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DOI Update 2001 doi> DOI commercial implementations.

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1 DOI Update 2001 doi> DOI commercial implementations

2 Digital Object Identifier Commercial implementations doi> DOI Update 2001

3 Standards for identification (DOI) Standards for linking (CrossRef) Standards for product information (ONIX) Standards for subsidiary rights (FBF) Standards for E-Books (AAP/Andersen) Last year: Trading in the digital environment

4 Key issues for us all Standards for linking, product information, rights, E- books, … …are all the same problem Publishers want seamless flow of data: - within the company - with outside parties - for independent access to their content - interoperable data for e-commerce doi>

5 Standards for identification (DOI) Standards for linking (CrossRef) Standards for product information (ONIX) Standards for subsidiary rights(FBF) Standards for E-Books (AAP/Andersen) Last year: Trading in the digital environment This year: DOI implementations in a number of product areas Showing how DOI can apply to all of these needs

6 DOI update on progress Norman Paskin DOIs and journal publishing Ed Pentz, CrossRef DOIs and book publishing David Sidman, CDI [DOIs and non-English language publishing] see Enpia Systems stand 1.1 L 1105 (Korea) DOIs and learning objects John Purcell, LON DOIs and rights management Norman Paskin Summary, Q&A This year: DOI implementations doi>

7 Financing Possibilities for Digital Content Europa Room Hall 4.0 European Commission eContent Programme DG Information Society Directorate D The Information Society: European digital content 3rd Generation telecoms for content delivery Personalised information services 3rd Generation online service: newspaper content Cocktails at This afternoon - related meeting on eContent

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9 An overall view Some topics will receive greater detail later today A higher level perspective –a picture of the year –a summary of (+) and (-) –more details on some highlights Progress report doi>

10 Information Identification - IPA/STM ; Uniform File Identifiers - AAP (1995)..need to unify in one scheme music, audiovisual, document management, internet engineering, digital libraries, copyright registration and object based software..maximise utility of digital objects; enable core interoperability; enable integration of disparate sourced data; ability to trace ownership to manage rights requirements: –protect legacy investments –enable interoperability –provide link between digital and physical –maintain privacy of users –have persistence –standard syntax –global scalability –global uniqueness –global meaning doi> DOI delivers all this A consistent call by the publishing industry

11 A persistent identifier Structured metadata Interoperable To facilitate the use of publisher's material in a legal, controllable and easy to manage way DOI doi>

12 DOI: Timeline of progress - to last meeting IDF concept IDF Seattle Scope, function Need for metadata CrossRef Metadata solution FBF

13 DOI: Timeline of progress - since last update CrossRef as RA Open URL/local copy work begins Open E Book Standards recommends DOI PLS paper calls for DOI Some key events OCTNOVDECJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEP

14 DOI: Timeline of progress - since last update Additional staff DOI Handbook version 1 released Some key events OCTNOVDECJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEP DOI E-Book activity begins Seybold comments; SIIA paper; CDI as RA Enpia as RA Multi-resolution roll out DOI-NS data dictionary Indecs2 RDD IDF Bristol

15 doi> Priorities for 2001 Stated priorities were: Marketing: get the message out Firm up, and scale up, the operational foundations: make commercial –(1) Generic tools, (2) RA appointments Business development - expansion to other sectors, applications Fit into the bigger picture: Rights, etc –as much as possible, by leveraging other efforts rather than doing it ourselves: indecs 2, interparty, Handle AC

16 Several RAs now appointed (CrossRef, CDI, Enpia) –CrossRef proven, successful: real –More RAs on the way –Asian interest Consistent development and deepening of functionality (Handbook, Namespace, EB, SDI) and business model Excellent reviews and perception More links with other sectors, other initiatives More is happening (more participation) Have delivered on our promise Summary: what can be happy about? doi>

17 4 million DOIs 8 million resolutions last month Summary: what can be happy about? doi>

18 Funding not keeping pace with activities –growing, but not as fast as planned –we have had to cut back on efforts –new members, but also existing non-renewals: economic climate (esp TMT) now biting –not deep enough (text/technology sectors) Slower than desired expansion: –not broad enough (non-text sectors): significant interest but not $ Still some misperceptions –Seen as neither a standards organisation nor a commercial solution killer plumbing: infrastructure a hard sell Summary: what are the problems? doi>

19 The problems are short term –We can overcome them given commitment The progress is consistent –We are maintaining steady expansion –We have real applications Summary: doi>

20 Membership development Several small companies (E Books) committed through DOI-EB working group, but unable to follow through Increase in non-renewals recently –"We think it's very good - but we have budget constraints" Introduced Affiliate participation fee ($5K) –Working groups for specific interests Difficult sell in current environment –Its a great thing, and well use it - but not fund it –CFOs want cuts The co-operation paradox; long term gain versus short term cuts

21 The Industry Standard, May

22 The "X" in What's Next But Forrester may be doing more than just trying to unhitch itself from the crazy train of the Web. In some ways, the veteran research firm's latest move shows the analyst business at its finest: giving the industry a rosy spot on the horizon to focus on, a clever name for that spot and a forecast with lots of zeroes in it to throw investors and entrepreneurs into a frenzy. The Industry Standard, May

23 1. Resource implications 2. Continuing effort Standards must be developed for the long term. –Short term fixes wont do. standards are not simple conventions: publishing standards are now technical standards Key issues for us all: $ investment doi>

24 One of the most important things a formal property system does is transform assets from a less accessible condition to a more accessible condition, so that they can do additional work. Unlike physical assets, representations are easily combined, divided, mobilized, and used to stimulate business deals. By uncoupling the economic features of an asset from their rigid, physical state, a representation makes the asset "fungible" - able to be fashioned to suit practically any transaction. doi> Our aim: Building infrastructure The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Succeeds in the West and Fails Everywhere Else by Hernando de Soto (2000)

