Presentation on theme: "FAA NAS Enterprise Architecture Briefing Tying it Altogether"— Presentation transcript:
1FAA NAS Enterprise Architecture Briefing Tying it Altogether IEEE/INCOSE MeetingJesse WijntjesJune 17, 20091
2Objective Purpose/Introduction Overview/Background EA Activities and EnhancementsNAS EA AlignmentEA MetricsNAS EA PortalDiscussion and Wrap Up
3You’ll recognize these… Why Architect ?Enterprise architecture (EA) provides the structure to relate organizational mission, vision, and goals to business processes and the technical or IT infrastructure required to execute themAn orderly arrangement of parts; structure - a style and method of design and constructionStairs to NowhereSystem architecture relates requirements and the external world to system structures, including both hardware and software, so that the effectiveness of a system design concept can be communicatedSoftware architecture relates requirements, fixed system hardware, and infrastructure to software structures in order to demonstrate software effectivenessYou’ll recognize these…Door to NowhereBut maybe not this…
4Why EA? People Technology Process Business Improve the alignment of systems and technologies with the mission/business needs of the operators and the organizationIdentify duplication of effort in mission and IT expenditures and facilitate the reduction of investments where applicableAddress the need for increased efficiency in information exchange and interoperabilityProvide a common language to facilitate linkages and communications between complex architectures & organizationsProvide a unifying approach to minimize the burden for the collection, storage, and access to dataFacilitate efficient identification of necessary changes and change implementation – identifies reuse opportunitiesHelps provide a framework for managing change during spiral and evolutionary developmentAnd, because it is a requirement from OMB and GAO
5Enterprise Architecture – Aligning the Mission, Benefits, and Capabilities with Investments The FAA has developed and is using an EA to manage the portfolio of investmentsThe FAA’s EA aligns with the DoT EA and FEAThe EA has two components: Operational Systems and Regulatory/AdministrativeThe EA contains architecture products and views which describe the current NAS portfolio and the target architecture including the definition of the mid termThe EA also contains roadmaps to describe the transition from the current portfolio to the target architectureThe EA is aligned with the Agency’s goals and strategic objectives as well as the budgetNextGen is not a “thing”It can’t be turned on in 2025 the way one would turn on a light switch.Nor can we test NextGen the same old way . . .5
6$ Mission Services Infrastructure Regulations – CFR< Title 14: Aeronautics & Space >FARICAO ConventionSARPPANSPublic Law – U.S. Code< Title 31: Money & Finance >Public Law – U.S. Code< Title 49: Transportation >MissionAppropriationPresident's BudgetDept of Transportation (EA)OMBFAA (Enterprise Architecture)OMB A-11FEAReference ModelsRegulatory &Admin EANational AirspaceSystem EAPerformanceBusinessServiceMission / BenefitsOMB Exhibit 300DataAgency EAAlignswith FEATechnicalServices / FunctionsCapital PlanningGuidanceInfrastructure / Systems
7Overview - FAA Enterprise Architecture FAA EAJPDO EA(ATM)JayMerkleNAS Regulatory EANon NAS EANAS EAJesseWijntjesTerranceHorningKarenKayeFAA Enterprise Architecture (EA) has three partsNAS - Activities that support Operational Air Traffic ServicesRegulatory - Activities that support the FAA MissionAdministrative - Activities that support operation of the FAAFAA CIO has responsibility for entire FAA EA - Delegates responsibility to develop and implement NAS EA to ATO COO
