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FAA NAS Enterprise Architecture Briefing Tying it Altogether

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Presentation on theme: "FAA NAS Enterprise Architecture Briefing Tying it Altogether"— Presentation transcript:

1 FAA NAS Enterprise Architecture Briefing Tying it Altogether
IEEE/INCOSE Meeting Jesse Wijntjes June 17, 2009 1

2 Objective Purpose/Introduction Overview/Background
EA Activities and Enhancements NAS EA Alignment EA Metrics NAS EA Portal Discussion and Wrap Up

3 You’ll recognize these…
Why Architect ? Enterprise architecture (EA) provides the structure to relate organizational mission, vision, and goals to business processes and the technical or IT infrastructure required to execute them An orderly arrangement of parts; structure - a style and method of design and construction Stairs to Nowhere System architecture relates requirements and the external world to system structures, including both hardware and software, so that the effectiveness of a system design concept can be communicated Software architecture relates requirements, fixed system hardware, and infrastructure to software structures in order to demonstrate software effectiveness You’ll recognize these… Door to Nowhere But maybe not this…

4 Why EA? People Technology Process Business
Improve the alignment of systems and technologies with the mission/business needs of the operators and the organization Identify duplication of effort in mission and IT expenditures and facilitate the reduction of investments where applicable Address the need for increased efficiency in information exchange and interoperability Provide a common language to facilitate linkages and communications between complex architectures & organizations Provide a unifying approach to minimize the burden for the collection, storage, and access to data Facilitate efficient identification of necessary changes and change implementation – identifies reuse opportunities Helps provide a framework for managing change during spiral and evolutionary development And, because it is a requirement from OMB and GAO

5 Enterprise Architecture – Aligning the Mission, Benefits, and Capabilities with Investments
The FAA has developed and is using an EA to manage the portfolio of investments The FAA’s EA aligns with the DoT EA and FEA The EA has two components: Operational Systems and Regulatory/Administrative The EA contains architecture products and views which describe the current NAS portfolio and the target architecture including the definition of the mid term The EA also contains roadmaps to describe the transition from the current portfolio to the target architecture The EA is aligned with the Agency’s goals and strategic objectives as well as the budget NextGen is not a “thing” It can’t be turned on in 2025 the way one would turn on a light switch. Nor can we test NextGen the same old way . . . 5

6 $  Mission  Services  Infrastructure
Regulations – CFR < Title 14: Aeronautics & Space > FAR ICAO Convention SARP PANS Public Law – U.S. Code < Title 31: Money & Finance > Public Law – U.S. Code < Title 49: Transportation > Mission Appropriation President's Budget Dept of Transportation (EA) OMB FAA (Enterprise Architecture) OMB A-11 FEA Reference Models Regulatory & Admin EA National Airspace System EA Performance Business Service Mission / Benefits OMB Exhibit 300 Data Agency EA Aligns with FEA Technical Services / Functions Capital Planning Guidance Infrastructure / Systems

7 Overview - FAA Enterprise Architecture
FAA EA JPDO EA (ATM) Jay Merkle NAS Regulatory EA Non NAS EA NAS EA Jesse Wijntjes Terrance Horning Karen Kaye FAA Enterprise Architecture (EA) has three parts NAS - Activities that support Operational Air Traffic Services Regulatory - Activities that support the FAA Mission Administrative - Activities that support operation of the FAA FAA CIO has responsibility for entire FAA EA - Delegates responsibility to develop and implement NAS EA to ATO COO

8 JPDO - NextGen – External Stakeholders
AV-1, AV-2, OV-1, 2, 3, 5, 6c SV-1, 2, 4, 5H IWP IWP IWP OIs/Enablers OIs/Enablers OIs/Enablers CONOPS (2025) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 + “As Is” EA / 2008 “To Be” EA / 2012 “To Be” EA/ 2018 “To Be” EA / 2025 Project Project (Tailored per AMS) AV AV-2 OV OV-2 OV OV-4 OV SV-1 SV SV-4 TV-1 Service Roadmaps / Operational Improvements / Capabilities AV AV-2 OV OV-2 OV OV-4 OV OV-7 OV-6c SV-1 SV SV-4 TV-2 Enterprise-level Requirements (SR-1000) Financial Baselines Financial Forecasts Enterprise Enterprise Sub-Capabilities Roadmaps OV SV-1 SV SV-4 SV-8/9 TV-1 Infrastructure Roadmaps NAS EA Framework Service Unit AV AV-2 OV OV-5 SV SV-2 SV SV-6 SV SV-10c SV-11 SV SV-2 SV-4 Project Level Baselines Project Level Planning – Rolling Wave FAA – NextGen Operational Enhancements and User Benefits (Safety, Capacity, Efficiency, Flexibility) Near Term Mid Term Far Term