25 Membership supports Operations, until the operations are self-sustaining We must accelerate the planned move towards self-sustaining operations More members More applications / Registration Agencies Other sources of funding Our challenge doi>

26 Priorities for 2001 Stated priorities were: Marketing: get the message out Firm up, and scale up, the operational foundations: make commercial –Namespace tools, RA appointments Business development - expansion to other sectors, applications Fit into the bigger picture: Rights, etc –as much as possible, by leveraging other efforts rather than doing it ourselves: indecs 2, interparty, Handle AC

27 CrossRef is the first practical demonstration of why the DOI is important, and how it can be used to improve Web publishing. Though it was implemented by journal publishers…the concept could be applied to other genres… (Seybold Report, 14 June 2000) Marketing: Perceptions and feedback doi>

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29 E-Books: AAP Open E-Book Standards Project recommends DOI, ISBN (27 Nov 2000) the endorsement of DOI by book publishers is a big boost to DOI, which until now has been embraced by the journal community and largely ignored by everyone else. DOI makes a lot of sense, not only for protecting copyright but also for creating links to published material whose URL may not be known (e.g. because it's in a database or protected by firewall). Perhaps if magazine, newspapers and yes, even Web-only publishers, take notice, we could begin to see a consistent document-identification scheme implemented worldwide." (Seybold Report, 29 November 2000) Perceptions and feedback doi>

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39 Links to all these at We have not seen ANY critical reviews There are still some misperceptions Perceptions and feedback doi>

40 Priorities for 2001 Stated priorities were: Marketing: get the message out Firm up, and scale up, the operational foundations: make commercial –(1) General functionality tools, (2) RA appointments Business development - expansion to other sectors, applications Fit into the bigger picture: Rights, etc –as much as possible, by leveraging other efforts rather than doing it ourselves: indecs 2, interparty, Handle AC

41 doi> Functionality: Tools for metadata DOI-Namespace: a data dictionary structured on principles, with controlled values for "DOI- Application Profiles". Publication of this data dictionary in a format that allows developers access to it Design of a process for continuing maintenance Integration of this with real RA use; ONIX etc. Development of a metadata registry for automated online interoperability is likely to be the ultimate outcome (ONIX/DC/MARC/SCORM etc) Much work done - more to be done Discussions underway with potential partners

42 doi> Functionality: Default RA Development of our in-house Registration Agency function Currently CNRI, who have helped with getting RAs off the ground. Need to add, to DOI deposit, the metadata management functions Develop this in such a way that: –we have control over it –it does not compete with RAs but aids them –it does not become the RA –it might be available to others in a box ($) It is usable for in-house experimentation

43 doi> Functionality: DOI Services One to many: DOI Discussion paper : DOI is an actionable identifier: clicking on a DOI achieves some action. In the initial implementation, this is a single action: clicking on a DOI takes a user to one URL. We refer to this as "one-to-one". "One-to-many" implies one DOI may be used to achieve many possible actions. This is the aim of the full DOI implementation. Approaches: –DOI-EB making use of multiple resolution –DOI- Service Definition Interface

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49 doi> Priorities for 2001 Stated priorities were: Marketing: get the message out Firm up, and scale up, the operational foundations: make commercial –General functionality tools, RA appointments Business development - expansion to other sectors, applications Fit into the bigger picture: Rights, etc –as much as possible, by leveraging other efforts rather than doing it ourselves: indecs 2, interparty, Handle AC

50 Learning Objects Music recording industry (MI3P) Broadcasting (TV Anytime, SMEF) Others on the active list: cIDF; News; Patents; Datasets; museums Working groups (see web site) engage members and affiliates in practical development work in areas of interest Likely opportunities doi>

51 Priorities for 2001 Stated priorities were: Marketing: get the message out Firm up, and scale up, the operational foundations: make commercial –(1) General functionality tools, (2) RA appointments Business development - expansion to other sectors, applications Fit into the bigger picture: Rights, etc –as much as possible, by leveraging other efforts rather than doing it ourselves: indecs 2, interparty, Handle AC

52 Consistent and growing support –consistent: good core support retention rate –growing: but not enough depth and width –not deep enough: why so few publishers? –not wide enough: non-text sectors –widespread: good international spread Current strategy... doi>...is broadly correct

53 When implemented, it is used –CrossRef, CDI, Enpia –Total DOIs, prefixes, hits all growing RA interest –others are in pipeline –a slow process? (but in line with plan so far) Informed evaluation and endorsement –from some key players –but not yet enough Current strategy doi>

54 Comprehensive (=extensible) We have the tools DOI is an implementation of, and builds on: Numbering: principles of unique identification Description: INDECS analysis –implementations e.g. ONIX –principles for interoperable data in e-commerce Action: Handle System –digital object architecture Policies: existing proven concepts –learn from e.g. ISBN, EAN/UPC, Visa doi> Current strategy

55 what can be happy about? –Real applications and use –3 RAs now appointed –proven, successful: real –Expansion into Asia –Consistent development –Excellent reviews –Growing interest in other sectors what are the problems? –Funding not keeping pace with activities: membership growth, but not as fast as planned –economic climate (esp TMT) now biting –slower than desired expansion to non-text sectors –still some misperceptions Summary doi>

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61 Further information doi> Norman Paskin The International DOI Foundation

62 DOI update on progress Norman Paskin DOIs and journal publishing Ed Pentz, CrossRef DOIs and book publishing David Sidman, CDI [DOIs and non-English language publishing] see Enpia Systems stand 1.1 L 1105 DOIs and learning objects John Purcell, LON DOIs and rights management Norman Paskin Summary, Q&A DOI implementations doi>


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