Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 Learning Objects Network. 2 U.S. Dept. of Defense Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) Association of American Publishers 40."— Presentation transcript:
2 U.S. Dept. of Defense Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) Association of American Publishers 40 colleges and universities Training companies Corporations
3 Learning Objects Who is using them and why? What are they? Is there a market? Is there a channel? What does this have to do with DOI? What is the schedule and who are the participants?
4 Learning Object Communities Singapore IMS Asia PROMETEUS CEN/ISSS IMS Australia ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36
5 Building the Framework For the Digital Knowledge Environment
SCORM Course Structure Format - Derived from AICC Meta-data dictionary From IEEE Meta-data XML Binding Best Practice From IMS Content to LMS API From AICC Content to LMS data model From AICC CONTENT AGGREGATION MODEL RUN-TIME ENVIRONMENT
7 Multi-Billion Dollar Problem Each battleship contains 44 tons of paper documentation about which two things are known... It is out of date The right person has never read it
8 Multi-Billion Dollar Problem A single plane will hold 1 million plus parts A helicopter can have a hundred configurations, thousands of sub- contractors, million of parts with weekly updates and over $10 million per year in FedX bills.
9 Who Is Using Learning Objects? Universities Corporate training U.S. Dept. of Defense and NATO U.S. Federal Agencies (compliance under review) Corporations Boeing, Microsoft Cisco Sun Microsystems IBM
10 Why Are Learning Objects Used? Reduced time in training and course creation (30%) Reduced costs (30 to 40%) Interoperable for other purposes (supplies, medical treatment) Improved understanding and retention
Adapted From: Bloom, B.S. The Two-Sigma Problem: The Search for Methods of Group Instruction as Effective as One-to-One Tutoring. Educational Researcher. 13,4-16 (1984) # Students Learning Improvements 2 1 Classroom Students Classroom Students Current Technology Current Technology Next- Generation Technology Next- Generation Technology Average tutored students achievement is better than 98% of classroom students The Learning Technology Potential
12 SCORM Learning Objects Sharable, Reusable, Interoperable, Locatable, Purchasable For reuse of component pieces to be possible, they must be built to a common object model Components that share a common model can be reassembled and reused
19 DoD ADL View Of Repositories Get/Put Services Storage Search Services Metering User Profiles Business Rules Testbed Industry Specific Work
20 Is There a Channel? LONs task is to build a working test bed marketplace infrastructure that is a network of content repositories controlled by content owners, that can be accessed from multiple points for network-wide... Search Retrieval Transactions Authentication/verification Rights and rules
22 One-to-One Agreements Content Users ExchangesContent Owners Defense Education Energy Finance Government Healthcare Legal Manufacturing Publishing Defense Education Energy Finance Government Healthcare Legal Manufacturing Publishing
23 Many-to-Many Relationships Content Users Exchanges Content Owners LON DOI Registry and Authenticated Infrastructure Defense Education Energy Finance Government Healthcare Legal Manufacturing Publishing Defense Education Energy Finance Government Healthcare Legal Manufacturing Publishing Re-purpose, Distribute and Update
24 Is There A Market? The Role of Learning Objects Has Changed Learning communities (k-12, higher education, continuing education, corporate training, just-in-time instruction) Instruction sources (government agencies, companies, medical services, etc.) Documentation and specifications Supply management, ordering and shipping Knowledge management systems Reference and research
25 What Is Role of DOI? Phase 1 Raw assets (text, video, audio, simulations) Learning objects (single courses) Documents Physical objects Phase 2 Personal ID and Profiles (learning, medical, credit, etc.) Knowledge management Supply and channel management Transactions
26 Core Architecture Metadata repository and DOIs Profile repository (trust) and DOIs Transaction tracking and DOIs Hard goods metadata repository, DOIs, and order/supply
27 Next Steps Accelerated Development of Learning Objects and Infrastructure Commercial transactions now underway Test repositories installed Network infrastructure being built out Research CRADA project selecting content users, providers, processes, legal structure
28 Schedule Test repositories at co-labs and some publishers in place Content selection, design, etc. by Nov. 10 Preliminary infrastructure by late November Operational infrastructure early next year (?) Evaluations and reports (?) Dynamic sequencing, wireless, etc.
29 JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Developers Guide To SCORM LON Repository Test Bed LON Hand Held Delivery 2.0 SCORM Architecture Scope Document Coordinated Test Bed - CMU & National Guard Bureau LON Content Conversion/Repository Test ADL 2001 SCORM 1.1 Release SCORM 1.2 Release SCORM 1.3 Release SCORM 2.0 Release IMS Content Packaging Test & Evaluation Phase IMS TB IMS TB IMS TB ADL PlugFest 4 Cont. Pack. ADL PlugFest 5 Repositories ADL PlugFest 6 Data Models Seq.&Nav 1. Content Packaging Application Profiles; 2. New LOM & Binding Repository Functional Requirements Repository Query Services Seq.& Navigation, Skins, Learning Models SCORM 2.0 Test & Evaluation Phase 2.0 SCORM Advanced Research -Performance Support -Intelligent Tutoring Systems -Simulations IMS TB Query Services Application Profiles New Data Models Seq. & Nav. Skins, etc. 1. Content Model - Meta-data - XML Binding - CSF 2. Run-time Environment - API - Data Model IEEEAICCIEEE AICC Business Rules: LON and Content Owners External Services: Consulting, File Conversion, Certification