9 EA Views Describe the Evolution of the NAS
Current 2008 NextGen 2025+ EA Views Describe the Evolution of the NAS

10 An integrated architecture with three types of views…
DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) All Views Operational View Operational View Identification, Scope, Viewpoint, and context of the Architecture Identifies Users Identifies Warfighter Relationships and Information Needs Relationships and Information Needs Relationships and Information Needs Requirements Requirements Information Exchange Information Exchange Processing and Levels of Processing and Inter-nodal Processing and Levels of An integrated architecture with three types of views… Processing and Inter Levels of Information Levels of Information Exchange Requirements Exchange Requirements Basic Technology Basic Technology Systems Associations Systems Associations Needlines and Requirements Needlines and Requirements New Capabilities Supportability and Supportability and New Capabilities to Nodes, Activities, to Nodes, Activities Specific Capabilities Specific Capabilities Identified to Satisfy Identified to Satisfy Technical View Technical View Information Exchange Information Levels and Other Levels and Other Systems View Prescribes Standards and Prescribes Standards and Systems View Prescribes Standards and Operational Requirements Operational Requirements Conventions Conventions Conventions Relates Capabilities and Characteristics Relates Capabilities and Characteristics Relates Capabilities and Characteristics to Operational Requirements to Operational Requirements to Operational Requirements Technical Criteria Governing Technical Criteria Governing Interoperable Implementation/ Interoperable Implementation/ Procurement of the Selected Procurement of the Selected System Capabilities System Capabilities

11 Architecture Views Frame the Evolution of the NAS
Ops Concepts Current 2008 NextGen 2025+ OV-1 System Architecture SV-1 Communications Systems SV-2 other EA views too…

12 NextGen Key Capabilities
Seven (7) Solution Sets address and deliver Capacity, Efficiency, Safety and Security benefits for air transportation operations NASEA Roadmap Programs En Route Automation Modernization (ERAM) NextGen Collision Avoidance System NextGen Traffic Flow Management SWIM Aeronautical Data Link

13 NAS EA Roadmaps Capture the Evolution Strategy
Current 2008 NextGen 2025+

14 Infrastructure Roadmaps
Infrastructure Roadmaps are… Used to define the FAA’s plan for enterprise level system, sub-capabilities, and project evolution over time – updated annually It provides the integrated decisions and synchronized investments needed to deliver NextGen and evolve the NAS (technology, policy, strategy, training, procedures, research, etc.) Roadmaps for this year’s update are: Aircraft (Steve VanTrees), Automation (Chuck Romano), Air-to-Ground (Ron Stroup), Airspace & Procedures (Brian Holguin), Communications (Brent Phillips), Facilities (Chuck Dudas), Navigation (Dave Olsen), Surveillance (Jim Baird), Weather (Cheryl Souders), Enterprise Services (Mike Hritz), Human Systems Integration (Glen Hewitt), Security (Ken Kepchar), Safety (new for 2009) (Jim Daum), Airports (new for 2009) (TBD) Roadmaps capture decision points (and major milestones), assumptions, and dependencies Infrastructure Roadmaps mapped to sub-capabilities and to the NextGen Solution Set OIs for this year’s update Final products capture contributions from ATO service units, AVS, etc. Critical points are tracked 1 – SMP pathway 4 2 – NextGen STI 3 - JPDO IWP in the Flight Plan 4 – OEP commitment linked to the flight plan goal NON NAS – JRC: SMART, LCSS and LAACS 14

15 2008 Roadmap Enhancements New roadmaps – Air-to-Ground, Airspace & Procedures, Security, HSI, and Enterprise Services Broader participation - Human factors, Safety, RE&D, etc. Decision point reporting – revised framework and coding Integration of R & D activities – Roadmap Injection/Decision Pts (including TRL identification) Alignment of EA and Infrastructure Roadmaps with JPDO IWP OIs, OEP (NxtGenImp Plan) OIs & capabilities, and the service roadmaps – graphics and spreadsheets Addition of remaining sustainment efforts and legacy programs

16 Research and Prototyping Efforts Reduce Implementation
Risk for NextGen

17 New Decision Point Attribute/Coding
### Decision Point (DP)/Commit Planning DP ### ### Higher Priority Decision Point Completed ### IARD ### AMS Decision Points (IARD, IID, FID, BCD, ISD) ### Policy ### Strategy Border colored red if also a critical DP ### Executive Level ### DP Owned by Another Roadmap

18 Aircraft Roadmap (1 of 2) CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 NextGen Equipage Strategy 149 Positioning 151 155 236 GBAS CAT III 53 Modernized GNSS 156 176 244 226 GNSS/INS Comm. FANS 1/A FANS 1+/ATN Baseline 1 160 161 Data Communications VHF/UHF/HF 59 150 165 SWIM (Air) 152 1030/1090 260 ADS-B Out 52 254 UAT Sensor 140 MDCRS Enhanced Wx Aircraft Obs FID 143 Evaluate lower troposphere aircraft Wx Obs 174 93 Wx Sensors & Implementation May want to change all augmentation boxes (GBAS, SBAS, and ABAS) to just one ‘Augmentation’ box if there is a single piece of avionics for all three. Wake Implementation ATDS Supporting Activities RTCA 214 Standards for ATCData Communications 159 Considerations for Mixed Equipage Safety 165 Airborne SWIM 161 140 Using Wx data from airborne sensors to enhance aircraft ops. Inter-domain flight object data security 18

