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Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools) Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools) Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia (Secondary Technical Schools)
Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia

ORGANISATION CHART DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF EDUCATION (Technical) Technical & Vocational Education Management Division Technical & Vocational Planning and Research Division Staff Training and Development Division Technical & Vocational Curriculum Division

To provide general education. To provide a good foundation in technical and vocational education to enable students to further their studies. To provide the industrial and commercial sectors with manpower equipped with basic skills and knowledge. To provide a flexible and broad based curriculum to meet the immediate and future needs and changes in technology.

4 Industrial Training Institutes Agricultural Institutes
Technical and Vocational Training providers beside Ministry of Education (for school leavers) Industrial Training Institutes Agricultural Institutes National Youth Training Institutes MARA Skill Training Institutes Private training institutes Etc.

5 Maintaining Curriculum Standard and Quality
Policy Decision Consultancy Recommendations Proposal from Institutions Standards Industry, Business Academics Visits Studies Input & Feedback Draft Curriculum Development by Curriculum Committee Advisory Committee Input Final Draft Approval from Curriculum Central Committee Education Planning Committee Implementation

Lower Secondary Primary World of Work Years of Schooling 10 11 16 17 Post Graduate Degree Diploma Certificate Form 6 Matriculation Colleges Secondary Academic School TECHNICAL SCHOOL Technical Vocational Polytechnics & Community Colleges Malaysian Cert. of Education (MCE) MHSC University & Institution of Higher Learning Skills MSC Skills Training Institutes Qualification Age Age University College 12 13 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 14 15 25 26 VS Age 1

7 Technical Stream (current curriculum structure)
Core Subject Periods Malay Language English Language English for Science & Technology 3 Mathematics Islamic Education/Moral /3 History Physical and Health Education 2 Electives Subject Eng Drawing / P Accounting / Biology 4 * Additional Mathematics 4 Physics 4 Chemistry 4 Electives Selection 4 Student have to choose one Electives Selection Mechanical Eng Studies Civil Eng Studies Electrical & Electronics Eng Studies Agrotechnology Studies Agricultural Science Entrepreneur Studies Apparel Studies Food Management EteMS ETTecS 2006 English for the teaching of Mathematics, Science and Technical Subjects

8 Vocational Stream (current curriculum structure)
Building Construction Construction Technology Woodworks and Brickwork Geometrical & Construction Drawing Electrical Electrical Technology Electrical Installation and Control Geometrical & Electrical Drawing Electronics Electronics Technology Radio & Television Servicing Geometrical & Electronics Drawing Machine Shop Practice Machine Shop Technology Machining & Filing Practice Geometrical & Machine Drawing Welding & Metal Fabrication Metal Fabrication & Welding Technology Welding Geometrical & Metal Fabrication Drawing Automotive Automotive Technology Vehicle Services and Repairs Geometrical & Automotive Drawing Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Practice Geometrical & Air Conditioning Drawing Business Management Business Computing Principle of Account Commerce Catering Catering Technology Food Preparation & Services Commerce Fashion Design & Dressmaking Fashion Design & Dressmaking Technology Fashion Designing & Dressmaking Beauty Culture Beauty Technology Cosmetology & Hairdressing Child Care Child Care Studies Child Care & Guidance Bakery & Confectionery Bread & Pattisserie Ornamental Horticulture & Landscape Crop Production Dairy Production Farm Machinery Farm Management Structure Academic % Core Vocational % Technology & Skill Content Subjects Periods Core Academics 1. Malay Language 2. English Language 3. Mathematics 4. Islamic/Moral Edu /3 5. History 6. Science 7. PHE Vocational Electives 8. Technology 9. Workshop 10. Drawings

9 Making technical and vocational education ‘works’
Traditional Curriculum Career Focus Based on Standards Modularization/ Competency Based Education Articulation

Content Integration of technology, practical and drawing (75% skill) Accommodate Polytechnics & Community Colleges subjects/modules Articulation to Polytechnics & Community Colleges Entrepreneurship modules (across curriculum) Introduction of Applied Science Approach (Pedagogy) Modular Competency Based Learning Assessment School Based Assessment Competency Assessment Modular Certification

