an intermediate services set

6 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 6 – Scope of work 1 Investigate the suitability of IEEE Design a protocol adaptation layer (PAL) specific to IEEE Specify bridges to interconnect the wired and wireless domains –Essentially complete in draft standard IEEE P Profile the details of P specifically applicable to bridges for IEEE

7 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 7 – What is a PAL? A glue layer on top of a lower level IEEE Application 1394 PAL Hides low-level details of underlying layer Mimics high-level behavior of target protocol For example, IP1394 is a PAL that permits Internet protocol to be carried by IEEE 1394

8 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 8 – What use is a PAL? Leverages applications already developed Applications developed for IEEE 1394 expect: –Read, write and lock transactions –Infrastructure CSRs and configuration ROM – Isochronous services IEEE Application 1394 PAL IEEE 1394 Application

9 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 9 – Wireless products enabled Firmware developed for (wired) IEEE 1394 products can migrate to wireless domain Minimize reengineering between wired and wireless domains IEEE DVCR 1394 PAL IEEE DTV 1394 PAL

10 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 10 – 1394 PAL ground rules Shall support IEEE 1394 TRAN layer functions –Read, write and lock Shall support isochrony and streaming data Shall coexist with other users of the underlying IEEE transport Should behave like IEEE 1394 Should conceal differences between IEEE 1394 and IEEE physical and link layers

11 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 11 – Connect wireless to wired? 1394 PAL for IEEE permits wireless devices to talk to each other Not interesting unless wireless devices can also talk to (wired) IEEE 1394 devices IEEE 1394 IEEE ?

12 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 12 – Wired to wireless via bridges Bridge isolates physical and link layer differences in each domain from the other Bridge preserves transaction layer similarities –Transaction routes configured autonomously –Explicit isochronous stream setup / tear down IEEE 1394 IEEE

13 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 13 – Wired across wireless via bridges Wireless domain serves as backbone to connect wired clusters in different rooms Reduces installation costs of home network Bandwidth limitations of wireless may limit the longevity of this strategy IEEE IEEE 1394

14 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 14 – portal 0portal 1 internal fabric cycle clock Bridge model Common cycle clock (synchronized to one portal) Internal fabric implementation-dependent Stores and forwards IEEE 1394 primitives –Read, write and lock requests and responses –Isochronous stream data –Neither a router nor aware of higher-level protocols

15 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 15 – 1394 Trade Association project scope Develop a document that specifies methods to a) mimic IEEE 1394 infrastructure (transactions, isochrony, stream data, configuration ROM and CSR architecture) using the facilities of IEEE and b) implement IEEE P bridge behaviors in the same domain. The methods are to be compatible with the simultaneous use of IEEE by other protocols, e.g., Internet protocol.

16 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 16 – Whats needed from IEEE ? Isochronous data requires: –Scheduled availability of the wireless medium –High probability that data payload is successfully delivered In a nutshell: reliable quality of service All other mappings of IEEE 1394 behavior to the MAC are reasonably straightforward

17 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 17 – What does isochronous really mean? isochronous \ adj [Gk isokronos] (1706) : uniform in time; having equal duration; recurring at regular intervals isochronous \ adj [Gk isokronos] (1706) Send it soonand get it right the first time! Isochronous data is generally useless if it is late –Either the source or sink has no time to wait Efficient bandwidth utilization may preclude retries

18 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 18 – Why does isochronous delivery matter? Worst-case delivery delay for any packet is bounded and easily calculable Bounded latency is small enough to make interesting real-time applications economical –Digital audio: 420 s at 1.5 Mbps (81 bytes) –SD video: 383 s at 28 Mbps (1,340 bytes) Larger buffers necessary in wireless domain –Additional delay should be less than 20 ms

19 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 19 – Isochronous cycles Cycle start packet adjusts for delay Subaction gap ends cycle cycle n - 1 cycle n + 1 cycle n cycle start ch … async Q async P async R isochronous asynchronous ch async Q cycle synch nominal 125 µs cycle offset (delay)

20 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 20 – Isochronous streams Owner allocates bandwidth and channel number –Cooperative allocation insures low latency Cycle master broadcasts cycle start packet every 125 s, on average Single talker per channel broadcasts zero or one isochronous data packets per cycle Multiple listeners receive isochronous data packets by channel number

21 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 21 – Additional desiderata Resource allocation should be designed into the MAC protocols –Avoid use of RSVP as the only method to control traffic specifications Dissociate coordination functions from access point functions Design contention algorithms to select a single coordination point from multiple stations capable of performing this function

22 IEEE /181 Submission March 2001 Peter Johansson / Congruent Software, Inc.– 22 – Contact information Peter Johansson Congruent Software, Inc. 98 Colorado Avenue Berkeley, CA (510) (510) FAX


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