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Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Metadata interoperability workshop using the iDD to define entities (what is being identified) using the IDD to map metadata schemes (using other schemes) using the iDD by RAs: access, content, management
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 infant iDD status report What has iDD got today? COA (Contextual Ontologyx Architecture): model and language OntologyX: 150 families, terms and underlying contextual structure. Mapping syntax & methodology for global, contextual and representative semantics. Initial RA schemes (crossref, mEDRA) formally mapped. Provisional or partial mappings of RDD, ONIX, MI3P and others. Some automated XML schema export. OntX in SQL database (RDF database under development as persistent platform). Strategic: OntologyX/iDD repository for iDD, MPEG-RDD, MI3P, [ONIX]. What are we developing? RDF-based persistence platform – version control, contextual management. Complete formal mapping of ONIX. Contextual transformation engine. Full XML schema import/export. Web mapping tool for RAs, including automated update of local schemes. User agreements. etc
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Act Verb Resource Time Context PnPn TnTn RnRn C1C1 1-n Place 1-n 0-n Relator An intersection of time and place. An Entity in a Context playing a role other than that of Time or Place. A point or portion of time which forms a temporal parameter of a Context. A point or portion of three- dimensional or virtual space which forms a spatial parameter of a Context. The Ontologyx Context Model A Term which describes the nature of a relationship between one entity and another. The characteristic activity or state of a Context Ontologyx semantics are based on the principle that meaning is derived from the specific roles which entities play in events.
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Example: All possible statements about the simplest Adaptation event Act Resource Time Adaptor Adaptation Source of Adaptation Adapting Event Time of Adapting Place of Adapting #5#6 #2 #1 #3 #4 #1#1 icoAdaptor #2 #1 icoAdaptation #3 #1 icoSourceOfAdaptation #4 #1 icoTimeOfAdapting #5 #1 icoPlaceOfAdapting #6 #2 IsAdaptorInContext #1icoAdaptor#2 #1icoAdaptation#3 #1icoSourceOfAdaptation#4 #1icoTimeOfAdapting#5 #1#6 #2IsAdaptorInContext#1 #3#3 IsAdaptationInContext #1 #4 IsSourceOfAdaptationInContext #1 #5 IsTimeOfAdaptingInContext #1 #6 IsPlaceOfAdaptingInContext #1 #2 IsAdaptorOf #3 #3 IsAdaptedBy #2 #2 IsAdaptorFrom #4 #4 IsSourceOfAdaptationUsedBy #2 #2 IsAdaptorAtTime #5 #5 IsTimeOfAdaptingBy #2 #2 IsAdaptorInPlace #6 #6 IsPlaceOfAdaptor #2 #3 IsAdaptedFrom #4 #4 IsSourceOfAdaptationOf #3 #3 IsAdaptationAtTime #5 #5 IsTimeOfAdaptation #3 #3 IsAdaptationInContextWithPlaceOfAdaptor #6 #6 IsPlaceOfAdaptation #3 #4 IsSourceOfAdaptationAtTime #5 #5 IsTimeOfAdaptingFromSource #4 #4 IsSourceOfAdaptationInPlace #6 #6 IsPlaceOfAdaptingFromSource #4 #5 IsTimeOfAdaptingInPlace #6 #6 IsPlaceOfAdaptingAtTime #5IsAdaptationInContext#1 #4IsSourceOfAdaptationInContext#1 #5IsTimeOfAdaptingInContext#1 #6IsPlaceOfAdaptingInContext#1 #2IsAdaptorOf#3 IsAdaptedBy#2 IsAdaptorFrom#4 IsSourceOfAdaptationUsedBy#2 IsAdaptorAtTime#5 #2 IsAdaptorInPlace#6 IsPlaceOfAdaptor#2 #3IsAdaptedFrom#4 IsSourceOfAdaptationOf#3 IsAdaptationAtTime#5 IsTimeOfAdaptation#3 IsAdaptationInContextWithPlaceOfAdaptor#6 IsPlaceOfAdaptation#3 #4IsSourceOfAdaptationAtTime#5 IsTimeOfAdaptingFromSource#4 #6 #4 #5#6 IsPlaceOfAdaptingAtTime#5 Modified IsVersionOf LastChanged TerritoryOfUse EditedBy
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 COA (Contextual Ontologyx Architecture) – ontology starter pack Context Time Place Resource Agent Representative Descriptor (string) Name Identifier Annotation Category (denotational string, semantic string or controlled value) Type Boolean Characteristic Quality Adjective Property Quantity Composite (element group or bag) Relator IsSubClassOf, IsSubRelatorOf, IsA, IsSameAs, IsPartOf, IsReciprocalOf, HasDataType, HasCardinality etc
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 iDD structure Authorities (namespaces) distinct. Terms have global and contextual meaning. In many schemes this is not clear because there is no underlying dictionary, so the distinctions have to be made. eg Medra:ContributorRole Contextually: An ONIX code indicating the role played by a person or corporate body in the creation of the product. Globally: The role played by a person or corporate body in the creation of a product.
