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DOI workshop doi>. Workshop covering full implementation Mix of IDF members, prefix holders, others (42 registrants) Flexible agenda, open discussion.

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Presentation on theme: "DOI workshop doi>. Workshop covering full implementation Mix of IDF members, prefix holders, others (42 registrants) Flexible agenda, open discussion."— Presentation transcript:

1 DOI workshop doi>

2 Workshop covering full implementation Mix of IDF members, prefix holders, others (42 registrants) Flexible agenda, open discussion E-Books as topical item Thanks to McGraw-Hill DOI workshop

3 Workshop leaders/roles: Norman Paskin : IDF Larry Lannom : CNRI Mark Bide: indecs David Martin: ONIX Steve Mooney: DOI E-Books prototype Bob Bolick: AAP; IDF Board DOI workshop

4 See for DOI Handbook CD ROM (in folder) IDF Annual Report 2000 Indecs building blocks document (re metadata framework) Further information Documents

5 Also available for consultation : DOI Handbook (printed) Metadata background: BioImage, ONIX, EPICS Recent articles etc all available (or linked) from Documents

6 DOI overview and update Resolution issues: multiple resolution Metadata issues: designing DOI genres Registration Agencies Q&A Agenda

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8 International DOI Foundation: founded 1998 –following demonstration of prototype in 1997 Not-for-profit; paid membership support –similar principles to World Wide Web Consortium Open to all interested parties Democratic: board elected from members Full time staff (Director) 40+ organisations (growing) –Content owners (text publishers, music, etc ) –Technology companies –Content intermediaries (etc) DOI - organisation

9 Establish a way of identifying content in the digital environment –actionable identifier Which can be the basis of rights management –extensible; can be developed further DOI: aim

10 Identification of content - intellectual property in any form - precisely identified Actionable identification - automation: click to do something - services: things other than get Interoperability, extensibility Open standard DOI requirements

11 Must be consistent and extensible: technology: changes –e.g. PC netC P2P …?; E-books; WAP multimedia: needed –e.g. music clip and image in E-Book with web update (media convergence) applications: cannot be known in advance Key issue:

12 What has been achieved? Where are we heading? DOI - progress

13 An extensible infrastructure –a firm basis for building consistent, reliable, systems More members, more prefixes, more DOIs –40 + IDF members supporting the work –160 + users –2 million + DOIs in full implementation but is it real? DOI: Review of progress

14 If this stuff wasnt difficult, we wouldnt be doing it The first actionable, persistent, identifier Good cooking takes time: –URN (1991 -); DC (1994-); FRBR ( ); HDL (1994-); W3C (1994-); IMS (1996-); RosettaNet (1998-) DOI: Time frame

15 Full implementation available Applications are being built –CrossRef and others Commercial deployment: DOI registration agencies –CrossRef and others Technology support –Microsoft announcement Increased marketing is the next step DOI: Review of progress

16 DOI: Timeline of progress IDF concept Handbook Scope, function Need for metadata CrossRef today Metadata solution

17 Much detailed development See Annual Review 2000 CD-ROM overview Handbook on web site –www.doi.org DOI: Review of progress doi> ANNUAL REVIEW September 2000 The International DOI Foundation

18 Consistency: no major U turns Progress: design of full implementation Engagement: wider and deeper –metadata discussions –identifier issues Development and Product –Spreadsheet analogy DOI review of progress

19 Activity tracking Activity tracking Full implementation Full implementation Initial implementation Initial implementation Single redirection (persistent identifier ) Metadata W3C, WIPO, NISO, ISO, UDDI etc. Multiple resolution A continuing development activity DOI: development in three tracks

20 A number (or name) –assign a number to something –(compare: telephone number) DOI: components

21 A number (or name) –assign a number to something –(compare: telephone number) A description –what the number is assigned to –(compare: directory entry) DOI: components

22 A number (or name) –assign a number to something –(compare: telephone number) A description –what the number is assigned to –(compare: directory entry) An action –make the number do something –(compare: the telephone system) DOI: components

23 A number (or name) –assign a number to something –(compare: telephone number) A description –what the number is assigned to –(compare: directory entry) An action –make the number do something –(compare: the telephone system) Policies –how to get a phone number; billing (compare: social structures) DOI: components

24 Deployment POLICIES Syntax /5678 NUMBERING DESCRIPTION Metadata Pieces of data which describe uniquely that which is identified Resolution System able to link the number to something useful ACTION

25 POLICIES Any form of identifier NUMBERING DESCRIPTION framework: DOI can describe any form of intellectual property, at any level of granularity ACTION Handle resolution allows a DOI to link to any and multiple pieces of current data doi> extensible

26 STM Rigorous approach Technical Anglo-American Key individuals Open development Unifying Advantages: and potential pitfalls too identified with text,STM? theoretical? not understandable? not international? in depth support? not yet ready? fragmentation?

