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The Investigatory Process 2013 NCSBN IRE Conference

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Presentation on theme: "The Investigatory Process 2013 NCSBN IRE Conference"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Investigatory Process 2013 NCSBN IRE Conference
Rene Cronquist, J.D., RN Minnesota Board of Nursing Director of Practice and Policy

2 Tools in the Regulation tool box
Regulation uses a variety of mechanisms – tools, if you will, to carry out is mission of public protection

3 What’s in your tool box? Statutes, Rules, Regulations, Case Law, Policies, Advisory Opinions Program approval/Accreditation Credentialing Licensure Registration Certification Information/Data Other mechanisms, components?

4 What’s in your tool box? Big tools: Enforcement, compliance, discipline, investigation, remediation

5 The right tool for the job
Knowing which tool to use depends on what you are trying to do. In the context of investigation, are you: Deciding if the complaint/report is within the authority of your agency? Gathering factual information to determine whether the complaint has merit? Gathering information for another group or agency to make decisions? Determining what action is most appropriate based on the available information? Knowing which tool to use depends on what you are trying to do. Have any of you ever used a wrench, or other handy, heavy tool for a hammer? Or tried to use a regular screwdriver when you really need a Phillips head? How did it turn out? Ever try to open a bottle with a crimped top without a bottle opener? Yeah, you can do it but it can be frustrating and the results may not be what you intended.

6 Reporting and Enforcement
Complaint process Intake Investigation Board Proceedings Board Actions Reporting and Enforcement

7 Complaint process – another view
Intake Investigation Board Proceedings Board Actions Reporting and Enforcement

8 Details

9 Complaint receipt Initial review Intake
Complaint receipt – paper (mail), fax, , on-line form Other state agencies, law enforcement Internal complaints – Application forms, identified in course of investigating another complaints, Nursys reports, newspaper articles Are there mandated complaints? Are there statutory requirements for complaints such as time deadlines or format requirements?

10 Intake tools Sources of complaints Methods of submitting complaints
Mandatory and permissive report Board as a source of complaints; self reports; Nursys Methods of submitting complaints Screen for jurisdiction Thresholds, triage, prioritizing, coding Tracking mechanisms Intake – complaint receipt and initial review Purpose: determine whether complaint is jurisdictional to the board and where the complaint fits in scheme of priorities and processes.

11 Intake Investigation Results of Investigation

12 Investigation tools An effort to learn the who, what, where, why,
when and how of the allegations Methods: Record gathering Employment Medical records of nurse or patient Pharmacy and Prescription drug monitoring program records Controlled substance inventory logs Court records and police reports School records Reports from other agencies Bank records Subpoenas HIPPA and other privacy and data practices limitations Federal protection of CD records

13 Investigation tools Forensics Interviews/Written statements
Evaluation of licensee (CD, mental health, neuropsych) Drug testing Computers (home & work PCs, cell phone, EHR access) Drugs (assay of syringe contents, analysis of automated dispensing machine history) Interviews/Written statements Licensee Patient/victim Witnesses Supervisor and coworkers Collateral contacts Screen cast Captures the look, the words, the images, the interactivity and inter-relationships from one page and link to the next Captures webcam narration by witness – which can be compelling to judge and jury Free, open-source tool: Other products like Camtasia

14 Investigation tools Written statements/affidavits Recordings
Surveillance videos Audio recordings as evidence Audio recordings of interviews Site visits Other records Employer policies and procedures Databanks (Nursys, HIPDB/NPDB)

15 Investigation results
Reports Formats, templates Know your intended audience and all possible readers Recommendations; Determining next steps

16 Challenges Coordinating investigation with other agencies
Peer review protection of records Out-of-state records Destroyed records Uncooperative witnesses Unreliable or incompetent witnesses Uncooperative or unlocatable licensees Coordinating with law enforcement Coordinating with other state boards and agencies or other Boards of Nursing

17 Your favorite tools

18 Results of Investigation
Board proceeding & action

19 Board proceedings & actions
Informal processes Stipulated agreements Formal process Contested case hearings; administrative hearings Standard of proof must be met (clear and convincing vs. preponderance); Board typically has burden of proof Appeals of Board decisions Emergency/temporary proceedings Authority -- usually limited – to take action against a license before a hearing on the merits Miscellaneous Informal Staff may be authorized to propose stipulated agreements May be based on pre-determined range of actions May or may not need board ratification Misc. Stips to cease; cease and desist Administrative suspensions for tax delinquency

20 Board proceedings & actions
Conclude the complaint without action (dismissal) Referral to a non-disciplinary monitoring program Non-disciplinary action (letters of concern, admonishment, reprimand, Agreements for Corrective Action) Disciplinary Action

21 Board proceeding & action
Reporting and Enforcement (Compliance monitoring)

22 To Report or Not to Report
Is the action public? Is the action reportable? Nursys HIPDB/NPDB OIG

23 Compliance monitoring
Terms and Conditions Probationary terms Reports from the nurse Reports from the nurse’s supervisor Audits – documentation, med administration Additional education Maintain sobriety, attend support groups Drug screens Restrictions/Limitations Supervision required Restricted access to controlled substances Limitation on work hours or locations

24 Compliance monitoring
Non-compliance Failure to comply, violations of the order; new allegations Process used to address non-compliance depends on terms and conditions of the order and individual state laws More tools Checklists Tracking mechanisms Report forms Audits Randomizing drug screens

25 Challenges and policy questions
How much information is enough? How to manage sometimes competing priorities? Efficiency, cost containment, timely resolution of cases, appropriate resolution of cases. How do we measure quality and effectiveness?

26 Resources NCSBN CLEAR FARB NADDI Interviewing technique training
Networking opportunities Conferences Website materials CE offerings CLEAR FARB NADDI Interviewing technique training Dean Benard, Benard & Associates The Reid Technique

27 Thank you! Rene Cronquist, J.D., RN Minnesota Board of Nursing 2829 University Ave SE #200 Minneapolis MN (612)

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