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Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools) Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools) Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools) Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia

2 TECHNICAL EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 2004-present ORGANISATION CHART DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF EDUCATION (Technical) Technical & Vocational Education Management Division Technical & Vocational Planning and Research Division Staff Training and Development Division Technical & Vocational Curriculum Division

3 OBJECTIVES of SECONDARY TECHNICAL/VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS To provide general education. To provide general education. To provide a good foundation in technical and vocational education to enable students to further their studies. To provide a good foundation in technical and vocational education to enable students to further their studies. To provide the industrial and commercial sectors with manpower equipped with basic skills and knowledge. To provide the industrial and commercial sectors with manpower equipped with basic skills and knowledge. To provide a flexible and broad based curriculum to meet the immediate and future needs and changes in technology. To provide a flexible and broad based curriculum to meet the immediate and future needs and changes in technology.

4 Technical and Vocational Training providers beside Ministry of Education (for school leavers) Industrial Training Institutes Industrial Training Institutes Agricultural Institutes Agricultural Institutes National Youth Training Institutes National Youth Training Institutes MARA Skill Training Institutes MARA Skill Training Institutes Private training institutes Private training institutes Etc. Etc.

5 Maintaining Curriculum Standard and Quality Curriculum Development by Curriculum Committee Advisory Committee Approval from Curriculum Central Committee Implementation Input & Feedback Draft Input Final Draft Standards Industry, Business Academics Visits Studies Policy Decision Consultancy Recommendations Proposal from Institutions Education Planning Committee

6 TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PATHWAYS Age

7 Technical Stream (current curriculum structure) Core Subject Periods 1.Malay Language 6 2.English Language 5 3.English for Science & Technology3 4.Mathematics 5 5.Islamic Education/Moral 4/3 6.History 3 7.Physical and Health Education2 Electives Subject 8.Eng Drawing / P Accounting / Biology4 * 9.Additional Mathematics 4 10.Physics4 11.Chemistry4 12.Electives Selection4 Electives Selection 1.Mechanical Eng Studies 2.Civil Eng Studies 3.Electrical & Electronics Eng Studies 4.Agrotechnology Studies 5.Agricultural Science 6.Entrepreneur Studies 7.Apparel Studies 8.Food Management Student have to choose one EteMS ETTecS 2006 English for the teaching of Mathematics, Science and Technical Subjects

8 Vocational Stream (current curriculum structure) Building Construction Construction Technology Woodworks and Brickwork Geometrical & Construction Drawing Electrical Electrical Technology Electrical Installation and Control Geometrical & Electrical Drawing Electronics Electronics Technology Radio & Television Servicing Geometrical & Electronics Drawing Machine Shop Practice Machine Shop Technology Machining & Filing Practice Geometrical & Machine Drawing Welding & Metal Fabrication Metal Fabrication & Welding Technology Welding Geometrical & Metal Fabrication Drawing Automotive Automotive Technology Vehicle Services and Repairs Geometrical & Automotive Drawing Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Practice Geometrical & Air Conditioning Drawing Business Management Business Computing Principle of Account Commerce Content Subjects Periods Core Academics 1. Malay Language 6 2. English Language 5 3. Mathematics 5 4. Islamic/Moral Edu 4/3 5. History 3 6. Science 5 7. PHE 2 Vocational Electives 8. Technology 4 9. Workshop Drawings 4 Catering Catering Technology Food Preparation & Services Commerce Fashion Design & Dressmaking Fashion Design & Dressmaking Technology Fashion Designing & Dressmaking Commerce Beauty Culture Beauty Technology Cosmetology & Hairdressing Commerce Child Care Child Care Studies Child Care & Guidance Commerce Bakery & Confectionery Bread & Pattisserie Commerce Ornamental Horticulture & Landscape Crop Production Dairy Production Ornamental Horticulture & Landscape Farm Machinery Crop Production Dairy Production Farm Machinery Farm Management Crop Production Dairy Production Farm Management Academic 55% Core Vocational 45% Technology & Skill Structure

9 Making technical and vocational education works Career Focus Based on Standards Modularization/ Competency Based Education Articulation Traditional Curriculum

10 NEW VOCATIONAL CURRICULUM CONCEPT School Based Assessment Competency Assessment Modular Certification Content Integration of technology, practical and drawing (75% skill) Accommodate Polytechnics & Community Colleges subjects/modules Articulation to Polytechnics & Community Colleges Entrepreneurship modules (across curriculum) Introduction of Applied Science Approach ( Pedagogy) Approach ( Pedagogy) Assessment Modular Competency Based Learning

11 Vocational Curriculum Content (new vocational) Accommodate and Articulate Community College Modules Polytechnic Modules Geometrical Drawing Vocational Subjects A B Entrepreneur

