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7-Step Guide to Pass the CISSP Exam Phoenix IEEE Computer Society February 11, 2003 Debbie Christofferson, CISSP, CISM Sapphire-Security Services

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Presentation on theme: "7-Step Guide to Pass the CISSP Exam Phoenix IEEE Computer Society February 11, 2003 Debbie Christofferson, CISSP, CISM Sapphire-Security Services"— Presentation transcript:

1 7-Step Guide to Pass the CISSP Exam Phoenix IEEE Computer Society February 11, 2003 Debbie Christofferson, CISSP, CISM Sapphire-Security Services

2 ©2004 Page 31 percent of the certificants in a 2002 study received a job promotion within the first year after receiving their primary technical certification. -

3 ©2004 Page Key Points Defining the value of a CISSP certification Meeting the criteria to become a CISSP Learning exactly what the CISSP exam includes Saving time and stress when preparing to pass the exam Finding out what works and what doesnt Applying methods that work best for you Finding out what to expect after passing the exam

4 ©2004 Page Certified Information Systems Security Professional Recognized industry credential for security professionals International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, or ISC(2) administers it

5 ©2004 Page Certification Value Professions often require it Sets national standards in proficiency Provides career recognition Creates a perception of worth and quality for the profession Confirms a working knowledge of information security

6 ©2004 Page Certification Value For the individual –Highlights value to a potential employer, recognizes career achievements and provides credentials based on requirements and evaluations. –Enhances career –Opens doors To the employer –Provides effective, meaningful and objective measure to determine qualifications of job candidates. –Guarantees specific skills & knowledge of the field –Raises employee morale for companies paying for certification

7 ©2004 Page Beachfront Quizzer CISSP Benefits Wide-spread acceptance of certification credentials. Simplified recruiting and hiring - assures a minimum knowledge level in applicants, higher quality candidates, & minimizes applicant screening. Validated technical knowledge without being tied to a particular vendor's products. Gives substantial advantage in the fast- changing technology marketplace. Competitive advantage in highly competitive technology markets, for certificate holder and hiring organization.

8 ©2004 Page Security Demand Specialized certifications could cinch IT applicant job deal Pay raises and bonuses based on certifications dropped with economy Demand for some coveted certifications has been rising, and the value of those certifications is predicted to increase. Specialty Certifications Carry Clout in 2003, By Ellen O'Brien, News Editor, 20 Dec 2002,

9 ©2004 Page Security Demand "People are scanning resumes for certifications and tossing aside ones that don't have any. "Employers have to start somewhere." David Foote, president of Foote Partners, a New Canaan, Conn., research firm that specializes in tracking certification. Security topped the list of certifications that increased in value in 2002, according to several surveys. By most accounts, the prestigious Certified Information Security Systems Professional (CISSP) should retain its celebrity status in the coming year. Specialty certifications carry clout in 2003 Ellen O'Brien, News Editor, 20 Dec 2002,

10 ©2004 Page The average certificant earns $55,577 annually. …37 percent of respondents received a promotion within a year of attaining their primary certification, and 53 percent received an average 19.3 percent salary increase in that same first year. Reported in December 2001 CertMag

11 ©2004 Page Top Certification Salaries HP/Compaq Master ASE $81,131 (ISC)2 CISSP $80,195 Novell Master CNE $77,568 Oracle DBA $75,941 HP/Compaq Accredited Professional $72,285 HP/Compaq API $71,961 Lotus CLP $69,835 Citrix CCEA $68,578 Novell CNE $68,095 HP/Compaq APS $67,721 /dec02/feature_gabelhous.cfm Average certification provides 3.2-to-1 ROI. For every dollar invested in a certification, the certificant realizes a $3.20 return in the form of a pay raise. Up from 2001 study (2.3-to-1 in 2001). Vendors offering low- cost certifications provide best ROIs. Top quartile with regard to vendors certification ROI also includes (ISC)2, Lotus, Citrix and Cisco.