27 CrossRef CrossRef is the first practical demonstration of why the DOI is important, and how it can be used to improve Web publishing. Though it was implemented by journal publishers…the concept could be applied to other genres… (Seybold Report, 14 June 2000) STM community was the first to take up DOI DOI: Applications

28 E-Books - working with ONIX; OEB; EBX and AAP E-Books standards activities - community is new, diffuse. role? - DOI-EB prototype. Microsoft will implement native DOI (Handle) technology in Microsoft E-Book Reader - Tens of millions of MS readers within 1 year IDF also working to improve support in web browsers (plug in) DOI: Applications (cont.)

29 Subsidiary Rights –DOI-R prototype with FBF and others? –Rights applications are key; this could be a start –well-defined, current business practice Images –BioImage and others DOI: Applications (cont.)

30 Under active discussion: Audiovisual materials (NICEM) Music industry (RIAA??) News sector Legal information; Patents; Grey literature; cultural artefacts; etc. Applications will drive use DOI: Applications (cont.)

31 Metadata is key approach vindicated –See recent papers by Carl Lagoze; Priscilla Caplan practical implementation of through ONIX –commercially deployed –extension/collaboration e.g.music/video documentation in detail: –Handbook (section 5, and appendices 2&5) –More detailed template for genres coming shortly mechanism for metadata (e.g. 123…) –XML declarations; schemas DOI: Metadata

32 Technology is (relatively) easy Basis for Deployment outlined (end of 1999) Initial financial model (June): simple First and second wave of interested parties Terms document Applications will drive deployment (genres etc) Commercial implementation: deployment

33 more on this in next session rights transactions see latest indecs framework document role of XrML to be investigated DOI-R proposed by analogy to DOI-X scope problems now looking at more defined prototype with FBF Rights is not just another application Extensibility: metadata framework

34 Digital Object Architecture includes Handle, repositories, etc. –see papers by Kahn et al multiple resolution workflow tools repository: –stated operations = DOI services? –genre definitions, schema, etc? public key infrastructure Extensibility: digital object architecture

35 W3C approach up to now: –dont promise what cant deliver; show by example CD-ROM marks start of next wave –outreach and applications DOI: marketing

36 Handle: –New release of second major version –Handle infrastructure improved –CNRI plans for Handle –Browser support: Mozilla? Metadata, rights: –ONIX/EPICS etc implementing indecs –XrML W3C: – URI Activity –intellectual property on the web workshop DOI: other key activities (1)

37 Other intellectual property activities: –e.g. MPEG-21 as possible focus for cIDF, SMPTE, etc. Legacy identifiers (ISBN, ISSN, etc) –common issues for identifiers Work with new identifiers (e.g. ISTC; E- books) Major issue: mindshare support for standards –avoid fragmentation DOI: other key activities (2)

38 Workshops Prototypes New working groups (E mail lists) proposed: –Handle/resolution –Identifiers/metadata –Information interchange Community involvement

39 genres: articulation and development –metadata declarations multiple resolution: services –e.g. (YBP, 1998) –e.g * Services will drive applications rights * Rights services will drive killer apps outreach to i.p. communities commonality of identifier/ metadata/ i.p.issues communities The future

40 To be investigated: Metadata pointer for all DOIs (kernel) XML schema for genre metadata List of other desired services and policies Registry of data types = service (and tools) Registry of genres Tools to make all this easier Multiple resolution: services

41 A consistent extensible system –which works now –is interoperable with other standards Supported by the publishing industry –publishers, and intermediaries Strong support from technology community –Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard, and others Not a proprietary solution –owned by the community (anyone can join) –available at cost DOI: so what have we got?

42 extensible framework can cope with anything we want it to do –spreadsheet analogy requires logical framework for identification, metadata (indecs) requires prototypes, –DOI-X, DOI-EB, DOI-R, etc requires software developers to adopt –Microsoft E-Book reader, etc requires thinking (business requirements) ! So:

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