19 Trajectory Management Supporting Activities
Aircraft Roadmap (2 of 2) CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Trajectory Management FMS—Manages Trajectory Based Operations Vertical RNP (Baro) TBO RTA 171 172 4DT Re-negotiation 170 54 Trajectory Optimization 181 Conformance Monitoring CSPO (PRM) 182 CSPO (RPATS/ADS-B In) D-TAXI/D-OTIS CTA 192 ADS-B In Delegated Sep Alerting CAS Future CAS Strategy 154 TAWS Future Terrain Strategy Control/Display 253 IID 166 FIS-B/TIS-B CDTI 173 167 252 EVS/SVS Auto-pilot Auto-pilot and Auto-throttle for 4D Trajectory Operations Auto-throttle New Airframes UAS Trans-Atmospheric Vehicles Maybe move MODE-A/C/S in the sensor are to be consistent with AMA worksheets for OIs. Propulsion Reduced Engine Emissions Low—Zero Engine Emissions Supporting Activities Constrained Trajectory (single RTA)/ Negotiated Trajectory (multiple RTA)/ Delegated Trajectory 152 E-TCAS Research 172 CTA on Routes 170 Surface Movement NextGen Staffed Virtual Tower: Aircraft requirements for VFR vs. IFR services 167 TBO Participation for Non-AOC (High & Low Altitude) users 19

20 Aircraft Roadmap: Assumptions
Identifier Description AC-01 The roadmap identifies four phases Conops development and R&D in required areas Standards development AVS Approval Deployment. After the standards process is complete, and manufacturers have developed, integrated, fully tested and made new avionics available, an additional 7 to 10 years is needed to achieve wide scale equipage of a new capability Different aircraft are expected to equip with different equipment. This roadmap does not currently distinguish between aircraft types. AC-02 This roadmap is a high level view of the JPDO AWG Avionics Roadmap Key Capabilities statements from avionics roadmap are TBO and CSPO An associated equipment matrix provides more detail than provided here. AC-03 Safety research areas include ACAS, Terrain Avoidance, Wake Turbulence, Surface Movement, Flight Envelope, Heads Up, Human Factors AC-04 Harmonization of Avionics EA with ground systems not complete in areas of Security, Addressing (IPv4 will not work in mobile environment, no standards work for IPv6 in aircraft environment), Training, DO-278 AC-05 Any air vehicle to include any UAS that participate in the NAS must operate in a way that is transparent to the ANSP.

21 Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 2)
DP # Target Date Name 53 2010 Agency policy published on Navigation future configuration to be GNSS-based 54 2012 Decision to develop avionics policy and standards for Enhanced Aircraft Flight Management Systems to support 4D super density operations. (DP 171. DP 172 must be completed) 93 2018 Rulemaking decision for equipage of Weather Sensors and Wake Turbulence implementation 140 Decision on Enhanced Weather Sensors to support enhanced Wx observations and forecasting 149 NextGen Equipage Implementation Plan (not realistic for single equipage for all capabilities) 150 Airborne Communications Infrastructure 151 2009 Q3 Airborne Navigation Backup (eLoran, IRU, other backup) (must complete NAV DP 23, Q1, likely FY09Q3, New Administration) 152 Cooperative Surveillance Concept (SC-218, including TCAS concept) 154 Determine are TAWS algorithms sufficient for NextGen (Terrain) 155 First operationally approved GBAS Cat III through proof-of-concept (non-Fed) 156 Initial new GNSS capabilities expected to become operational 159 Aircraft standards publication for Segment 1 linked to DataComm 160 2013 Aircraft standards publication for Segment 2 linked to DataComm 161 2017 DataComm Avionics development complete, Forward Fit begins. 165 SWIM Air Policy 166 Decision on enhanced FIS-B services 167 2009 Q4 Decision on Enhanced Vision System (EVS) architectures to support low and zero visibility approach and surface operations (IR signature) (SC-213 MASPS, MOPS, TSO, AC) 170 Decision on implementation of required time of arrival (without full 4DT) (AVS Product?) 171 Define role of aircraft vs. AOC vs ATS in trajectory optimization (defining requested trajectory) 21

22 Aircraft Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 2)
DP # Target Date Name 172 2011 4DT concept complete, including common definition of Flight Object path and constraints. Major agency decision on constrained trajectory, negotiated trajectory, delegated trajectory) 173 2009 Q2 Strategy for use of EFVS/SVS (Enhanced Flight Vision System/Synthetic Vision System) in future operations (90 series AC) 174 2012 Agency policy to add ABWTS (Aircraft Based WT Separation) decision support capability to the flight deck 181 TBO Conformance Monitoring 182 CSPO 52 2010 See Surveillance Roadmap 59 See Air-Ground Roadmap 143 2022 See Weather Roadmap 176 2009 Q3 See Navigation Roadmap 192 226 2018 236 2013 244 2015 252 See Aircraft Roadmap 253 2008 Q4 254 260 2020 22