9EA Views Describe the Evolution of the NAS Current2008NextGen2025+EA Views Describe the Evolution of the NAS
10An integrated architecture with three types of views… DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF)All ViewsOperational ViewOperational ViewIdentification, Scope, Viewpoint, and context of the ArchitectureIdentifies UsersIdentifies WarfighterRelationships and Information NeedsRelationships and Information NeedsRelationships and Information NeedsRequirementsRequirementsInformation ExchangeInformation ExchangeProcessing and Levels ofProcessing and Inter-nodalProcessing and Levels ofAn integrated architecture with three types of views…Processing and InterLevels of InformationLevels of InformationExchange RequirementsExchange RequirementsBasic TechnologyBasic TechnologySystems AssociationsSystems AssociationsNeedlines and RequirementsNeedlines and RequirementsNew CapabilitiesSupportability andSupportability andNew Capabilitiesto Nodes, Activities,to Nodes, ActivitiesSpecific CapabilitiesSpecific CapabilitiesIdentified to SatisfyIdentified to SatisfyTechnical ViewTechnical ViewInformation ExchangeInformationLevels and OtherLevels and OtherSystems ViewPrescribes Standards andPrescribes Standards andSystems ViewPrescribes Standards andOperational RequirementsOperational RequirementsConventionsConventionsConventionsRelates Capabilities and CharacteristicsRelates Capabilities and CharacteristicsRelates Capabilities and Characteristicsto Operational Requirementsto Operational Requirementsto Operational RequirementsTechnical Criteria GoverningTechnical Criteria GoverningInteroperable Implementation/Interoperable Implementation/Procurement of the SelectedProcurement of the SelectedSystem CapabilitiesSystem Capabilities
11Architecture Views Frame the Evolution of the NAS OpsConceptsCurrent2008NextGen2025+OV-1SystemArchitectureSV-1CommunicationsSystemsSV-2other EA views too…
12NextGen Key Capabilities Seven (7) Solution Sets address and deliver Capacity, Efficiency, Safety and Security benefits for air transportation operationsNASEARoadmapProgramsEn Route Automation Modernization (ERAM)NextGen Collision Avoidance SystemNextGen Traffic Flow ManagementSWIMAeronautical Data Link
13NAS EA Roadmaps Capture the Evolution Strategy Current2008NextGen2025+
14Infrastructure Roadmaps Infrastructure Roadmaps are…Used to define the FAA’s plan for enterprise level system, sub-capabilities, and project evolution over time – updated annuallyIt provides the integrated decisions and synchronized investments needed to deliver NextGen and evolve the NAS (technology, policy, strategy, training, procedures, research, etc.)Roadmaps for this year’s update are:Aircraft (Steve VanTrees), Automation (Chuck Romano), Air-to-Ground (Ron Stroup), Airspace & Procedures (Brian Holguin), Communications (Brent Phillips), Facilities (Chuck Dudas), Navigation (Dave Olsen), Surveillance (Jim Baird), Weather (Cheryl Souders), Enterprise Services (Mike Hritz), Human Systems Integration (Glen Hewitt), Security (Ken Kepchar), Safety (new for 2009) (Jim Daum), Airports (new for 2009) (TBD)Roadmaps capture decision points (and major milestones), assumptions, and dependenciesInfrastructure Roadmaps mapped to sub-capabilities and to the NextGen Solution Set OIs for this year’s updateFinal products capture contributions from ATO service units, AVS, etc.Critical points are tracked1 – SMP pathway 42 – NextGen STI3 - JPDO IWP in the Flight Plan4 – OEP commitment linked to the flight plan goalNON NAS – JRC: SMART, LCSS and LAACS14