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 medra:LastPageNumber xref:last_page cal:LastPage idd:EndPageNumber IsSameAs Names Descriptions Comments Internal ontology links ontx-id ontx:EndPageNumber IsSameAs IsSubClassOf cal:Page ontx-id doi> ontx-id iDD global mapping xxx:Last page IsSameAs ontx-id
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Contextual mapping: JournalTitle example JournalTitle IsSubClassOf Title JournalTitle HasCCS JournalTitle_CCS #1 IsA JournalTitle #1 IsTitleOf #2 #2 IsA Journal so if you come across… x IsJournalTitleOf y you can deduce that… x IsA Title x IsTitleOf y y IsA Journal CCS (Contextual Constraint Set) A set of triples which provide contextual semantic rules for a term
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Contextual mapping: HostJournalTitle example HostJournalTitle IsSubClassOf JournalTitle HostJournalTitle IsSubClassOf HostTitle HostJournalTitle HasCCS HostJournalTitle_CCS #1 IsA HostJournalTitle #1 IsTitleOf #2 #2 IsContentOf #3 #3 IsA Journal CCS (Contextual Constraint Set) A set of triples which provide contextual semantic rules Note the critical importance of Relators in OntologyX/iDD.
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Representational mapping: DOI Kernel example ResourceKernelMetadataDeclaration HasElement #1 #1 IsA DOI #1 HasDataType DOI #1 HasCardinality !1 ResourceKernelMetadataDeclaration HasElement #2.n #2.n IsA ResourceName #2.n HasElement #3 #3 IsA Type #3 IsOneOf KernelResourceNameType_AVS #2.n HasElement #4 #4 IsA PrimaryLanguage #4 IsOneOf IsoLanguage_AVS #4 HasCodeSet Iso639A2LanguageCode_CS #2.n HasMinCardinality !0 #2.n HasMaxCardinality !n ResourceKernelMetadataDeclaration HasElement #5.n #5.n IsA ResourceIdentifier #5.n HasElement #6 #6 IsA Type #6 IsOneOf KernelResourceIdentifierType_AVS #5.n HasMinCardinality !0 #5.n HasMaxCardinality !n etc RCS (Representational Constraint Set) A set of triples which provide representational semantic rules. All schemes are represented first as an RCS. OK – but what is the semantic relationship between these elements? We need a CCS…
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Contextual mapping: DOI Kernel example (ResourceKernalMetadataDeclaration_CCS) #1001 IsA DoiResource #1001 HasDOI #1 #1001 HasResourceName #2.n #2.n HasPrimaryLanguage #3.n #2.n IsA #4 #1001 HasResourceIdentifier #5.n #5.n IsA #6 etc ResourceKernelMetadataDeclaration SharesValuesWith ResourceKernelMetadataDeclaration_CCS CCS (Contextual Constraint Set) The # (variable) values are common to an RCS and its CCS: this is the mapping which allows OntologyX/iDD to interpret any schema in common terms.
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 journalRMD (Journal Resource Metadata Declaration) An XML schema for journal metadata supporting Crossref, mEDRA, CAL and other likely requirements. Prototype for RMDs for any other domains (bookRMD, coursepackRMD…) journalRMD is designed for interchange: it is not a replacement for eg Crossref or ONIX messages (though it could be used by anyone). It is similar to Crossref and mEDRA, but richer and less customized. For example… journalRMD allows for registration of DOIs issued against Journals, Volumes, Issues and Articles, and their Fixations (8 different ResourceTypes where mEDRA and Crossref have no more than four). journalRMD allows for the use of DOIs to link all Resources. CAL will base their schema on journalRMD, but will probably customize. Requires XSLT transforms from Crossref, mEDRA and other participants (being done). iDD mappings support automated change management of mappings and allowed values…
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Metadata interoperability via journalRMD Crossref Any RA mEDRA CAL iDD Update Map terms and schemes THE VIRUS CHECKER MODEL
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Cross-domain interoperability… For interoperability across domains, there is a highly generic COA schema.