23 Automation Roadmap (1 of 7)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 170 159 149 FID 304 * IID 35 ADS-B (Segmt. 1) 29 ADS-B (Segmt. 2) 216 FID 158 165 172 263 FID 74 DC Segmt. 3 DataComm Segmt. 1 DataComm Segmt. 2 FID 128 130 IID 59 218 SWIM Segmt.1 FID 277 SWIM Segmt. 2 SWIM Segmt. 3 IID 88 IARD 33 48 209 FID 148 112 4-D Wx Cube 4-D Wx SAS 213 55 109 114 IID 83 FID 110 C O N V E R G E N C E IID 177 113 NextGen Far-Term Work Package RAPT FID 19 CATMT WP2 NextGen Mid-Term Work Package TFMS CATMT WP1 FID 119 CATMT WP3 IDAC TMA TMA FID 195 TBFM DSP IID 44 FID 57 TBFM/IES DOTS+ 199 OFDPS 338 ATOP NG ATOP/ Offshore Automation 67 FDP2K IID 201 FID 202 ATOP ATOP TR 67 En Route Automation NextGen Far-Term WP * 200 MEARTS 118 FID 31 IID 75 FID 111 43 FID 2 IARD 33 IID 177 URET ERAM Program Baseline En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term WP R1 Post ERAM R3 Work Package FID 102 HOST DSR * R2 114 * HADDS R3 FID 102 ECG IID 275 FID 276 FID 2 109 FID 65 ERIDS * STARS/SL FID 102 IID 45 FID 107 TAMR Phase 3 ARTS IE/IIE IID 45 FID 107 * ARTS IIIE FID 102 IID 59 TDDS TDDS TDDS 117 X FDIO FID 20 AEFS EFS/TFDM1 TFDM2 TFDM 3 Terminal Platform EFSTS FID 20 114 ARMT FID 30 SMA FID 102 IID 115 IDAC Integration FID 46 AMASS IID 35 TDLS IID 197 FID 198 SAIDS FID 21 FID 65 109 X ACE-IDS 22 IID 32 FID 58 Staffed NextGen Tower

24 Automation Roadmap (2 of 7)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 28 * 170 159 149 FID 304 ADS-B (Segmt. 1) ADS-B (Segmt. 2) 216 IID 35 29 FID 158 165 172 DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 1 DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 2 DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 3 263 FID 74 IID 59 FID 128 130 218 SWIM Segmt.1 FID 277 SWIM Segmt. 2 SWIM Segmt. 3 IID 88 209 FID 148 48 4-D Wx Cube 4-D Wx SAS 213 Wake Turbulence Sub-capabilities (Weather) FID 40 IARD 61 FID 87 FID 129 AFSM Segment 1 (Tier 0) Basic Functions 150 AFSM FID 125 * (Tier 1) Development WP1 OASIS (Alaska) (Tier 2) WP2 * Flight Services Evolution Integrated Services and Capabilities Integrated Enterprise Solution FID 14 (Tier 3) WP3 * FID 208 DUAT(S) 207 306 AFSS CONUS AIM Modernization Segment 1 AFSM [Voice Switch] IID 203 FID 204 AFSM Segment 2 [Facilities] IID 126 FID 127 AIM Modernization Segment 3 IARD 33 IID 177 AIM Modernization Segment 2 USNS IID 120 FID 2 FNS R1 FNS R2 FNS R3+ DINS IID 120 FID 2 NDS FID 122 IID 120 FID 2 CARF ADAM R1 ADAM R2 ADAM R3 FID 121 SAMS AISR FID 121 AISR Future Briefing System SDAT FID 65 Airport GIS OEAAA NASR NASE 68 IARD 33 IID 177 FID 206 ADAPT SITS R1 Security Integrated Tool Set – Work Package

25 Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Initiate TBO (3 of 7)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Separation Management Initiate TBO Supporting Activities Asia and South Pacific Initiative to Reduce Emissions (ASPIRE) FID 199 67 Atlantic Interoperability Initiative to Reduce Emissions (AIRE) Separation reduction - 50 longitudinal miles in Anchorage Oceanic airspace 50 nmi Lateral Separation in WATRS ADS-B: Develop Phase III Rulemaking Project Record for approval ADS-B in Gulf Of Mexico Multi Sector Planner, NASA, RTT High Altitude Specialty – ATM/ATC Display & Cognitive Requirements Definition D-Side and R-Side Separation Management Enhancements Variable Separation - Probed and displayed FID 31 TSAFE - Conflict Alert Improvements IID 45 FID 107 Initiate TBO Trajectory Management Supporting Activities FID 199 Oceanic Trajectory Management 4-D pre-departure tool specification FID 31 FID 195 Point in Space Metering (TMA En Route) 3D-PAM Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 4D Trajectory-based demonstration Initiate TBO Management Supporting Capacity Activities FID 31 Trajectory model upgrades to support RNP ADS-C Oceanic In-Trail Procedure Demonstration 67 Initiate TBO Management Flight and State Data Supporting Activities ICAO FP International Flight Object Demonstration Flight Object Specification