152008 Roadmap EnhancementsNew roadmaps – Air-to-Ground, Airspace & Procedures, Security, HSI, and Enterprise ServicesBroader participation - Human factors, Safety, RE&D, etc.Decision point reporting – revised framework and codingIntegration of R & D activities – Roadmap Injection/Decision Pts (including TRL identification)Alignment of EA and Infrastructure Roadmaps with JPDO IWP OIs, OEP (NxtGenImp Plan) OIs & capabilities, and the service roadmaps – graphics and spreadsheetsAddition of remaining sustainment efforts and legacy programs
16Research and Prototyping Efforts Reduce Implementation Risk for NextGen
17New Decision Point Attribute/Coding ###Decision Point (DP)/Commit Planning DP######Higher Priority Decision Point Completed###IARD###AMS Decision Points (IARD, IID, FID, BCD, ISD)###Policy###StrategyBorder colored red if also a critical DP###Executive Level###DP Owned by Another Roadmap
18Aircraft Roadmap (1 of 2)CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025NextGen Equipage Strategy149Positioning151155236GBAS CAT III53ModernizedGNSS156176244226GNSS/INSComm.FANS 1/AFANS 1+/ATN Baseline 1160161Data CommunicationsVHF/UHF/HF59150165SWIM (Air)1521030/1090260ADS-B Out52254UATSensor140MDCRSEnhanced Wx Aircraft ObsFID143Evaluate lower troposphere aircraft Wx Obs17493Wx Sensors & ImplementationMay want to change all augmentation boxes (GBAS, SBAS, and ABAS) to just one ‘Augmentation’ box if there is a single piece of avionics for all three.Wake ImplementationATDSSupportingActivitiesRTCA 214Standards for ATCDataCommunications159Considerations for Mixed EquipageSafety165Airborne SWIM161140Using Wx data from airborne sensors to enhance aircraft ops.Inter-domain flight object data security18
19Trajectory Management Supporting Activities Aircraft Roadmap (2 of 2)CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025Trajectory ManagementFMS—Manages Trajectory Based OperationsVertical RNP (Baro)TBORTA1711724DT Re-negotiation17054Trajectory Optimization181Conformance MonitoringCSPO (PRM)182CSPO (RPATS/ADS-B In)D-TAXI/D-OTISCTA192ADS-B In Delegated Sep AlertingCASFuture CAS Strategy154TAWSFuture Terrain StrategyControl/Display253IID 166FIS-B/TIS-BCDTI173167252EVS/SVSAuto-pilotAuto-pilot and Auto-throttle for 4D Trajectory OperationsAuto-throttleNew AirframesUASTrans-Atmospheric VehiclesMaybe move MODE-A/C/S in the sensor are to be consistent with AMA worksheets for OIs.PropulsionReduced Engine EmissionsLow—Zero Engine EmissionsSupporting ActivitiesConstrained Trajectory (single RTA)/Negotiated Trajectory (multiple RTA)/Delegated Trajectory152E-TCAS Research172CTA on Routes170Surface MovementNextGen Staffed Virtual Tower: Aircraft requirements for VFR vs. IFR services167TBO Participation for Non-AOC (High & Low Altitude) users19
20Aircraft Roadmap: Assumptions IdentifierDescriptionAC-01The roadmap identifies four phasesConops development and R&D in required areasStandards developmentAVS ApprovalDeployment. After the standards process is complete, and manufacturers have developed, integrated, fully tested and made new avionics available, an additional 7 to 10 years is needed to achieve wide scale equipage of a new capabilityDifferent aircraft are expected to equip with different equipment. This roadmap does not currently distinguish between aircraft types.AC-02This roadmap is a high level view of the JPDO AWG Avionics RoadmapKey Capabilities statements from avionics roadmap are TBO and CSPOAn associated equipment matrix provides more detail than provided here.AC-03Safety research areas include ACAS, Terrain Avoidance, Wake Turbulence, Surface Movement, Flight Envelope, Heads Up, Human FactorsAC-04Harmonization of Avionics EA with ground systems not complete in areas of Security, Addressing (IPv4 will not work in mobile environment, no standards work for IPv6 in aircraft environment), Training, DO-278AC-05Any air vehicle to include any UAS that participate in the NAS must operate in a way that is transparent to the ANSP.
21Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 2) DP #Target DateName532010Agency policy published on Navigation future configuration to be GNSS-based542012Decision to develop avionics policy and standards for Enhanced Aircraft Flight Management Systems to support 4D super density operations. (DP 171. DP 172 must be completed)932018Rulemaking decision for equipage of Weather Sensors and Wake Turbulence implementation140Decision on Enhanced Weather Sensors to support enhanced Wx observations and forecasting149NextGen Equipage Implementation Plan (not realistic for single equipage for all capabilities)150Airborne Communications Infrastructure1512009 Q3Airborne Navigation Backup (eLoran, IRU, other backup) (must complete NAV DP 23, Q1, likely FY09Q3, New Administration)152Cooperative Surveillance Concept (SC-218, including TCAS concept)154Determine are TAWS algorithms sufficient for NextGen (Terrain)155First operationally approved GBAS Cat III through proof-of-concept (non-Fed)156Initial new GNSS capabilities expected to become operational159Aircraft standards publication for Segment 1 linked to DataComm1602013Aircraft standards publication for Segment 2 linked to DataComm1612017DataComm Avionics development complete, Forward Fit begins.165SWIM Air Policy166Decision on enhanced FIS-B services1672009 Q4Decision on Enhanced Vision System (EVS) architectures to support low and zero visibility approach and surface operations (IR signature) (SC-213 MASPS, MOPS, TSO, AC)170Decision on implementation of required time of arrival (without full 4DT) (AVS Product?)171Define role of aircraft vs. AOC vs ATS in trajectory optimization (defining requested trajectory)21
22Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 2) DP #Target DateName17220114DT concept complete, including common definition of Flight Object path and constraints. Major agency decision on constrained trajectory, negotiated trajectory, delegated trajectory)1732009 Q2Strategy for use of EFVS/SVS (Enhanced Flight Vision System/Synthetic Vision System) in future operations (90 series AC)1742012Agency policy to add ABWTS (Aircraft Based WT Separation) decision support capability to the flight deck181TBO Conformance Monitoring182CSPO522010See Surveillance Roadmap59See Air-Ground Roadmap1432022See Weather Roadmap1762009 Q3See Navigation Roadmap192226201823620132442015252See Aircraft Roadmap2532008 Q4254260202022
25Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Initiate TBO (3 of 7) CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025Separation ManagementInitiate TBOSupportingActivitiesAsia and South Pacific Initiative to Reduce Emissions (ASPIRE)FID 19967Atlantic Interoperability Initiative to Reduce Emissions (AIRE)Separation reduction - 50 longitudinal miles in Anchorage Oceanic airspace50 nmi Lateral Separation in WATRSADS-B: Develop Phase III Rulemaking Project Record for approvalADS-B in Gulf Of MexicoMulti Sector Planner, NASA, RTTHigh Altitude Specialty – ATM/ATC Display & Cognitive Requirements DefinitionD-Side and R-Side Separation Management EnhancementsVariable Separation - Probed and displayedFID 31TSAFE - Conflict Alert ImprovementsIID 45FID 107Initiate TBOTrajectoryManagementSupportingActivitiesFID 199Oceanic Trajectory Management 4-D pre-departure tool specificationFID 31FID 195Point in Space Metering (TMA En Route)3D-PAMUnmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 4D Trajectory-based demonstrationInitiate TBOManagementSupportingCapacityActivitiesFID 31Trajectory model upgrades to support RNPADS-C Oceanic In-Trail Procedure Demonstration67Initiate TBOManagementFlight andState DataSupportingActivitiesICAO FPInternational Flight Object DemonstrationFlight Object Specification