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 Contextual mapping: Fragment of JournalRMD to Kernel JournalRMD HasElement #1.n #1.n HasElement #2.n JournalRMD HasElement #3.n JournalRMD HasElement #4.n #4.n HasElement #5.n JournalRMD_CCS: #1001 IsA Journal #1001 HasDOI #2.n #1001 HasContentIssue #1002.n #1002.n HasContentArticle #1003.n #1003.n HasDOI #5.n Kernel_CCS #1001 HasDOI #1 #1001 HasResourceIdentifier #2.n #1001 HasResourceType #3.n JournalRMD_Kernel_CCS IF (#B3.n IsA Journal) THEN (#A2.n IsSameAs #B#1)(If Kernel is for Journal, its a DOI) IF (#B3.n IsA Article) THEN (#A2.n IsSameAs #B#2.n)(If Kernel is for an Article, its an Identifier) AND (#B3.n HasValue HostJournalDOI) (…and its type is HostJournalDOI) CCS RCS
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 COA generic XML schema
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 infant iDD issues Access? Mapping methodology? Agreements? Costs? (all can be prototyped with JournalRMD)
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004DOI Interoperability Workshop June 2004 iDD use for defining APs? We are likely to need a schema for declaring attributes of a DOI-AP to support its discovery and maintenance and operation. An instance of such a schema may contain, eg: ResourceTypeSoundRecordings,SoundCarriers,Compositions ServiceTypeLicenseApplication, LicensingQuery Places[list of TerritoryCodes] AgentTypeNOT Consumer Terms used in such a schema would be registered in the iDD. (nb: Each of these terms will have a DOI, but the iDD names are the people friendly identifiers, unique within iDD).
Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx © Rightscom 2004Presentation to DOI Members meeting June 2004 Godfrey Rust, Ontologyx DOI Metadata consultant Metadata interoperability.
Godfrey Rust, FRBR Workshop, Ohio May © Rightscom 2005 Thoughts from a different planet.
The Data Dictionary Norman Paskin, International DOI Foundation ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION OF LICENCE TERMS.
Workshop on the DOI System DOI SYSTEM: DATA MODEL International DOI Foundation.
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Registration agencies: DOI deployment doi>. POLICIES Any form of identifier NUMBERING DESCRIPTION framework: DOI can describe any form of intellectual.
Co-operation and promotion of Information Resources in Science and Technology Beijing Oct Norman Paskin DOI SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATIONS International.
ITU Focus Group on Identity Management Geneva, February 2007 Norman Paskin Content industry standards activities T E R T I U S L t d.
Workshop on the DOI System DOI SYSTEM: SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE International DOI Foundation.
Preparing for Digital Preservation What is being preserved: Identification and Rights Management issues Norman Paskin International DOI Foundation doi>
Metadata issues and DOI doi>. overview of presentation... Background Three conclusions The metadata landscape: which schemes matter most to DOI? DOI metadata.
Electronic Publishing, Digital Archiving and Licensing workshop Frankfurt October Norman Paskin, International DOI Foundation
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Future of Cataloging RDA and other innovations Pt. 2.
Agents and Authority Linking Breakout sessions Oct 4 2-4, Oct 5 3-4:30 Goals: Explore issues in Agent discovery. Do we need an Agents working group? If.
IDF open meeting 2007 doi>. Eight possible innovations doi> Innovative uses of the DOI System.
Dublin Core Metadata Tutorial July 9, 2007 Stuart Weibel Senior Research Scientist OCLC Programs and Research.
DOI SYSTEM: OVERVIEW International DOI Foundation.
© LCC/Rightscom 2013 Godfrey Rust Licenses for Europe March 2013 LCC and the Digital Identifier Network Godfrey Rust, Rightscom/Linked Content Coalition.
Copyright 2006, The MITRE Corporation Dr. Leo Obrst MITRE Information Semantics Group Information Discovery & Understanding Center for Innovative Computing.
DOI update on progress Norman Paskin DOIs and journal publishing Ed Pentz, CrossRef DOIs and book publishing David Sidman, CDI [DOIs and non-English language.
An introduction to metadata for libraries, museums and archives Metadata in Digital Libraries, DELOS meeting, Riga, Latvia, 16 April 2003 Pete Johnston.
MSc IT UFCE8K-15-M Data Management Prakash Chatterjee Room 2Q18
MPEG-21 Multimedia Framework Dwight Borses MTS FAE SW Region OCCS Nov 25, 2002.
LIS901N: URI Thomas Krichel ??. URIs (background) URI: uniform resource identifier Originally, a generalization of: –URL (uniform resource locator),
David Martin Digital Policy Management: JISC/BL Workshop 24 April 2006 ONIX for Licensing Terms.
Ontology Assessment – Proposed Framework and Methodology.
Using a metadata registry for e- Document engineering Pilot Activity Registration Oriol Bausà Peris – Invinet Natacha Dewyngaert – PwC EU Services Stijn.
An Introduction to Object Modeling An Introduction to Object Modeling The approach of using object modeling during systems analysis and design is called.
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