26 Separation Management Trajectory Management
Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Terminal Flexibility (4 of 7) CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Separation Management Terminal Flexibility Supporting Activities STL Revised Wake Separation Standards WAAS 200 foot Minima Wake Turbulence Re-categorization FID 40 IARD 61 FID 87 IID 45 FID 107 Wake Turbulence Mitigation for Arrivals (WTMA) Concept of Operation IID 115 FID 46 Wake Turbulence Mitigation for a Single Runway Concept of Operation Trajectory Management Terminal Flexibility Supporting Activities Limited Use CDAs: SDF, LAX, ATL Continuous Descent Arrivals (CDA) demonstrations [MIA, ATL] – ZON ”Trajectory Management - EnRoute”  IID 75 FID 111 IID 275 FID 276 Capacity Management Terminal Flexibility Supporting Activities T Routes/GPS Minimum en Route Altitudes (MEAs) ZON “RNAV/RNP with 3D and RTA” Prototype Dynamic Management of Airspace Decision Support Tools FID 121 Terminal Flexibility Flight and State Data Management Supporting Activities FID 20 FID 30 Prototypes for TRACON and ATCT Flight Data Management, Clearance Delivery, and Monitoring Expanded Traffic Advisory Services Using Digital Traffic Data (Nationwide)

27 Separation Management Trajectory Management
Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—High-Density Ops (5 of 7) CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Separation Management High-Density Ops Supporting Activities Electronic Flight Strip Demonstrations FID 20 FID 30 Automation Requirements for Closely-Spaced Parallel Runway Operations Multi Sensor Processing - Radar Trajectory Management High-Density Ops Supporting Activities Three-Dimensional Path Arrival Management (3D-PAM) [DEN] Tailored Arrivals demonstration [MIA] High Density Airport Time-based RNAV/RNP Demonstration IID 75 FID 111 En-Route TBFM Procedures Integrated Surface Data (ATL, ORD, JFK) IID 275 FID 276 ATM Requirements for High-Density TBO NASA/FAA Surface RTT Research IID 115 Initial Surface TBO Demonstration at MEM Demonstrate Advanced Surface TBO Capabilities at MCO, SDF, and Other Sites Capacity Management High-Density Ops Supporting Activities Recommend 1 or 2 test field locations and define automation alternatives IID 44 FID 57 272 IID 75 FID 111 Predictive Weather Demonstration [DAB] IID 275 FID 276 FID 195 Requirements for Multi-Center Time Based Flow Metering High Density Airport (HAD) Capacity and Efficiency Improvement Project

28 Flow Contingency Management
Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Improve CATM (6 of 7) CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Flow Contingency Management Improve CATM Supporting Activities Airspace Flow Program Integrated Surface Data (ATL, ORD, JFK) Re-Route Impact Assessment and Resolution Execution of Flow Strategies Requirements for Surface Information into the Strategic Flow IID 115 FID 46 Improve CATM Management Supporting Capacity Activities Dynamic Airspace Management (Flexible dynamic airspace, ARMS) FID 121 Advanced Methods for TFM Flight and State Data Improve CATM Management Supporting Activities ICAO FP International Flight Object Demonstration Flight Object Specification FID 121 OGC/OWS-6 Feasibility Study Requirements for Enhanced SAR Coordination Services Interactive Flight Planning and Briefing - Specialist Collaboration Flight Services Data Push to Cockpit Demonstrations FID 208 Common Status and Structure Data: i.e. NOTAM, SUA, LOAs, Runway Configuration FID 121 Implement Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM)

29 Automation Roadmap: Supporting Activities—Convergence & Other (7 of 7)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 55 112 Decision to purchase the same radar console for multiple systems, in lieu of independent technical refreshes. Decision for common Terminal and EnRoute R-side display (e.g., hardware and software) 114 Convergence Decision for common display (e.g., H/W and S/W platforms) of electronic flight data for En Route and Terminal automation IID 75 FID 111 IID 83 FID 110 109 Plan for procurement or development of a common display for IDS in Terminal and EnRoute FID 65 113 Access common Surveillance Data Processing for Terminal and En Route automation (e.g., 3 mile separation, fusion). Air Traffic Control/Technical Operations Human Factors- Controller Efficiency Other Supporting Activities IARD 33 Content Definition for the Security Integrated Toolset (e.g., ADAPT, Sky Watch) Plan and submit for approval the En Route implementation strategy. 118 FID 208 Autonomous AFSM Tower Concept of Operations 22 SNT R&D IID 32