26Separation Management Trajectory Management Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Terminal Flexibility (4 of 7)CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025Separation ManagementTerminal FlexibilitySupportingActivitiesSTL Revised Wake Separation StandardsWAAS 200 foot MinimaWake Turbulence Re-categorizationFID 40IARD 61FID 87IID 45FID 107Wake Turbulence Mitigation for Arrivals (WTMA) Concept of OperationIID 115FID 46Wake Turbulence Mitigation for a Single Runway Concept of OperationTrajectory ManagementTerminal FlexibilitySupportingActivitiesLimited Use CDAs: SDF, LAX, ATLContinuous Descent Arrivals (CDA) demonstrations [MIA, ATL] – ZON ”Trajectory Management - EnRoute” IID 75FID 111IID 275FID 276Capacity ManagementTerminal FlexibilitySupportingActivitiesT Routes/GPS Minimum en Route Altitudes (MEAs)ZON “RNAV/RNP with 3D and RTA”Prototype Dynamic Management of Airspace Decision Support ToolsFID 121Terminal FlexibilityFlight and State DataManagementSupportingActivitiesFID 20FID 30Prototypes for TRACON and ATCT Flight Data Management, Clearance Delivery, and MonitoringExpanded Traffic Advisory Services Using Digital Traffic Data (Nationwide)
27Separation Management Trajectory Management Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—High-Density Ops (5 of 7)CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025Separation ManagementHigh-Density OpsSupportingActivitiesElectronic Flight Strip DemonstrationsFID 20FID 30Automation Requirements for Closely-Spaced Parallel Runway OperationsMulti Sensor Processing - RadarTrajectory ManagementHigh-Density OpsSupportingActivitiesThree-Dimensional Path Arrival Management (3D-PAM) [DEN]Tailored Arrivals demonstration [MIA]High Density Airport Time-based RNAV/RNP DemonstrationIID 75FID 111En-Route TBFM ProceduresIntegrated Surface Data (ATL, ORD, JFK)IID 275FID 276ATM Requirements for High-Density TBONASA/FAA Surface RTT ResearchIID 115Initial Surface TBO Demonstration at MEMDemonstrate Advanced Surface TBO Capabilities at MCO, SDF, and Other SitesCapacity ManagementHigh-Density OpsSupportingActivitiesRecommend 1 or 2 test field locations and define automation alternativesIID 44FID 57272IID 75FID 111Predictive Weather Demonstration [DAB]IID 275FID 276FID 195Requirements for Multi-Center Time Based Flow MeteringHigh Density Airport (HAD) Capacity and Efficiency Improvement Project
28Flow Contingency Management Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Improve CATM (6 of 7)CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025Flow Contingency ManagementImprove CATMSupportingActivitiesAirspace Flow ProgramIntegrated Surface Data (ATL, ORD, JFK)Re-Route Impact Assessment and ResolutionExecution of Flow StrategiesRequirements for Surface Information into the Strategic FlowIID 115FID 46Improve CATMManagementSupportingCapacityActivitiesDynamic Airspace Management (Flexible dynamic airspace, ARMS)FID 121Advanced Methods for TFMFlight and State DataImprove CATMManagementSupportingActivitiesICAO FPInternational Flight Object DemonstrationFlight Object SpecificationFID 121OGC/OWS-6 Feasibility StudyRequirements for Enhanced SAR Coordination ServicesInteractive Flight Planning and Briefing - Specialist CollaborationFlight Services Data Push to Cockpit DemonstrationsFID 208Common Status and Structure Data: i.e. NOTAM, SUA, LOAs, Runway ConfigurationFID 121Implement Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM)
29Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Convergence & Other (7 of 7) CY20082009201020122013201420112015201620172018201920202021202220232024202555112Decision to purchase the same radar console for multiple systems, in lieu of independent technical refreshes.Decision for common Terminal and EnRouteR-side display (e.g., hardware and software)114ConvergenceDecision for common display(e.g., H/W and S/W platforms) of electronic flight data for En Route and Terminal automationIID 75FID 111IID 83FID 110109Plan for procurement or development of a common display for IDS in Terminal and EnRouteFID 65113Access common Surveillance Data Processing for Terminal and En Route automation (e.g., 3 mile separation, fusion).Air Traffic Control/Technical Operations Human Factors- Controller EfficiencyOther Supporting ActivitiesIARD 33Content Definition for the Security Integrated Toolset (e.g., ADAPT, Sky Watch)Plan and submit for approval the En Route implementation strategy.118FID 208Autonomous AFSM Tower Concept of Operations22SNT R&DIID 32