11 Vocational Curriculum Content (new vocational)
Accommodate and Articulate Community College Modules Vocational Subjects PolytechnicModules A B Entrepreneur GeometricalDrawing

12 Modular Vocational Curriculum Structure 2006/7 Articulation M C E
Core Subjects Periods 1. Malay Language 2. English Language 3. Mathematics 4. Islamic / Moral Education 4/3 5. History 6. Science/Applied Science 5 7. PHE Vocational Elective Subjects 8. Vocational A 9. Vocational B Academics % Vocational % Polytechnics (20) Community Colleges (34) Articulation Modular M C E Competency Assessment Modular Certification World Of Work

13 Vocational Stream Courses/ Subjects 2006/7
CATERING A. Western & Eastern Food Preparation B. Food and Beverages Preparation FASION Dress Making Dress Pola BEAUTIFICATION Make up Hair Dressing CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICES Child Development Studies Child Services BAKERI Yeast and Bread Patisserie TOURISM Recreational & Tourism Basic Tourism Skill Vocational Stream Courses/ Subjects 2006/7 MACHINE SHOP PRACTICE A. Computer Machining B. Engineeringl Workshop Practice WELDING Arc Welding Gas Welding AUTOMOTIVE Vehicle Automotive Electrical & Diesel Automotive REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING Refrigeration Air Conditioning BUILDING CONSTRUCTION A. Building Materials B. Construction Technology ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS A. Principle of E & E B. Application of E & E ORNAMENTAL HORT & LANDSCAPE Agricultural Machinery Ornamental Hort & Landscape CROP TECHNOLOGY A. Agricultural Machinery B. Crop Production CROP AGROINDUSTRY Agric. Product Processing Crop Production LIVESTOCK AGROINDUSTRY Livestock Production COMPUTER PROGRAMMING A. Fundamentals of Programming B. Programming and Development Tools CREATIVE MULTIMEDIA A. Animation and Editorial Design B. Creative Multimedia Editorial COMPUTER SUPPORT & NETWORKING A. Computer Support System B. Networking Support System OFFICE TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT Computer Application in Business Business Office Technology BUSINESS MANAGEMENT Business Accounting

14 Building Construction Workshop

15 Woodworking Workshop

16 Plumbing Workshop

17 Machining Workshop

18 Science Laboratory

19 Computer Laboratory




23 Education System Reforms
Reducing the number of subjects in public examinations and increasing SBA From Term System to Semester System Reducing content-based and increasing skill-based Innovating T & L approach by fully utilising project management approach


25 Relationship and output benefit between Stage 1 (TSSs learners) and Stage 2 (TSSs learners in Sem. 1 at polytechnics source: Further study by TVCD October/November 2004 Curriculum Input Process Output Further Devt. TSS

26 Research Findings The product of technical secondary schools (TSSs) perform much better in Semester 1 at polytechnics, compared to the product of secondary schools even though the take-off values (TOV) of TSSs is marginally lower From studies conducted by employers, there exists an expectation gap among employers toward the performance of TSSs product at the workplace the product of TSSs are competent and skillful, technically and academically However, employers evaluate highly personal attributes and soft / employability skills

27 Vocational Stream REFORMS
Implementation of competency-based education Integration of hands-on and heads-on Articulation to institution of higher learning Entrepreneurial element across VSSs courses

28 Technical stream REFORMS
Reviewing the technical subject curriculum School-based Assessment (SBA) Employability skills

29 Technical Curriculum Toward SBA & Employability Skills
FUTURE CURRICULUM TOPICS 1. 2. 3. contextualized Centralised Assessment 60-70% WORKSHOP PRACTICE PROJECTS PRESENTATION OTHERS School-based Assessment 30-40% Key Competencies 1. Collecting, analysing & organising information 2. Communicating ideas and information 3. Planning and organising activities 4.Working with others and in teams 5. Using mathematical ideas and techniques 6. Solving problems 7. Using technology * Other competencies i.e SCANS

30 Terima kasih Thank you Technical and Vocational Curriculum Division
Technical Education Department Ministry of Education Malaysia Level 5, Block E-14, Parcel E, Federal Government Administration Centre 62604 Putrajaya, Malaysia

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