30 Automation Roadmap: Assumptions
Identifier Description AUTO-01 Net-centric Enterprise Services will replace designated existing point to point interfaces with a system based on a Service Oriented Architecture providing enhanced data exchange, enhanced flexibility, and enhanced security for FAA Operations Personnel, and airspace users within a common information environment to support NextGen Operational Improvements. AUTO-02 ADS-B is a necessary infrastructure element to support Trajectory Based Operations, Flexible Terminal, and High Density Terminal solution sets. AUTO-03 Data Communication is a necessary infrastructure element to support Trajectory Based Operations, Flexible Terminal, and High Density Terminal solution sets. AUTO-04 Existing automation platforms will provide the basis for the Next Generation capabilities through the mid-term. AUTO-05 New platforms will only be added to augment existing automation systems when necessary. AUTO-06 Service Units will be responsible for JRC Final Investment Decisions. AUTO-07 Policy and standards decisions prescribing the use of hand-held devices for data messaging by General Aviation pilots and aircraft are established. AUTO-08 Consistent security management across Data Communication, Automation and SWIM support the evolution.

31 Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 4)
DP # Target Date Name 2 2009 AIM Modernization Segment 1 Final Investment Decision 19 2008 Q3 Approve CATMT Workpackage 2 (Mid-Term) Package Content (Completed) 20 2010 Approve EFS final investment to migrate towards TFDM functional capability 21 SAIDS near-term sustainment/replacement Final Investment Decision (Completed) 30 Approve migration of ARMT, DFM and TMA Tower displays to TFDM and/or TFMS WP 2 31 Investment Decision on Post ERAM R3 Work Package 32 2011 NextGen Staff Virtual Tower initial investment decision 33 Investment decision for Security Integrated Tool Set (SITS) Air Domain Security alternative architectures 43 Concurrence on ERAM Release 3 package contents 44 2012 Time Based Flow Management (TBFM)/Integrated Enterprise Solution (IES) initial investment decision 45 Terminal Automation Modernization and Replace (TAMR) Phase 3 Initial Investment Decision 46 Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 2 final investment  55 Approve common front end display components for Radar Display (i.e., R-side) monitor  57 2013 TBFM/IES final investment decision 58 Staffed NextGen Tower final investment decision  65 Common Information Display Systems (IDS) in En Route and Terminal Final Investment Decision 67 Approval of offshore implementation long term plan 68 Decision to support NASE integration with AIM 75 2014 Approve En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage initial investment  83 2017 Approve transition to NextGen automation platforms and display subsystem through convergence initial investment  107 TAMR Phase 3 Final Investment Decision  

32 Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 4)
DP # Target Date Name 109 2010 Assessment of common Information Display Systems (IDS) capability in EnRoute and Terminal  110 2018 Approve final investment for transition to NextGen automation platforms and display subsystem through convergence  111 2015 Approve En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage final investment  112 2011 Assessment of common Terminal and En Route R-side display (e.g., hardware and software)  113 Access common Surveillance Data Processing for Terminal and En Route automation (e.g., 3 mile separation, fusion).  114 Assessment of common display (e.g., H/W and S/W platforms) of electronic flight data for En Route and Terminal automation. 115 Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 2 initial investment 117 Decision to decommission FDIO systems 118 2008 Q4 Define and approve En Route pre-implementation acquisition strategy 119 Approve CATMT Work Package 3 contents 120 2008 Q2 AIM Modernization Segment 1 Initial Investment Decision  121 AIM Modernization Segment 2 Final Investment Decision  122 2017 AIM Modernization Segment 3 Final Investment Decision  125 2009 Alaska Flight Service Modernization (AFSM) Segment 1 Final Investment Decision 177 Initial Investment Decision for SITS Air Domain Security Architectures 195 Time Based Flow Management (TBFM ) Final Investment Decision 197 2013 Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 3 Initial Investment Decision 198 2014 Approve Tower Flight Data Manager 3 Final Investment Decision 199 DOTS Sustainment/Integration Decision 200 En Route/Oceanic Integration Assessment

33 Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (3 of 4)
DP # Target Date Name 201 2017 En Route /Oceanic IES NextGen WP Initial Investment Decision 202 2018 En Route /Oceanic IES NextGen WP Final Investment Decision 206 2011 Final Investment Decision for SITS Air Domain Security Architecture 207 2012 DUAT Service Continuation Decision 208 2016 Flight Services Evolution Integrated Services and Capabilities Final Investment Decision 275 2014 Terminal Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage Initial investment  276 2015 Terminal Automation NextGen Mid-Term Workpackage Final investment 306 Acquisition Strategy for Automated Flight Service Stations - CONUS 338 2009 ATOP NG 14 2009 Q4 See Weather Roadmap 28 2008 Q2 See Aircraft Roadmap 29 2009 Q1 See Air-Ground Roadmap 35 2008 Q3 See Communication Roadmap 40 2010 Final Investment Decision to acquire and deploy Initial Wake Turbulence (WT) Capability for Migration for Departures (WTMD) from Closely Spaced Parallel Runways (CSPR) 48 59 See Air-Ground Roadmap. 61 2013 74 87 88 102 See Surveillance Roadmap 126 See Facilities Roadmap

