Presentation on theme: "Early Industry and Inventions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Industry and Inventions Chapter 11.1 (cont.)Early Industry and InventionsImage:
2 New manufacturing methods spread Manufacturing methods/concepts used in textiles spread to other industries.Eli Whitney signs a government project.- Claims he can make 10,000 army muskets in 2 years.- Fails, but does successfully demonstrate the concept of interchangeable parts.Interchangeable parts revolutionized industry:Made replacing parts easierMade production fasterReduced production costsAllowed for a less-skilled labor forceImpact: Migration of people from farms to cities.Work done in factories instead of the homes.
3 New Inventions Improved transportation, communication, and production
4 Steamboat Inventor: Robert Fulton Name: The Clermont Could move against the current or strong wind.Launched on the Hudson. Steam engine turned paddle wheels. (1807)Record trip – 300 mile round trip in 62 hoursstudentreader.com
5 1st American Steam-powered locomotive Inventor: Peter CooperName: Tom ThumbLaunched in 1830 – race against a horse pulled train. (By the way… the horse won)
6 Telegraph 1837 Inventor: Samuel F.B. Morse Inventor: Samuel F.B. MorseHow it works: Sends long and short pulses of electricity along a wire. The pulses were translated into letters spelling out messages (Morse Code).Impact: Only seconds to communicate with someone in another city.
7 Improvements to farming John Deere – 1st steel-blade plow(Farming spreads to mid-west)Andrew Meikle – threshingmachine which separatedkernals of wheat from husks.Cyrus McCormick – reaper which cut ripe grain quickly and efficient.
8 Impact of new inventions Linked regions together / National UnityEx. Midwestern farmers grew food to feed northeastern factory workers. Midwestern farmers bought manufactured goods from the east. As more factories were built in the north, their demand for southern cotton increased.(Downside: Led to expansion of slavery in the South)
9 Invention triviaWhat else did Peter Cooper invent?
10 1st American patent for gelatin In 1895, Pearl B. Wait, a cough syrup manufacturer, bought the patent from Peter Cooper and turned Cooper's gelatin dessert into a prepackaged commercial product, which his wife, May David Wait, renamed
11 Elias Howe – 1846Originally invented by an apprentice, but Howe made slight improvements and patentedthe machine and made a future.
12 Safety Pin - 1849 Rubber Band -1845 Game of Basketball Telephone original game that was invented byhim contained soccer balls which hadto be thrown in the peach basketswith their bottoms closed.Alexander Graham Bell 1876
13 One of Mrs. Hart’s favorites… 1853Inventor: American Indian George CrumPotato Chips