30Automation Roadmap: Assumptions IdentifierDescriptionAUTO-01Net-centric Enterprise Services will replace designated existing point to point interfaces with a system based on a Service Oriented Architecture providing enhanced data exchange, enhanced flexibility, and enhanced security for FAA Operations Personnel, and airspace users within a common information environment to support NextGen Operational Improvements.AUTO-02ADS-B is a necessary infrastructure element to support Trajectory Based Operations, Flexible Terminal, and High Density Terminal solution sets.AUTO-03Data Communication is a necessary infrastructure element to support Trajectory Based Operations, Flexible Terminal, and High Density Terminal solution sets.AUTO-04Existing automation platforms will provide the basis for the Next Generation capabilities through the mid-term.AUTO-05New platforms will only be added to augment existing automation systems when necessary.AUTO-06Service Units will be responsible for JRC Final Investment Decisions.AUTO-07Policy and standards decisions prescribing the use of hand-held devices for data messaging by General Aviation pilots and aircraft are established.AUTO-08Consistent security management across Data Communication, Automation and SWIM support the evolution.
31Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 4) DP #Target DateName22009AIM Modernization Segment 1 Final Investment Decision192008 Q3Approve CATMT Workpackage 2 (Mid-Term) Package Content (Completed)202010Approve EFS final investment to migrate towards TFDM functional capability21SAIDS near-term sustainment/replacement Final Investment Decision (Completed)30Approve migration of ARMT, DFM and TMA Tower displays to TFDM and/or TFMS WP 231Investment Decision on Post ERAM R3 Work Package322011NextGen Staff Virtual Tower initial investment decision33Investment decision for Security Integrated Tool Set (SITS) Air Domain Security alternative architectures43Concurrence on ERAM Release 3 package contents442012Time Based Flow Management (TBFM)/Integrated Enterprise Solution (IES) initial investment decision45Terminal Automation Modernization and Replace (TAMR) Phase 3 Initial Investment Decision46Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 2 final investment 55Approve common front end display components for Radar Display (i.e., R-side) monitor 572013TBFM/IES final investment decision58Staffed NextGen Tower final investment decision 65Common Information Display Systems (IDS) in En Route and Terminal Final Investment Decision67Approval of offshore implementation long term plan68Decision to support NASE integration with AIM752014Approve En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage initial investment 832017Approve transition to NextGen automation platforms and display subsystem through convergence initial investment 107TAMR Phase 3 Final Investment Decision
32Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 4) DP #Target DateName1092010Assessment of common Information Display Systems (IDS) capability in EnRoute and Terminal 1102018Approve final investment for transition to NextGen automation platforms and display subsystem through convergence 1112015Approve En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage final investment 1122011Assessment of common Terminal and En Route R-side display (e.g., hardware and software) 113Access common Surveillance Data Processing for Terminal and En Route automation (e.g., 3 mile separation, fusion). 114Assessment of common display (e.g., H/W and S/W platforms) of electronic flight data for En Route and Terminal automation.115Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 2 initial investment117Decision to decommission FDIO systems1182008 Q4Define and approve En Route pre-implementation acquisition strategy119Approve CATMT Work Package 3 contents1202008 Q2AIM Modernization Segment 1 Initial Investment Decision 121AIM Modernization Segment 2 Final Investment Decision 1222017AIM Modernization Segment 3 Final Investment Decision 1252009Alaska Flight Service Modernization (AFSM) Segment 1 Final Investment Decision177Initial Investment Decision for SITS Air Domain Security Architectures195Time Based Flow Management (TBFM ) Final Investment Decision1972013Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 3 Initial Investment Decision1982014Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 3 Final Investment Decision199DOTS Sustainment/Integration Decision200En Route/Oceanic Integration Assessment
33Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (3 of 4) DP #Target DateName2012017En Route /Oceanic IES NextGen WP Initial Investment Decision2022018En Route /Oceanic IES NextGen WP Final Investment Decision2062011Final Investment Decision for SITS Air Domain Security Architecture2072012DUAT Service Continuation Decision2082016Flight Services Evolution Integrated Services and Capabilities Final Investment Decision2752014Terminal Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage Initial investment 2762015Terminal Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage Final investment306Acquisition Strategy for Automated Flight Service Stations - CONUS3382009ATOP NG142009 Q4See Weather Roadmap282008 Q2See Aircraft Roadmap292009 Q1See Air-Ground Roadmap352008 Q3See Communication Roadmap402010Final Investment Decision to acquire and deploy Initial Wake Turbulence (WT) Capability for Migration for Departures (WTMD) from Closely Spaced Parallel Runways (CSPR)4859See Air-Ground Roadmap.612013748788102See Surveillance Roadmap126See Facilities Roadmap
34Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (4 of 4) DP #Target DateName1272014See Facilities Roadmap1282009See Enterprise Services Roadmap129See Communication Roadmap1301482015See Weather Roadmap1492010See Aircraft Roadmap1501581591651702009 Q317220112032042092132020216201621820212632012See Airspace and Procedures Roadmap272277304
37Air-Ground Roadmap: Assumptions (1 of 2) IdentifierDescriptionAG-01Harmonization of Air/Ground System functions not complete:End-to-End concepts, approvals, performance, safety, security are general concerns regarding the NASAny operation or improvement that is dependant on ACAS (TCAS), airborne automation, automatic dependent surveillance in, and addressing (IP) are far term implementations.AG-02Synchronization of airborne and ground capabilities and infrastructure remains openA minimum of 7 to 10 years is needed to achieve fleet-wide aircraft equipage of a new capability, from the time equipment becomes available.Ground systems continue to be developed from a bottoms-up approach resulting in mission gaps and performance mismatchAG-03Air-Ground standards will evolve from a technology-based to an integrated performance-based approach.AG-04Functions such as airborne TCAS, Ground Conflict Probe, and ADS-B conflict management are becoming temporally overlapping.AG-05Air-Ground- NextGen Convergence Points:Global A-G Information Exchange AssuranceCoordinated Operational Approvals for Air-Ground SystemsNextGen Air-Ground ImplementationAir-Ground Integrated Conops (TBO, CSPO, OPD’s, Delegated Separation, Low visibility operations, etc.)Integrated Performance-based Standards and GuidanceAir-Ground Safety-NetworkHuman/Automation-centric operationsCollaborative Decision Making37
38Air-Ground Roadmap: Assumptions (2 of 2) IdentifierDescriptionAG-06NAS weather systems are not depicted on the A/G Roadmap. (See Weather Roadmap).AG-07The A/G Roadmap interfaces with other NASEA Roadmaps and does not include any stand alone systems.AG-08Synchronize Aircraft Equipage with Ground Infrastructure and Acquisition: Aircraft equipage may include ADS-B (in), GNSS, Beacon Transponder, TCAS, TAWS, navigation requirements, Data Link, Weather Sensors, (temp, wind, humidity, turbulence, icing, and wake) and TIS-B/ FIS-B.AG-09SWIM Air Capabilities: 1.) Airborne SWIM supports advisory communications through NNEW and commercial communication services (e.g. Iridium, InmarsatSBB, AirCell, XM Aviator). 2.) No mandatory equipment envisioned for airborne SWIM capability.