34 Automation Roadmap: Decision Points (4 of 4)
DP # Target Date Name 127 2014 See Facilities Roadmap 128 2009 See Enterprise Services Roadmap 129 See Communication Roadmap 130 148 2015 See Weather Roadmap 149 2010 See Aircraft Roadmap 150 158 159 165 170 2009 Q3 172 2011 203 204 209 213 2020 216 2016 218 2021 263 2012 See Airspace and Procedures Roadmap 272 277 304

35 Air-Ground Roadmap (1 of 2)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 FMS Manages Trajectory Based Operations VNAV A/C Avionics: ADS/FMS/ RNAV/ RNP/ CDTI/ CAVS/ MFDS/TAWS RTA 59 Trajectory Optimization Avionics 165 Swim Air 140 4DT Negotiation Wx Sensors Conformance Monitoring 192 TCAS Delegated Sep Alerting GBAS CAT III 69 FID 70 GNSS/INS Modernized GNSS 152 ADS-B CNS TIS-B/ FIS-B 52 29 183 Digital VHF Aeronautical Mobile Communication Infrastructure DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 1 DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 2 DataComm (DCS) Segmt. 3 28 149 Equipage Strategy Effective Data Link/ FANS (SITA) ADS-B (Segmt. 1) 59 ADS-B (Segmt. 2) 29 183 SWIM Sgmt.1 165 SWIM Sgmt. 3 FID 158 SWIM Sgmt. 2 NextGen Far-Term Work Package TFM CATMT WP1 CATMT WP2 NextGen Mid-Term Work Package CATMT WP3 CATMT WP4 TMA TBFM TBFM/IES ENROUTE & OCEANIC ATOP NG ATOP/Offshore Automation ATOP TR 29 183 En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term WP En Route Automation NextGen Far-Term WP ERAM Program Baseline Post ERAM R3 WP Automation TRACON TAMR Phase 3 TOWER TDDS TDDS TDDS EFS/TFDM1 TFDM2 TFDM 3 Terminal Platform FLIGHT SERVICE AFSM Segment 1 Flight Services Evolution Integrated Services and Capabilities Integrated Enterprise Solution AIM AIM Modernization Segment 1 AIM Modernization Segment 3 AIM Modernization Segment 2

36 Air-Ground Roadmap (2 of 2)
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 29 183 A/G Data Integrity NextGen Equipage Strategy 149 28 Base-Lined Air/Ground Integrated Concepts Examples: 187 188 Optimized Descents Delegated Separation CSPR- Parallel Ops Low Visibility Ops Trajectory-Based Ops NextGen Virtual Tower Collaborative Decision Making Coordinate Operational Approvals 185 Supporting Activities Global A-G Information Exchange Assurance 184 Synchronized A-G Implementation 186 189 190 Integrated Performance-based Standards 191 A-G Safety Network 192 184 Human/Automation-centric operations 193 194 AP-4 TRL 4 192 TCAS8 TRL 5 Low Vis 188 TRL 6 4D Trajectory 188 TRL 6 CSPO 188 TRL 7 193 HF A-G Roles 194 TRL 6

37 Air-Ground Roadmap: Assumptions (1 of 2)
Identifier Description AG-01 Harmonization of Air/Ground System functions not complete: End-to-End concepts, approvals, performance, safety, security are general concerns regarding the NAS Any operation or improvement that is dependant on ACAS (TCAS), airborne automation, automatic dependent surveillance in, and addressing (IP) are far term implementations. AG-02 Synchronization of airborne and ground capabilities and infrastructure remains open A minimum of 7 to 10 years is needed to achieve fleet-wide aircraft equipage of a new capability, from the time equipment becomes available. Ground systems continue to be developed from a bottoms-up approach resulting in mission gaps and performance mismatch AG-03 Air-Ground standards will evolve from a technology-based to an integrated performance-based approach. AG-04 Functions such as airborne TCAS, Ground Conflict Probe, and ADS-B conflict management are becoming temporally overlapping. AG-05 Air-Ground- NextGen Convergence Points: Global A-G Information Exchange Assurance Coordinated Operational Approvals for Air-Ground Systems NextGen Air-Ground Implementation Air-Ground Integrated Conops (TBO, CSPO, OPD’s, Delegated Separation, Low visibility operations, etc.) Integrated Performance-based Standards and Guidance Air-Ground Safety-Network Human/Automation-centric operations Collaborative Decision Making 37

38 Air-Ground Roadmap: Assumptions (2 of 2)
Identifier Description AG-06 NAS weather systems are not depicted on the A/G Roadmap. (See Weather Roadmap). AG-07 The A/G Roadmap interfaces with other NASEA Roadmaps and does not include any stand alone systems. AG-08 Synchronize Aircraft Equipage with Ground Infrastructure and Acquisition: Aircraft equipage may include ADS-B (in), GNSS, Beacon Transponder, TCAS, TAWS, navigation requirements, Data Link, Weather Sensors, (temp, wind, humidity, turbulence, icing, and wake) and TIS-B/ FIS-B. AG-09 SWIM Air Capabilities: 1.) Airborne SWIM supports advisory communications through NNEW and commercial communication services (e.g. Iridium, InmarsatSBB, AirCell, XM Aviator). 2.) No mandatory equipment envisioned for airborne SWIM capability.