12 Vocational Curriculum Structure 2006/7 Core Subjects Periods 1. Malay Language 6 2. English Language 5 3. Mathematics 5 4. Islamic / Moral Education 4/3 5. History 3 6. Science/Applied Science 5 7. PHE 2 Vocational Elective Subjects 8. Vocational A Vocational B 10 Modular Competency Assessment Modular Certification Articulation World Of Work MCEMCE Academics 55% Vocational 45% Polytechnics (20) Community Colleges (34)

13 Vocational StreamCourses/ Subjects 2006/7 Vocational Stream Courses/ Subjects 2006/7 MACHINE SHOP PRACTICE A. Computer Machining B. Engineeringl Workshop Practice WELDING A. Arc Welding Arc Welding B. Gas Welding Gas Welding AUTOMOTIVE A. Vehicle Automotive Vehicle Automotive B. Electrical & Diesel Automotive Electrical & Diesel Automotive REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING A. Refrigeration Refrigeration B. Air Conditioning Air Conditioning CATERING A. Western & Eastern Food Preparation B. Food and Beverages Preparation FASION A. Dress Making Dress Making B. Dress Pola Dress Pola BEAUTIFICATION A. Make up Make up B. Hair Dressing Hair Dressing CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICES A. Child Development Studies Child Development Studies B. Child Services Child Services BAKERI A. Yeast and Bread Yeast and Bread B. Patisserie Patisserie TOURISM A. Recreational & Tourism Recreational & Tourism B. Basic Tourism Skill Basic Tourism Skill OFFICE TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT A. Computer Application in Business Computer Application in Business B. Business Office Technology Business Office Technology BUSINESS MANAGEMENT A. Computer Application in Business Computer Application in Business B. Business Accounting Business Accounting ORNAMENTAL HORT & LANDSCAPE A.Agricultural MachineryAgricultural Machinery B.Ornamental Hort & LandscapeOrnamental Hort & Landscape CROP TECHNOLOGY A. Agricultural Machinery B. Crop Production CROP AGROINDUSTRY A.Agric. Product ProcessingAgric. Product Processing B.Crop ProductionCrop Production LIVESTOCK AGROINDUSTRY A.Agric. Product ProcessingAgric. Product Processing B.Livestock ProductionLivestock Production ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS A. Principle of E & E B. Application of E & E COMPUTER PROGRAMMING A. Fundamentals of Programming B. Programming and Development Tools CREATIVE MULTIMEDIA A. Animation and Editorial Design B. Creative Multimedia Editorial COMPUTER SUPPORT & NETWORKING A. Computer Support System B. Networking Support System BUILDING CONSTRUCTION A. Building Materials B. Construction Technology

14 Building Construction Workshop

15 Woodworking Workshop

16 Plumbing Workshop

17 Machining Workshop

18 Science Laboratory

19 Computer Laboratory

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23 Education System Reforms Reducing the number of subjects in public examinations and increasing SBA From Term System to Semester System Reducing content-based and increasing skill-based Innovating T & L approach by fully utilising project management approach

24 EVALUATION STUDY TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM MANAGEMENT

25 Relationship and output benefit between Stage 1 (TSSs learners) and Stage 2 (TSSs learners in Sem. 1 at polytechnics source: Further study by TVCD October/November 2004 Curriculum TSS InputProcessOutput Further Devt.

26 Research Findings The product of technical secondary schools (TSSs) perform much better in Semester 1 at polytechnics, compared to the product of secondary schools even though the take-off values (TOV) of TSSs is marginally lower From studies conducted by employers, there exists an expectation gap among employers toward the performance of TSSs product at the workplace a)the product of TSSs are competent and skillful, technically and academically b)However, employers evaluate highly personal attributes and soft / employability skills

27 Implementation of competency-based education Integration of hands-on and heads-on Articulation to institution of higher learning Entrepreneurial element across VSSs courses Vocational Stream REFORMS

28 Reviewing the technical subject curriculum –School-based Assessment (SBA) –Employability skills Technical stream REFORMS

29 Technical Curriculum Toward SBA & Employability Skills FUTURE CURRICULUM TOPICS contextualized Centralised Assessment 60-70% WORKSHOP PRACTICE PROJECTS PRESENTATION OTHERS School-based Assessment 30-40% Key Competencies 1. Collecting, analysing & organising information 2. Communicating ideas and information 3. Planning and organising activities 4.Working with others and in teams 5. Using mathematical ideas and techniques 6. Solving problems 7. Using technology * Other competencies i.e SCANS

30 Terima kasih Thank you Technical and Vocational Curriculum Division Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia Level 5, Block E-14, Parcel E, Federal Government Administration Centre Putrajaya, Malaysia


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