12 ©2004 Page CISSP Price/Value High Price/value of a certification is one of the most important factors candidates consider when choosing a program IBMs certifications rated as providing best price/value Overall and against all attributes of vendors certification programs, (ISC)2 was rated the highest *The more years a certificant has been in IT, the more money he or she makes Source: Certification Magazine, December 2002, Certification, Salaries & the IT Market By Gary Gabelhouse

13 ©2004 Page CISSP Application Criteria 3-4 years direct IS experience in these or other related fields –Practitioner –Auditor –Consultant –Vendor –Investigator –Instructor ISC)2) Code of Ethics College degree or equivalent life experience Pass the CISSP exam Renewed in 3-year increments –Annual maintenance fee –Continuous education

14 ©2004 Page CISSP Exam Structure 250 Multiple choice questions 6 hours to complete Ten domainsyou must pass them all Exam questions based on ISC(2) Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) –The foundation for an experienced security professional

15 ©2004 Page 10 Test Domains 1. Access Control 2. Applications & Systems Development 3. Business Continuity Planning 4. Cryptography 5. Law, Investigation & Ethics 6. Operations Security 7. Physical Security 8. Security Architecture 9. Security Management Practices 10. Telecommunications, Network & Internet Security

16 ©2004 Page Exam Preparation Strategies That Work Practice tests Self-study Study groups Review seminar or course

17 ©2004 Page Study Methods Certification Magazine, Tim Sosbe Certification Training: Real Results, Real Value

18 ©2004 Page CISSP Review Seminar (ISC)² CISSP CBK Register online at –https://www.isc2.org Investment discounted for early registration and professional security group members ($2245-$2695) Offered at some industry conferences in condensed format and reduced cost Government rates available

19 ©2004 Page What Doesnt Work Reading a big stack of books Studying in groups Taking the test cold turkey

20 ©2004 Page After the Exam Receive written test results Complete and submit CISSP application –CISSP application endorsement by qualified third party before credential is awarded –Candidates employer –Any licensed, certified or commissioned professional may endorse a CISSP candidate Annual maintenance fee $85

21 ©2004 Page After Passing the Exam Receive certificate and ID with CISSP designation & # Optional –CISSP directory listing –Speakers Bureau participation –Serve on committees –Participate in annual ISC(2) elections

22 ©2004 Page Re-Certification Every 3 Years Earn 120 hours continuing professional education (CPE) credit over 3 year period – A-Credit hours. 80 must be earned in activities directly related to profession –40 B-Credit hours. Up to 40 CPEs may be earned in other educational activities that enhance the CISSPs overall professional skills, knowledge, and competency. –Some carry-over permitted if you earn more than 120 hours in a 3-year period OR retake and pass the exam every three years Random audits

23 ©2004 Page Earning Certification Credit –Educate others on security –Write on security –Author CISSP exam questions –Participate in security forums –Serve on professional security group boards and committees –Attend security training

24 ©2004 Page SSCP System Security Certified Practitioner International standard for practitioners of information security and understanding of a Common Body of Knowledge (CBK). Sponsored and administered by ISC(2) Covers seven domains Focuses on practices, roles and responsibilities as defined by experts from major IS industries. Includes 125 multiple-choice questions, on exam with up to 3 hours given for completion

25 ©2004 Page SSCP Seven domains: 1.Access Controls 2.Administration 3.Audit and Monitoring 4.Risk, Response and Recovery 5.Cryptography 6.Data Communications 7.Malicious Code/Malware

26 ©2004 Page Other Security Certifications ISACA CISM - Certified Information Security Manager ITAA ISA – Information Security Awareness CWSP – Certified Wireless Security Professional (secure your wireless LAN) –

27 ©2004 Page ISACA CISA - Certified Information System Auditor ISACA lists 29,000 worldwide Geared to information assurance and business processes. Beginning of competence in auditing and IT auditing Auditing is biggest component Common in IT auditing with audit firms, banking, and finance

28 ©2004 Page SANS Security Institute Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) –GIAC Certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA) –GIAC Certified Firewall Analyst (GCFW) –GIAC Security Essentials Certification (GSEC) Additional certifications will follow shortly, with the GIAC Certified UNIX Security Administrator (GCUX) next on the list for release

29 ©2004 Page CISCO Security Certifications CCSP - Cisco® Certified Security Professional –For network professionals who design and implement secure CISCO networks. MCNS - Managing Cisco Network Security CSPFA - Cisco Secure PIX Firewall Advanced CSIDS - Secure Intrusion Detection System CSVPN - Cisco Secure VPN CSI - Cisco SAFE Implementation