39 Air-Ground Roadmap: Decision Points (1 of 2)
DP # Target Date Name 29 2009 Q1 Submit Airborne data integrity requirements to Automation mid-term work package to support exchange of Air-Ground data 59 2010 Strategy Decision: Evaluate Swim Airborne Segments Implementation 183 2009 Q4 Research Transition Decision—Air-Ground Data Exchange Framework 184 Policy Decision—Global information exchange assurance 185 2009 Q2 Policy Decision—Develop ATO/AVS Partnership guidance 186 Strategy Decision: Synchronize aircraft equipage with ground infrastructure and acquisition 187 Policy Decision—Develop coordinated and base-lined Air-Ground Concepts 188 2012 Research Transition Decision—Integrated and base-lined Air-Ground Concepts 189 Policy Decision—Develop a means to manage standards bodies to efficiently and effectively utilize resources and meet needs of NextGen 190 Implementation Decision—Move standards bodies to develop standards that are sufficient to support NextGen. 191 Policy Decision—Develop strategic business case exploring benefits of an interoperable Air-Ground Safety Network. 192 Research Transition Decision—Incorporate expected changes to TCAS, Conflict Probe, and Conflict Management into coordinated Air-Ground Safety Network 193 2013 Policy Decision—Develop Human/Automation design principles to support NextGen infrastructure 194 2017 Research Transition Decision—Incorporate results into future NextGen technology and Human/Automation intensive operations.

40 Air-Ground Roadmap: Decision Points (2 of 2)
DP # Target Date Name 28 2008 Q2 See Aircraft Roadmap (Completed) 52 2010 See Surveillance Roadmap 69 2012 See Navigation Roadmap 70 140 See Aircraft Roadmap 149 152 158 See Communication Roadmap 165

41 Infrastructure Roadmaps
Air-Ground Roadmap: Related Decision Points The A-G roadmap decisions may have an impact on the following DP’s: Infrastructure Roadmaps FY 09 FY 10 FY 11 FY 12 + Aircraft 170 52,140,149, 152, 159, 165, 166, 171 172 54, 160 Automation 45, 195 31, 107,115,121,122 32 44, 57,58,75, 111, 197,198, 201,202, 275, 276 Weather 10, 40 61, 82, 143,147 Communications 128 47, 128, 158, 304 218 Navigation 69,70, 94 Surveillance 253 166, 254 36,78 76, 105 Airspace & Procedures 265 271 266, 270 Enterprise Services 277 Facilities Human Systems Integration 287, 289 288 280, 282, 291, 292, 314, 315 Information Security 293 Safety 41

42 Integration Framework - Alignment
Infrastructure Roadmaps NGIP / Svc Roadmaps Portfolio DataComm ERAM Sub Capabilities Near Term Mid Term Far Term NII Solution Sets OIs xx Initiate Trajectory Based Operations Basic Enh. 1 Enh. 2 Increase A/D at High-Density Airports Sub-Capability 2 Increase Flexibility in the Terminal Env. Improve Collaborative ATM Sub-Capability 3 Reduce Weather Impact Increase Safety, Security, and Env. Perf Sub-Capability n Transform Facilities Projects Decision Points Aircraft and Operator Requirements ERAM 2 43 37 108 DataComm 2 85 73 108 NextGen Imp Plan (NGIP) ADS-B 85 TFM 34 . NVS . 73 .

43 Ops Benefits Functions Programs NAS EA Alignment Products
CY 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 OEP-1 Initiate Trajectory Based Ops 102108—Oceanic In-Trail Climb & Descent Ops Benefits 102114—Initial Conflict Resolution Advisories 102118—Delegated Responsibility for Separation Sub-Capabilities Reduce Separation Using ADS-C (Date Range TBD) Conflict Resolution Advisory via Voice Functions Conflict Resolution Advisory via DataComm Initial Conflict Resolution Advisory Altitude/Speed Display Situational Awareness EA Captures Alignment of Operational Benefits to Functions to Implementing Programs Infrastructure TFM NextGen Mid-Term Work Package Programs ATOP/Offshore Sustain ENROUTE & OCEANIC En Route Automation NextGen Mid-Term WP ERAM Program Baseline Post ERAM R3 WP STARS/SL TAMR Phase 3

44 ‘09 Roadmap Activities / Focus Areas
Improve Integration and Alignment of Supporting Activities Align EA with financial management systems Align EA with benefits/models Add DPs for CRD Readiness Look for activities that may produce environmental benefits Look for opportunities for convergence Portfolio Management Definition Activities JPDO Workgroup Activities – Alignment Functional Integration Areas

45 NAS EA Portal / Conference
Fall 2009 Launch Date

46 Summary Questions?? 46


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