39Air-Ground Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 2) DP #Target DateName292009 Q1Submit Airborne data integrity requirements to Automation mid-term work package to support exchange of Air-Ground data592010Strategy Decision: Evaluate Swim Airborne Segments Implementation1832009 Q4Research Transition Decision—Air-Ground Data Exchange Framework184Policy Decision—Global information exchange assurance1852009 Q2Policy Decision—Develop ATO/AVS Partnership guidance186Strategy Decision: Synchronize aircraft equipage with ground infrastructure and acquisition187Policy Decision—Develop coordinated and base-lined Air-Ground Concepts1882012Research Transition Decision—Integrated and base-lined Air-Ground Concepts189Policy Decision—Develop a means to manage standards bodies to efficiently and effectively utilize resources and meet needs of NextGen190Implementation Decision—Move standards bodies to develop standards that are sufficient to support NextGen.191Policy Decision—Develop strategic business case exploring benefits of an interoperable Air-Ground Safety Network.192Research Transition Decision—Incorporate expected changes to TCAS, Conflict Probe, and Conflict Management into coordinated Air-Ground Safety Network1932013Policy Decision—Develop Human/Automation design principles to support NextGen infrastructure1942017Research Transition Decision—Incorporate results into future NextGen technology and Human/Automation intensive operations.
41Infrastructure Roadmaps Air-Ground Roadmap: Related Decision PointsThe A-G roadmap decisions may have an impact on the following DP’s:Infrastructure RoadmapsFY 09FY 10FY 11FY 12 +Aircraft17052,140,149, 152, 159, 165, 166, 17117254, 160Automation45, 19531, 107,115,121,1223244, 57,58,75, 111, 197,198, 201,202, 275, 276Weather10, 4061, 82, 143,147Communications12847, 128, 158, 304218Navigation69,70, 94Surveillance253166, 25436,7876, 105Airspace & Procedures265271266, 270Enterprise Services277FacilitiesHuman Systems Integration287, 289288280, 282, 291, 292, 314, 315Information Security293Safety41
42Integration Framework - Alignment Infrastructure RoadmapsNGIP / Svc RoadmapsPortfolioDataCommERAMSub CapabilitiesNear TermMid TermFar TermNII Solution SetsOIsxxInitiate Trajectory Based OperationsBasicEnh. 1Enh. 2Increase A/D at High-Density AirportsSub-Capability 2Increase Flexibility in the Terminal Env.Improve Collaborative ATMSub-Capability 3Reduce Weather ImpactIncrease Safety, Security, and Env. PerfSub-Capability nTransform FacilitiesProjectsDecision PointsAircraft and Operator RequirementsERAM24337108DataComm28573108NextGen Imp Plan(NGIP)ADS-B85TFM34.NVS.73.
43Ops Benefits Functions Programs NAS EA Alignment Products CY200820092010201220132014201120152016201720182019202020212022202320242025OEP-1 Initiate Trajectory Based Ops102108—Oceanic In-Trail Climb & DescentOps Benefits102114—Initial Conflict Resolution Advisories102118—Delegated Responsibility for SeparationSub-CapabilitiesReduce Separation Using ADS-C (Date Range TBD)Conflict Resolution Advisory via VoiceFunctionsConflict Resolution Advisory via DataCommInitial Conflict Resolution Advisory Altitude/SpeedDisplay Situational AwarenessEA Captures Alignment ofOperational Benefits to Functionsto Implementing ProgramsInfrastructureTFMNextGen Mid-Term Work PackageProgramsATOP/OffshoreSustainENROUTE&OCEANICEn Route AutomationNextGen Mid-Term WPERAM Program BaselinePost ERAM R3 WPSTARS/SLTAMR Phase 3
44‘09 Roadmap Activities / Focus Areas Improve Integration and Alignment of Supporting ActivitiesAlign EA with financial management systemsAlign EA with benefits/modelsAdd DPs for CRD ReadinessLook for activities that may produce environmental benefitsLook for opportunities for convergencePortfolio Management Definition ActivitiesJPDO Workgroup Activities – AlignmentFunctional Integration Areas