30 ©2004 Page NSA ISSEP Certification ISC2 selected by the NSA to develop new ISSEP (Information Systems Security Engineering Professional) certification Likely to become a best practice for people who want to do highly sophisticated information security work within the national security sector, and throughout government and private sector. (ISC)2 plans to offer the new certification to all federal agencies and private-sector companies that do business with the federal government

31 ©2004 Page "The U.S. government has a unique set of standards for information security," said Patricia Moreno, chief of staff for NSA's Information Assurance Directorate. "We believe (ISC)2's longtime international expertise in professional certification best suits our training needs within NSA."

32 ©2004 Page ISSEP Certification Domains Certification and accreditation Government policy and regulation Systems security engineering process Protection needs determination

33 ©2004 Page Security Certifications CISA (ISACA) CISSP® (ISC)² GIAC (SANS) CISM (ISACA) ISEB (ISMC) ISSAP (ISC)² ISSEP (ISC)² ISSMP (ISC)² ITPC (UK Gov't) SSCP® (ISC)² Security + (CompTIA) TICSA (TruSecure) Vendor Specific Certification: i.e. MCSE –Listed by Reed Surveys Feb/04

34 ©2004 Page ITAA Survey on Certifications & Hiring Seventy-three percent said Certified Information Security Systems Professional (CISSP) certifications carry the most weight. September 15, 2003 Press Release at

35 ©2004 Page Summary Beef up your resume and career Complete practice tests by domain Study only the domains below 85% Complete a review course for best rate of passing Allocate study time based on experience and practice test results

36 ©2004 Page Appendix

37 ©2004 Page Terms & Definitions CBK – Common Body of Knowledge CISA - Certified Information Systems Auditor CISM – Certified Information Security Manager CISSP - Certified Information Security System Professional SANS Institute - SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security SSCP – System Security Certified Practitioner

38 ©2004 Page Resources - CISSP –Certifying body for CISSP, SSCP, and NSAs ISSEP –Test & review seminar schedule, resources, jobs CISSP Review Course schedule – –Books, seminar & exam schedules, resources, jobs

39 ©2004 Page Computer Security Institute 30 th Annual Security Conference Sponsored by (ISC)2 Review Seminar –November 5-6, 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM CISSP Exam: –Friday, November 7, 8:00 AM to 3:00 PM CISSP Networking Reception –Tuesday, November 4, 6:30 - 7:30 PM

40 ©2004 Page Official (ISC)2 Guide to the CISSP Exam Created by the exam's certifying organization (ISC)2. Based on the CISSP course Reviewed by past ISSA President and ISSA/(ISC)2 and Hal Tipton Retail Price: $69.95 –Discounted at to $60 Rating at

41 ©2004 Page CISSP Exam Guide Books The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security –by Ronald L. Krutz, Russell Dean Vines and Edward M. Stroz CISSP Exam Cram –by Mandy Andress CISSP All-in-One Exam Guide –by Shon Harris, for practice exams Security Engineering: A Guide to Building Dependable Distributed Systems –by Ross J. Anderson. Covers most exam topics

42 ©2004 Page CISSP Exam Guide Books CISSP All-in-One Exam Guide –by Shon Harris. DVD training class also available. The Total CISSP Exam Prep Book: Practice Questions, Answers, and Test Taking Tips and Techniques –by Thomas Peltier, Patrick D. Howard CISSP for Dummies –by Lawrence C. Miller Mike Meyers CISSP Certification Passport –by Shon Harris

43 ©2004 Page CISSP Practice Tests –Exam Preparation Software –FlashCard for the CISSP exam

44 ©2004 Page Certification Resources Books – –Information Security Management Handbook, 4th Edition, Vol I and IIInformation Security Management Handbook, 4th Edition, Vol I and II –by Harold F. Tipton & Micki Krause SANS Institute ISACA –CISA & CISM Certification exam practice – – –http://www.certificationzone.com

45 ©2004 Page Bio Debbie Christofferson, CISSP, CISM Practiced leading edge Fortune 500 security management and consulting for 14 years, with 20 overall years in the technology field. Consultant, speaker, and published author

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